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How can you achieve a multi-column layout for footnotes?

I have one page filled only with a rotated table (landscape layout, the sidewaystable environment). The table is annotated by a lot of footnotes which makes the page wider than I want. Since the texts of individual footnotes are quite small I have thought about laying them in two columns to lower the page width.

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3 Answers

up vote 7 down vote accepted

you can improve it with minipages. After the sidewaystable you have to increase the footnote counter, if another footnote appears.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{rotating,tabularx}
\begin{document}

\begin{sidewaysfigure}
\rule{\linewidth}{5cm}\par
The package sets the\footnotemark[1] footnotes\footnotemark[2] of a single-column document in two columns; 
the package offers a range of parameters to determine\footnotemark[3] the exact appearance\footnotemark[4] of the two columns.


\vspace{1cm}
\footnoterule\footnotesize
\begin{minipage}[t]{0.49\linewidth}
\textsuperscript{1} This is the first footnote. And here comes some nonsense text
                    to show that the linebreaks works \par
\textsuperscript{2} This is the second footnote.\par
\end{minipage}\hfill
\begin{minipage}[t]{0.49\linewidth}
\textsuperscript{3} This is the third footnote. \par
\textsuperscript{4} This is the fourth footnote.\par
\textsuperscript{5} This is the fourth footnote.\par
\textsuperscript{6} This is the fourth footnote.\par
\end{minipage}
\end{sidewaysfigure}

\end{document}
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Excellent, thank you! At first, it didn't work for me and I got a single column layout for the footnotes, but at second try, it worked (I have no clue why). –  jindrichm Jan 3 '11 at 18:56
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Use dblfnote package:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{dblfnote}
\begin{document}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.
\footnote{This is the first footnote.}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the first footnote.}
The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns.The package sets the footnotes of a single-column document in two columns; the package offers a range of parameters to determine the exact appearance of the two columns. \footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.} \footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.} 
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\footnote{This is the second footnote.}
\footnote{This is the third footnote.}
\footnote{This is the fourth footnote.}
\end{document}

Gives:

alt text

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1  
@user2716: didn't work in a sideways environment –  Herbert Jan 3 '11 at 15:13
    
Yes, it's a nice and easy method, but it unfortunately does not work for pages with landscape layout. –  jindrichm Jan 3 '11 at 16:01
    
@user2716: It's good that you give a full compilable example; it would be even better if it was a bit shorter. –  Hendrik Vogt Jan 3 '11 at 17:45
    
@Herbert and @jindrichm, please see my new response and sorry for answering very late. I am very new to this and did not notice your comments. –  IRAN Jan 11 '11 at 12:24
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Sorry for my late response. I still can think of two other solutions that work in your situation and it is automatic. This is applied to Herbert's given example:

You can either use memoir class:

\documentclass{memoir}
\usepackage{rotating,tabularx}
\twocolumnfootnotes
\begin{document}
\begin{sidewaysfigure}
\rule{\linewidth}{5cm}\par
The package sets theof a single-column\footnote{This is a test.} document in two columns; 
the package offers a range of parameters\footnote{This is a test.} \footnote{This is a test.} to determinethe exact appearance of the two columns.\footnote{This is a test.}\footnote{This is a test.}\footnote{This is a test.}
\end{sidewaysfigure}
\end{document}

which gives:

alt text

or you can use ledmac package:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{rotating,tabularx}
\usepackage{ledmac}
\foottwocolX{A}
\begin{document}
\begin{sidewaysfigure}
\rule{\linewidth}{5cm}\par
The package sets theof a single-column\footnoteA{This is a test.} document in two columns; 
the package offers a range of parameters\footnoteA{This is a test.} \footnoteA{This is a test.} to determinethe exact appearance of the two columns.\footnoteA{This is a test.}\footnoteA{This is a test.}\footnoteA{This is a test.}
\end{sidewaysfigure}
\end{document}

Which gives:

alt text

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