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Can I enable ligatures for the Palatino font or can I somehow find out if they are in the package for pdflatex in the first place?

Edit: MWE

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathpazo}

\begin{document}
ff ct st fl fi ffi
\end{document}

produces No ligatures

Edit2: I also tried the suggestion with \fonttable{} and there are no ligatures (I changed the argument to pplr7t).

So, are the no ligatures in Palatino/mathpazo?

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3 Answers 3

up vote 7 down vote accepted

Changed answer

The ligatures are used by default, however that do not look very much like ligatures

Sample output

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{mathpazo}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}

\begin{document}
fi ffi
\end{document}

(The palatino package is obselete, as the documentation psnfss2e.pdf will tell you.) Inserting

\usepackage[loading]{tracefnt}

the log file will tell you near the end

LaTeX Font Info:    External font `pplr8t at10.0pt' loaded as`
(Font)              T1/ppl/m/n/10  on input line 7.`

Running

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{fonttable}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}

\begin{document}

\fonttable{pplr8t}

\end{document}

through pdflatex will give a table of characters in the font and you will see there are ligatures provided for ff, fi, fl, ffi and ffl - but they look very much like the composite letters (the most obvious difference is the reduced space in the ff combinations compared to f\/f).

Furthermore it should be mentioned that there are other fonts in the palatino bundle under psnsfss2e. mathpazo can be loaded with the [sc] option or the [osf] option. The first provides true small caps, the second provides additionally old style numbers. Finally you can omit the T1 fontenc and get OT1 instead, but psnfss2e.pdf recommands T1.

In all cases the ligatures in the corresponding font tables appear the same - the psnfss2e documentation says that all are Palatino-Roman.

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2  
Sorry, but mathptmx provides Times, not Palatino. Probably you meant mathpazo. –  egreg Jan 18 '13 at 22:50
    
Unfortunately I cannot produce ligatures with your example code and egreg's mathpazo. Will add MWE later (although it is almost exactly what you wrote)... –  BandGap Jan 20 '13 at 18:10
    
What do I need to change the line \fonttable{...} to, to produce a table for Palatinno? –  BandGap Jan 20 '13 at 19:48
    
@egreg Indeed! Many thanks. I have now rewritten my answer. –  Andrew Swann Jan 20 '13 at 22:09
    
@BandGap Good question. My updated answer tells you how to find the fontname via the tracefnt package, which is easier that working through the loaded packages and fd files, which is what I originally did. –  Andrew Swann Jan 20 '13 at 22:10

use the TeXGyre Pagella instead, it is the URW Palatino with ligatures and math support (the OpenType version):

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{mathpazo}
\usepackage{tgpagella}

\begin{document}\huge
\noindent
fi\makebox(0,0){\rule{0.5pt}{4em}} ffi\makebox(0,0){\rule{0.5pt}{4em}}\\
f\/i f\/f\/i 
\end{document}

enter image description here

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The original design of Palatino by Hermann Zapf doesn't have "f ligatures" because it doesn't need them. In particular the design of the "f" and the "i" makes them not clash with each other as it happens for other fonts.

Here are three realizations of Palatino; the first is Apple provided Palatino (from Linotype), the second is TeX Gyre Pagella, the third is URW Palladio (the one used by mathpazo):

enter image description here

As one can see, only TeX Gyre Pagella has an "ff" ligature, which doesn't seem necessary. Perhaps a tiny kerning in "fl" might be used. Here's an image from "Anatomy of a Typeface", by Alexander S. Lawson (link to Google Books); we might infer from it that perhaps TeX Gyre Pagella is right on the "ff" ligature (but the design of the "f" is rather different anyway).

enter image description here

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