{align} is an environment provided by math packages that permits multiple related equations to be aligned at a common reference point, usually a sign of relation. For general questions about aligning document elements, use {horizontal-alignment} or {vertical-alignment} instead.

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Underlining an equation in an align block

I'm trying to set up a system of equations and want to underline the last equation, but can't figure it out. Here's what I have: \begin{alignat*}{4} &F_n &- mg &- F_a\sin 32^\circ &= ...
4
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3answers
577 views

Align in Substack

\sum_{\substack{n=1\\n\neq i}}^N Using \substack to add multiple lines as subscripts of a sum does not make them aligned on the equal / not equal symbol. I found some answers to this problem, like ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

newenvironment: error with \begin{align} and \end{align}

In the example below, an error is caused by \begin{align} and \end{align} but I do not see why: \documentclass{book} \usepackage{amsmath} ...
3
votes
1answer
409 views

In Lyx, align text inside a float caption

I'm trying to align a legend inside a table caption, so that the colons are vertically aligned. I can do it with the align ambient outside of the caption, but if I use the same code inside the caption ...
3
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2answers
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Break Large Equation Between Parenthesis Using Multline

I have a very large equation that I need to write in multiple lines, but multiline is not working between parenthesis. This is my LaTeX code: \begin{multline} e^{-y \lambda_n} \left( ...
3
votes
1answer
337 views

Align all equal signs in the document

Is there a way to align all the equal signs in all equations all over the document? I write a theses (scrbook) and like all equal signs to line up. At least in a chapter if not possible for the whole ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

AMS align: Left aligned text/math plus multicolumn align

This question is basically a combination of two previous posts: Adding left aligned text to an equation. and AMS align / Align multiple “=”, too much space (the latter being my own question). What I ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

$$, \[ \] and equation environment alignment

I'm using scrreprt class and I'm having troubles with different behavior of $$ and \[ \]-written equations and equation environment. The problem is that alignment is not the same: $$ equations are ...
2
votes
2answers
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How can I use multline within an align environment?

I've been looking around and I know that there are possibilities to mimic the multline environment within the gather or align environments, or by using multlined but not in a way that I like, I think. ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

Centering column in alignat environment?

How do I center the contents of each cell in the middle column? I am approximating it with \phantom, but there's got to be a better way. \begin{alignat*}{3} ...
1
vote
1answer
362 views

Two columns of equations, aligned and just one number per column

I'm writing a two-column document, and I want to display two sets of large equations floating at the top. Each equation set should be aligned within the same column, and only the two top equations ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Is it possible to break up an align environment and keep the tab positions? [duplicate]

I'd like to take notes for a math class such that I can typeset a series of equations with the \align environment and make some text notes in between some of the lines. As far as I can tell, though... ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Using “align” instead of “array” in an array of equations [duplicate]

I want to produce big parenthesis like this: Left brace including several lines in eqnarray How do I do this with align instead of array? I do not want to use eqnarray though. Thanks.
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Error message because of eqnarray, footnotes, tables or caption?

I know this is not a minimal example, but I have to have this much code, in order to create my error. I had this error already several times and I cannot get rid of it?! I don't know where the problem ...
45
votes
4answers
5k views

What does a double ampersand (&&) mean in LaTeX?

I've seen several answers that use the double ampersand, but I can't figure out exactly what it does. I tried this out: \begin{align*} \frac{3x + y}{7} &= 9 & \text{given} \\ 3x + y ...
13
votes
3answers
11k views

columns/alignment with itemize

I'm trying to make alignment points in a list environment. The following code gives me an error, but it almost compiles to what I want, just missing the bullet points. I must be misunderstanding ...
8
votes
3answers
9k views

AMS Split inside AMS Align

I'd like to have multiple lines inside a single align cell like so: \begin{alignat*}{1} = & \begin{split}x+\\ y\end{split} \end{alignat*} But I get an error like: \end{alignat*} \An extra ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Aligning plain `align` and `cases`?

The cases environment works very well for enumerating cases within a large left bracket. I'd like to be able to combine it with the align environment so that equals-signs and conditions also line up: ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

Defining `$$$ $$$` to align

I would like to define $$$ \zeta(s) = \dfrac1{1^s} + \dfrac1{2^s} + \cdots $$$ as a short hand for \begin{align} \zeta(s) = \dfrac1{1^s} + \dfrac1{2^s} + \cdots \end{align}` How should I go ...
2
votes
1answer
247 views

Which one is recommended to split, continue and align a long equation?

In my investigation, the outputs are identical as follows. Version 1: Using aligned. \begin{align*} \framebox[6cm]{Top LHS}\\ \framebox[5cm]{Middle LHS}\\ \framebox[4cm]{Bottom LHS} &= \! ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

In align environment, how can you label some (but not all) of the equations?

I know that the align environment labels all the lines, while the align* environment labels none of the lines. Is there a way to have the align environment label only some of the lines? For example, ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I write multi line equations with alignment in inline math mode?

Is there any way to override the fact that certain environments in LaTeX are automatically "displayed"? One such example is the align* environment. I want to keep my aligned equations inline. So ...
8
votes
1answer
49k views

Align equation left

Here is my split equation: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{asmath} \begin{document} \begin{equation} \begin{split} a_{ijk} =& \frac {Pr(M_{I} =2 \& M_J=1 \& M_K =1 | I=i , J=j , ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Alignment across nested aligned environments

I have a list of equations with annotations like the one below: \documentclass{scrartcl} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{align} aaaa &= 1 &&\text{for $X$} \\ bbbb &= ...
6
votes
1answer
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Using align in beamer with overlays

How can I get the align environment to play nicely with beamer overlays? As a simple example I would like \begin{align*} a = \frac{bc}{c} \end{align*} on the first overlay and then ...
14
votes
1answer
520 views

Correct usage of \ifmmode

Seems that there is some subtlety in using \ifmmode that I am not aware of. For some reason, using: \newcommand{\hlcodeA}[1]{\ifmmode\else\small\fi\texttt{\hilight{#1}}}% is not quite identical ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Left-justify with align on “=” in align environment

I searched the tex.stackexchange archives for an answer to this question but couldn't find one. I assume it's a common question, however. I often want to align text similar to the poly environment in ...
10
votes
3answers
11k views

aligned environment of amsmath vs array environment

Today I found out the existence of the aligned environment of the amsmath package. However, I can't see the advantage of using it instead of the array environment from the example provided in ...
10
votes
1answer
13k views

Aligning the right parts in multiple \begin{cases}

Is there an intelligent way to left-align the parts right of & of the two cases environments shown below (if x >= 0, otherwise, if y < 0, otherwise). I wonder if there is a better way than ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How to align terms in alignat environment

These are my math equations. To enhance readability, I'd like the third column to be aligned around the + sign; that is, I wish to place some horizontal blank in front of $n\mathbf{A}_0$ (not ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Centering equations within alignat command

I want to centre the formula inside the equals. So far I have \begin{alignat*}{2} v_2(16)&=\frac{2}{5}[v_3(32)+v_3(8)] &&= 0, \\ v_2(4)&=\frac{2}{5}[v_3(8)+v_3(2)] &&= ...
7
votes
1answer
244 views

Ignoring specific ampersand formatting on a specific line of an align block

I want to typeset a number of equations with some alignment constraints, but I want to partially ignore them on certain lines. An example formatted text might look like the following when it's ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

\mbox does not draw a box inside align*

\mbox doesn't work inside align*: \begin{document} \usepackage{mhchem} \begin{align*} \ce{K_w} &= \ce{[H3O+][OH^-]} \\ -\log \ce{K_w} &= -\log ( \ce{[H3O+][OH^-]} ) \\ -\log ...
6
votes
1answer
182 views

Aligning and centering a lstlisting with two columns on a page

Consider the following code taken from here to produce a fancy listing : % PACKAGES \documentclass[11pt,a4paper]{book} \usepackage[top=1in, bottom=1in, left=1in, right=1in]{geometry} ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Fancy header and footer including images with tikz

Consider the following code: % DOCUMENT TYPE \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} % PACKAGES \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[english]{babel} ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

How to number two equations as one

\begin{align} ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Aligned equation which can break through pages [duplicate]

I'm writing long sequences of aligned math equations, and LaTeX interprete them as single, unbreakable objects... which is Ok if the equation is nowhere near the end of the page. Q: Is there a way to ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I create a multiline split inside of a radical inside of an array environment?

I have an align like this: \begin{align*} \sigma &= \sqrt{\sum_x \left[ (x-\mu_x)^2\mathbf{f}(x) \right] } = \sqrt{\frac{1}{10}\sum_x (x-\mu_x)^2 } \ &= \sqrt{\frac{1}{10}( (0-.45)^2 ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

alignat problem

Whenever I try to use the alignat environment, it doesn't seem to work on my computer! I tried the following simple code (my file had \usepackage{amsmath}): \begin{alignat}{3} \min \quad x_1 ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Center one equation of many in align?

I have the following align enviroment: \documentclass[12pt]{memoir} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} Here we see \begin{align} \text{cat} &= \text{dog}\\ \text{dog} &= cute ...
10
votes
4answers
356 views

Aligning numbering in a system of equation so it's centered

In the following code ... $\begin{cases} 2y+4x=9 & \text{(I)} \\ 3x-2x=10 & \text{(II)} \end{cases}$ ... I want the (I) to be centered above (II). Right now they are aligned above each ...
10
votes
2answers
777 views

Horizontal alignment within an equation using Tikz

I am trying to center horizontally the first terms of a system of equations inside the alignat environment. I don't know if Tikz is the right way to go, but as I might have to add some other ...
9
votes
1answer
171 views

How can I align the terms of this equation nicely?

I have the following alignat segment: \begin{alignat*}{3} \text{max}_{\underline{\lambda}} \text{min}_{\underline{x}} \quad & \underline{c}^T \underline{x} + \underline{\lambda}^T(\underline{d} ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Label one line in a begin align*

I have the following block of TeX: \begin{align*} m_n^+ = \dfrac{1}{n}\sum\limits_{k=N+1}^{n} =& \dfrac{1}{n}\sum\limits_{k=N+1}^{n}\left(a_k-L+L\right) \\ ...
8
votes
3answers
212 views

Align matrices problem

I have an equation of matrices and I want to align the dimensions of the matrices below the equation of matrices. However, I produce something very ugly. Can someone advise how to make it look better ...
8
votes
2answers
239 views

Glossaries in Align Environment

Using glossaries commands in align environment seems to screw up the tag alignment. How can I use gls{...} commands in align environments without the tag position being altered? Consider the ...
8
votes
1answer
152 views

How to avoid this undesired horizontal space?

In the following output, why do I get the undesired space before the (, and how to get rid of it globally? Here is my code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How to get width of equation

If I want to know the width of a text I use \settowidth{\MyLength}{bla}. Is there something similar for equations? More specifically I have \begin{align} a & b & c & d\\ c & d ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

What's the difference between align and align*?

After some brief searching I can't find the difference between align and align*. Google summarily ignoring the * is making it harder I think. Can you tell me the difference between these two? ...
6
votes
2answers
92 views

Place table based on position of column break

I have a table with two columns of different widths. I want to place my table in my page such that the line between the two columns falls on the center of the page. If the columns were the same size ...