Take the 2-minute tour ×
TeX - LaTeX Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for users of TeX, LaTeX, ConTeXt, and related typesetting systems. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I am using both footnotes and endnotes in a chapter with the help of the endnotes package.

However, both footnotes and endnotes are numbered by Arabic number.

I would like to keep the Arabic numbers for the footnotes, but I would like to change the mark of the endnotes to Roman numbers, or some other symbols.

share|improve this question
That works perfectly ! Thank you ! Is there a similar way to convert the endnote marks in dagger, starts, etc. ? –  Pieter Thyssen Dec 30 '12 at 9:21
\renewcommand\theendnote{\fnsymbol{endnote}} should do. Beware that only a limited set of symbols is provided and too large counter numbers can cause errors. –  cgnieder Dec 30 '12 at 14:02
add comment

1 Answer 1



to your document preamble. Also, taking from cgnieder's comment,


should give you a symbol set for the endnotes rather than Roman numerals. There is a limited set though, as can be seen from a subsidiary definition of \@fnsymbol in latex.ltx:

\def\@fnsymbol#1{\ensuremath{\ifcase#1\or *\or \dagger\or \ddagger\or
   \mathsection\or \mathparagraph\or \|\or **\or \dagger\dagger
   \or \ddagger\ddagger \else\@ctrerr\fi}}

So, you'll receive the following output:

  1. * -> *
  2. \dagger -> †
  3. \ddagger -> ‡
  4. \mathsection -> §
  5. \mathparagraph -> ¶
  6. \| -> ||
  7. ** -> **
  8. \dagger\dagger -> ††
  9. \ddagger\ddagger -> ‡‡
  10. Error
share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.