# Drawing a Petersen graph as a voltage graph

I am trying to illustrate a voltage graph construction of the Petersen graph. In practice, this means:

• The outer cycle will be labelled clockwise (a,0),...,(a,4) with arcs oriented in that order;
• The inner cycle will be labelled clockwise (b,0),...,(b,4) with arcs (b,0) -> (b,2), (b,1) -> (b,3), (b,2) -> (b,4) and (b,3) -> (b,0); and
• Each (a,i) will be joined to the corresponding (b,i) (in that direction).

I can almost accomplish this using the grpetersen macro and the following code:

\begin{tikzpicture}[->,>=triangle 45,rotate=90,scale=1.2,style=thick]
\newcommand{\aset}[2]{$\{#1,#2\}$}
\tikzset{VertexStyle/.style={draw,rectangle}}
\SetVertexNoLabel
\SetVertexMath
\SetUpVertex[MinSize=30pt]
\grPetersen[RA=3,RB=1.5]
%  \SetUpEdge{style={->-}}
\AssignVertexLabel{a}{\textsl{(a,0)},\textsl{(a,4)},\textsl{(a,3)},\textsl{(a,2)},\textsl{(a,1)}}
\AssignVertexLabel{b}{\textsl{(b,0)},\textsl{(b,4)},\textsl{(b,3)},\textsl{(b,2)},\textsl{(b,1)}}
\end{tikzpicture}


However, the arcs on the outer cycle are oriented in the wrong direction, and I cannot see how to change them without changing the other, correctly-oriented arcs.

Any suggestions would be much appreciated.

It is part of tkzgraph/berge - refer to Altermundus' "Plotting named graphs". Here is a minimal document containing the above code.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tkz-graph}
\usepackage{tkz-berge}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[->,>=triangle 45,rotate=90,scale=1.2,style=thick]
\newcommand{\aset}[2]{$\{#1,#2\}$}
\tikzset{VertexStyle/.style={draw,rectangle}}
\SetVertexNoLabel
\SetVertexMath
\SetUpVertex[MinSize=30pt]
\grPetersen[RA=3,RB=1.5]
%  \SetUpEdge{style={->-}}
\AssignVertexLabel{a}{\textsl{(a,0)},\textsl{(a,4)},\textsl{(a,3)},\textsl{(a,2)},\textsl{(a,1)}}
\AssignVertexLabel{b}{\textsl{(b,0)},\textsl{(b,4)},\textsl{(b,3)},\textsl{(b,2)},\textsl{(b,1)}}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

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I'm afraid you'll have to hack the \grPetersen macro in the tkz-berge.sty file... – Count Zero Aug 25 '12 at 19:00
@CountZero Yes a hack is necessary. Better is to create with tkz-berge a new macro to define something like \grEmptyPetersen. – Alain Matthes Aug 26 '12 at 15:48

Here perhaps a solution. I modified my macro that I defined in tkz-berge.sty. The better way is to learn tkz-berge or to learn tikz to create your own macros. You can find some ideas inside the code of tkz-berge but you also look at the document NamedGraphs to find some examples NamedGraphs

Remark :tkz-berge loads tkz-graph and tikz

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tkz-berge}
\makeatletter

\renewcommand*{\grPetersen}[1][]{%
\begingroup%
\setkeys[GR]{cl}{#1}%
\begin{scope}[<-]
\grCycle[#1]{5}%
\end{scope}
\edef\tkzb@rtemp{\cmdGR@cl@RB}
\edef\tkzb@ptemp{\cmdGR@cl@prefixx}
\grStartwo[#1,RA=\tkzb@rtemp,prefix=\tkzb@ptemp]{2}
\EdgeIdentity{\cmdGR@cl@prefix}{\cmdGR@cl@prefixx}{5}
\endgroup%
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[->,>=triangle 45,rotate=90,scale=1.2,style=thick]
\newcommand{\aset}[2]{$\{#1,#2\}$}
\tikzset{VertexStyle/.style={draw,rectangle}}
\SetVertexNoLabel
\SetVertexMath
\SetUpVertex[MinSize=30pt]
\grPetersen[RA=3,RB=1.5]
\AssignVertexLabel{a}{\textsl{(a,0)},\textsl{(a,4)},\textsl{(a,3)},\textsl{(a,2)},\textsl{(a,1)}}
\AssignVertexLabel{b}{\textsl{(b,0)},\textsl{(b,4)},\textsl{(b,3)},\textsl{(b,2)},\textsl{(b,1)}}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


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