# How to draw a “Mexican hat potential” using 3dplot?

I would like to make a Mexican hat potential (like this one from Wikipedia)

drawing through TikZ, and I am sure the function to use is straightforward, but I have not managed to find the right solution myself... !

I am using this as a starting point, just need the right function...

\tdplotsetmaincoords{70}{135}
\tdplotsetpolarplotrange{90}{180}{0}{360}
\begin{tikzpicture}[line join=bevel,tdplot_main_coords, fill opacity=.7]
\tdplotsphericalsurfaceplot[parametricfill]{72}{36}%
{4}{black}{\tdplottheta}%
{\draw[color=black,thick,->] (0,0,0) -- (20,0,0) node[anchor=north east]{$x$};}%
{\draw[color=black,thick,->] (0,0,0) -- (0,20,0) node[anchor=north west]{$y$};}%
{\draw[color=black,thick,->] (0,0,0) -- (0,0,3) node[anchor=south]{$z$};}%
\end{tikzpicture}


Any hints will be gratefully appreciated!!

Thanks again!

I now have a little problem getting the axis right. I want them placed in the middle of the plot, but I cannot seem to get the labels correct? Also, I would like to rotate the axis so that the x,y arrows point towards us, and the z up as it is now. Any tips? This is what I have now:

\pgfplotsset{
standard/.style={
axis x line=middle,
axis y line=middle,
axis z line=middle,
enlarge x limits=0.15,
enlarge y limits=0.15,
enlarge x limits=0.15,
every axis x label/.style={at={(current axis.right of origin)},anchor=north west},
every axis y label/.style={at={(current axis.above origin)},anchor=north east},
every axis z label/.style={at={(current axis.above origin)},anchor=south}
}
}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[
standard,
colormap={blackwhite}{gray(0cm)=(1); gray(1cm)=(0)},
samples=30,
domain=0:360,
y domain=0:1.25,
zmin=0,
zmax=2,
xlabel=$\mathcal{RE}\,(\phi)$,
ylabel=$\mathcal{IM}\,(\phi)$,
zlabel=$V$,
yticklabels={,,},
xticklabels={,,},
zticklabels={,,}
]
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}


It produces the following figure:

But as you see the axis labelling is not optimal, and the axis is rotated the wrong direction..

Thanks so much so far!

-
Related: Mexican hat in TikZ. – Peter Grill Jan 24 '13 at 20:48

PGFPlots can plot 3D parametric functions. Here's the output using the function that is used for the Wikipedia image:

\documentclass[border=5mm]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[
hide axis,
samples=30,
domain=0:360,
y domain=0:1.25
]

Awesome, Jake! :) Soundtrack while running this example. :) – Paulo Cereda Jan 24 '13 at 20:57