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I am new to texlive so pardon me if i miss mentioning more details. I started out with texlive-20120701-bin.tar download and i have extracted them on to a particular file system on my RedHat instance. I have set the path as mentioned in the installation instruction and tried running a test to confirm the install is fine by doing latex sample2e.tex which seems to fail with the below error:

This is pdfTeX, Version 3.1415926-2.4-1.40.13 (TeX Live 2012)
Please type the name of your input file.
kpathsea: Running mktexfmt pdftex.fmt
fmtutil: missing command; try fmtutil --help if you need it.
I can't find the format file `pdftex.fmt'!

Any help is appreciated.

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We need more information: Which OS? If you are on Linux: Please use the TeXLive from your distribution instead. See for example tex.stackexchange.com/questions/1092/… – Martin Schröder Feb 5 '13 at 14:54
@MartinSchröder, OP states his Linux system is Red Hat. The TeXlive distribution for Red Hat is quite old, so it is reasonable to look at installing a new, non-official version. – vonbrand Feb 5 '13 at 16:30
It looks like you did not install everything. I haven't installed TeXlive that way, so the following are guesses. Does fmtutil exist? (locate(1) should tell you). Is it on the PATH (which fmtutil)? – vonbrand Feb 5 '13 at 16:33
If you need new TeXlive, you might want to try Fedora 18. It brings 2012 as standard TeX installation, IIRC. – vonbrand Feb 5 '13 at 16:34
Try this following method: latex-community.org/component/content/article/… – Svend Tveskæg Mar 11 '13 at 0:51

You installed only the binaries without any support files. I recommend one of the two options: * use any of the rpm package managers to install all of texlive * use the tug.org original TeX Live In the current situation you have only bare-bones programs, which is in general not enough for a running system.

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