{bibtex} is specifically about Oren Patashnik's BibTeX program, its .bib database file format, and use of these in creating documents. For general questions about bibliographies and citations, use {bibliographies} instead.

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135
votes
1answer
22k views

bibtex vs. biber and biblatex vs. natbib

I've heard of many different bibliography-related packages/platforms/?. What's the difference between the following, which is good for what tasks, advantages/disadvantages, which one is the most ...
88
votes
6answers
101k views

How to add a URL to a LaTeX bibtex file?

I'm using bibtex for my bibliography in LaTeX. I have some URL's I need to cite in the paper. How do I add URLs into the .bib file? A typical section in my .bib file looks like this: ...
76
votes
5answers
82k views

How can I use BibTeX to cite a web page?

I'm looking to cite a number of web pages using bibtex and I was wondering if there was a specific template of the form @<template name here> for doing that. If you could use the following ...
60
votes
2answers
4k views

Biblatex: submitting to a journal

Suppose that I moved from BibTeX to biblatex. With BibTeX I just copied the content of .bbl file into final version of my paper before submitting it to a journal. What should I do at same stage having ...
58
votes
6answers
33k views

How to get DOI links in bibliography

I would like to add to all my bibliography items a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) link or a link to a download location. How can I do this with the natbib / BibTeX / hyperref combination? Currently ...
54
votes
1answer
9k views

What is the difference between bibtex and biblatex?

I've been reading about biblatex more and more on here. What is the difference between it and bibtex? Why should I switch to biblatex? Seeing the documentation doesn't seem too mature (or accessible ...
53
votes
2answers
47k views

How to write “ä” and other umlauts and accented letters in bibliography?

How to write in bibliography (package natbib) letter "a" with two dots above? Specially, I mean the word Birkhäuser. Is there a general rule or way how to write such umlauts or other accented letters ...
48
votes
1answer
17k views

Comments in BibTex

Basic question (though I haven't found it here): How do I comment out parts (some lines within an entry which I would like to save for later) of a BibTex file? Apparently, @ can be used to comment ...
47
votes
1answer
5k views

How to emulate the traditional BibTeX styles (plain, abbrv, unsrt, alpha) as closely as possible with biblatex?

This question led to a new package: biblatex-trad I'd like to use biblatex while at the same time maintaining the bibliography format of the traditional BibTeX styles (plain, abbrv, unsrt, ...
45
votes
20answers
15k views

What are good sites to find citations in BibTex format?

When working with Bibtex, manually transferring the citation information for articles, prooceedings, books, etc. can be a tedious work. Some web sites provide citations in Bibtex format. What are your ...
39
votes
8answers
48k views

Package natbib Error: Bibliography not compatible with author-year citations

I have a basic tex file and a bibliography which is exported from Mendeley However, when I want to cite in the author-year style, I get the error: Package natbib Error: Bibliography not compatible ...
38
votes
5answers
39k views

How to escape the & (ampersand) character in BibTeX?

I would like to put a & character in a BibTeX publisher tag. Thus far I have tried: \& {&} {\&} "&" with the full value enclosed in curly braces and double quotes. No matter ...
37
votes
2answers
14k views

How to enter publications “in press”, or “submitted to” in BibTeX?

Is there a convention for how to enter publications that are "in preparation" or "submitted to Some Journal" into a BibTeX database?
36
votes
2answers
2k views

BibTeX: abbreviate name to 2 or 3 letters (not 1)

BibTeX can abbreviate names, e.g. change Smith, John to J. Smith. In some languages, certain (not all) names must be abbreviated with more than one letter (it's not optional as in the case of Ch. for ...
36
votes
5answers
27k views

BibTeX: How can I automatically reduce long author lists to “xxx et al.”?

I have several entries in my list of references that include of the order of 40 authors. Is there a way to make bibtex automatically reduce these lists to e.g. the first name + "et al."? I don't want ...
35
votes
3answers
4k views

Compatibility of bibtex and biblatex bibliography files?

In the answer to bibtex vs. biber and biblatex vs. natbib the advantages and disadvantages of Biber vs. BibTeX (and of natbib vs. biblatex) were explained. However, one point was omitted: The question ...
32
votes
2answers
15k views

Question mark instead of citation number

I've browsed the forums and found a number of posts that have addressed this issue, but none of the solutions seem to work for me. I have the following script that I just copied from the bibtex home ...
32
votes
1answer
26k views

How to write properly multiple authors in bibtex file?

I use Jabref to store all articles i need and bibtex4word add-on (in MS Word) to maintain the reference list. So, i would like to know hot to fill properly the "author" field in Jabref with multiple ...
31
votes
6answers
3k views

How to split all BibTeX referenced entries from a big BibTeX database to a copy?

I have a BibTeX database with some big number of references which I use for work. When I need to send a document prepared using that database to somone I have two options: either send a full copy of ...
29
votes
2answers
4k views

Is it possible to suppress a specific field from bibtex .bbl in biblatex?

I'm using biblatex, and am still very new at it. I can't figure out how to suppress certain fields automatically generated from my bibtex file into my .bbl file. For instance, for all of my entries, ...
28
votes
5answers
2k views

Cleaning up a .bib file

I have a large .bib file which is in a mess. In particular: Entries are not in any particular order. Some entries may be duplicates (albeit with different keys). Some entries may not be used in the ...
28
votes
2answers
27k views

How do I cite author in LaTeX?

How do I cite authors in LaTeX? I tried using natbib package ---- doc.tex ---- ... \usepackage{natbib} ... \citeauthor{736184} ... ---- doc.bib ---- @inproceedings{736184, author = {Broder, ...
27
votes
5answers
1k views

Creating an academic portfolio with bibtex

Any one know of a good script to turn a bibtex file into a nice academic portfolio that: links to electronic versions where known (from url or doi) works with local files (e.g. with bibdesk's format ...
27
votes
1answer
11k views

Using BibTeX to make a list of references without having citations in the body of the document?

Is there any way to have BibTeX insert a bibliography without having citations in the body of the document itself? Maybe a way to hide the in-text citations, so that BibTeX still sees them and ...
26
votes
2answers
9k views

How should I type author names in a bib file?

Can someone please explain in a clear and concise way how am I supposed to enter the names of authors in a BibTeX file? I have entries with something like @article{someid, author = {Juan A. ...
26
votes
5answers
13k views

Is there a BibTeX style that sorts references in reverse chronological order?

I am putting together a CV in latex, and I am trying to get my list of publications to display in reverse chronological order. I can use \bibliographystyle{unsrt} as a workaround, and just order the ...
26
votes
5answers
23k views

How to cite an article from Arxiv using bibtex

This is a question about how to use bibtex to cite a preprint from Arxiv. Suppose I have: @ARTICLE{BM:1999, AUTHOR = {First, Author AND Second, Author}, TITLE = {The title of this article}, ...
25
votes
6answers
11k views

BibTeX loses capitals when creating .bbl file

Titles of articles I'm about to cite contain uppercase letters and when using BibTeX it converts them in lowercase ones. This happens only in title and only first letter conserves it's case. For ...
25
votes
8answers
4k views

Automatically dereference DOI to .bib?

Is there an established way to, given a list of DOI identifiers, produce a .bib file containing the citation information?
25
votes
3answers
3k views

BibTeX handling of the Dutch “van” name prefix with natbib

I want to produce the following with LaTeX/BibTeX: In the running text: ... we refer the reader to the work of Van Noort (2010). In the bibliography: Thomas van Noort. An important paper. ...
24
votes
6answers
5k views

Unused bibliography entries - how to check which entries were not used?

This question led to a new package: checkcites While reading papers, I put those that I'd like to refer to or mention in customized .bib files (one .bib file for each paper). (Thanks to ...
24
votes
1answer
7k views

Bibliographies from multiple .bib files

I would like to use multiple .bib files for my article, such as file1.bib, file2.bib. However, I would like my references not to be separated (such as "Primary sources", "Secondary sources", etc.) ...
23
votes
7answers
3k views

how to avoid bibtex error message “repeated entry” for an entry appearing in several bibtex files?

I am using several bibtex files, dedicated to several topics. But some references are common to several topics and then appear in several of my bibtex files. Currently, I am writing a document dealing ...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

In TeXShop, is there a directive to select biber or BibTeX on a per-document basis?

As in the title, I'd like to be able to select whether TeXShop uses biber or BibTeX in the document rather than using the command line or changing the default in the TeXShop preferences. For TeX ...
23
votes
8answers
3k views

Strategy for managing multiple Bibtex files

My work involves producing various documents with citations (e.g., journal articles, conference presentations, reports, etc.). Publications cite references, and references can be specific to a given ...
22
votes
3answers
3k views

Replace `et al.` with `\& al.`

I’m a big fan of ampersands (possibly too much …) and I’d like to replace all mentions of “et al.” (included in citations) by \& al. – both in the main text (I use natbib citations of the form ...
22
votes
3answers
7k views

Is it normal for BibTeX to replace similar author names with “------”?

In my .bib file, I have two entries with exactly the same author names: @article{Seshadrinathan2010A-Subjective-St, Author = {K. Seshadrinathan and R. Soundararajan and A. C. Bovik and L. K. ...
22
votes
4answers
29k views

How to cite a chapter in a book with BibTeX

I don't know how to cite a chapter written by an author that is not the editor or author of the book. How can I get the following citation? Grandstrand, O. (2004), 'Innovation and Intellectual ...
22
votes
4answers
1k views

Redundancy in bib file: conditionally suppress url if same as doi?

Mathscinet gives bibtex entries with both a doi and a url field included. Typically they look something like @article {some-article, […] DOI = {10.1016/j.apal.2008.12.003}, URL = ...
22
votes
2answers
711 views

Is there a difference between “” and {} in BibTeX?

I see in some examples each field in a BibTeX entry is given within "", while in others it is given within {}. For example, @Book{Torre2008, author = "Joe Torre and Tom Verducci", publisher = ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

Creating .bib file containing only the cited references of a bigger .bib file

Normally, LaTeX will only create references for the BibTeX entries cited in the text. Is there a way of extracting these entries into a different .bib file automatically? For example if I have a .bib ...
22
votes
3answers
3k views

Can a bibtex entry be given more than one reference name?

I would like to give some of my bibtex entries multiple reference names, without duplicating the entry. Is this possible? My reason is that I have a reference name scheme in my master bibtex file, ...
21
votes
2answers
352 views

What is the interface between LaTeX and BibTeX?

Precisely what is the "protocol" between LaTeX and BibTeX? That is, if I run latex foo, bibtex foo, and latex foo, exactly how does information flow from LaTeX to BibTeX and back? My current guess ...
19
votes
6answers
3k views

How do I get BibTeX entries from amazon.com?

Has anyone written an interface through which I can get a citation of a book/paper from amazon.com? Thanks for the suggestions from fellow users. I'm updating the questions to detail in more ...
19
votes
1answer
687 views

Why should I use -​- in pages field of a BibTeX entry?

In most BibTeX entries I found on the internet a page range in the page field is separated by a double hyphen --. Why should I use a double dash and not a single one -? @misc{blub, title="blah", ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the most convenient way to create annotated bibliographies, e.g. in a literature review?

I am interested in creating annotated bibliographies either on a problem sheet for students or in general by writing a summary of a background literature research. I am aware of special bib-style ...
19
votes
4answers
13k views

Bibtex Automatic replacement of 4+ authors with et al.

When copying bibtex entries from journal websites, they usually include a lot of information, and not all of it is necessary depending on the journal you are submitting the paper too. Currently I ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

Diagram / Infographic of TeX & friends?

So, I recently delved into LaTeX for a project at work. But I’m come from the XML+XSL world, and some of LaTeX’s design is kind of difficult for me to grok. (I’m not interested in debating the ...
18
votes
3answers
11k views

Tex capacity exceeded, sorry [input stack size = 5000]

This is the error I am getting since I have added some new references to my .bib file. I think is more than a filled stack. Any ideas? references.bib It was requested a minimum working example but I ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

BibTeX style that groups by author

I'm looking for a BibTeX style that formats the reference list at the end in the way shown below. The key points are: The references are sorted by the (list of) authors, and then each author has a ...