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I'm trying to draw AVL trees with TikZ, what I need is:

Binary tree with simple circle nodes, and adjustable height triangle (or rectangle) nodes for subtrees, both containing only single characters. Here's a picture:

enter image description here

I tried with rectangle and regular polygon, but they seem to be unaffected by aspect ratio... Is there an easy way of drawing something like this in TikZ?

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1 Answer 1

up vote 9 down vote accepted

Using the isosceles triangle shape and some manually set heights:




  inner/.style={circle,draw,minimum width=7mm,inner sep=0},
  leaf/.style={isosceles triangle,draw,shape border rotate=90,isosceles triangle stretches=true, minimum height=20mm,minimum width=12mm,inner sep=0,yshift={-20mm},font=\tiny},
  large leaf/.style={leaf,minimum height=35mm,yshift={-14.5mm}},
  level 1/.style={sibling distance=30mm},
  level 2/.style={sibling distance=21mm},
  level 3/.style={sibling distance=14mm},
  \node[inner] {T}
    [child anchor=north]
    child {node[inner] {L}
      child {node[large leaf] {}}
      child {node[inner] {LR}
        child{node[leaf] {}}
        child{node[leaf] {}}}}
    child {node[large leaf] {L.Allison}};



I don't know why the top vertices of the two large triangles are at different heights relative to their sibling nodes.

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Thank you very much :) –  tpv Dec 28 '10 at 18:06

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