# Superscript citations without brackets with the revtex4-1 document class

Is it possible to achieve citations that are superscript and don't have brackets using the revtex4-1 document class?

An example of how they should look:

Afirmation3,4

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This is the Phys. Rev. B citation style, so \usepackage[aps,prb,citeautoscript]{revtex4-1} is all that is needed. The [citeautoscript] is optional, but takes care of putting the citation after punctuation if necessary, as is Phys. Rev. B house style.

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As the revtex4-1 document class loads the natbib package, it is responsive to natbib's options and commands. The natbib command \setcitestyle{super} does what you want.

\documentclass{revtex4-1}

\setcitestyle{super}

\usepackage{filecontents}

\begin{filecontents}{\jobname.bib}
@misc{A01,
author = {Author, A.},
year = {2001},
title = {Alpha},
}

@misc{B02,
author = {Buthor, B.},
year = {2002},
title = {Bravo},
}
\end{filecontents}

\begin{document}

Some text \cite{A01,B02}.

\bibliography{\jobname}

\end{document}


(The filecontents environment is only used to include some external files directly into the example, so that it compiles. It is not necessary for the solution.)

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this option seem to keep the brackets in the reference list at the end –  n3rd Aug 13 '14 at 16:19

The easiest way to accomplish this is to add

\usepackage[super]{natbib}


to the preamble of you latex file. This will provide a superscript, but will leave the bibliography as the usual separate section.

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This gives superscripts, but still with ( ). –  Piotr Migdal May 20 '13 at 11:52

Sketch of a biblatex solution:

\usepackage[autocite=footnote,style=verbose-trad1]{biblatex}
\let\cite\autocite


Now when you write Something something\cite{key} the citation will be placed in a footnote at the bottom of the page

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According to p.11 of the revtex4-1 documentation, "[c]ertain packages are (should be) loaded by this class in any case: [...] natbib." This means that the class is incompatible with biblatex. –  lockstep Jan 7 '11 at 23:56
This solution doesn't actually work particularly well with multiple citations at the same place anyway. But revtex being incompatible with biblatex is, in my view, a reason not to use revtex... –  Seamus Jan 8 '11 at 17:45

A general way (working for revtex, but also - everything else) is to add:

\setcitestyle{super,open={},close={}}


Here open and close stand for opening and ending sequences. By default it is open={(} and close={)}, but you are free to use anything, including empty sequences.

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