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I'm getting the following error message from bibtex.

$ bibtex test.tex
I couldn't open file name `test.tex.aux'

What is causing this? [NB. I'm about to write an answer to this question.]

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up vote 6 down vote accepted

You need to leave out the ".tex" in the invocation of bibtex. I.e. you need to run bibtex test rather than bibtex test.tex.

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Probably Meta is exactly the place where this can be debated. It's possibly not a bad idea; can you try expanding the question? I'll remove my comments. – egreg Dec 16 '12 at 21:41

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