# Change the vertical spacing between “References” heading and bibliographic entries

I am using BibTeX with the amsart class. Is there a way to decrease the vertical spacing between the "References" section heading and the bibliographic entries?

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You can redefine the thebibliography environment to add a convenient vertical (negative) space; a little example in which I decrease the vertical spacing by 5pt (the line marked with % NEW):

\documentclass{amsart}
\usepackage{filecontents}

\begin{filecontents*}{\jobname.bib}
@article{test,
title = "The title",
author = "The Author",
journal = "The Journal",
year = "2012"}
\end{filecontents*}

\makeatletter
\renewenvironment{thebibliography}[1]{%
\@xp\section\@xp*\@xp{\refname}%
\normalfont\footnotesize\labelsep .5em\relax
\renewcommand\theenumiv{\arabic{enumiv}}\let\p@enumiv\@empty
\vspace*{-5pt}% NEW
\list{\@biblabel{\theenumiv}}{\settowidth\labelwidth{\@biblabel{#1}}%
\usecounter{enumiv}}%
\sloppy \clubpenalty\@M \widowpenalty\clubpenalty
\sfcode\.=\@m
}{%
\def\@noitemerr{\@latex@warning{Empty thebibliography' environment}}%
\endlist
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}
\cite{test}
\bibliographystyle{plain}
\bibliography{\jobname}
\end{document}


I would suggest you, however, not to decrease this spacing since doing so the heading and the first reference will appear too close.

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Surely there must be an easier way? Is there no dimension to be set? –  WChargin Feb 14 '14 at 17:53