{capitalization} is about letters being UPPER CASE (also called majuscules or capitals) or lower case (miniscules), changing one into the other, or determining which one letters are. A special case of capitals are small caps, which have their own tag {small-caps}.

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35
votes
6answers
15k views

BibTeX loses capitals when creating .bbl file

Titles of articles I'm about to cite contain uppercase letters and when using BibTeX it converts them in lowercase ones. This happens only in title and only first letter conserves it's case. For ...
26
votes
3answers
931 views

Why are there lowercase letters in TeX and LaTeX?

Notice that the letters here are all uppercase. Is there any reason why we write TeX and LaTeX respectively? Is it for emphasis? Or does it just make it look similar to the staggered lettering of ...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the proper use of \@ (i.e., backslash-at)?

In this answer, \@ is used after a period and before an \xspace, presumably to indicate that the preceding period (in "etc.") was not sentence-final. In these tips, \@ is used before a period and ...
25
votes
3answers
3k views

BibTeX handling of the Dutch “van” name prefix with natbib

I want to produce the following with LaTeX/BibTeX: In the running text: ... we refer the reader to the work of Van Noort (2010). In the bibliography: Thomas van Noort. An important paper. ...
23
votes
4answers
596 views

Is there a special hyphen-symbol to be used between capital letters?

In words consisting of small letters, the - hyphen seems right. In words (abbreviations, acronyms) consisting of capital letters, the common hyphen appears (at least imho) to be placed too low and to ...
21
votes
2answers
630 views

Change the color of capital letters

Is there a way to define a command that changes the colour of any capital letter in an input string? Most of the results I find when I type "LaTeX string capital" are results about capitalizing the ...
21
votes
4answers
5k views

Command to uppercase the first letter of each word in a sentence

I'm writing a textboox in latex, and I have things like \textit{some definition}\index{Some Definition} all over the place. I'd like to combine them into something like \define{some definition} ...
20
votes
2answers
455 views

Automatically getting “V” as the capital letter for “u” when typesetting latin

I'm typesetting a large amount of Latin texts using XeLaTeX and the package polyglossia. I'd like to get the small letter "u" automatically printed as "V" when turned into a capital letter (including ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Why LaTeX uses upright uppercase Greek letters by default in math mode?

Why upper-case Greek letters are typeset in upright font, i.e., \mathrm? While at the same time, some upper-case Greek letters those are also Latin Letters ,e.g., A for $\Alpha$, B for $\Beta$, are ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I force text to be displayed in title-case?

I'm trying to update apa.cls for 6th edition (a large task since I'm not a true latex hacker) and I'd like to force the headings for certain levels to conform to title case. That is the first letter ...
18
votes
3answers
730 views

Capitalizing strings ignoring closed class words

I was just reviewing my "capitalization standards" for titles and such and was wondering if there's a macro to do the same thing I'm forced to do by hand nowadays. My personal rules (feel free to ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Biblatex, capitalization of arabic names and name prefixes

As we know, using the useprefix option, when name prefixes like von, della etc. are present in the bibliography, enables us to change name sorting as well as capitalize those prefixes using commands ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

Are there purely expandable variants of \MakeUppercase?

\MakeUppercase and \uppercase use TeX's uccode, and they are not purely expandable. Say, \edef\temp{\MakeUppercase{abc}} will fail. Sometimes purely expandable macros are very useful. They are ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Proper casing in citation/bibliography titles using biblatex/Biber

My understanding is that bibtex lets the citation style handle capitalization of titles, which is what I would expect from an automated citation tool. Do biblatex and Biber also do this? The document ...
16
votes
5answers
467 views

Applying an operation only to capitals

I'd like to apply a function to capitals only so that: \emphcaps{YaWeH} Outputs like: \emph{Y}a\emph{W}e\emph{H} Preferably without using too many packages (I already use memoir). NOTES: I use ...
15
votes
3answers
12k views

\uppercase in \newcommand

I tried to use \uppercase in \newcommand: \newcommand\universidad{My University} \newcommand\Universidad{\uppercase{\universidad}} When I use this I get My University and not MY ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Detect beginning of a sentence in a macro for capitalization

Is it possible to make macros give different results at the beginning of a new sentence? Suppose that I want the macro "\secname" to write "Section" at the beginning of a new sentence, and "section" ...
14
votes
1answer
385 views

Towards a \ucshape and \textuc command for uppercase text (XeTeX, LuaTeX)

While we have \textit and \textsc, \itshape and \scshape etc., there's no \textuc and \ucshape to typeset its argument in uppercase. There is \MakeUppercase, but -- as uppercase is not a font style -- ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

\autoref does not capitalize initial character in sentence when referencing label in listings environment

I have defined the following \providecommand*{\lstnumberautorefname}{line} and within my text \begin{lstlisting} |\label{sdd_1}|<sqlCallStatistics>YES</sqlCallStatistics> ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Sentence case for titles in biblatex

I'd like to have the titles of articles in Biblatex in sentence case (first word capitialized, the rest lowercase, override with {}) as is the default in Bibtex. I tried: ...
13
votes
1answer
634 views

uppercase and \spacefactor

Apparently, \uppercase forgets about the \spacefactor at the end. For example, {What is the spacefactor?} \the\spacefactor. returns What is the spacefactor? 3000. while \uppercase{What is ...
12
votes
4answers
393 views

Create a capitalized macro token using \csname

Two things I understand and one thing I don't: I often use \csname to create user-defined tokens. For instance, the following code uses \expandafter to expand everything between \csname and ...
12
votes
2answers
166 views

Uppercase column in tabular

I need one column of my table to be uppercased. My code which does not work as I want: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{array} \begin{document} \begin{tabular}{c>{\MakeUppercase}c} a ...
12
votes
3answers
670 views

Turkish characters to small caps

Small caps (\sc) is not producing dotted I (İ) Here is mwe \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[turkish]{babel} \usepackage{amsmath} ...
12
votes
1answer
567 views

How to render individual acronyms in lower case when used inline, but mixed case in the list of acronyms?

I would like to output acronyms with the first letter of a word in upper case when they are printed to the list of acronyms. However, it certain cases I would like to print the written out form in ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Preserving capitalization in BibTeX titles [duplicate]

I use the LaTeX wikibook a lot and found this solution to preserving capitalization in titles, which is to wrap letters (or whole titles) in curly braces. The phrase "In the event that BibTeX has been ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

Autoref's inserted text has not the correct case

I'm using the \autoref tag which comes with the package hyperref for referencing my algorithms, figures etc. I read that it automatically adjusts the reference text's case, but it won't work with my ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I prevent TeX from hyphenating acronyms?

Upper-case words look awkward when hyphenated. How do I suppress this behavior?
11
votes
1answer
153 views

Cyrillic \MakeUppercase

\MakeUppercase does not capitalize Cyrillic fonts. I am trying to create a custom document class which would write the section titles in upper case. For this purpose I use the solution provided in ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

setkomafont with uppercase that works robustly

I know that \setkomafont is supposed to deal with switching fonts but sometimes instead of switching font, I'd like to switch to uppercase. I've not found a way to do this reliably. This breaks: ...
10
votes
2answers
254 views

author name with periods produces Et al

I want to cite this article: @article{kc2010ppe, author = {K.C., Samir and Barakat, B. and Goujon, A. and Skirbekk, V. and Sanderson, W. and Lutz, W.}, journal = {Demographic Research}, number = ...
10
votes
1answer
553 views

In biblatex, make title sentence case but not journal name

To force reference titles to a sentence case I use the following line in my .bbx style file: ...
10
votes
2answers
434 views

Annoying problem with fancyhdr and auto-generated chapters

I have been facing an annoying little problem. I'm using fancyhdr to customize the headings on my thesis but according to the package documentation it is unable to remove the "uppercasedness" of the ...
10
votes
1answer
113 views

Why the placement of \title makes a difference when using amsart with nag?

% !TeX program = pdfLaTeX \RequirePackage[l2tabu,orthodox]{nag} \documentclass{amsart} \begin{document} \title{The $n$-th term} \maketitle \end{document} If the \title command is placed after ...
9
votes
2answers
642 views

Preventing \MakeUppercase from affecting mathematics

Is there a way to prevent \MakeUppercase from affecting in-text equations? In this example, abc should change to ABC, but n should be left as it is. \documentclass{article} \begin{document} ...
9
votes
2answers
349 views

Stop memoir from making mathmode section names uppercase in header

I'm typesetting my thesis with memoir and in general I'm happy with the result. However, some of my section headers have math mode text like \section{The $\phi_{ij}$ matrix} which memoir comically ...
9
votes
2answers
818 views

Preserve lowercase in bibtex

I'm using mla-paper package. the name Ferdinand de Saussure in bibliography gets shown as De Saussure, Ferdinand. But I want de in lowercase like so: de Saussure, Ferdinand. In citations it gets shown ...
9
votes
3answers
368 views

Uppercase until end of group

In LaTeX, all font commands have two versions, one requires an argument (\textbf, \textit, \textsc etc), other changes the font until the end of group (\bfseries, \itshape, \scshape etc). The latter ...
9
votes
1answer
539 views

Turkish characters to uppercase

I can't make uppercase of turkish characters like Giriş Tex converts it to GIRIş instead of GİRİŞ.. It's making me crazy. %this is mwe i guess \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} ...
9
votes
1answer
572 views

Capitalize the first letter of each word in biblatex

I'm trying to get every word in the title of each article in my reference list in capital letters (So Something Like This For Every Title). However, somehow \MakeSentenceCase remains active no matter ...
9
votes
1answer
213 views

Opening an All-Small-Caps First Line with a Dropped Capital

I'd like to typeset the first line of a document's text in small caps, for which I use the magaz package. But I'd also like to set the opening letter in that line as a dropped capital. I'm stuck in ...
9
votes
2answers
406 views

Writing the chapter and the heading in two different ways

How can I write in capitals the first letter of each word in a title? In other words, I want to write the title normally \chapter{Title of my chapter} and to have the heading in this way Title Of ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Automatically capitalize first letters of words in titles?

Is there a way to tell LaTeX to automatically capitalize the first letters of words in chapters and sections? I imagine something that checks a dictionary for words like for, of, the, in ... and ...
8
votes
2answers
150 views

Auto-capitalizing first word in every list \item?

I'm working on a paper that deals with foreign words and a lot of diacritics. To help with this, I've created a series of macros, so that if I write \wufen it comes out as "wǔfēn". Usually this is ...
8
votes
1answer
248 views

auto-capitalise the output of a newcommand

How can I create a newcommand that automictically capitalises the first letter, when the command is used after a full stop (or question mark, exclamation mark, etc.)? \newcommand{\tinycommand}{tiny ...
8
votes
1answer
931 views

Transforming the .bib file to get upper cases

With the following entry in the .bib file @ARTICLE{a1, AUTHOR="M., J. J.", TITLE="My Sample Title", JOURNAL="Journal Name", pages="132--234", YEAR=2000` } and with \bibliographystyle{plain} in the ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Capitalization of Titles and Headers

I'm attempting to capitalize certain titles or headings in my LaTeX file. Specifically, if I want to use \printindex, \listoffigures, or \listoftables the title heading on each of these will be ...
8
votes
2answers
216 views

Capital gothic letter in headings

One of the section of my thesis is called: representation of $\mathfrak{g}_2$, but every heading package transforms it in representation of $\mathfrak{G}_2$ (capital Gothic letter). How can i solve ...
8
votes
3answers
515 views

biblatex: Preserve capitalisation in inproceedings/booktitle

I'm using Biblatex-APA/Biber with LyX and a Bibtex file produced from Mendeley. I can produce bibliographies without any problem, but I would like to change the reference style for ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Force all small caps

Is it possible to force text into lower case small caps without making capital letters lower case? None of the following makes all the letters lower case small caps: \textsc{Can I make this line ...