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I have only downloaded a bibtex utility to export the bib entries that cited in the TeX documents. It contains .dtx and .ins, but the instructions is not really clear enough to install it into my system (Ubuntu 12.04). I have to locate /usr/share and find that there are two folders inside. They are /usr/share/texmf/ and /usr/share/texmf-texlive/. I have ever installed additional packages in TeX, so I know the way to update TeX sysem. But in order to add a new utility, I don't know which one of them is better. Currently, I don't see the folder utils in both.

Could you give me an advice to install the util bibexport please? Any suggestion always appreciates.

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What version of TeX Live do you have? 2009 or 2012? The bibexport bundle should be available with one of the provided (Debian) packages for TeX Live 2012 (texlive-bibtex-extra) –  egreg Jan 20 '13 at 11:16
    
You may also use your 'personal' tex directory, which will be ~/texmf (test with kpsewhich --var-value TEXMFHOME). Just make sure that the subfolders of texmf mimic the structure of your 'system' tree. –  jon Jan 21 '13 at 3:27
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1 Answer

up vote 5 down vote accepted

Debian (and Ubuntu) TeX Live 2009 ships its files in /usr/share/texmf-texlive, which is a merge of the upstream (TeX Live) directories texmf-dist and texmf.

In Debian (and Ubuntu) /usr/share/texmf is used for packages other than the texlive-* packages.

In Debian (and Ubuntu) TeX Live 2012 the directory layout has changed and is now /usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist, /usr/share/texlive/texmf matching upstream layout, and as before /usr/share/texmf for packages outside of texlive.

If you want to install additional package, I recommend using /usr/local/share/texmf instead, as is is the most approriate place.

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