# Align multiple equations under longer equation

I want to do what this MWE would do if the hspace{-1in} actually moved that second alignment column to the left, underneath the big quadratic formula.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{amsmath}

\begin{document}
\begin{alignat*}{2}
x &= \frac{-(-13) \pm \sqrt{(-13)^2 - 4(7)(0)}}{2(7)}\\
&= \frac{13 \pm \sqrt{169}}{14}\\
&= \frac{13 + 13}{14}& \hspace{-1in} &\phantom{=} \frac{13-13}{14}\\
&= \frac{26}{14}& &= \frac{0}{14}\\
&= \frac{13}{7}& &= 0
\end{alignat*}
\end{document}


I'm trying to get rid of the unnecessary white space, and both equations in the third line are solutions of the equation in the first line, so it makes sense to have them underneath. But I still want the left one aligned vertically with the first two equal signs and the second one aligned vertically.

Any ideas?

-

You could enclose the quadratic in an rlap:

you could also add a horizontal space to separate out the two equations:

## Code:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{amsmath}

\begin{document}
\begin{alignat*}{2}
x &= \rlap{$\displaystyle \frac{-(-13) \pm \sqrt{(-13)^2 - 4(7)(0)}}{2(7)}$}\\
&= \frac{13 \pm \sqrt{169}}{14}\\
&= \frac{13 + 13}{14} &&\phantom{=} \frac{13-13}{14}\\
&= \frac{26}{14}      &&= \frac{0}{14}\\
&= \frac{13}{7}       &&= 0
\end{alignat*}
\begin{alignat*}{2}
x &= \rlap{$\displaystyle \frac{-(-13) \pm \sqrt{(-13)^2 - 4(7)(0)}}{2(7)}$}\\
&= \frac{13 \pm \sqrt{169}}{14}\\
&= \frac{13 + 13}{14} &\qquad&\phantom{=} \frac{13-13}{14}\\
&= \frac{26}{14}      &&= \frac{0}{14}\\
&= \frac{13}{7}       &&= 0
\end{alignat*}
\end{document}


## Code: (with mathtools):

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{mathtools}% includes amsmath

\begin{document}
\begin{alignat*}{2}
x &= \mathrlap{\frac{-(-13) \pm \sqrt{(-13)^2 - 4(7)(0)}}{2(7)}}\\
&= \frac{13 \pm \sqrt{169}}{14}\\
&= \frac{13 + 13}{14} &\qquad&\phantom{=} \frac{13-13}{14}\\
&= \frac{26}{14}      &&= \frac{0}{14}\\
&= \frac{13}{7}       &&= 0
\end{alignat*}
\end{document}

-
Perfect! I hadn't seen \rlap before. That's just what I needed. – Keila Sep 25 '12 at 3:23