{brackets} is about different brackets, their usage and functionality in (La)TeX.

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56
votes
7answers
32k views

Adding a large brace next to a body of text

I'm writing a short document listing some chronological events. I want to pick out a period with a big brace. Here's a quick mockup: What's the best way to do this? Can I set the size declaratively ...
93
votes
4answers
7k views

Spacing around \left and \right

Why does the addition of a \left and \right introduces an extra space around the formula? Specifically, why do $\cos(\theta)$ and $\cos\left(\theta\right)$ render differently? Is there a way to use ...
78
votes
4answers
101k views

“(” or “\left(” parentheses?

What is the difference between ( and \left( in LaTeX? Sometimes, when the content is small, it does not seem to matter which pair I use. What is the best practice when it comes to which parentheses ...
44
votes
7answers
6k views

Automatic left and right commands

Is it possible to automatically "add" \left and \right commands in front of all brackets? The source code should be left intact, but LaTeX should interpret every pair of brackets as if they were ...
34
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it ever bad to use \left and \right? [duplicate]

For mathematics, is it ever disadvantageous to use \left( and \right) in equations? I can't see any way that doing this would hinder the typesetting, so why isn't () just converted into \left( ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

Vertically asymmetric size variation for parentheses

One of the difficulties I have with writing formulas in LaTeX is that the standard sizing tools for the variable-size operators (parentheses, etc.) do not account for "high" symbols and "low" symbols ...
19
votes
3answers
14k views

Biblatex, author-year, square brackets

I need to customize the author-year citation in biblatex for a template at work. Right now biblatex cites like this: Ruschmeyer u. a. 1995, S. 123 They way I was told it needs to cite is: ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

LaTeX: optional arguments with square brackets

LaTeX is trying to add a missing $ that I don't want to the following code: EDIT: replaced stricken lines from original question with minimal working example: \documentclass[letter,12pt]{article} ...
17
votes
2answers
12k views

\bordermatrix with brackets [ ] instead of parentheses ( )

I have the following code: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} $ M = \bordermatrix{~ & x & y \cr A & 1 & 0 \cr B & 0 & 1 \cr} $ \end{document} ...
34
votes
3answers
96k views

How to write a function (piecewise) with bracket outside?

How to write this Piecewise function using LaTeX? I tried $ \begin{array}{cc} \{ & \begin{array}{cc} 0 & x\leq 0 \\ \frac{100-x}{100} & 0\leq x\leq 100 \\ 0 ...
18
votes
3answers
25k views

Enumerated list with square brackets

I want to make an enumerated list in the following format: [1] foo foo [2] foo foo ... How I can do that using enumerated lists? I have tried the following: \begin{enumerate}[\left[ 1 \right]] ...
42
votes
5answers
10k views

How do I label different rows or columns of a matrix using braces?

I have a matrix enclosed in brackets [ ] (or (), or {}, or |'s, or ||'s): - a b c d - | e f g h | | i j k l | - m n o p - which I want to label like so: R |---| -- - a b c d ...
39
votes
2answers
9k views

Difference between \big[ and \bigl[

What is the difference between \big[ (or equivalently \big() and \bigl[? Is it always necessary to mention l (left) and r (right)?
38
votes
5answers
6k views

How can I get an underbrace and an overbrace to partially overlap in an equation?

Sometimes I want to describe portions of an equation using \underbrace and \overbrace in such a way that the portions are not completely distinct, for example: /-------\ x = A + B + C + D + E ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Big brackets around Text

I want to create a big single curly bracket over a paragraph of text. I will be using this for many, many paragraphs. I want to make it left and/or right idented. This is for a conversational styled ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Curly brace to insert something into an equation? Like an inverted underbrace

I have a generic equation, into which I want to "insert" something so that the reader can see what I inserted into the equation and at which point. E.g. \documentclass{plain} \begin{document} \[ f ...
34
votes
4answers
8k views

How to have overlapping under-braces and over-braces

I am trying to typeset an equation that has overlapping over and under braces as per the image below: I have managed to typeset it using a sort of a hack, by typing the equation twice, once using ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the correct way to do delimiters?

I've always used \left and \right with my delimiters, but Martin Heller's answer to another question indicates that this method gives incorrect spacing. The correction appears to be prepending ...
24
votes
4answers
9k views

Align large vertical delimiters (brackets) to rows of a table?

I’m trying to typeset a table of data, with brackets (i.e. }) at the right-hand side to show a classification of the rows.  Something like: ----------------------- | Aardvark | Armenia | \ ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Less pointy angle brackets

I was looking for a way to beautifully display UML stereotype titles including angle brackets like you can see here: What I came up with is $\mathtt{\ll metaclass\gg}$, however, as you can see here ...
4
votes
1answer
654 views

How to make expanding middle delimitors like in the braket package

The braket package has convenient commands like \Braket and \Set, where | are automatically expanded vertically. This allows to easily typeset expressions like \documentclass{minimal} ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Import curly brackets from MathDesign (Utopia)

I am using Fourier maths fonts with Utopia text (\usepackage{fourier}) for a book project, but I'm not satisfied with the curly brackets \{ and \}. They are too slim, and barely distinguishable from ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

A symbol for the field of formal Laurent series

In my area of math one of the objects that pops up quite often is the field of all formal Laurent series. Now the trouble is that the notation for this field is $\mathbf{C} (( t ))$. Now the two ...
5
votes
4answers
12k views

problem of introducing long brackets in different lines

I have a problem writing an equation in eqnarray environment, where I split a single line into two lines. The first line starting with \left[ and the second line ending with \right], but I could not ...
8
votes
2answers
8k views

Need to change citation format from [1] to (a)

I need to change the format of citations for my bibliography items to look like: "See Reference (a)" instead of "See Reference (1)" I have used code like: \renewcommand\@cite[1]{Reference~(#1)} ...
25
votes
2answers
14k views

\overbrace with square bracket

I'm trying to put a nice square bracket over a complex text, it should look like an \overline but with ending like \ulcorner and \urcorner. The presence of \overrightarrow and \overleftarrow makes me ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

\lstinline!Foo! vs \lstinline{Foo}

I wonder what is the difference or correct usage of \lstinline!...! and \lstinline{...}? I like better {} because I feel there it's more consistent with other commands but for example in below ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Biblatex+Biber footcite style when using autocite

I'm referring to this post. Please consider the following MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[style=alphabetic, autocite=footnote]{biblatex} % Footnote modifications: ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Dynamically sized brackets/parentheses for text

I'd like to have a large bracket that shows a relationship from one set of text to another, like this: Nam dui ligula, fringilla a, ) euismod sodales, sollicitudin ) vel, wisi. Morbi auctor ...
5
votes
1answer
629 views

Highlighted Matrix with brackets

I would like to produce the matrix as shown in this figure: At the moment, I have this code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tikz} \usetikzlibrary{matrix} \begin{document} ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Curly brackets in table cell for language manual

I try to make a table for language manual. Could anybody help me to manage curly brackets in the cells of a table? Like this: I tried to do it like here but I could't manage it.
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Why does including brackets in a TikZ datavisualization label give me an error?

My questions concerns the following MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tikz} \usetikzlibrary{datavisualization} \usetikzlibrary{datavisualization.formats.functions} \begin{document} ...
9
votes
1answer
411 views

Is there a quick way to jump out of brackets in TexMaker?

This might sound like a minor issue, but I love typing in Latex and its shortcuts in e.g. Texmaker are awesome, like when I want to type \frac{}{}, I can use auto-completion and jump between brackets ...
7
votes
3answers
467 views

How to break long equations while keeping alignment?

I have the following long equations: \documentclass[]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{displaymath} \begin{aligned} (\chi_1|\chi_1) ...
5
votes
2answers
101 views

Environment aligned doesn't output first part in bracket

\begin{equation} \begin{aligned} [c\mathbf{v}+c'\mathbf{v}',\mathbf{w}]=&c[\mathbf{v},\mathbf{w}]+c'[\mathbf{v}',\mathbf{w}],\\ ...
4
votes
1answer
337 views

Colored Curly Brackets spanning across multiple pages

This is just a thought that came for the notes I am working on, I have a need to create curly brackets which span across multiple pages. I don't know if this is possible to do or not. my curly ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Aligning math brackets in AVMs

I want to typeset AVMs. A colleague wrote the following code and it works quite well. However there is a little problem with the brackets. Some of them are not aligned properly. For example the second ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

How to have curly bracket spanning items of Itemize

We already know how to have a curly bracket spanning multiple non-math lines of text: Cf. Curly brackets spanning multiple lines (no math env) | Only 1 curly bracket, at 1 side What I wonder now ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Underbraces in formula pointing to text

In the MWE below, I wanted to get the formula to show up with underbraces and lines pointing to the text like this: Here is my code: \documentclass{book} ...
27
votes
2answers
652 views

Deep brackets around a text

What I'm trying to achieve is to get the following effect for a body of text: . I've looked at many examples that use all sort of brackets, but none of them look like the ones above. So far, I've ...
16
votes
3answers
48k views

Lyx: Quick way to insert Dirac bra-ket

In LyX, what is a quick way to insert mismatched delimiters in math environment? I tried typing \left|\right>, but it is not interpreted automatically.
23
votes
3answers
28k views

big angle brackets

I know that \langle and \rangle creates left and right angle brackets. But they don't seem to adopt to the size of the expression inside. For example, if I have a big matrix, I would like to angle ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Angle brackets in non-math-mode text

Is there a way to directly input angle brackets into text without resorting to math-mode symbols? I'd like to correctly indicate orthography in a linguistics paper, and have been resorting to single ...
12
votes
4answers
611 views

How do I specify a round parenthesis below some text?

I need something similar to \underbrace but instead of curly brackets, I would like to have normal round horizontal paranthesis below my text. Similar to \textbottomtiebar but spanning the whole text. ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

underbrace matrix inside brackets

I would like to put an underbrace below the matrix like this: $$\left(\underbrace{ \left[\begin{array}{ccc} a&b&c\\ d&e&f\\ g&h&i \end{array}\right]}_{A} ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Changing biblatex footcite style to use square brackets around the citation

I am supposed to use a certain citation style which has the citations in footnotes and square brackets around the references, just like "regular" citations in text (see screenshot). I can't however, ...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

How to make brackets larger?

How can the first { and last } in the following be made larger? $A =\left \{a \notin\{1, 2\}, \ b\notin \{4,5\}\right\}$.
16
votes
1answer
38k views

Brackets in first column in table give “Missing number, treated as zero” error [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Error with table I'm writing a table with 4 columns and 1 row. The first column starts with a bracket. It compiles without issues: \documentclass{article} ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Easily change behavior of \DeclarePairedDelimiter

After seeing the answer to this question I realized that I preferred the way of working of Juan A. Navarro's answer: I.e., \DeclarePairedDelimiter{\parens}{\lparen}{\rparen} from mathtools is a ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Equation: Using \left brackets inserts unwanted space [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Spacing around \left and \right I'm having some problems with writing down an equation in LaTeX. It's only a minor issue regarding appearance, but I'm kind of a ...