{delimiters} are characters used to specify the boundary between separate blocks/groups of text. They are typically used in {macros} or {math-mode} constructions.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

9
votes
2answers
258 views

Design of new brackets

There are many types of brackets (), [], {}, ||, <>, etc. In the context I use them all have already a fixed mathematical meaning; therefore I need another one. The brackets I use have two ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

Issue with putting a bracket delimited matrix inside another matrix

I was trying to make this matrix delimited by brackets within another matrix. However, I always get the following error in my command window: ! Missing \right. inserted. <inserted text> ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Any \left \right delimiters

Is there a package that would allow me to use other symbols/any symbol apart from the (among others) usual delimiters . () [] {} | with \left and \right? For example, \(\left\int f(x) dx \right.\) ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

revtex4 with subfig: “Missing $ inserted” error after subfigure caption; no math in caption

I am using the document class "revtex4", and packages graphicx and subfig (with option "caption=false"). I want to make a figure with two subfigures. While I would ideally like to have captions for ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

How much bigger are delimiters

While trying to duplicate TeX dimension computations, I noticed that the delimiters placed with \left…\right are slightly bigger than the box around which they wrap. How much bigger, how is that ...
20
votes
3answers
5k views

Why use the control sequences \bigl, \biggl, \bigr or \biggr, as I can always use \big or \bigg?

If my manuscript file has $$\biggl({\partial^2\over \partial x^2}+ {\partial^2 \over \partial y^2}\biggr)\bigl|\varphi(x+iy)\bigr|^2 = 0$$ or $$\bigg({\partial^2\over \partial x^2}+ ...
16
votes
2answers
251 views

Vertical spacing of \sin and \cos

This is a random, silly question. I was writing two versions of my calc 1 final and came across something that is going to bug the crap out of me. I have noticed a different spacing format for one ...
7
votes
2answers
147 views

Why does \big\mid not work?

It is well-known \big\mid throws an error. But why is it so? As far as I know, \mid is equivalent to \mathrel|, while \lvert and \rvert are equivalent to \mathopen| and \mathclose|, respectively --- ...
3
votes
3answers
112 views

How can I create this aligned bracketed thing?

I'm trying to create a list of items that looks something like this: but I can't figure out how to position the bracket properly. Here is what I currently have, minus the brace (which I edited into ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Is \left…\right necessary when there are sub/super-scripts?

$(a_2+b^3)$ or $\left(a_2+b^3\right)$. Which is correct? An experiment shows that in these two expressions the size of parentheses are different. Is \left...\right necessary for correct ...
3
votes
2answers
44 views

Delimiting equations in math mode

I'm trying to delimit an equation with parentheses and it has fractions inside it, so I can't just increase the parentheses' size, because they wouldn't be correctly alligned. What I'm trying to do is ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Problem with \multinamedelim and \DeclareNameFormat in Biblatex

I have changed the delimiter for the authors in the bibliography with this code. It is working. \renewcommand*{\multinamedelim}{\addcomma\space} \renewcommand*{\multilistdelim}{\addcomma\space} ...
8
votes
2answers
102 views

\bigl and \bigr in sub/superscripts

When typesetting expressions with multiple adjacent parentheses, I like to use \bigl and \bigr on the outermost parentheses to make it easier to read, especially with 3 or more parentheses in a row. ...
1
vote
2answers
50 views

Biblatex delimiter after journal title

I am trying to change the separator between the title of a journal article and the following element (In this case the name of the journal). however, I cannot find the proper delimiter in the §4.10 of ...
1
vote
0answers
571 views

Undefined Control Sequence \maketitle

%% ---------------------------------------------------------------- %% Thesis.tex -- MAIN FILE (the one that you compile with LaTeX) %% ---------------------------------------------------------------- ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Bad math environment delimiter

I'm getting a bad math environment delimiter error and I don't know why. Here is the part where I'm getting error: \\(\forall x \in U: \tilde{M} = \{(\(x\); \mu_{\tilde{M}}(x)) \in [0,1]\}\\) I ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

soul for text highlighting, microtype for letterspacing, and xspace: incompatibility

I am trying to use soul for highlighting text and microtype for letter spacing (and other things). But I cannot get the two to work together nicely when I include xspace (I use this mainly for ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

Declare non-stretching non-pairing delimiters

How do I define my own delimiters from arbitrary symbols for math which have these properties: They have a fixed size. Unlike the usual delimiters they do not stretch to adapt to the enclosed ...
8
votes
6answers
699 views

A curly brace with an asymmetric cusp

I am trying to write one set of equations implying the next, inline with text. What I would like to do is something like the following: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} And so, \(\left. ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

\DeclarePairedDelimiter with \left and \right

Why does this not work? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{mathtools} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

change delimiter (slash) size in math mode

I use the division sign, together with an underscore and smash: $\underline{\smash{X/P}}$ The result is the following: How can I reduce the lower part of the slash, so it does not suppress the ...
6
votes
1answer
117 views

Unlimited size delimiters with TikZ

Compare this two outputs Which one would you prefer to have in your document? I would definetly prefer the one on the right. However, most fonts (MinionPro in this case) only offer four sizes of ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

How can I apply two styles using moredelim?

I'm using lstlisting with moredelim to color sections of the listing. Now, I'd like to also underline the same sections. I found that I cannot simply add \underbar. \lstdefinestyle{foo}{ ...
55
votes
2answers
9k views

automatic size adjustment for nested parentheses

As I prefer outer parentheses to grow larger in nested expressions, I happen to insert \bigl and \bigr and its larger cousins a lot. I have always wondered whether there is a way to do this ...
8
votes
2answers
359 views

Less aggressive automatic paren stretching with \left

\left and \right are convenient but sometimes they're a bit overeager in stretching the parentheses. In that case we can manually use \bigl, \Bigl, etc. I have defined a new command like this ...
4
votes
2answers
155 views

Math-Mode: No-Delimiter

This is a subquestion related to Evaluation Symbol. Is there something of the form \left<?> instead of \left. telling LaTeX to enclose the expression here and not to insert any delimiter at ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

How can I essentially '\ensuremath' a \DeclarePairedDelimiter (from `mathtools`)?

I am trying to create a paired delimiter command that will work outside of text mode. I was not able to accomplish this simply by defining a new command with \ensuremath, so I've resorted to the use ...
10
votes
6answers
535 views

Adjust the height of the “|” in a mathematical term

I have a mathematical term produced by two different pieces of code: \displaystyle H\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2}\left|_{C_{k}=1}\right.\right) \displaystyle ...
21
votes
4answers
7k views

Align large vertical delimiters (brackets) to rows of a table?

I’m trying to typeset a table of data, with brackets (i.e. }) at the right-hand side to show a classification of the rows.  Something like: ----------------------- | Aardvark | Armenia | \ ...
4
votes
2answers
121 views

Evaluation Symbol: Consistent Implementation

This question has been posted several times but... I'm looking for a consistent implementation of the evaluation symbol: Evaluation bar as delimeter: <...>| Auto-size to its enclosing ...
8
votes
3answers
194 views

Oversized parentheses around tabular

I'm having the following problem. I'm using a tabular environment to create a phrase structure rule (linguistics stuff, don't care about it) and I need parentheses for those parts in the rule which ...
1
vote
2answers
147 views

Different horizontal (!) spacing of delimiters with `\left`, `\bigl`, `\Bigl`,

I use \arrowvert as a middle delimiter. For example in the definition of sets, i.e. \lbrace x \arrowvert x < a \rbrace. Moreover, I try to avoid \left, \right and \middle but use the AMSmath macros ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Anomalous bracket sizes when using the cancel package

I have been happily using the cancel package that allows to cross out parts of mathematical formulas for some time now. However, today I noticed a very strange behaviour in the size of brackets ...
3
votes
0answers
149 views

How to replace parentheses with symbol of other font so that they are expandable? [closed]

I use Bitstream Charter for my document, but I'm not satisfied with the appearance of round parentheses. I'd like to replace them with the parentheses from Palatino, both in text and math mode. In ...
2
votes
0answers
216 views

Controlling delimiters in matrices typeset with TiKZ

This question is directly related to Loop Space user's answer to question Broken matrix - gaps in brackets, in which an alternative TiKZ method to amsmath matrix typesetting is provided. The ...
2
votes
1answer
774 views

How to increase the size of a curly bracket size without \left and \right

I would like to ask how to increase the dimension of the curly bracket in the second item of the following list: \begin{enumerate} \item Draw $\tilde{\theta}$ from $j$ \item Calculate $\nu = \min \{ ...
4
votes
2answers
184 views

How to make the function identifier ( f(x) ) more dominant?

When a function has a rather complex set of parameters, the function identifier (usually simply f), gets dwarfed by the parentheses and the parameters inside of them: As you can see in the red ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Why do the braces in f{\left(x\right)} affect the output? [duplicate]

Why does f\left(x\right) result in more space before the ( than f{\left(x\right)}? i.e. Why does putting extra braces suppress the space?
6
votes
2answers
156 views

Typesetting a small function with Big parameters

I have a small function that needs to take big parameters. Right now I think that the function part looks too small and implicitly suggests it might be some kind of multiplication instead of an ...
54
votes
3answers
195k views

Big Parenthesis in an Equation

I have an equation contained inside \[...\], which automatically makes a \sum with sub- and superscripts turn big--so that the summation sign looks awkward inside parenthesis. Any idea how to make ...
7
votes
2answers
237 views

Create a resizable symbol?

Some symbols can be resized automatically with \middle when placed between a \left. and a \right. They can usually also be resized using \big or \bigg. Examples of such symbols are |and / and pretty ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

divides, not divides and cardinalities

In group theory it happens very often that you want to say: "The order of $H$ divides / does not divide the order of $G$." But the length of | is then always the same: $ |H| | |G| $ produces |H|||G| ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

In exponents, parenthesis too small, \big too big

When something big (a fraction, a sum, an integral...) appears within a pair of parenthesis, one can typically use \left(...\right) to get delimiters large enough to surround the contents. The ...
8
votes
1answer
183 views

Adaptively sized delimiters that don't go beyond the size of \bigl and \bigr

I would like adaptively sized delimiters, but only up to \bigl/\bigr-size. That is, there is variation only between ordinary/normal size and one size higher. \documentclass{article} ...
12
votes
2answers
320 views

Manually controlled size of delimiters in macros

I am using the amsmath package and I'd like to control the size of my delimiters manually, i.e. using the \bigl, \Bigl, ... , \Bigr, \bigr commands, instead of \left, \middle, \right. Now I want to ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I force \left, \right delimiters to automatically (!) have the same size despite line breaks?

This code \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{align*} \begin{split} z = \left( a + b + c \right. \\ \left. + \frac{d}{e} \right) \end{split} ...
7
votes
1answer
58 views

Uniform delimiter size

In my preamble I have the following \DeclarePairedDelimiter\norm{\lVert}{\rVert}% \makeatletter \let\oldnorm\norm \def\norm{\@ifstar{\oldnorm}{\oldnorm*}} \makeatother without really knowing how it ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

how to typeset empty inner product

I want to typeset the following in TeX (without the arguments). < , > I know that I can accomplish this by doing \langle , \rangle As an example I want to write something like the follwing: ...
3
votes
4answers
134 views

How avoid that the Underbrace Outside the delimiters $| |$ appear inside the delimiters

I have this code. \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[spanish]{babel} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{pgf,tikz} ...
4
votes
3answers
221 views

Very smart parentheses?

This is a follow up question of Smart parentheses? In the above mention question, the parentheses are smart so that they change they form depending on the nesting level. I wonder if it would be ...