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This is the title of the journal article: Verification of a sliding window protocol in µCRL and PVS.

This is the bibtex file for the same:

@article{journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05,
  added-at = {2005-11-15T00:00:00.000+0100},
  author = {Badban, Bahareh and Fokkink, Wan and Groote, Jan Friso and Pang, Jun and van de Pol, Jaco},
  biburl = {http://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2788fbd81863c8e397b18da96324b4860/dblp},
  date = {2005-11-15},
  description = {dblp},
  ee = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00165-005-0070-0},
  interhash = {2d68692f33c41a23a91f6237b2a0e572},
  intrahash = {788fbd81863c8e397b18da96324b4860},
  journal = {Formal Asp. Comput.},
  keywords = {dblp},
  number = 3,
  pages = {342-388},
  timestamp = {2005-11-15T00:00:00.000+0100},
  title = {Verification of a sliding window protocol in µCRL and PVS.},
  url = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/fac/fac17.html#BadbanFGPP05},
  volume = 17,
  year = 2005
}

But in PDF, µ symbol is missing.

This is output:

enter image description here

At dblp, i got the following source:

@article{DBLP:journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05,
  author    = {Bahareh Badban and
               Wan Fokkink and
               Jan Friso Groote and
               Jun Pang and
               Jaco van de Pol},
  title     = {Verification of a sliding window protocol in \^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}},
  journal   = {Formal Asp. Comput.},
  volume    = {17},
  number    = {3},
  year      = {2005},
  pages     = {342-388},
  ee        = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00165-005-0070-0},
  bibsource = {DBLP, http://dblp.uni-trier.de}
}

This doesn't work either. What should I do?

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The answer depends on how you encode your files; are they UTF-8 or Latin-1 or whatever? –  egreg Oct 2 '12 at 7:01
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2 Answers 2

up vote 4 down vote accepted

If you need to stick to pdflatex and encode your files in UTF-8, then the following works:

% -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
\begin{filecontents*}{\jobname.bib}
@article{journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05,
  added-at = {2005-11-15T00:00:00.000+0100},
  author = {Badban, Bahareh and Fokkink, Wan and Groote, Jan Friso and Pang, Jun and van de Pol, Jaco},
  biburl = {http://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2788fbd81863c8e397b18da96324b4860/dblp},
  date = {2005-11-15},
  description = {dblp},
  ee = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00165-005-0070-0},
  interhash = {2d68692f33c41a23a91f6237b2a0e572},
  intrahash = {788fbd81863c8e397b18da96324b4860},
  journal = {Formal Asp. Comput.},
  keywords = {dblp},
  number = 3,
  pages = {342-388},
  timestamp = {2005-11-15T00:00:00.000+0100},
  title = {Verification of a sliding window protocol in {µCRL} and {PVS}.},
  url = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/fac/fac17.html#BadbanFGPP05},
  volume = 17,
  year = 2005
}
\end{filecontents*}

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{natbib}

\usepackage{newunicodechar,textgreek}

\usepackage{hyperref}

\newunicodechar{µ}{\textmu}

\begin{document}
\cite{journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05}

\bibliographystyle{plainnat}
\bibliography{\jobname}

\end{document}

The usual pdflatex file, bibtex file, pdflatex file, pdflatex file will end up with this.

enter image description here

I've made some assumptions on what you use for producing the bibliography (here natbib and plainnat style). The filecontents* environment is just to have a self-contained example.

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the easiest way is to run your document with xelatex instead of pdflatex. The code changes in the preamble are simple. Here is an example for xelatex with your bib entries:

\RequirePackage{filecontents}
\begin{filecontents*}{testbib.bib}
@article{journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05,
  added-at = {2005-11-15T00:00:00.000+0100},
  author = {Badban, Bahareh and Fokkink, Wan and Groote, Jan Friso and Pang, Jun and van de Pol, Jaco},
  biburl = {http://www.bibsonomy.org/bibtex/2788fbd81863c8e397b18da96324b4860/dblp},
  date = {2005-11-15},
  description = {dblp},
  ee = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00165-005-0070-0},
  interhash = {2d68692f33c41a23a91f6237b2a0e572},
  intrahash = {788fbd81863c8e397b18da96324b4860},
  journal = {Formal Asp. Comput.},
  keywords = {dblp},
  number = 3,
  pages = {342-388},
  timestamp = {2005-11-15T00:00:00.000+0100},
  title = {Verification of a sliding window protocol in µCRL and PVS.},
  url = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/db/journals/fac/fac17.html#BadbanFGPP05},
  volume = 17,
  year = 2005
}
@article{DBLP:journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05,
  author    = {Bahareh Badban and
               Wan Fokkink and
               Jan Friso Groote and
               Jun Pang and
               Jaco van de Pol},
  title     = {Verification of a sliding window protocol in \^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}\^{\i}},
  journal   = {Formal Asp. Comput.},
  volume    = {17},
  number    = {3},
  year      = {2005},
  pages     = {342-388},
  ee        = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00165-005-0070-0},
  bibsource = {DBLP, http://dblp.uni-trier.de}
}
\end{filecontents*}
\documentclass{article}
%\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\begin{document}
foo~\cite{DBLP:journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05,journals/fac/BadbanFGPP05}

\bibliographystyle{alpha}
\bibliography{testbib}
\end{document}

running xelatex -> bibtex -> xelatex produces the output:

enter image description here

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1  
Of course, one should also enclose CRL and PVS in curly braces in order to preserve their capitalization: {CRL} and {PVS}. –  Andrew Uzzell Oct 2 '12 at 7:07
    
that depends to the used bibliography style. For my example you are right ... –  Herbert Oct 2 '12 at 7:08
    
I assume xelatex (and lualatex too, for that matter) has no problem with the bib entry is because input is encoded in utf8, right? –  Mico Oct 2 '12 at 7:10
1  
@Mico: right, and bibtex is not of interest here because the unicode characters are not in the authors names. –  Herbert Oct 2 '12 at 7:27
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