{accents} is about diacritics, i.e., ancillary glyphs added to a letter, or basic glyph. Some diacritical marks, such as the acute ( ´ ) and grave ( ` ), are often called accents. Diacritical marks may appear above, below, or within a letter, or between two letters.

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157
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2answers
238k views

How to write “ä” and other umlauts and accented letters in bibliography?

How to write in bibliography (package natbib) letter "a" with two dots above? Specially, I mean the word Birkhäuser. Is there a general rule or way how to write such umlauts or other accented letters ...
67
votes
5answers
143k views

How to type special/accented letters in LaTeX?

How to type these special letters from European languages in latex? ä, é, and L'?
42
votes
3answers
20k views

Can I get a \widebar without using the mathabx package?

One can use \bar to put a bar over a letter in math mode, but often the bar isn't wide enough. An alternative is \overline, but this isn't an accent, so it doesn't take into account the skew of the ...
33
votes
3answers
75k views

\bar vs. \overline - when to use what, semantically?

Following the question "The \bar and \overline commands" which is simply about the lengths of both, I'd like to know when to use \bar and when to use \overline from a semantically viewpoint. I always ...
32
votes
1answer
79k views

How to write two dot above a letter?

the two dots above a letter represents two derivative of varible t. My method: \documentclass[UTF8]{ctexart} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{epstopdf} ...
28
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do arguments to nested \tilde or \breve commands reappear when amsmath is used?

On LaTeX-Community.org I've noticed a strange problem with nested \tilde and \breve commands, when amsmath is used. In this code the X appears also in the output of the second and the third formula: ...
26
votes
6answers
3k views

Bad positioning of math accents for the beamer standard font

With a recent TeX distribution, the easy answer to this question is "load the sansmathaccent package" (which is Ariel's implementation of my answer). Actually, the corrected font should be loaded ...
25
votes
1answer
20k views

How to insert slashed o “ø” into an author's name in my bibliography

In my bibliography I have a reference to an author with a Danish name: Nørregaard. The problem is that to do the slashed o I need to type \o. However, I can't do this N\orregaard and if I do this N\o ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

How to write accents in LaTeX?

I need to cite the journal "Sankhyā: The Indian Journal of Statistics" in a paper. I would like to draw the ā character properly (i.e., I'd prefer, if possible, to avoid using some hack, such as \bar ...
23
votes
1answer
387 views

Any 7-bit way to write ä (umlaut-a) without "

I'm using a batch file to generate a small LaTeX input file. I cannot use proper umlauts, but the batch file has problems with " as text and I want to produce the word März. Is there any way in ...
20
votes
3answers
11k views

Is there a way to do an “upside down” \widehat?

I've come across this in a book I'm looking through, but I can't find the code for it. I want it to look exactly like the \widehat and go above text like \widehat does...I just want it to be ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

French accents in \hl from soul package

I'd like to use the \hl command from the soul package in a French text. However, it does not work whenever the part to highlight contains French accents (e.g.: \hl{é}). I could use \'e instead of é ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Automatically change é to \'e – most convenient setup for accented letters?

I assume this is really basic question, I'm new to LaTeX, I read a first step tutorial to get ready to write some documents but I couldn't answer my own question at this time and I really don't know ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

TeX accents do not seem to work with fontspec and xe/lua/latex

I am using Minion Pro as mainfont and it does not have in its glyph table the character U+1E47 Latin small letter with dot below which I need only once in my document. Rather than change to another ...
18
votes
1answer
393 views

Drawbacks of redefining math accents with extra leading {}?

As I discovered through the non-bug latex/4253, TeX has a (mis)feature whereby it ignores braces around a \mathaccent construction: ${a_b}_c$ works, but ${\tilde a_b}_c$ fails with a "Double ...
17
votes
3answers
647 views

Diacritics above dotted i (i with tittle)

It is taught that, in order to place an accent mark on top of the letter "i", one should use \i to remove the tittle (the dot) first. (That the dot may need to be removed is of course a matter of ...
16
votes
2answers
13k views

Bold upright i-hat and j-hat for vector notation

I am trying to typeset a vector with i-hat and j-hat components: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{mathtools} \newcommand{\ihat}{\mathbf {\hat \imath}} ...
16
votes
2answers
283 views

“Namethatchar” macro

I am searching for a macro/package that would give the name of characters. Here are a few examples of a possible behaviour: \namethatchar{A} → A \namethatchar{À} → Agrave \namethatchar{a} → a ...
16
votes
3answers
27k views

Really wide hat symbol

Is there any way to get a hat wider than widehat? Why doesn't \widehat{abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz} really go over all of it?
16
votes
2answers
424 views

Teuthonista diacritics?

I am looking for certain diacritics from the phonetic transcription system of the Sprachatlas der deutschen Schweiz (Swiss German linguistic atlas). It is a system that is similar to the one sometimes ...
16
votes
2answers
445 views

Why does \widehat behave differently if I insert \hspace{0pt}?

I am getting some inexplicable behaviour from \widehat: \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{amsfonts} \begin{document} \[ \fbox{$\widehat{\mathcal{C}}$}, ...
15
votes
5answers
977 views

Making a LaTeX version of a textual logotype

I want to create a macro that typesets the text "julia" with two slanted dots above the "ia" at the end, so it looks like this: _ _ _(_)_ (_) | (_) (_) _ _ _| |_ __ _ ...
15
votes
3answers
386 views

Parsing strings containing diacritical marks (macros?)

I apologize that this question may seem very much like several other recent ones I have asked (Parsing leading hardspaces, Parsing a \$ as part of an improved \getargs command). They are all related ...
14
votes
4answers
12k views

How to make a larger “\dot”

I'm writing up some notes that will be displayed on an overhead projector. The standard time-derivative \dot{x} produces a dot that is hard to see. Does anyone know of a package or have a macro that ...
14
votes
3answers
609 views

How do I get two mathrings centered over a variable?

I am trying to represent a second order, dimensionless derivative by two open circles overtop a variable. I understand how to do one (\mathring v), and I understand how to do multiple solid dots ...
14
votes
2answers
372 views

Place a $\star$ over a letter as an accent

I want to create a stylized version of the i where the dot has been replaced by a $\star$. I know how to stackrel, but that's about the only thing I know about stacking things on top of eachother.
14
votes
2answers
8k views

How to insert code with accents with listings?

I'm trying to insert source code in LaTeX with using listings, but my code has accents and pdflatex gives me this error: Unicode char \u8:�\expandafter not set up for use with LaTeX. This is a code ...
14
votes
1answer
5k views

How do I robustly typeset a double-hat?

I'm trying to typeset a symbol with two hat accents (useful for denoting superoperators in quantum mechanics, for instance), but \hat{\hat{L}} produces too much space between the hats. I found one ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Horn accent in LaTeX

Sorry if the question is so trivial. I've just started using LaTeX couple of weeks ago and till now it's so new to me. I was trying to finish my name in a report where it's required to type a ...
13
votes
3answers
20k views

How to type French character in LaTeX

I would like to insert "ç". Tried including \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}, and type \c {c} , but doesn't work.
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Turkish characters to small caps

Small caps (\sc) is not producing dotted I (İ) Here is mwe \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[turkish]{babel} \usepackage{amsmath} ...
13
votes
2answers
779 views

How to input accents in PlainTeX with UTF-8 encoding?

I'm using TeX with the plain format. On my keyboard there is the 'è' character (as well as é, ò, à, ù, ì). I'd like to make it work so that, when put è in the input file, TeX transforms it into \`e, ...
13
votes
2answers
11k views

How to put a tilde under the symbol in math mode?

It is very easy to put a tilde over the symbol in math mode. Simply type $\tilde{a}$. But how to put a tilde under the symbol in math mode?
13
votes
1answer
735 views

hyphenation with special (Estonian) letters

Hyphenation is working correctly most of the time, but it has problems with words that have Estonian letters like õ inside of the word. For example: lõplikumõõtmeline. I write it like this in TeX: ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I lower the \widetilde accent, i.e., move it closer to the variable?

I sometimes find that the \widetilde accents sits too high above the math letter it is applied to. An example: To me it looks as if the first tilde is sitting just in between the two lines; it is ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

'Nudging' overset characters downwards

I am trying to make a vector-like symbol to use in a paper I'm writing. I am actually able to make almost exactly what I want in Mathematica, in which it looks like this: In TeX I am using ...
12
votes
1answer
682 views

How do I make \hat{i} pretty?

I'm looking for a way to make the hat in \hat{i} replace the dot. I can't find anything on Google, and am seemingly too dumb to figure it out myself.
12
votes
2answers
930 views

ligature with special characters: fī

I am using a lot of special characters such as ā, ī, ū, š, ṣ, ḥ, ḫ and so on. I just spotted that sometimes this causes problems with ligatures for example the fi-ligature, if the dot on the i is a ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How to get accented unicode characters that can be copy-pasted?

The aim is to generate the .pdf with accented characters (the .tex file has mixed macro and unicode input), in a way that the .pdf text can be copy-pasted. An example: \documentclass{article} ...
12
votes
2answers
9k views

Sub tilde in LaTeX

In LaTeX, \tilde{x} puts a ~ on top of the x. How can I put a ~ below the x?
12
votes
3answers
226 views

Mirror tilde accent

Does anybody know if there is a "mirror" tilde accent command in any package? That is, the "wiggling" of the tilde accent going in the other direction. Something like defining this \backtilde ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Enable searching in a pdflatex-generated document

I'm typesetting a book in French, and I noticed that diacritics broke the search function of Adobe reader. For example, if I write "Numérotation" in my latex document, then Adobe Reader won't find any ...
12
votes
1answer
100 views

Spanish Babel causes accents in start of sentence to stretch cell height

When the first letter of a sentence in a table cell has an accent, the cell height is stretched and it looks strange. This only happens when I use the Babel package (with Spanish) so I think it may be ...
12
votes
2answers
384 views

Accent positioning on 'oe' character with feature file in fontspec

There is no accented glyph for the 'oe' character in Linux Libertine. When trying to form this character, the (acute) accent is centred over the 'e' half. I'm trying to get the accent over the centre ...
12
votes
1answer
208 views

Misplaced Accents in Cyrillic Text

In educational material for the Russian language and linguistic literature the need to put accents on Cyrillic vowels often arises. However when I tried to do this with luaLaTeX the accents where ...
12
votes
1answer
895 views

Is there a way to get pdflatex to accept Unicode combining accents?

I typeset my work with pdflatex and UTF-8 input files with lots of Unicode characters. Most of them work with a simple \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} in my preamble, and for the others I simply maintain ...
11
votes
4answers
524 views

How to prevent combining a character?

"EB Garamond" font combines ʿ character and the preceding letter. Consider following document: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{fontspec} \setmainfont{EB Garamond} \begin{document} aʿ bʿ cʿ dʿ ...
11
votes
2answers
6k views

German Umlauts in BibTeX

I have the following BibTeX source @INPROCEEDINGS{Lincke2008, author = {Rüdiger Lincke and Jonas Lundberg and Welf Löwe}, title = {Comparing software metrics tools.}, booktitle = {ISSTA}, ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

mathabx and mathtools: \widetilde{} and \dot{} problem

The problem is the odd placement of g in the second line in the align environment. Strangely, the \dot{}-character is only misplaced if it is followed by another character. I need the mathabx package ...
11
votes
2answers
591 views

Is direct utf8 input of combining diacritics in math mode possible with lualatex?

I am trying to typeset a document with combining diacritics directly input in it. I use LuaLaTex. Here is a minimal example illustrating the original issue: \documentclass{minimal} ...