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Possible Duplicate:
How to globally change the spacing around equations?

For example,

this is a paragraph
\[ \frac{1}{2} \]
this is a paragraph

as result, I want something like

this is a paragraph

\[ \frac{1}{2} \]

this is a paragraph
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marked as duplicate by lockstep, egreg, Thorsten, Stefan Kottwitz Nov 3 '12 at 14:00

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

Avoid $$ instead use \[ ... \]. See tex.stackexchange.com/questions/503/why-is-preferable-to – mythealias Nov 3 '12 at 13:06
up vote 2 down vote accepted

If I understand correctly, you want to adjust the vertical spacing which is set by the four length parameters


The default values depend on the current size for example the standard classes define \normalsize as

   \abovedisplayskip 10\p@ \@plus2\p@ \@minus5\p@
   \abovedisplayshortskip \z@ \@plus3\p@
   \belowdisplayshortskip 6\p@ \@plus3\p@ \@minus3\p@
   \belowdisplayskip \abovedisplayskip

so if you go \setlength\abovedisplayskip{2in plus 1in} after \normalsize you will get more space.

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i dont know why but do not worked. So i used this solution tex.stackexchange.com/questions/69662/… – Fabricio Nov 3 '12 at 14:05

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