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I have a matrix shown below. I would like to have the whole row green rather than only the cells ... how can I do that?

\begin{equation}\label{eq:appendrow}
\newcommand\x{\times}
\newcommand\y{\colorbox{mygreen}{$1$}}
  \left(\begin{array}{cccc}
    \x  & \x  & \x & \x \\
    0   & \x  & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & 0  & \x \\
    \y  & \y  & \y & \y \\
  \end{array}\right)
\end{equation}

and the output is:

enter image description here

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2 Answers 2

up vote 7 down vote accepted

You can use \rowcolor, \columncolor, and \cellcolor from the colortbl package, loaded in my example through the xcolor package:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[table]{xcolor}

\newcommand\x{\times}
\newcommand\y{\cellcolor{green!10}}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation}\label{eq:appendrow}
  \left(\begin{array}{cccc}
    \rowcolor{red!20}
    \x  & \x  & \x & \x \\
    0   & \x  & \x & \x \\
   \rowcolor{blue!20}
    0   & 0   & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & 0  & \x \\
    \y a  &  b  & \y c &  d\\
  \end{array}\right)
\end{equation}

\begin{equation}
  \left(\begin{array}{>{\columncolor{olive!20}}cc>{\columncolor{yellow!20}}cc}
    \x  & \x  & \x & \x \\
    0   & \x  & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & 0  & \x \\
    a  & b  & c & d \\
  \end{array}\right)
\end{equation}

\end{document}

enter image description here

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Muchisimas gracias! :) –  Giovanni Azua Sep 1 '12 at 19:43

Another approach could be using the hf-tikz package.

Example:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\newcommand\x{\times}

% requires version 0.3 of the package
\usepackage[customcolors]{hf-tikz}

\tikzset{style green/.style={
    set fill color=green!50!lime!60,
    set border color=white,
  },
  style cyan/.style={
    set fill color=cyan!90!blue!60,
    set border color=white,
  },
  style orange/.style={
    set fill color=orange!80!red!60,
    set border color=white,
  },
  hor/.style={
    above left offset={-0.15,0.31},
    below right offset={0.15,-0.125},
    #1
  },
  ver/.style={
    above left offset={-0.1,0.3},
    below right offset={0.15,-0.15},
    #1
  }
}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation}\label{eq:appendrow}
  \left(\begin{array}{cccc}
    \x  & \x  & \x & \x \\
    0   & \tikzmarkin[hor=style orange]{el} \x  & \x\tikzmarkend{el} & \x \\
    0   & 0   & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & 0  & \x \\
    \tikzmarkin[hor=style green]{row} a  &  b  &  c &  d \tikzmarkend{row}\\
  \end{array}\right)
\end{equation}

\begin{equation}\label{eq:appendcol}
  \left(\begin{array}{cccc}
    \tikzmarkin[ver=style cyan]{col 1}\x  & \x  & \tikzmarkin[ver=style green]{col 2} \x & \x \\
    0   & \x  & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & \x & \x \\
    0   & 0   & 0  & \x \\
    a \tikzmarkend{col 1}  &  b  &  c  \tikzmarkend{col 2} &  d \\
  \end{array}\right)
\end{equation}

\end{document}

Result:

enter image description here

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