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This question is probably beyond the scope of just TeX, but certainly interesting to many.

When referencing a figure, a lemma, or an equation in a paper, is there a general rule of whether or not to capitalize the respective identifier, i.e., whether to write

[...] as in equation (3) [...]

or

[...] as in Equation (3) [...]

This is essentially the question if "Equation (3)" is a proper noun, or rather merely a description (much like "page 3" which I suppose everyone would agree on not to capitalize).

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closed as off topic by doncherry, Nico, Werner, percusse, Marco Daniel Jul 25 '12 at 16:41

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either way, the cleverref package allows you to make the changes globally using \cref and friends –  cmhughes Jul 17 '12 at 15:55
    
This sounds like a question any reputable style guide (for the given language and discipline) would be able to answer. It is unlikely that a general answer could be given that would satisfy anyone. (E.g., the second option looks odd to me as an English speaker, but in German the first option would be unacceptable.) –  jon Jul 17 '12 at 17:06
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Voted to close as off-topic. This could either go to English Language & Usage or perhaps to Academia, but more likely the former. –  doncherry Jul 17 '12 at 17:13
    
@doncherry Agreed. Thanks for the pointers. –  Nico Jul 17 '12 at 17:54
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You're welcome. We can migrate this question to one of these pages once it's closed here. To do so, flag it for mod attention and specify your case as "other". I.e. you don't have to ask the question again on another site. –  doncherry Jul 17 '12 at 17:58
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