# Office Word and LaTeX spacing

I set the single space in Word and LaTeX.

But apparently LaTeX is more dense than Word. (Using 11 font in Word, using `/singlespacing` in LaTeX). It seems like three lines of LaTeX is only equal to 2 lines of Word. Something like that.

What's the correlation for spacing between Word and LaTeX? What if I want to set single space in LaTeX as the effect in Word?

Updated:

I checked wikibook, http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/LaTeX/Text_Formatting#Font_Styles it seems that LaTeX's normalsize font is little bit smaller than 11pt, and large font is a little bit larger than 11pt. What can I do?

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See also my previous question What does 'double spacing' mean? –  Leo Liu Oct 22 '12 at 4:13
If you want a font size of `11pt`, be sure to specify it as an option to the `\documentclass` command. Also, be sure to use the exact same fonts for both LaTeX and Word. This may seem obvious, but with an MWE (minimum working example) it's not clear if it's the case. –  Mico Oct 22 '12 at 4:14
Related, perhaps duplicate: Setting a document in MS Word-12pt (12bp). The related posts mentions: "MS Word uses a slightly different version of the unit 'point' (pt) than TeX does". –  Werner Oct 22 '12 at 4:27
If it has been suggested to use a class like `acmtrans2m`, then you probably do not need to worry about the formating. –  StrongBad Oct 22 '12 at 7:29
Maybe the issue is with the font. By default LaTeX uses Computer Modern, while Word uses Times (or Calibri),and there is a substantial difference between the size of the two fonts. Thus using a package like `mathptmx` or `newtxtext` (and `newtxmath`) or alternatives should reduce the difference –  Guido Oct 22 '12 at 23:49

You mentioned spacing in your question and I'm not sure to understand you right, but let's try.

For me it seems your problem is that the algorithm of Word for layouting the text is orientated on lines (line for line) while LaTeX looks on the complete paragraph. That must result in different layouting a page in Word or LaTeX (LaTeX has much better results than Word, ever!).

So supposed you use exactly the same font (not possible as you already mentioned) the layout of a page remains different because the layout algorithmns are so different.

I remember there is a German site with two files in Word and LaTeX showing the same text with nearly same layout (I have to search for it and will do it if you want to see this side).

Conclusion:

Word and LaTeX are different programs and results in different page layouts. LaTeX has the better algorithm for layouting and has a good build in typography. With Word you must do the typography by your own.

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Why should the different way of dividing a paragraph into lines should make a difference in how the lines are eventually laid out? The difference may be in how the page is built up by stacking lines of text. –  egreg Oct 23 '12 at 10:44
The hyphenation could be different because LaTeX tries to not more than three following hyphenations. If necceccary does LaTeX alter the distance of two parapgaphs. Word does not. –  Kurt Oct 23 '12 at 11:54