{babel} is a package that manages culturally-determined typographical (and other) rules, and hyphenation patterns for a wide range of languages.

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12
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1answer
100 views

Spanish Babel causes accents in start of sentence to stretch cell height

When the first letter of a sentence in a table cell has an accent, the cell height is stretched and it looks strange. This only happens when I use the Babel package (with Spanish) so I think it may be ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Right-to-left text in LaTeX - reversed numbers and parentheses

Finally I got my Hebrew working on LaTeX. Everything's working great except for two issues - numbers and parentheses. Numbers are written the other way around (one hundred would be written 001), and ...
12
votes
1answer
568 views

babel, frenchb and em dash

If I'm not wrong, in French the em-dashes, typeset with --- in LaTeX, are usually treated like the guillemets as far as non-breaking spaces go. An "opening" em-dash must be followed by a non-breaking ...
12
votes
1answer
36k views

Package babel Error: You haven't loaded the option english yet [duplicate]

Sorry for the less-than-descriptive title, but I'm new to LaTeX and have no idea how to debug or make sense of errors. I've modified an invoice template from here to suit my needs, but I'm getting ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Punctuation in bibliography with multiple languages

In a document written in a given language (in my case French but it may not matter so much) I have a bibliography mixing entries in different languages (in this case French, English and German). I ...
11
votes
3answers
304 views

How to pass a macro as the argument to \selectlanguage

The following mwe throws the error You haven't defined the language lang yet. \documentclass{article} \usepackage[american]{babel} \newcommand{\lang}{american} \selectlanguage{\lang} \begin{document} ...
11
votes
4answers
614 views

\newgeometry doesn't work with Turkish babel package

\newgeometry is a nice feature of geometry package. I found out that it doesn't work (together with many other problems) when \usepackage[turkish]{babel} is also used with many errors stating: ...
11
votes
2answers
6k views

Conflict between babel, hyperref and appendix package

While writing my thesis I use the hyperref and appendix packages like in the little example below. test.tex \documentclass{book} \usepackage{hyperref} \usepackage[titletoc]{appendix} ...
11
votes
2answers
225 views

Enable extra hyphenation points for compound words that already contain a hyphen character?

Friends :), I would like to have compound words that contain hyphen characters, such as "Baden-Württemberg", to be permitted to be hyphenated at all points in the component words as well (here: ...
11
votes
1answer
952 views

Why is babel loading all these languages?

The following document: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[english]{babel} \begin{document} Something \end{document} Produces the following .log file: Running `LaTeX' on `mwe' with ``pdflatex ...
11
votes
2answers
256 views

Is babel a proper place to reset document layout?

The babel package, when called with some language options, changes global document layout. For exapmle, \usepackage[french]{babel} forces first paragraph after sectioning command to be intented, ...
11
votes
1answer
406 views

Set hyphenation with polyglossia

If babel doesn't know how to hyphenate a word, I can inform it of good line breaks with \babelhyphenation: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[nynorsk]{babel} ...
11
votes
1answer
815 views

Typography and style for acknowledgments written in different languages

My thesis is written in English, but for the acknowledgment page I think I will write a first paragraph in English, one in Italian and one in French. I was wondering if I have to do something ...
11
votes
1answer
759 views

“ with tipa and babel's ngerman / \shorthandoff{”} in a macro

TL;DR see below at "core problem" Problem I'm trying to solve a conflict between the packages tipa (Fonts and macros for IPA phonetics characters) and babel with the ngerman option. The problem ...
11
votes
1answer
206 views

How to make a new greek font to work with babel

I have an OpenType font (.otf) and I need to use it from pdftex. I use an 8 bit input encoding. I am stuck on the greek part with babel. The input I use is the following: ...
10
votes
2answers
662 views

Who maintains babel now?

Who manages babel now? It is said on CTAN that Johannes L. Braams is no longer active on this package. I'd like to contribute babel's support for Russian in LuaLaTeX.
10
votes
2answers
3k views

No space after closing double quote

As the title says, there's no spacing after my closing quotes, I have boiled my huge preamble down to the following, % Manual: http://ctan.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/contrib/memoir/memman.pdf ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How to suppress the space before the colon, in French language?

I would like to suppress the space before the colon, when using [french]babel. I only want to change this locally (that is not everywhere in the document, but just at some place). ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

lualatex error with Brazilian Portuguese babel option

It seems that lualatex does not known the Brazilian dialect of the Portuguese language with the babel package. When compiling the simple document: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[brazil]{babel} ...
10
votes
2answers
828 views

Translation of words according to babel language

I've got a template that is to be used in french or english, is there a name in babel defining the "of" of "page x of yy" than I want to translate automaticaly to "page x sur y" If not, is there a ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the right way to redefine macros defined by babel?

If I want to use the babel package and redefine a macro such as \contentsname, what is the right way to go about this? Just putting \renewcommand in the preamble doesn't work. This sort of works ...
10
votes
2answers
385 views

biblatex: change name of author according to language?

Usually a name stays the same in whatever language. So, whenever I quote a work by Knuth -- be it in an English article or a German one -- I will quote him as Donald E. Knuth. This is not always the ...
10
votes
1answer
563 views

AUCTeX's csquotes integration does not work together with babel

I use the AUCTeX feature to expand " into csquotes macros. To enable it I have put the following in my .emacs: ;; " expands into csquotes macros (setq LaTeX-csquotes-close-quote "}" ...
10
votes
1answer
805 views

How to translate tikz calendar names?

TikZ-calendar uses English names like Monday, Mon, Tuesday, January, February etc. How to I automatically translate them to - say - German? Looking at the pgfcalendar.code.tex file I see all those ...
10
votes
1answer
828 views

What is a good strategy to internationalize a document class?

I am busy with a new document class and I have been trying my hand in internationalizing some of the contents. I have tried using translator from Beamer. Is this a good strategy? Can the code shown ...
10
votes
1answer
451 views

Is \AfterEndPreamble really executing code after any \AtBeginDocument code?

The babel package loads the (last) language at begin document, thanks to an \AtBeginDocument command (lines 12.256 and 12.257 of its kernel): \AtBeginDocument{% ...
10
votes
1answer
110 views

How to get around a problem with \usetikzlibrary{babel}?

I am currently working on an update of tkz-euclide and new documentation but I just met the following problem. If I compile this code with pdflatex or lualatex and pgf 2.1 (The library babel does not ...
10
votes
1answer
446 views

Polutoniko Greek in TexLive 2013

I can no longer compile files with the polutonikogreek language option to babel in TexLive 2013. Everything was fine in TL2012. There is another question showing the same problem: Ancient Greek ...
9
votes
3answers
987 views

babel's hyphenation-friendly hyphen "= in multiple languages

Why doesn't the hyphenation work with multiple languages? See code: \documentclass[a4paper]{report} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage{lmodern} ...
9
votes
3answers
538 views

Problems with mixing Icelandic and German with LuaLaTex

So what I am trying to do is to use the letter-classic class with LuaLaTeX (This is LuaTeX, Version beta-0.80.0 (MiKTeX 2.9) (rev 5238) (format=lualatex 2015.11.10) 25 NOV 2015 09:30) as included in ...
9
votes
1answer
510 views

How to change from “CHAPITRE” to “CHAPTER”

I am writing a PhD thesis. Some parts of my thesis need to be in French, but the main language is English. I am using \documentclass[english,letterpaper,12pt,oneside,final]{book} ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

Language problems with biblatex and babel

I am trying to use biblatex with IEEEtran and babel, however I am having an error: Package babel Error: You haven't defined the language ENGLISH yet.. With regular Bibtex everything works as usual. ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Problem with spanish babel package

I'm trying to use package amscd for a commutative diagram. Everything goes smoothly if I write: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[english]{babel} \usepackage{amscd} \begin{document} $\begin{CD} A ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

British hyphenation with either xelatex or lualatex

For several reasons, I am working on a source file that should be compilable by either xelatex or lualatex. I would like British hyphenation for the text and am using csquotes and biblatex with ...
9
votes
3answers
919 views

Disable babel's shorthands

I want to disable babel's shorthands in my own sty file. But since I can use \shorthands{off} only inside the document environment, I struggle with this. Is there a way to disable babel's shorthands ...
9
votes
2answers
305 views

What is the difference between \declare@shorthand and \defineshorthand in babel?

What is the difference between \declare@shorthand and \defineshorthand in babel (v.3.9)? Which of the two macros is preferable in a language definition file? babel.pdf manual (v.3.9) provides an ...
9
votes
2answers
320 views

Conflict between nag and babel spanish

The following code gives me loads of Font csname csname T1/cmtt/m/sc/10endcsname not found errors. \RequirePackage[l2tabu,orthodox]{nag} \documentclass{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

moderncv and babel spanish cause “Missing \endcsname…” error

When I run the following code it compiles as expected: \documentclass[% 11pt ,a4paper ,sans ]{moderncv} \moderncvstyle{classic} \moderncvcolor{blue} \usepackage[scale=0.75]{geometry} ...
9
votes
2answers
680 views

Undefined control sequence \bbljan

I'm writing a bibliography for an article in Russian. Using \bibliographystyle{plain} is not an option, since it uses e.g. conjunction "and" when listing authors. So I'm sticking to ...
9
votes
1answer
367 views

Problem between unicode-math and babel option frenchb in LuaLaTeX

I've got a strange problem in LuaLaTeX with both babel, option frenchb, and unicode-math. My TeX Distribution is TeX Live 2013 (installed with MacTeX on a OS X.8.5 system). If I run the following ...
9
votes
2answers
457 views

Help getting started with Hebrew in babel

I want to write a document that will contain only Hebrew text (and some diagrams). I understand that babel is probably the best way to do it but I am getting utterly confused and haven't been able to ...
9
votes
1answer
800 views

Write a class with language dependent strings

I am unable to make my class strings language dependent using babel. I have the following minimal example: file test-babel.cls \NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}[1999/12/01] ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Pass keyval string option to babel

How to pass a keyval string option given to my package to babel? I load my package with \usepackage[languages={ngerman,english}]{mylang} In package mylang I want to handle this optional languages ...
9
votes
1answer
613 views

Using \selectlanguage with csquotes

As per this question, I am using csquotes to convert quotationmarks to typographical-quotes. However, when changing language through \selectlanguage the quotationmarks no longer gets converted. (I ...
9
votes
1answer
160 views

\endcsname error with nag and newest babel/greek update

Did I miss something with babel and polutonikogreek? I just updated my TeX distribution on my mac through TeX Live Utility, and now I get the error: ./document.tex:5: Missing \endcsname inserted. ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the difference between \usepackage{ngerman} and \usepackage[ngerman]{babel}

Is there something additional that \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} does that a simple \usepackage{ngerman} won't be able to do?
9
votes
1answer
376 views

What is the implication of the warning in the fontspec manual with respect to babel and LuaTeX?

In the fontspec manual, there is a section on LuaTeX that states: babel   The babel package is not really supported! Especially Vietnamese, Greek, and Hebrew at least might not work ...
9
votes
1answer
689 views

Localization of biblatex headings

My Bibliography is subdivided into 2 parts (published / online references). I would like to get an automatic localization of the 2 subheadings, which is controled by the setting of the babel package. ...
9
votes
1answer
978 views

Biblatex - using two languages in one reference entry

I'm trying to learn biblatex and have small problem. according of czech style for academic writings, some fields in bibliographic record, like volume, edition or issue, should be in language of source ...
8
votes
4answers
455 views

How to write “dumb” quotes?

I need to cite a part of a string, which contains "dumb" quotes, and I want to keep them like this. When I write the quotes like they are, I face two problems: The spacing behind a quote is missing ...