# Justify text in moderncv cover letter

I am writing a cover letter and CV using moderncv. Everything works fine so far, but the text in the cover letter is not justified. I think it is good that it is not hyphenated, but it would look much nicer if the text was justified.

Here is a minimal example:

\documentclass{moderncv}
\moderncvstyle{classic}

\usepackage{lipsum} % just for dummy text

\firstname{John}
\familyname{Doe}

\begin{document}
\recipient{Prof.\ Dr.\ Foo Bar}{}
\opening{Dear Professor Dr.\ Bar,}
\closing{Yours sincerely,}
\enclosure[Attached]{curriculum vit\ae}

\makelettertitle
\lipsum[1]
\makeletterclosing

\clearpage

\makecvtitle

\section{Education}
\cventry{2009--present}{PhD Student}{here}{and}{there}{}
\end{document}


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Add the following to your document preamble, after loading the moderncv style (classic):

\usepackage{etoolbox}% http://ctan.org/pkg/etoolbox
\makeatletter
{\raggedright \@opening}% <search>
{\@opening}% <replace>
{}{}% <success><failure>
\makeatother


The above patch just removes the necessary \raggedright from the template at the correct location (just before calling \@opening).

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Awesome. Works perfect – Pascal Oct 11 '12 at 6:47
@Werner Works great. But that resulted many hyphenation in my text. Is there any way to fully justify (like in word processors) ??? – TheKojuEffect Oct 5 '13 at 2:58
@TheKojuEffect: Try adding \makeatletter\\hyphenpenalty=\@M\makeatletter to your document preamble. This should assign an large enough (infinite) penalty to automatically hyphenate any words at a line break, effectively removing the ability to hyphenate in the document. For more on penalties, see What are penalties and which ones are defined? If this doesn't work, see How to prevent LaTeX from hyphenating the entire document? – Werner Oct 5 '13 at 3:45

Just fix the "bug" in moderncv templates. If you use banking style, go to moderncvstylebanking.sty and change

% opening
\raggedright%
\@opening\\[1.5em]%


into

% opening
{\raggedright%
\@opening\\[1.5em]}%


Note that this simply enclose the raggedright command, so it won't affect the entire document from this point onwards. You can do the same for each of the other styles.

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Even if Wener's answer works, I believe this is a better, perhaps correct, way of doing it. – BRabbit27 Apr 25 '14 at 8:26
The fact that \raggedright is not enclosed in a group with \@opening is actually not a bug, it's the intended design. AFAIK, the convention for letters is not to justify the text, but to have it flushed left. Obviously (and thankfully!), some people might have a different preference than the "conventional wisdom", and an easy way to select what you prefer would probably be a welcome addition to moderncv. – Xavier Aug 16 '15 at 19:29
@Xavier If you are correct, then the "correct" way of doing so would be to apply 'raggedright' separately for the opening the the body of the letter, and not tying the two. – Eran Marom Aug 17 '15 at 10:32

You can simply include:

\usepackage{ragged2e}


and right after \makelettertitle put:

\justify


Works fine for me both with classic and with casual.

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On ModernCV version 2.0, the answer provided by Werner needs to be updated to:

\usepackage{etoolbox}% http://ctan.org/pkg/etoolbox
\makeatletter
{\raggedright \@opening}% <search>
{\@opening}% <replace>
{}{}% <success><failure>
\makeatother

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I'll update my answer to reflect this. There's no need for an additional answer. – Werner Aug 16 '15 at 19:05
yeah, i tried to comment on it, but didn't have enough "brownie points" for a comment! sorry, SE rules apparently. – maccouch Aug 17 '15 at 9:52

I have a not so elegant solution using \minipage. That works fine for the casual style but it should work for the other ones as well.

Before \begin{document}, add:

\newlength{\currentparskip}


Then, when writing the letter, after the \makelettertitle command, put:

\setlength{\currentparskip}{\parskip}% save the value of paragraph spacing
\begin{minipage}{\textwidth} %create minipage
\setlength{\parskip}{\currentparskip}% restore the value

TEXT OF THE LETTER

\end{minipage}

\makeletterclosing

\clearpage


The paragraph spacing is zero in the \minipage, so one has to restore the value so that the text spacing would be ok.

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