{align} is an environment provided by math packages that permits multiple related equations to be aligned at a common reference point, usually a sign of relation. For general questions about aligning document elements, use {horizontal-alignment} or {vertical-alignment} instead.

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118
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eqnarray vs align

Motivation I want to include a list of related equations, say, for a proof, in my LaTeX document. As far as I know, I have two good options, eqnarray and align. Question What is the difference ...
22
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4answers
2k views

How can I break an align environment for a paragraph?

I would like to have two displayed equations, broken by a short paragraph, but with aligned equal signs (as if using the align environment). Is there some way to "break" the align environment ...
10
votes
2answers
12k views

Enumerate formulas

I'm writing a math paper in LaTeX and for math formulas I'm just using $$math formula$$. Is is possible to numerate formulas? Or do I have to you use some specific commands such as align?
19
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5answers
9k views

Vertical alignment of align* in enumerate

Related (but not the same): Align number from enumerate with equation Displaying an equation in a list Earlier today I asked a question about aligning equations in an enumerate environment ...
69
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3answers
35k views

How to get only one vertically centered equation number in align environment with two equations

What I have are two equations with align and I want one single equation number to refer to this system of equations. To illustrate, I have \begin{align} dr_t &= \kappa ( \theta - r_t ) dt + ...
15
votes
3answers
44k views

How can I use an align environment flush left?

Is there a way possible to imitate the align environment for math mode commands, without having all writing being placed toward the center on the output page? MWE: \documentclass{article} ...
10
votes
1answer
588 views

How to split and align equations when they are inside an enumerate environment?

How to make the first line of aligned equations sit in the same baseline as the bullet and make the equation left justified? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} ...
10
votes
1answer
182 views

Measuring align

From what I read it seems that align environments are processed twice: the first time for measuring, the second time for actual typesetting. My question is whether one can get access to these ...
57
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3answers
66k views

align* but show one equation number at the end

I am using align*, but I still need an equation number. I know one solution is to use align and add \nonumber to all lines but the last. Is there a 'lazy' way to do it? I searched a little and found ...
38
votes
3answers
11k views

Centering \vdots in a system of many equations

I have a system of equations with an arbitrary number of equations (k). I'd like to use \vdots to compactly describe the system, like so: \begin{align*} R(-1) &= \sum_{i=1}^m A(i)R(i-1) \\ ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Using \left( & \right) around amsmath's align delimiter (“&”)

I want to align equations (using the align environment from the amsmath package) inside matching \left( and \right) commands. For example: \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} ...
4
votes
3answers
464 views

Aligning equations with left and right comment

I'd like to align multiple equations below each other such that the central operator is always centered, but have a column for commenting on the right and a column for \iff-arrows and ...
18
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4answers
30k views

How to correctly format (and align) a LaTeX proof?

I'm new to LaTeX and I'm trying to figure out how to correctly format a proof. Can someone show me a basic template for how to do this? The part I am having the most trouble with is creating new ...
8
votes
2answers
518 views

What is wrong with defining \bal as \begin{align}?

I'm trying to define two commands \bal and \eal instead of inserting \begin{align} and \end{align} in my document, but in the code below, I'll get some errors. What is wrong with it? ...
28
votes
1answer
36k views

Aligning equations with text with alignat

I'm trying to add this expression to my work: I understand that the best way to achieve this is using the alignat environment within the amsmath package, so I tried the following: ...
17
votes
2answers
13k views

Remove vertical space around align

I need to display math in my report, but is it possible to remove the vertical space around align*? A little example is the following (where I just want the align* to have the same vertical space as ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Can I tab inside of align environment?

I currently have this ugly equation: The green alignment is just like I want it. The Red one is what I would like to get, but I don't know how. Here is my MWE: \documentclass[a4paper]{scrartcl} ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

some \newcommand instructions not working

I have created some new short command using \newcommand in the following example: \documentclass[12pt,twoside,a4paper]{book} \usepackage{enumerate,amsmath} \newcommand{\ba}{\begin{array}} ...
19
votes
1answer
131k views

How to left align a set of equations.

I wanted to left align a set of equations. I've tried the solution provided in aligning to the left. It worked. But, I wanted to have a single equation number for the entire flalign in order to refer ...
20
votes
2answers
8k views

Highlight an equation within an align environment

I would like to define a command that puts a red box around an equation with yellow highlighting. I have the basics working pretty well. What I am unable to figure out is: How to keep the alignment ...
19
votes
1answer
21k views

How can I add left aligned text to an equation?

I have a document I am trying to copy to learn TeX. Here is what I have encountered: How can I have the "or" in the equation. This is what I have right now: \[ f = ma; \] But $a$ is the change in ...
50
votes
3answers
79k views

Show equation number only once in align environment

I want the equation number to be shown only at the last line, or better, somewhere in the middle of all. So instead of (1), (2), ... only (1). I use \begin{align} ... \end{align}
20
votes
3answers
7k views

Alignment of equals sign in multiple align environments

I have multiple align environments in my document, separated by a small paragraph of text: \begin{align*} foo &= something very very long compared to the other align \end{align*} explanation ...
15
votes
3answers
8k views

Aligning across 'aligned' equation blocks

I'd like to format two groups of equations such that all their equal signs line up and such that I can put a big brace to the right of each block to annotate that block. The last part is easily ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Footnote in align environment

It appears that one is not supposed to use \footnote in math mode as per this appropriately named question: Footnote in math mode. However, it appears that I can get it to work without having to ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Blank lines in align environment

Is there a way to insert a blank line between two equations in align environment? From what I understand a blank line is interpreted as \par and \par is not allowed in align. Can I disable this ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I number a few equations together

i would like to write few equations, but all the equations will get only once numbered and in the middle (right side) of the equations. e.q. if i write 3 equations, the number will be to the right of ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

\left and \right in equation across multiple lines [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Left/Right across multiline equation Could someone explain why I can't get the left and right commands to work correctly code: \documentclass{article} ...
10
votes
2answers
627 views

Selective numbering of equations with align

I have an align environment with 5 equations. I want 3 of them numbered, and the other 2 not numbered. I understand that there's other posts on the issue of selective numbering of those equations that ...
10
votes
3answers
874 views

Numbering a set of horizontally distributed equations

Having different horizontally distributed equations inside an align environment, only lines are numbered, but not individual equations. How can the left equations be numbered using subequations? ...
9
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1answer
3k views

Spurious space above align environment at top of page/minipage

It seems that the align environment adds additional vertical space if it starts at the top of a page or minipage. Below are two pages, and two minipages (on Page 1), where the first page/minipage has ...
34
votes
6answers
90k views

How to align a set of multiline equations

I am trying to align a set of long equations, that are themselves align environments as most of them are spreading on multiple lines. Currently I just have a sequence of align environments, with ...
18
votes
3answers
36k views

Use flalign or alignat or align or similar environment to align to the left

The following is a small example to use flalign environment to generate equation. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{txfonts} \begin{document} The formula is: \begin{flalign*} ...
28
votes
4answers
60k views

Aligned equations in LaTeX

I have a long equation in LaTeX, which I need to break up into more lines. I've done this, although its not quite what I was looking for. Here is a MWE showing my problem: ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Equations inside enumerate aligned on item's number

If I type \begin{enumerate} \item \begin{align*} eqn 1 eqn 2 \end{align*} \end{enumerate} the label will appear on the first lines and the equations will ...
12
votes
2answers
7k views

How do I put a side brace around several lines in the align* environment?

I would like to put a side brace around several lines in the align* environment, as shown in the comments in the code below: \begin{align*} left side & = right side \\ left side & = ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

What's the difference between align and align*?

After some brief searching I can't find the difference between align and align*. Google summarily ignoring the * is making it harder I think. Can you tell me the difference between these two? ...
10
votes
4answers
20k views

side-by-side equations, with equation numbers for each

The align command from amsmath allows me to put two equations side-by-side: \begin{align} x = y && a = b \end{align} Unfortunately for my purposes, this shows both equations under one ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How to align multiple subfigures in a grid?

I have three images and I want to align them in the way that one image is above the other two. Here's an example: How can I achieve this? For my other figures I use the subcaption package, but I am ...
14
votes
2answers
4k views

inserting sentences between subequations

My apologies for asking so many questions here. I want to introduce a sentence in between 2 subequations which is not in math mode. Here is the code that I am using: ...
14
votes
1answer
5k views

AMS align / Align multiple “=”, too much space

I asked this question at stackoverflow and have been kindly redirected here. I'd like to align some equations in Latex using the AMS packages. Each equation has two equal signs that need to be ...
13
votes
2answers
14k views

A lateral brace to group a set of equations with labels

I have a set of equations that I'd like to display together (as an example, the Maxwell's equations). Requirement #1: I'd like to have them labelled like in an align environment \begin{align} ...
16
votes
1answer
9k views

Split expressions with parentheses in align environment

I am writing down a rather long expression, which has to be splitted in a align environment. The thing is that this expression has parentheses which have to be splitted too. I don't want to use ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

How to organize labels when there are too many equations?

I'm writing a moderately long text using LaTeX, and it's great to be able to organize chapters, sections, appendices, and everything else almost automatically. One thing has been bothering me though. ...
13
votes
1answer
366 views

What's the right space to right the alignment of a right aligned align environment?

As Hilbert would have put it, had he lived in the TeX-era: No one shall expel us from the Paradise that AMS has created. and one aspect of that paradise is release from the tyranny of eqnarray ...
9
votes
3answers
18k views

Centering in the \align* environment

I'm using the \align* environment from the amsmath package. How can I center one of the lines inside the environment? In the following example, I want to the \vdots to be centered, instead of ...
16
votes
7answers
2k views

Aligning polynomial terms

In LaTeX align, I'm struggling to align polynomial terms and assume there's an easy way to do it. But I cannot find the simple/elegant solution. What I would like is something like this: x1 + x2 ...
13
votes
5answers
14k views

problem using option fleqn in amsmath package

I'm using the following code. What should I do if I don't want the fixed indent from the left margin of my page? ‎ \documentclass[‎fleqn,oneside‎]{article}‎ ‎\usepackage{amsmath}‎ .... \begin{align} ...
10
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2answers
3k views

Force line break inside a \lim argument in align environment

Inside an align environment I have a \lim with two variables which should be displayed in two lines: \begin{align} ... f & = \lim _ {a \rightarrow -\infty \linebreak b \rightarrow \infty} ... \\ ...
11
votes
1answer
10k views

Vertical space before and after align environment

I am wondering if it is possible in LaTeX to generally adjust the spacing before and after math in the align environment from amsmath. From the Mathmode-guide (by Herbert Voss) I gather that ...