{align} is an environment provided by math packages that permits multiple related equations to be aligned at a common reference point, usually a sign of relation. For general questions about aligning document elements, use {horizontal-alignment} or {vertical-alignment} instead.

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alignat makes 3 good alignments and 1 bad

I'm having a problem with the alignat environment. This code: \begin{alignat*}{9} &X_{12}&+X_{13}& & & & & & & &=1 ...
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4answers
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Aligning of equations within derivations

Okay, so I have the following derivation so far in my latex document: \documentclass[a4paper,oneside,11pt]{report} \usepackage[english]{babel} %francais, polish, spanish, ... ...
7
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2answers
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Highlight an equation within an align environment with color option

I'd really like to do exactly what's being asked for in this question: Highlight an equation within an align environment, but with the ability to change the color when I call it, so that I could have ...
7
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3answers
425 views

How to break long equations while keeping alignment?

I have the following long equations: \documentclass[]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{displaymath} \begin{aligned} (\chi_1|\chi_1) ...
7
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2answers
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Equations and defining equation variables

I have a main equation that should be numbered and now I want to define the variables of the equations which may contain another set of equations. For example please have a look; code: \begin{align} ...
7
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2answers
425 views

Workaround for align without using amsmath

I'm preparing a manuscript for a journal that demands a style file (copernicus2.cls) that's not compatible with amsmath. I want to display some aligned equations, but the lack of amsmath means I can't ...
7
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3answers
316 views

How can I align this equation?

I want to align this equation. I tried \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{fourier} ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Why does aligning equations not work here?

\documentclass{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \newcommand*{\op}[1]{\operatorname{#1}} \begin{document} \begin{align*} \noalign{$\quad \op{f} * \op{r} = \op{c}_{\op{f}*\op{r}} (x_1,...,x_k) = ...
7
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2answers
346 views

How to stop fractions in display equations from running into each other?

Is there some standard way to create multiple display equations like the following without having to use: \renewcommand*{\arraystretch}{2} (so that the two rows in the second equation don't get ...
7
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2answers
571 views

How to split text within align

The text is too long and would like to split it in two: Any help please! \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{flalign*} \textit{K}^{k,r}_{j}& : \text{The ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Subequation aligning using matrix

When I use multiple matrix equations in subequation, I am doing it as in the code snippet. However, when I want to align the equations with respect to equal sign, = (commented in the code), I am ...
7
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2answers
6k views

Combine itemize/enumerate list and align environment

I have 2 parts (i) and (ii) that I am trying to write out, but I can't seem to get the (i) and (ii) it look nicely, i.e. itemised. I tried using the \begin{enumerate} command but it doesnt seem to ...
7
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3answers
652 views

Aligning vdots with terms in a system of equations

I am attempting to write a system of linear equations that looks like this: A_{11}x_1 + A_{12}x_2 + \cdots + A_{1n}x_n = y_1 A_{21}x_1 + A_{22}x_2 + \cdots + A_{2n}x_n = y_2 \vdots \vdots ...
7
votes
1answer
330 views

Breaking lines in equations

I had an equation that was too long. It got cut off, so I modified it with the split environment inside an equation environment: \begin{equation} \begin{split} & I_{ribbon} = \frac{1}{2} M(a^2 ...
7
votes
2answers
155 views

Align mathematics equation in a box

I have the following code of maths equation in a box : \begin{framed} \begin{align*} &C_\star \rightarrow E_\star : &x=3\dfrac{5\phi^2+24\phi+12v+24}{\phi^2}, ...
7
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2answers
151 views

Check if in an align* environment

I want to use different styles of matrices if TeX is in an align* environment or in a normal math environment. I already found a solution for checking if it is in math mode (\ifmmode) but not ...
7
votes
2answers
720 views

right align in align environment

I use a align* environment and on one line I have a very long equation which does not contain into a line. Thus for this line I would like to have the same behavior as a multline environment, that is ...
7
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3answers
308 views

Center a column in align

I have the following type of code in my document: \begin{align*} (-m)+m & \stackrel{\mathrm{Ax 1.1 (i)}}{=} m+(-m)\\ &\stackrel{\mathrm{Ax 1.4}}{=} 0 \\ I want to align on the = ...
7
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2answers
188 views

Evenly spacing aligned matrices with different elements

I have 8 vectors that I display as bmatrix in an align environment as follows: But as you can see, the first vector is slightly thinner, making the rest unaligned aswell. How can I make the first ...
7
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1answer
255 views

Arabic with Latin mathematical notation

I would like to write math formulas to look like the picture below: I have the following segement of code, for example \documentclass[10pt,a4paper]{report} \usepackage{amsthm} ...
7
votes
1answer
200 views

Left aligning equations without align character

I realise that this has been asked many times before, but no answers I've found seem to provide a solution to my question. I'd like to left align all text in an align block, in: ...
7
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3answers
224 views

How to horizontally align rotated text in a table?

I am trying to horizontally align text that has been rotated in a table. I want the rotated "Lorem Ipsum" and the rotated "Lorem Ipsum & Lorem Ipsum" text to be horizontally centered in the cell. ...
7
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2answers
1k views

Align equations with conditions

I am using the following equation with boundary conditions, I would like to position the equation centrally aligned and would like to keep the boundary condition to the right. But the equation is a ...
7
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2answers
87 views

Whitespace around characters

I need to wrap some of the characters with whitespace so that the terms align correctly $\begin{align*} x = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + \cdots + n \\ x = n + (n-1) + (n-2) + (n-3)+\cdots+ 1\\ \cline{1-2} 2x = ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Underlining an equation in an align block

I'm trying to set up a system of equations and want to underline the last equation, but can't figure it out. Here's what I have: \begin{alignat*}{4} &F_n &- mg &- F_a\sin 32^\circ &= ...
7
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2answers
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Alignment across nested aligned environments

I have a list of equations with annotations like the one below: \documentclass{scrartcl} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{align} aaaa &= 1 &&\text{for $X$} \\ bbbb &= ...
7
votes
2answers
109 views

How to get a nice alignat of this equation?

I want to align this equation. I tried \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{alignat*}{2} A\cdot \left(A^{n-1}+A^{n-2}\cdot B + \cdots + B^{n-1} \right)&=& ...
7
votes
1answer
157 views

Formula label outside of formula

I want to label a block of equations like that: The "AB" should not inflict the central alignment of the formula. I saw it a lot, but do not succeed on my own. Do I need to build boxes? I used the ...
7
votes
1answer
605 views

Scaling down all the equations using one single command?

I am about to submit an article with lots of equations in there (defined in both equation and align environments and I also have lots of inline math of course). There is a maximum page limit for the ...
7
votes
1answer
71 views

Is there an environment that imitates align but displays `textstyle` math?

I'm currently typing a mathematical document which counts many sum symbols. I frequently use the align environment to render equations, although the default behaviour of this environment is to render ...
7
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1answer
549 views

Align-environment: Align on the left side

Why doesn't the following code align the two equations in the middle? It does only if I remove the alignment on the left. \begin{align*} &ABC &= ABC - AB\\ &ABCD &= ABC - ...
7
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4answers
171 views

Multiple alignments within align environment

My minimum working example: \documentclass{report} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{align} \dot{x}_2 = \dot{x}_{2,0}&+\frac{\partial f_2(x_1)}{\partial x_1} \bigg|_{x_1=x_{1,0}} ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Different space between \align and \equation

Why produce the align and the equation environment different space between the text. And what can I do, that it have the same? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} Long ...
7
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1answer
70 views

How many times is “align” processed?

Consider the following MWE which writes the word "Cat" to a file. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \newwrite\datei \immediate\openout\datei=Beispiel.txt \begin{align*} ...
7
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2answers
312 views

Passing an argument with the alignment operator (&) to a macro within another aligned environment

I am trying to write macros for quickly formatting matrices in math mode. Here is a simple, working example: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} ...
7
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1answer
148 views

Problem with \index in align enviroment

Please compile the following MWE. As you will then see, the typesetting of $\mu^{\otimes\downarrow n}$ in the index is strange! \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{imakeidx} ...
7
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1answer
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More sophisticated page breaks within aligned equations

This is my current method of allowing page breaks between my aligned equations {\allowdisplaybreaks \begin{align*} left &= right1 \\ &= right2. \end{align*}} It works, but it doesn't ...
7
votes
3answers
79 views

How to justify steps (e.g., citing numbered equations) in a displayed chain of equations

I have a chain of equations in AMS align environment in LyX, and I want to cite numbered equations as justification for some of my steps in the chain (see the picture). I don't know if there's a ...
7
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1answer
155 views

Switching from equation to align changes horizontal width

I am puzzled by why changing from an equation environment to an align environment should change the horizontal width of my equation. Below I provide an example. Sorry, it is not a minimal working ...
7
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1answer
148 views

Automatically reference a set of equations in align

Is there a way to automatically refer to a set of equations in an align environment? E.G. I would like this to read "From Eqs.(1-3), we can clearly see..." \documentclass{article} ...
7
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1answer
1k views

How to get width of equation

If I want to know the width of a text I use \settowidth{\MyLength}{bla}. Is there something similar for equations? More specifically I have \begin{align} a & b & c & d\\ c & d ...
7
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1answer
164 views

Box some equations inside align

I'm trying to make something like this: But I have just can't figure out how. I have tried with empheq and tikz, but I can't get it to work with only some boxes inside align. I have also tried with ...
7
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2answers
806 views

Centering the align environment on the middle column

I have a set of aligned equations that I would like to provide an \implies for down the left hand side. I used this originally: \begin{align} (x-1)^2 &= -1 \\ x-1 &= \pm i \\ ...
7
votes
1answer
764 views

How can I use cross-references and hyperlinks to parts of an align environment?

I'm writing an exercise book, and in some exercises I'll have several numbered equations in an align environment, e.g., (1) x^2+x+1=0, (2) ax^3+2x=0, (3) x^5=2i, (4) x^4=-i, (5) x-1/x=2, (6) ...
6
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3answers
278 views

About alignment of mathematics formulas

How can I implement the alignment like in the following image? Because the usual \begin{align*} and \end{align*} command can not work, so I hope you can help me! Thanks! Wait for your elegant ...
6
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3answers
244 views

align* not aligning properly with \sqrt

Using this, everything is aligned properly: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{align*} 16x^2&=144&\text{| }&\text{sqrt}\\ 4x&=12&\text{| ...
6
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3answers
317 views

why does something disappear in the aligned environment?

I noticed a strange behaviour with the aligned environment: \begin{equation}\label{eq:direct_limit} \begin{aligned} [x] + [y] & := [\eta_{ik}(x) + \eta_{jk}(y)],\\ [x] \cdot r & := [x \cdot ...
6
votes
4answers
383 views

How can I note transformation step?

I currently have this: with this code: \begin{align} 0 &\stackrel{!}{=} (d_{P,f}^2)'\\ &= -2 x_p + 2x -2y_p f'(x) + \left (f(x)^2 \right )'\\ ...
6
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1answer
32k views

Getting arguments underneath \min in an align environment

I am wondering how can I ensure that an argument gets placed underneath \min when I use an align environment. When I use math mode and write \[ min_{x_1,\dots x_T} \] the {x_1,\dots x_T} is ...
6
votes
2answers
108 views

Slight misalignment using hphantom equals sign in align

I am attempting to align the integral signs precisely, whilst still retaining the correct spacing around the equals signs. Why doesn't the following code get it exactly right? \begin{align} & ...