{amsmath} is a package provided by AMS that enhances LaTeX's mathematical typesetting capabilities in various ways.

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How can I put a matrix in a figure caption?

I would like to put a matrix in a figure caption. The following example demonstrates the idea: \documentclass{amsart} \usepackage{graphics, epsfig, psfrag} \begin{document} \begin{figure} ...
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3answers
3k views

Cases with square brackets

How can I subdivide in cases with square brackets? I mean I want to write: ⌈ 2_i if ... rank (q, l) = | 2_i + 1 if ... ⌊ .... with square brackets, not ...
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2answers
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Compact collapsing of equations and paragraphs

I want to duplicate the compact look of G. K. Batchelor's fluid dynamics book. Where a paragraph terminates such that the mathematical expression can collapse up into the vertical space of the ...
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3answers
18k views

Centering in the \align* environment

I'm using the \align* environment from the amsmath package. How can I center one of the lines inside the environment? In the following example, I want to the \vdots to be centered, instead of ...
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3answers
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\left and \right in equation across multiple lines [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Left/Right across multiline equation Could someone explain why I can't get the left and right commands to work correctly code: \documentclass{article} ...
9
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2answers
274 views

Kerning and long subscripts or superscripts

For really long sub(super)scripts, does it look bad to decrease the kerning? i.e. \lim_{n\to\infty}{\dfrac{1}{s_n^2}\sum_{i=1}^n \int_{|x-\mu_i|>\varepsilon s_n} (x-\mu_i)^2f_i(x)dx}=0 ...
9
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4answers
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Centering equations within alignat command

I want to centre the formula inside the equals. So far I have \begin{alignat*}{2} v_2(16)&=\frac{2}{5}[v_3(32)+v_3(8)] &&= 0, \\ v_2(4)&=\frac{2}{5}[v_3(8)+v_3(2)] &&= ...
9
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3answers
383 views

amsmath - bidi - siunitx possible bug?

MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[english]{babel} \usepackage{fontspec} \usepackage[detect-all]{siunitx} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage[math-style=ISO,bold-style=ISO]{unicode-math} ...
9
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3answers
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A vertically centered equation number on a multline environment

The multline environment does exactly what I want in splitting a long formula between lines by utilizing the horizontal space to the fullest. (I don't want the alignment features of the align ...
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5answers
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Using \label with amsmath nested environments

First of all, I'm not sure these environments are supposed to be nested, but the fact is the alignment comes out exactly how I wanted, and no errors are issued. \documentclass[a5paper]{article} ...
9
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2answers
417 views

Ignoring specific ampersand formatting on a specific line of an align block

I want to typeset a number of equations with some alignment constraints, but I want to partially ignore them on certain lines. An example formatted text might look like the following when it's ...
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2answers
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overset text over equal sign in in an Align environment

Look at the following example \begin{align} & x \\ \overset{\text{some long explanation}}= & foo \\ & = bar \end{align} what is the best way to get the equal signs ...
9
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1answer
111 views

\@ifnextchar inside pmatrix?

I created a function which handles a superscript followed after the function. I do that by using \@ifnextchar^. Everything works well, except in any pmatrix environment. Why? As a quick-and-dirty ...
9
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1answer
198 views

How to increase the vertical space surrounding mathematical equations?

How can I, in a systematic way, increase the vertical space surrounding mathematical equations? \documentclass{article} \RequirePackage[ansinew]{inputenc} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} Ah, ...
9
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1answer
198 views

Adaptively sized delimiters that don't go beyond the size of \bigl and \bigr

I would like adaptively sized delimiters, but only up to \bigl/\bigr-size. That is, there is variation only between ordinary/normal size and one size higher. \documentclass{article} ...
9
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1answer
202 views

Ensuring that vertical space is consistent in list of polynomials

\documentclass{article} \usepackage[fleqn]{amsmath} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{amsfonts} \pagestyle{empty} \setlength\mathindent{0pt} \begin{document} \[3x^3\] \[3x^2\] \[3x\] \[3\] ...
9
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1answer
509 views

Makeindex error when ! used in \index in align environment

See MWE below. The symbol ! in the \index causes an error. This is only the case in align environments (not in equation). So it seems to have to do something with amsmath. If ! is put in an \mbox ...
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1answer
1k views

Putting limits *underneath* new operators

I'd like to declare a new math operator called the "strong limit" as follows: \DeclareMathOperator{\slim}{s-lim} So it's just "lim" (i.e., \lim), but with an "s-" in front. I want to be able to ...
9
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1answer
4k views

Placing equation number on left with reqno option in amsart document class

Is there a way to force individual equations to place their equation numbers (or more specifically the result of a \tag*{blah}) on a specific side of the page regardless of the options to amsart. I ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Switch between leqno and reqno options (of amsmath) in the same document

I'd like to know if it is possible switch between the leqno and reqno options in the same document keeping the numbering of the equations. Namely i use the reqno option (default for amsmath and the ...
9
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1answer
958 views

Alternative ways to format the cases environment in display math-mode

The cases environment of amsmath package is useful for defining a function that takes different values in different regions. For example: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} ...
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2answers
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Cleveref: Parentheses around references to subequations using \labelcref

Using the Cleveref package (v0.19) i have a problem with missing parentheses when referencing to subequations, using the \labelcref command. Here is a MWE: \documentclass{article} ...
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2answers
410 views

Typesetting a pattern matching equation

I want to typeset an equation for a paper. In the field of computer science we can define an equation that depends upon the form of one of it's arguments. I want to typeset this with LaTeX & ...
9
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1answer
804 views

ignoring vertical space due to underbraces in cases environment

In the following formula, I would like to change the rendering such that the lower end of the "cases" brace looks as if there were no underbraces. Is that possible? I already tried \smash and negative ...
9
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2answers
362 views

Color fraction bar

What would be the easiest way to create a fraction whose bar can be coloured as desired? I know one can use the \genfrac{left-delim}{right-delim}{thickness}{mathstyle}{numerator}{denominator} command ...
9
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2answers
573 views

amsmath align within list

In the code below, the equation within the itemize environment is too wide for the page, but I don't get an overfull hbox warning (which I find annoying because it's sometimes useful to know exactly ...
8
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2answers
517 views

What is wrong with defining \bal as \begin{align}?

I'm trying to define two commands \bal and \eal instead of inserting \begin{align} and \end{align} in my document, but in the code below, I'll get some errors. What is wrong with it? ...
8
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2answers
388 views

Writing specific versions of an operator for display and inline modes

I'm busy answering a question by constructing a new math operator that uses the sum symbol and some TikZ placed on top. My answer as it stands can be found here. It looks (I think) pretty good in ...
8
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3answers
335 views

Control the alignment of each “cell” in amsmath's aligned environment

In amsmath's aligned environment, the alignment of each "cell", or each "column" is predetermined, and seems to work in the following way: the first "column" is aligned to the right, the second to the ...
8
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4answers
2k views

How to add partial horizontal lines in horizontally aligned math environments

I'm having trouble writing a proof of a theorem in LaTeX, where I need to sum a set of inequalities and continue the proof with this sum. The problem I have is that I'd like to introduce this step ...
8
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2answers
384 views

How to make curly braces with several equations?

I am trying to type the following equations in LaTeX: What I currently have is: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{align*} \left.\begin{aligned} ...
8
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3answers
686 views

How to force alignment of “cases” brackets in an enumerate environment?

I am using the enumitem and amsmath packages to give the recursive definition of the valuation function $\nu$ for classical first order logic. The way I have it set up, the brackets of the cases are ...
8
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3answers
105 views

How do I display verification of propositional logic in this way?

I want to typeset something like the following picture. I came up with \documentclass[oneside,12pt]{article} \usepackage{microtype} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} ...
8
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2answers
641 views

Equation number with an apostrophe

I am writing two equations in an align environment: \begin{align} x^2+y^2=z^2, \\ x^2=7, \end{align} I would like the first equation to be labelled with e.g. (1.1) and the second equation to be ...
8
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2answers
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In exponents, parenthesis too small, \big too big

When something big (a fraction, a sum, an integral...) appears within a pair of parenthesis, one can typically use \left(...\right) to get delimiters large enough to surround the contents. The ...
8
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2answers
405 views

Is $ … $ okay to use, while $$ … $$ is not recommended? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are \( and \) preferable to $? According to Why is \[ ... \] preferable to $$?, $$ ... $$ should not be used. My understanding is, it is because $$ ... $$ is not ...
8
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1answer
6k views

Is there any way to use \ceil and \floor functions, without installing the mathtools package?

I can not install the mathtools package. Is there any way to create the \ceil and \floor functions without this package?
8
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3answers
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How do I make the \min and max bold?

Refering to this question How to make the table fit into the column? How should I make the \min and \max bold?
8
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1answer
586 views

commath and \ifinner

The commath package use the TeX command \ifinner to select between inline math mode and display math mode. Because of this, it fail to work properly with some display math environments. In the breqn ...
8
votes
2answers
996 views

\frenchspacing not setting the space factor codes correctly?

When I type \showthe\frenchspacing, I get the following output: > \frenchspacing=macro: ->\sfcode `\.1006\sfcode `\?1005\sfcode `\!1004\sfcode `\:1003\sfcode `\;1002\sfcode `\,1001 . Shouldn't all ...
8
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1answer
3k views

Equation reference undefined when using \cref and package{amsmath}

When I attempt to reference an equation using \cref{..} while also using the package amsmath the references appear as ?? in the outputted pdf. For example \documentclass[]{article} ...
8
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1answer
592 views

Footnote from intertext

I want to be able to send footnotes from intertexts I use within align. Is there an easy way to accomplish this (say using a package)? For example, I am a little teapot \begin{align} this ...
8
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4answers
1k views

Better transitive closure of labelled arrow

I think the answer will be easy, but I haven't found it yet: I use labelled arrows like \xrightarrow\tau a lot. Sometimes, I need the transitive closure of such relations, which I write ...
8
votes
3answers
346 views

Reduce space between 'genfrac' and indices

\documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath}% http://ctan.org/pkg/amsmath \DeclareRobustCommand{\eulerian}{\genfrac<>{0pt}{}} \begin{document} % Source: ...
8
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2answers
554 views

Interaction between \hdotsfor and colortbl: Bug/Feature?

When using package colortbl, the command \hdotsfor fails (partially), leaving too much white space before and after the dotted part. The mwe \documentclass{book} \usepackage{colortbl} ...
8
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3answers
564 views

Clash between aligned environment and TikZ?

The following code mis-renders the multi-line label: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tikz} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{equation} \begin{aligned} \begin{tikzpicture} \node (A) at ...
8
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5answers
10k views

How to properly subscript in a superscripted fraction?

the title says it all. It attached a MWE to display the different relative sizes of a subscript within a normal fraction and a superscripted fraction. As you can see, in the superscripted fraction the ...
8
votes
2answers
155 views

boldsymbol badly modifies spacing

In the example below, it is my feeling that \boldsymbol badly increases the horizontal spacing with the index: \documentclass[fleqn,11pt]{book} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Is it possible to typeset text inside math without amsmath?

Is it possible to typeset text properly inside math without amsmath? Typically I typeset short text using mathrm, or text (amsmath) within equation: $M_\mathrm{effective mass}$ $M_\text{effective ...
8
votes
2answers
165 views

Text misplacement with certains combinations of \mathring and \overline

If I try to compile the following document \documentclass{article} \usepackage{mathtools} \DeclareMathOperator{\Op}{Op} \begin{document} \[ 1 + \mathring \Op(4) = 2 \] \[ \overline{ 1 + \mathring ...