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I'm writing a paper for an Elsevier journal using the template the provide. For the bibliography I'm using the style model1-num-names.

I have a reference with the following bibtex:

  title =    {{Service Component Architecture (SCA)}},
  note =     {\url{http://www.osoa.org}},
  key = {SCA}

It results in the bibliography with same strange ?.

[7] SCA, Service Component Architecture (SCA), ???? http://www. osoa.org.

How can I fix it?

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up vote 6 down vote accepted

The style requires a year field:

This is BibTeX, Version 0.99d (TeX Live 2012)
The top-level auxiliary file: test.aux
The style file: model1-num-names.bst
Database file #1: test.bib
Warning--empty year in SCA; set to ????
(There was 1 warning)

If you really have no year to put in, one can maybe try a solution. I don't know how the people at Elsevier would accept it.

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