{babel} is a package that manages culturally-determined typographical (and other) rules, and hyphenation patterns for a wide range of languages.

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4
votes
2answers
431 views

Fix nested section numbers in RTL languages with polyglossia.

The third subsection in the second subsection of the first section should be numbered 1.2.3. This holds also for RTL languages, since numbers, including Dewey numbering is still LTR even in an RTL ...
11
votes
1answer
22k views

Package babel Error: You haven't loaded the option english yet [duplicate]

Sorry for the less-than-descriptive title, but I'm new to LaTeX and have no idea how to debug or make sense of errors. I've modified an invoice template from here to suit my needs, but I'm getting ...
10
votes
2answers
284 views

biblatex: change name of author according to language?

Usually a name stays the same in whatever language. So, whenever I quote a work by Knuth -- be it in an English article or a German one -- I will quote him as Donald E. Knuth. This is not always the ...
9
votes
1answer
329 views

What is the implication of the warning in the fontspec manual with respect to babel and LuaTeX?

In the fontspec manual, there is a section on LuaTeX that states: babel   The babel package is not really supported! Especially Vietnamese, Greek, and Hebrew at least might not work ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Problem with spanish babel package

I'm trying to use package amscd for a commutative diagram. Everything goes smoothly if I write: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[english]{babel} \usepackage{amscd} \begin{document} $\begin{CD} A ...
6
votes
2answers
192 views

Tikz shortandoff-on newcommand problem

Usually I have no problem with babel and !:, and I don't use shortandoff-on switch. But since I made a command using !#1 parameter, the problem comes up again. The same synthax used outside the ...
6
votes
2answers
251 views

Help getting started with Hebrew in babel

I want to write a document that will contain only Hebrew text (and some diagrams). I understand that babel is probably the best way to do it but I am getting utterly confused and haven't been able to ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Babel - Romanian ' or \c

I want to use some shortcuts to produce special character in Romanian. One of them is to use the command \c but also I know that is possible to use the following character: ' . example \c si or 'si ...
5
votes
3answers
795 views

hyperref bad references

After cleaning up my project and compiling a tex file 10 times in a row: rm temp.toc temp.pdf temp.out temp.html temp.aux xelatex temp.tex # executed 10 times! I still get bad references with ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Problems typing in Russian (MiKTeX)

I'm trying to make a LaTeX file in Russian. I wrote the following in the preamble: \usepackage[cp1251]{inputenc} \usepackage[T2A]{fontenc} \usepackage[russian]{babel} However, when I try to make ...
3
votes
1answer
465 views

Beamer crashes with babel Turkish package

I just started to learn beamer and noticed that the problem in \usepackage[turkish]{babel} and \includegraphics inconcistency question applies for beamer and \shorthandoff{=} solution does not work. ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Problem with using scale while using \includegraphics [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: \usepackage[turkish]{babel} and \includegraphics inconcistency I previously imported many figures to TEX files and simply use the corresponding parameters without any ...
2
votes
1answer
551 views

babel package and lstlisting caption incompatibility

I am using babel package for Turkish language and I also use listings package. A code sample for one of my listings is as follows: \begin{lstlisting}[label=some-code,caption=Poo Class] public class ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Possible bug in babel-greek, TexLive 2014

Apologies for bug reporting here, but thought I might as well. My current banner is: $ pdflatex -version | grep 'TeX Live' pdfTeX 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.15 (TeX Live 2014) The problem seems to be ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Problem working fontspec, babel and datetime with cyrillic

I have discovered that fontspec with russian babel settings doesn't work with datetime package. I tried to compile such code: \documentclass[a4paper,11pt]{article} \usepackage[T2A]{fontenc} ...
4
votes
1answer
406 views

efrench vs frenchb

What are the differences between efrench and frenchb? Are they compatible with one another (for example the use of \og and fg in frenchb)? Why is efrench not in TeXLive even though its documentation ...
19
votes
3answers
7k views

What's the difference between ngerman and german in babel?

I use the following three packages to get correct German umlauts in the generated PDF: \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} % this is needed for umlauts \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} % this is needed for ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I make AUCTeX spell check in the language specified by babel and csquotes macros?

It is possible to make AUCTeX load the spelling dictionary of the language which babel is loaded with. One further convenience would be for it to appropriately react to changes of language within a ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the right way to redefine macros defined by babel?

If I want to use the babel package and redefine a macro such as \contentsname, what is the right way to go about this? Just putting \renewcommand in the preamble doesn't work. This sort of works ...
9
votes
2answers
933 views

British hyphenation with either xelatex or lualatex

For several reasons, I am working on a source file that should be compilable by either xelatex or lualatex. I would like British hyphenation for the text and am using csquotes and biblatex with ...
9
votes
1answer
888 views

Biblatex - using two languages in one reference entry

I'm trying to learn biblatex and have small problem. according of czech style for academic writings, some fields in bibliographic record, like volume, edition or issue, should be in language of source ...
8
votes
1answer
412 views

How to translate tikz calendar names?

TikZ-calendar uses English names like Monday, Mon, Tuesday, January, February etc. How to I automatically translate them to - say - German? Looking at the pgfcalendar.code.tex file I see all those ...
5
votes
2answers
276 views

Error with chronology and babel packages : “! Paragraph ended before \pgffor@next was complete.”

I am trying to use the chronology package in a report that includes babel. My distribution : pdfTeX, Version 3.1415926-2.5-1.40.14 (TeX Live 2013/Debian) On below my MWE : \documentclass{article} ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Custom \thebibliography with alphabetic numbering for scrltt2 not working in presence of babel

I want to use an alphabetically numbered bibliography in a letter class that does not provide bibliographies (scrlttr in my case, but the example provided below works with letter, too). Based on this ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Replace the “AND” between authors' names in citations and references with its equivalent in another language, e.g., Spanish

I have been using the achicago package and the babel package for spanish language. When I employ the two, references with multiple authors are shown in the citations like (Mukange and Manamela) but it ...
1
vote
1answer
346 views

Can anyone provide me with a simple example?

I want to write in urdu with nastaleeq font. I have done quite a few things but i dont know how to write it. Plus i dont know how to use xetex. So can anyone give me a simple example writing urdu in ...
11
votes
1answer
488 views

babel, frenchb and em dash

If I'm not wrong, in French the em-dashes, typeset with --- in LaTeX, are usually treated like the guillemets as far as non-breaking spaces go. An "opening" em-dash must be followed by a non-breaking ...
11
votes
1answer
692 views

Typography and style for acknowledgments written in different languages

My thesis is written in English, but for the acknowledgment page I think I will write a first paragraph in English, one in Italian and one in French. I was wondering if I have to do something ...
8
votes
1answer
772 views

What's the difference between \usepackage{ngerman} and \usepackage[ngerman]{babel}

Is there something additional that \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} does that a simple \usepackage{ngerman} won't be able to do?
7
votes
2answers
230 views

enumitem conflicts with galician

The following code: \documentclass{report} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[latin1]{inputenc} \usepackage[galician]{babel} \usepackage[shortlabels]{enumitem} \begin{document} \chapter{Preguntas ...
7
votes
1answer
872 views

Language dependent custom command

I would like to define a command that slightly differs depending on the currently selected language in my document. My code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[english,french,german]{babel} ...
6
votes
2answers
108 views

Problems with acro package and greek babel?

Well, I need to create an acronym list in my thesis, I was using the acronympackage before for that. Since I updated several package and my old preamble had too much error, I decided to create another ...
6
votes
1answer
96 views

How to set a global setting for hyphenation of already hyphenated words using XeLaTeX?

Please consider the MWE below, I want to globally invoke hyphenation of already hyphenated words using Babel package, Hyphenat package in English, to get the same effect when using ...
5
votes
3answers
914 views

LuaTeX cyrillic hyphenation problems

I am trying to use LuaTeX (LuaLaTeX) in MiKTeX 2.9 and I'm stuck with getting it to load cyrillic hyphenation patterns. I'm quite new to LuaTeX, so maybe there's something special about hyphenation ...
4
votes
1answer
335 views

Hyphenation of words connected with a double/triple dash

I can't hyphenate the words Cam•bri•an--Or•do•vi•cian because they are connected with an endash. The same probably happens when using the emdash. I tried this ...
4
votes
1answer
722 views

babel, beamer problem: refuse name change to part

I wanted to change the name in my beamer slide from Part to Theme. So in the Google BOK if found: \renewcommand*{\partname}{Theme} I could not get to work. Then I start to switch off (%) ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Memoir appendix

At the moment I have Appendix A when I start the appendix page. In the table of contexts I see the item A. How can I replace the "A" by "Appendix". I'm using the memoir class and I'm also using babel ...
3
votes
2answers
334 views

algorithmic + babel with Hebrew conflict: Numbering missing

If I use algorithmic with babel, having both Hebrew and English, the line numbers go missing. Using MikTeX 2.9. \documentclass{article} \usepackage[hebrew,english]{babel} \usepackage{algorithm} ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

babel: “No hyphenation patterns were loaded for the language 'Portuguese'”

I put in the preamble of my document: \usepackage[brazil]{babel} \usepackage[latin1]{inputenc} When I compile as a PDF, I receive the output: "No hyphenation patterns were loaded for(babel) the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

babel and \contentsname, how to add extra customization?

This is what I'm trying to do: \renewcommand{\contentsname}{ \vspace{-8mm} {\Huge Table of Contents}\vspace{-3mm} \rule{\linewidth}{0.5mm} \\[-4mm] } Using babel, I can get this code to work: ...
12
votes
3answers
290 views

Why does the package babel[french] destroy \@for loops?

Why does this minimal example code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[francais]{babel} \begin{document} \def\names{Toto,Titi,Tete,Tutu} \makeatletter \@for\next:=\names\do{\textbf{\next} } ...
11
votes
3answers
202 views

How to pass a macro as the argument to \selectlanguage

The following mwe throws the error You haven't defined the language lang yet. \documentclass{article} \usepackage[american]{babel} \newcommand{\lang}{american} \selectlanguage{\lang} \begin{document} ...
10
votes
1answer
387 views

Polutoniko Greek in TexLive 2013

I can no longer compile files with the polutonikogreek language option to babel in TexLive 2013. Everything was fine in TL2012. There is another question showing the same problem: Ancient Greek ...
9
votes
2answers
263 views

Conflict between nag and babel spanish

The following code gives me loads of Font csname csname T1/cmtt/m/sc/10endcsname not found errors. \RequirePackage[l2tabu,orthodox]{nag} \documentclass{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} ...
9
votes
3answers
733 views

babel's hyphenation-friendly hyphen "= in multiple languages

Why doesn't the hyphenation work with multiple languages? See code: \documentclass[a4paper]{report} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage{lmodern} ...
8
votes
2answers
189 views

Why does the non-breaking space produce a double space with babel and \og and how to use both \og and non-breaking space?

I am wondering if this is a normal situation or a bug! \documentclass{article} \usepackage[french]{babel} \begin{document} Ceci est \og entre guillemets \fg. Ceci est aussi \og~entre ...
8
votes
1answer
272 views

Specifying a different font for polytonic Greek in pdfTeX with Babel

I am writing my master’s thesis with the ulthese class, which is now part of MiKTeX and TeX Live. This class is based on memoir and is fairly flexible, but assumes the use of pdfTeX and sets the font ...
7
votes
1answer
100 views

Set hyphenation with polyglossia

If babel doesn't know how to hyphenate a word, I can inform it of good line breaks with \babelhyphenation: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[nynorsk]{babel} ...
7
votes
2answers
447 views

Translation of words according to babel language

I've got a template that is to be used in french or english, is there a name in babel defining the "of" of "page x of yy" than I want to translate automaticaly to "page x sur y" If not, is there a ...
6
votes
1answer
403 views

Equation spacing issue with fleqn (amsmath) and frenchb (Babel)

This is a follow-up to this question. Here is an exemple of the code I wrote to add a light gray background to important equations: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[fleqn]{amsmath} % ...