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Is it possible to write Japanese Characters without environment? LaTeX is very popular in Japan, so I don't believe that Japanese always use environments for writing on their native language.

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Please see: Change XeTeX fonts automatically depending on Unicode blocks for typesetting CJK characters without special environments using Xe(La)TeX. – hakaze Nov 21 '12 at 10:13
There is pTeX (with pLaTeX) that was specially developed for Japanese, so this is what the Japanese generally use. It has been recently supplemented by UpTeX, that supports Unicode fonts. – egreg Nov 21 '12 at 10:16
Phew! I was just about to submit a question for this, but luckily it popped up after I wrote about 99%. – Trevor Alexander Jan 14 '14 at 9:09

you can use xelatex (documentation) or uplatex (documentation)

both can handle OpenType fonts. for uplatex you have to run the sequence uplatex->dvipdfmx

an example with uplatex

enter image description here

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