{brackets} is about different brackets, their usage and functionality in (La)TeX.

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49
votes
6answers
28k views

Adding a large brace next to a body of text

I'm writing a short document listing some chronological events. I want to pick out a period with a big brace. Here's a quick mockup: What's the best way to do this? Can I set the size declaratively ...
79
votes
4answers
5k views

Spacing around \left and \right

Why does the addition of a \left and \right introduces an extra space around the formula? Specifically, why do $\cos(\theta)$ and $\cos\left(\theta\right)$ render differently? Is there a way to use ...
70
votes
4answers
75k views

“(” or “\left(” parentheses?

What is the difference between ( and \left( in LaTeX? Sometimes, when the content is small, it does not seem to matter which pair I use. What is the best practice when it comes to which parentheses ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Vertically asymmetric size variation for parentheses

One of the difficulties I have with writing formulas in LaTeX is that the standard sizing tools for the variable-size operators (parentheses, etc.) do not account for "high" symbols and "low" symbols ...
41
votes
7answers
5k views

Automatic left and right commands

Is it possible to automatically "add" \left and \right commands in front of all brackets? The source code should be left intact, but LaTeX should interpret every pair of brackets as if they were ...
15
votes
3answers
11k views

Biblatex, author-year, square brackets

I need to customize the author-year citation in biblatex for a template at work. Right now biblatex cites like this: Ruschmeyer u. a. 1995, S. 123 They way I was told it needs to cite is: ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

LaTeX: optional arguments with square brackets

LaTeX is trying to add a missing $ that I don't want to the following code: EDIT: replaced stricken lines from original question with minimal working example: \documentclass[letter,12pt]{article} ...
25
votes
3answers
44k views

How to write a function (piecewise) with bracket outside?

How to write this Piecewise function using LaTeX? I tried $ \begin{array}{cc} \{ & \begin{array}{cc} 0 & x\leq 0 \\ \frac{100-x}{100} & 0\leq x\leq 100 \\ 0 ...
41
votes
5answers
9k views

How do I label different rows or columns of a matrix using braces?

I have a matrix enclosed in brackets [ ] (or (), or {}, or |'s, or ||'s): - a b c d - | e f g h | | i j k l | - m n o p - which I want to label like so: R |---| -- - a b c d ...
38
votes
2answers
8k views

Difference between \big[ and \bigl[

What is the difference between \big[ (or equivalently \big() and \bigl[? Is it always necessary to mention l (left) and r (right)?
33
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it ever bad to use \left and \right? [duplicate]

For mathematics, is it ever disadvantageous to use \left( and \right) in equations? I can't see any way that doing this would hinder the typesetting, so why isn't () just converted into \left( ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Curly brace to insert something into an equation? Like an inverted underbrace

I have a generic equation, into which I want to "insert" something so that the reader can see what I inserted into the equation and at which point. E.g. \documentclass{plain} \begin{document} \[ f ...
16
votes
2answers
10k views

\bordermatrix with brackets [ ] instead of parentheses ( )

I have the following code: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} $ M = \bordermatrix{~ & x & y \cr A & 1 & 0 \cr B & 0 & 1 \cr} $ \end{document} ...
33
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I get an underbrace and an overbrace to partially overlap in an equation?

Sometimes I want to describe portions of an equation using \underbrace and \overbrace in such a way that the portions are not completely distinct, for example: /-------\ x = A + B + C + D + E ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Big brackets around Text

I want to create a big single curly bracket over a paragraph of text. I will be using this for many, many paragraphs. I want to make it left and/or right idented. This is for a conversational styled ...
13
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the correct way to do delimiters?

I've always used \left and \right with my delimiters, but Martin Heller's answer to another question indicates that this method gives incorrect spacing. The correction appears to be prepending ...
6
votes
3answers
925 views

Less pointy angle brackets

I was looking for a way to beautifully display UML stereotype titles including angle brackets like you can see here: What I came up with is $\mathtt{\ll metaclass\gg}$, however, as you can see here ...
30
votes
4answers
6k views

How to have overlapping under-braces and over-braces

I am trying to typeset an equation that has overlapping over and under braces as per the image below: I have managed to typeset it using a sort of a hack, by typing the equation twice, once using ...
21
votes
4answers
8k views

Align large vertical delimiters (brackets) to rows of a table?

I’m trying to typeset a table of data, with brackets (i.e. }) at the right-hand side to show a classification of the rows.  Something like: ----------------------- | Aardvark | Armenia | \ ...
14
votes
3answers
19k views

Enumerated list with square brackets

I want to make an enumerated list in the following format: [1] foo foo [2] foo foo ... How I can do that using enumerated lists? I have tried the following: \begin{enumerate}[\left[ 1 \right]] ...
4
votes
1answer
580 views

How to make expanding middle delimitors like in the braket package

The braket package has convenient commands like \Braket and \Set, where | are automatically expanded vertically. This allows to easily typeset expressions like \documentclass{minimal} ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

A symbol for the field of formal Laurent series

In my area of math one of the objects that pops up quite often is the field of all formal Laurent series. Now the trouble is that the notation for this field is $\mathbf{C} (( t ))$. Now the two ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

Need to change citation format from [1] to (a)

I need to change the format of citations for my bibliography items to look like: "See Reference (a)" instead of "See Reference (1)" I have used code like: \renewcommand\@cite[1]{Reference~(#1)} ...
22
votes
2answers
8k views

\overbrace with square bracket

I'm trying to put a nice square bracket over a complex text, it should look like an \overline but with ending like \ulcorner and \urcorner. The presence of \overrightarrow and \overleftarrow makes me ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Import curly brackets from MathDesign (Utopia)

I am using Fourier maths fonts with Utopia text (\usepackage{fourier}) for a book project, but I'm not satisfied with the curly brackets \{ and \}. They are too slim, and barely distinguishable from ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

\lstinline!Foo! vs \lstinline{Foo}

I wonder what is the difference or correct usage of \lstinline!...! and \lstinline{...}? I like better {} because I feel there it's more consistent with other commands but for example in below ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Dynamically sized brackets/parentheses for text

I'd like to have a large bracket that shows a relationship from one set of text to another, like this: Nam dui ligula, fringilla a, ) euismod sodales, sollicitudin ) vel, wisi. Morbi auctor ...
5
votes
1answer
470 views

Highlighted Matrix with brackets

I would like to produce the matrix as shown in this figure: At the moment, I have this code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tikz} \usetikzlibrary{matrix} \begin{document} ...
6
votes
2answers
963 views

Biblatex+Biber footcite style when using autocite

I'm referring to this post. Please consider the following MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[style=alphabetic, autocite=footnote]{biblatex} % Footnote modifications: ...
4
votes
1answer
311 views

Colored Curly Brackets spanning across multiple pages

This is just a thought that came for the notes I am working on, I have a need to create curly brackets which span across multiple pages. I don't know if this is possible to do or not. my curly ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Why does including brackets in a TikZ datavisualization label give me an error?

My questions concerns the following MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tikz} \usetikzlibrary{datavisualization} \usetikzlibrary{datavisualization.formats.functions} \begin{document} ...
27
votes
2answers
628 views

Deep brackets around a text

What I'm trying to achieve is to get the following effect for a body of text: . I've looked at many examples that use all sort of brackets, but none of them look like the ones above. So far, I've ...
15
votes
3answers
39k views

Lyx: Quick way to insert Dirac bra-ket

In LyX, what is a quick way to insert mismatched delimiters in math environment? I tried typing \left|\right>, but it is not interpreted automatically.
21
votes
3answers
17k views

big angle brackets

I know that \langle and \rangle creates left and right angle brackets. But they don't seem to adopt to the size of the expression inside. For example, if I have a big matrix, I would like to angle ...
12
votes
4answers
583 views

How do I specify a round parenthesis below some text?

I need something similar to \underbrace but instead of curly brackets, I would like to have normal round horizontal paranthesis below my text. Similar to \textbottomtiebar but spanning the whole text. ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Angle brackets in non-math-mode text

Is there a way to directly input angle brackets into text without resorting to math-mode symbols? I'd like to correctly indicate orthography in a linguistics paper, and have been resorting to single ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Easily change behavior of \DeclarePairedDelimiter

After seeing the answer to this question I realized that I preferred the way of working of Juan A. Navarro's answer: I.e., \DeclarePairedDelimiter{\parens}{\lparen}{\rparen} from mathtools is a ...
11
votes
1answer
28k views

Brackets in first column in table give “Missing number, treated as zero” error [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Error with table I'm writing a table with 4 columns and 1 row. The first column starts with a bracket. It compiles without issues: \documentclass{article} ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Changing biblatex footcite style to use square brackets around the citation

I am supposed to use a certain citation style which has the citations in footnotes and square brackets around the references, just like "regular" citations in text (see screenshot). I can't however, ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

How can you address the size of surrounding parentheses whose size is determined by \left and \right? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to automatically resize the vertical bar in a set comprehension? Trying to type the formula for a conditional probability like this \mathrm{P} \left( whatever \mid ...
5
votes
2answers
103 views

How to prevent overstretching of brackets?

With a tall equation like the following, using simple ( and ) gives brackets that are too small, and using \left( and \right) gives ones that are ridiculously big: ...
2
votes
1answer
619 views

Biblatex square brackets color

How can I change the square brackets color of references in text using biblatex (numeric style)? I know it can be done with natbib, but not using this package anymore. ...
11
votes
1answer
388 views

bracket with doubled delimiters

I want to typeset Hilbert-Schmidt-Products as the Liouville-Equivalent of the Hilbert Space Braket, with doubled delimiters, like this: \Lbraket{\rho|\rho} results in <<rho|rho>>. I was ...
10
votes
1answer
625 views

Bracketed Sentences

I am trying to achieve an effect similar to this book in diagramming sentences. Is there a package for achieving that? I can place all the brackets and subscripts manually, mixing math and text, but ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

How to escape “]” in a description's item tag?

In a description like \begin{description} \item[\texttt{DoSomething(items[])}:] ... \end{description} , how do I escape the "]" character?
6
votes
3answers
487 views

A way to mark things in math mode

I want to mark the weight function in an equation, using something similar to \underbrace. Using this piece of code: (x^2y')' + \lambda \underbrace{x^2}_{\text{Weight function}}y = 0 I get . I ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Removing brackets from the reference [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to use 1. (number followed by dot) format instead of [1] format in bibliography I'm using the amsart class, and the command \begin{thebibliography} for references. ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Equation: Using \left brackets inserts unwanted space [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Spacing around \left and \right I'm having some problems with writing down an equation in LaTeX. It's only a minor issue regarding appearance, but I'm kind of a ...
8
votes
1answer
163 views

Underbrace multiple math lines

I have to underbrace multiple lines in an align-environment with one brace. Meaning something like \begin{align*} A ={}& B + \underbracemultiline{C + D + E \\ & + F + G \\ & ...
8
votes
1answer
542 views

bracket covering only a part of a matrix

How can I write a matrix, with brackets that cover only rows/columns in a certain range, but still has the right indentation? What I would like: My current solution: \[ \overset{ ...