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How to use 1. (number followed by dot) format instead of [1] format in bibliography

I would like to use round parentheses () instead of square brackets [] for citations in a document that I'm working on. I figured out how to get them in the text using the round option with natbib. I can't figure out to have the generated bibliography to show () instead of [] when it lists the references. What do I need to change to fix the way it formats the bibliography?

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marked as duplicate by lockstep, Thorsten, clemens, percusse, Marco Daniel Aug 15 '12 at 15:57

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

Similar to… (and probably others). –  Joseph Wright Aug 13 '12 at 7:55

1 Answer 1

up vote 15 down vote accepted

Add this to the preamble:


A minimal example:

    author = "The Author",
    title = "The Title",
    journal = "The journal",
    year = "2012"







The resulting document:

enter image description here

The above method will work whether using natbib or not; as Torbjørn T mentions, with natbib you can simply say


to obtain the same result.

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The builtin natbib way would be \renewcommand{\bibnumfmt}[1]{(#1)}. See section 2.12 Other formatting options, page 15 in the manual. –  Torbjørn T. Aug 13 '12 at 6:42
@TorbjørnT. I updated my answer adding your suggestion. Thank you! –  Gonzalo Medina Aug 13 '12 at 12:56
Thanks, Everyone! –  Phillip Aug 22 '12 at 22:05
@Phillip you're welcome! Don't forget to accept the answer (click on the checkmark to the left, below the vote count). –  Gonzalo Medina Aug 22 '12 at 22:09

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