{bibtex} is specifically about Oren Patashnik's BibTeX program, its .bst style file and .bib database file formats, and use of these in creating documents. For general questions about bibliographies and citations, use {bibliographies} instead.

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264
votes
4answers
61k views

bibtex vs. biber and biblatex vs. natbib

I've heard of many different bibliography-related packages/platforms/?. What's the difference between the following, which is good for what tasks, advantages/disadvantages, which one is the most ...
216
votes
5answers
360k views

How can I use BibTeX to cite a web page?

I'm looking to cite a number of web pages using bibtex and I was wondering if there was a specific template of the form @<template name here> for doing that. If you could use the following ...
172
votes
2answers
261k views

How to write “ä” and other umlauts and accented letters in bibliography?

How to write in bibliography (package natbib) letter "a" with two dots above? Specially, I mean the word Birkhäuser. Is there a general rule or way how to write such umlauts or other accented letters ...
168
votes
6answers
268k views

How to add a URL to a LaTeX bibtex file?

I'm using bibtex for my bibliography in LaTeX. I have some URL's I need to cite in the paper. How do I add URLs into the .bib file? A typical section in my .bib file looks like this: @conference{...
113
votes
6answers
76k views

BibTeX loses capitals when creating .bbl file

Titles of articles I'm about to cite contain upper case letters and when using BibTeX it converts them in lower case ones. This happens only in title and only first letter conserves it's case. For ...
111
votes
1answer
45k views

Comments in BibTex

Basic question (though I haven't found it here): How do I comment out parts (some lines within an entry which I would like to save for later) of a BibTex file? Apparently, @ can be used to comment ...
102
votes
24answers
44k views

What are good sites to find citations in BibTex format?

When working with Bibtex, manually transferring the citation information for articles, prooceedings, books, etc. can be a tedious work. Some web sites provide citations in Bibtex format. What are your ...
101
votes
7answers
72k views

How to get DOI links in bibliography

I would like to add to all my bibliography items a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) link or a link to a download location. How can I do this with the natbib / BibTeX / hyperref combination? Currently ...
100
votes
9answers
140k views

Package natbib Error: Bibliography not compatible with author-year citations

I have a basic tex file and a bibliography which is exported from Mendeley However, when I want to cite in the author-year style, I get the error: Package natbib Error: Bibliography not compatible ...
94
votes
1answer
24k views

What is the difference between bibtex and biblatex?

I've been reading about biblatex more and more on here. What is the difference between it and bibtex? Why should I switch to biblatex? Seeing the documentation doesn't seem too mature (or accessible ...
91
votes
2answers
9k views

Biblatex: submitting to a journal

Suppose that I moved from BibTeX to biblatex. With BibTeX I just copied the content of .bbl file into final version of my paper before submitting it to a journal. What should I do at same stage having ...
90
votes
2answers
77k views

Question mark or bold citation key instead of citation number

I've browsed the forums and found a number of posts that have addressed this issue, but none of the solutions seem to work for me. I have the following script that I just copied from the bibtex home ...
88
votes
1answer
80k views

How to properly write multiple authors in bibtex file?

I use Jabref to store all articles I need and bibtex4word add-on (in MS Word) to maintain the reference list. So, I would like to know how to properly fill the "author" field in Jabref with multiple ...
83
votes
1answer
52k views

Using BibTeX to make a list of references without having citations in the body of the document?

Is there any way to have BibTeX insert a bibliography without having citations in the body of the document itself? Maybe a way to hide the in-text citations, so that BibTeX still sees them and ...
64
votes
2answers
32k views

Bibliographies from multiple .bib files

I would like to use multiple .bib files for my article, such as file1.bib, file2.bib. However, I would like my references not to be separated (such as "Primary sources", "Secondary sources", etc.) ...
64
votes
5answers
68k views

How to escape the & (ampersand) character in BibTeX?

I would like to put a & character in a BibTeX publisher tag. Thus far I have tried: \& {&} {\&} "&" with the full value enclosed in curly braces and double quotes. No matter ...
61
votes
6answers
13k views

Creating .bib file containing only the cited references of a bigger .bib file

Normally, LaTeX will only create references for the BibTeX entries cited in the text. Is there a way of extracting these entries into a different .bib file automatically? For example if I have a .bib ...
61
votes
4answers
99k views

How to cite a book chapter written by an author that is not the editor or author of the book with BibTeX?

I don't know how to cite a chapter written by an author that is not the editor or author of the book. How can I get the following citation? Grandstrand, O. (2004), 'Innovation and Intellectual ...
59
votes
6answers
60k views

How to cite an article from Arxiv using bibtex

This is a question about how to use bibtex to cite a preprint from Arxiv. Suppose I have: @ARTICLE{BM:1999, AUTHOR = {First, Author AND Second, Author}, TITLE = {The title of this article}, ...
58
votes
8answers
80k views

BibTeX: How can I automatically reduce long author lists to “xxx et al.”?

I have several entries in my list of references that include of the order of 40 authors. Is there a way to make bibtex automatically reduce these lists to e.g. the first name + "et al."? I don't want ...
57
votes
2answers
35k views

How to enter publications “in press”, or “submitted to” in BibTeX?

Is there a convention for how to enter publications that are "in preparation" or "submitted to Some Journal" into a BibTeX database?
56
votes
1answer
14k views

How to emulate the traditional BibTeX styles (plain, abbrv, unsrt, alpha) as closely as possible with biblatex?

This question led to a new package: biblatex-trad I'd like to use biblatex while at the same time maintaining the bibliography format of the traditional BibTeX styles (plain, abbrv, unsrt, alpha). ...
54
votes
4answers
8k views

Compatibility of bibtex and biblatex bibliography files?

In the answer to bibtex vs. biber and biblatex vs. natbib the advantages and disadvantages of Biber vs. BibTeX (and of natbib vs. biblatex) were explained. However, one point was omitted: The question ...
51
votes
8answers
5k views

How to split all BibTeX referenced entries from a big BibTeX database to a copy?

I have a BibTeX database with some big number of references which I use for work. When I need to send a document prepared using that database to somone I have two options: either send a full copy of ...
49
votes
2answers
23k views

How should I type author names in a bib file?

Can someone please explain in a clear and concise way how am I supposed to enter the names of authors in a BibTeX file? I have entries with something like @article{someid, author = {Juan A. ...
49
votes
2answers
10k views

Is it possible to suppress a specific field from bibtex .bbl in biblatex?

I'm using biblatex, and am still very new at it. I can't figure out how to suppress certain fields automatically generated from my bibtex file into my .bbl file. For instance, for all of my entries, ...
47
votes
7answers
15k views

Unused bibliography entries - how to check which entries were not used?

This question led to a new package: checkcites While reading papers, I put those that I'd like to refer to or mention in customized .bib files (one .bib file for each paper). (Thanks to Mendeley ...
45
votes
4answers
24k views

Is it normal for BibTeX to replace similar author names with “------”?

In my .bib file, I have two entries with exactly the same author names: @article{Seshadrinathan2010A-Subjective-St, Author = {K. Seshadrinathan and R. Soundararajan and A. C. Bovik and L. K. ...
43
votes
5answers
44k views

Tex capacity exceeded, sorry [input stack size = 5000]

This is the error I am getting since I have added some new references to my .bib file. I think is more than a filled stack. Any ideas? references.bib It was requested a minimum working example but I ...
42
votes
3answers
4k views

BibTeX: Abbreviate first name (aka given name) to 2 or 3 letters (not 1)

BibTeX can abbreviate first names, e.g. change Smith, John to J. Smith. In some languages, certain (not all) first names must be abbreviated with more than one letter (it's not optional as in the ...
41
votes
6answers
9k views

Cleaning up a .bib file

I have a large .bib file which is in a mess. In particular: Entries are not in any particular order. Some entries may be duplicates (albeit with different keys). Some entries may not be used in the ...
39
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a difference between “” and {} in BibTeX?

I see in some examples each field in a BibTeX entry is given within "", while in others it is given within {}. For example, @Book{Torre2008, author = "Joe Torre and Tom Verducci", publisher = "...
38
votes
2answers
54k views

How do I cite author in LaTeX?

How do I cite authors in LaTeX? I tried using natbib package ---- doc.tex ---- ... \usepackage{natbib} ... \citeauthor{736184} ... ---- doc.bib ---- @inproceedings{736184, author = {Broder, ...
37
votes
5answers
24k views

Is there a BibTeX style that sorts references in reverse chronological order?

I am putting together a CV in latex, and I am trying to get my list of publications to display in reverse chronological order. I can use \bibliographystyle{unsrt} as a workaround, and just order the ...
36
votes
3answers
5k views

Can a bibtex entry be given more than one reference name?

I would like to give some of my bibtex entries multiple reference names, without duplicating the entry. Is this possible? My reason is that I have a reference name scheme in my master bibtex file, ...
34
votes
4answers
15k views

Merge two BibTeX files

I was constructing a BibTeX file for my Thesis. At the middle of that I had copied that bib file to another document I had to produce, I had to add some new citations to the copy of the original. Now ...
34
votes
1answer
49k views

How to code ß (German “sharp S”) in BibTeX

I have an author called Jörg Geißler, whom I want to include in my BibTeX database. I tried to use Gei\ssler, J\"{o}rg but this doesn't work correctly. I can't generate the PDF anymore. How do I ...
33
votes
8answers
6k views

Automatically dereference DOI to .bib?

Is there an established way to, given a list of DOI identifiers, produce a .bib file containing the citation information?
32
votes
1answer
7k views

Why does Latex/Bibtex need three passes to clear up all warnings?

As explained by Andy Roberts, if you need to compile a new document with bibtex citations, then you need to run latex three times, and bibtex once: latex document bibtex document latex document latex ...
31
votes
5answers
2k views

Creating an academic portfolio with bibtex

Any one know of a good script to turn a bibtex file into a nice academic portfolio that: links to electronic versions where known (from url or doi) works with local files (e.g. with bibdesk's format ...
31
votes
1answer
58k views

bibliography in Beamer

In Beamer, bibliography is displayed in the way that authors, title and journals are in three lines. Here is an example. Since I have many references, I am wondering, whether we can put them in one ...
30
votes
3answers
7k views

In TeXShop, is there a directive to select biber or BibTeX on a per-document basis?

As in the title, I'd like to be able to select whether TeXShop uses biber or BibTeX in the document rather than using the command line or changing the default in the TeXShop preferences. For TeX ...
29
votes
3answers
7k views

BibTeX handling of the Dutch “van” name prefix with natbib

I want to produce the following with LaTeX/BibTeX: In the running text: ... we refer the reader to the work of Van Noort (2010). In the bibliography: Thomas van Noort. An important paper. ...
28
votes
5answers
10k views

Can one “manually override” BibTeX's choice of citation keys by adding a field to the entry?

Normally, I'm basically OK with BibTeX's choice of citation key (by which I mean, the short symbol it shows in the final document, like [2] or [Hil05], not the one one types in the tex file), but ...
27
votes
1answer
15k views

Using a 'corporate author' in the “author” field of a bibliographic entry (spelling out the name in full)

I want to list a company name in the author field of a bibliographic entry: @book{CUDA, author = {NVIDIA Corporation}, title = {NVIDIA CUDA Compute Unified Device Architecture Programming ...
27
votes
7answers
7k views

how to avoid bibtex error message “repeated entry” for an entry appearing in several bibtex files?

I am using several bibtex files, dedicated to several topics. But some references are common to several topics and then appear in several of my bibtex files. Currently, I am writing a document dealing ...
27
votes
3answers
23k views

Which publication type for forthcoming papers in BibTeX?

I need to cite a forthcoming paper (paper that is accepted, but still not published, I guess?). However when I use the unpublished or proceedings publication type I don't get the result I want. Some ...
27
votes
8answers
5k views

Strategy for managing multiple Bibtex files

My work involves producing various documents with citations (e.g., journal articles, conference presentations, reports, etc.). Publications cite references, and references can be specific to a given ...
27
votes
4answers
27k views

Bibtex Automatic replacement of 4+ authors with et al.

When copying bibtex entries from journal websites, they usually include a lot of information, and not all of it is necessary depending on the journal you are submitting the paper too. Currently I ...
26
votes
4answers
2k views

Redundancy in bib file: conditionally suppress url if same as doi?

Mathscinet gives bibtex entries with both a doi and a url field included. Typically they look something like @article {some-article, […] DOI = {10.1016/j.apal.2008.12.003}, URL = {http://dx....