{delimiters} are characters used to specify the boundary between separate blocks/groups of text. They are typically used in {macros} or {math-mode} constructions.

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65
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4answers
4k views

Spacing around \left and \right

Why does the addition of a \left and \right introduces an extra space around the formula? Specifically, why do $\cos(\theta)$ and $\cos\left(\theta\right)$ render differently? Is there a way to use ...
47
votes
2answers
5k views

automatic size adjustment for nested parentheses

As I prefer outer parentheses to grow larger in nested expressions, I happen to insert \bigl and \bigr and its larger cousins a lot. I have always wondered whether there is a way to do this ...
36
votes
4answers
9k views

Latex: Nice abs

I have this expression: |x-|x-|x-4||| Now, every | sign has the same size, but I'd like to make the outward pairs bigger. Is it possible to do it automatically, or do I have to define the size of ...
22
votes
1answer
365 views

Sloppy \left and \right?

The \left and \right commands often produce improvidently large delimiters. It almost always looks better to use delimiters that are just slightly too small than delimiters that are too large. With ...
21
votes
2answers
6k views

Escaping square braces

I want to use some text as the optional parameter to some command. The text includes square braces ([ and ]), but since the optional parameter goes within square brackets, unexpected things happen. ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

Should one use thousands separators in equations?

I understand that this is not strictly a TeX question but I have recently been asked to correct an equation presented as the first example in the image below to that of the second example i.e., to use ...
19
votes
3answers
752 views

How can I create a new extensible symbol?

Given an arbitrary thin vertical symbol, can I create a new math delimiter from it (and if so, how)? Edit: Ideally, I would like to be able to create an extensible symbol, either built out an ...
18
votes
2answers
13k views

What do the pieces of LaTeX, \left and \right, respectively mean?

What are their uses and are they even standard?
17
votes
5answers
457 views

Brackets around a sum that has no top limit

MWE: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \thispagestyle{empty} \[ \mathcal{F} \left\{ \sum_j e^{-2i\pi\nu_j t} \right\} \] \end{document} Result: The sum only ...
16
votes
1answer
7k views

About big parenthesis larger than Bigg

Do any one know how to type a very big parenthesis in LaTeX. Since the formula is very big, I used multline environment, in one line, there are many pair of parenthesis by using \left and \right which ...
15
votes
2answers
243 views

Strange behaviour of binomial coefficient's delimiters

While writing down my Combinatorics exercises I found that the binomial coefficient's delimiters weren't displayed as indicated inside the amsmath documentation. By subsequent trials and errors I was ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Spacing between triple vertical lines

I would like to create a norm-like operator with 3 verticals bars instead of two. It has to look like $|||\cdot|||$. I would like to know how to decrease the spacing between the vertical bars such ...
14
votes
6answers
460 views

How to change the item separator in TikZ foreach command

I want to cycle over several sentences using a foreach loop. Now sentences will prpbably contain commas, which are used by foreach as item separators. So I would like to change the item separator to ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

Align large vertical delimiters (brackets) to rows of a table?

I’m trying to typeset a table of data, with brackets (i.e. }) at the right-hand side to show a classification of the rows.  Something like: ----------------------- | Aardvark | Armenia | \ ...
13
votes
1answer
6k views

How can I have a bigger integral (\int) delimiter?

I'm writing some integrals and I don't like the way the \int symbol is displayed when it is followed by a big delimiter. Here's the code: \[ \int_S\biggl(\nabla\times\bar B - \mu_0\bar J - ...
13
votes
1answer
140 views

\( \) don't work with TOC?

If i write this line of code \subsection{Ranger \( n \) boules distinguables dans \( M \) boîtes} I obtain an error over the second \) (./Probabilité.toc ./Probabilité.toc:8: LaTeX Error: Bad ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Why use the control sequences \bigl, \biggl, \bigr or \biggr, as I can always use \big or \bigg?

If my manuscript file has $$\biggl({\partial^2\over \partial x^2}+ {\partial^2 \over \partial y^2}\biggr)\bigl|\varphi(x+iy)\bigr|^2 = 0$$ or $$\bigg({\partial^2\over \partial x^2}+ ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Regarding sizing of delimiters

I'm currently writing my dissertation in civil engineering using LaTeX. I think LaTeX is really good. I have been slowly distancing myself now from Microsoft Word. LaTeX is good for me since my paper ...
11
votes
2answers
227 views

Manually controlled size of delimiters in macros

I am using the amsmath package and I'd like to control the size of my delimiters manually, i.e. using the \bigl, \Bigl, ... , \Bigr, \bigr commands, instead of \left, \middle, \right. Now I want to ...
11
votes
2answers
250 views

How to color delimiters

I have some special delimiters that I want to add to a glossary, those get hyperlinks and colors etc. However when i want to use those delimiters, using \left, \right and \middle becomes impossible. I ...
11
votes
3answers
167 views

Command delimited by return or blank line

I have this document \documentclass{scrartcl} \long\def\quotenextparagraph#1 {\begin{quote}#1\end{quote}} \begin{document} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod ...
11
votes
1answer
154 views

(Re)definition of commands that use delimiters other than braces (e.g. \underbrace)

How do you go about redefining a command such as \underbrace, which uses an "uncommon" delimiter, i.e. _, between its two arguments, so that the redefined command be usable in exactly the same way as ...
11
votes
1answer
677 views

Correct delimiter height in TikZ

When using the left delimiter and right delimiter options, I am having the problem that their height is not equal to the node they are surrounding. Here is an example: \documentclass{article} ...
11
votes
1answer
339 views

bracket with doubled delimiters

I want to typeset Hilbert-Schmidt-Products as the Liouville-Equivalent of the Hilbert Space Braket, with doubled delimiters, like this: \Lbraket{\rho|\rho} results in <<rho|rho>>. I was ...
11
votes
1answer
217 views

Compatibility between amsmath and exscale

Both the amsmath package and the exscale package define the delimiter macros \big, \Big, \bigg and \Bigg based on the internal macro \bBigg@. However, as the following minimal example reveals the ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Using ] and [ as math symbols, not delimiters

I'm writing some topology up, and I prefer to use the notation ]a,b[ to denote an open interval as opposed to (a,b), since the ( and ) symbols tend to be over used in this subject. Is there a ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Look for a bigger delimiter than \Bigg

\documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \[\left. \begin{vmatrix} a_{11}&a_{12}&a_{13}\\ a_{21}&a_{22}&a_{23}\\ a_{31}&a_{32}&a_{33} ...
10
votes
3answers
269 views

Defining a macro for “real” colored delimiters

I recently looked up J. van Hoorn's question on How to color delimiters in Math Mode, and so I decided to test my LaTeX knowledge by trying to define a new appropriate command: ...
10
votes
2answers
674 views

How can I force \left, \right delimiters to automatically (!) have the same size despite line breaks?

This code \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{align*} \begin{split} z = \left( a + b + c \right. \\ \left. + \frac{d}{e} \right) \end{split} ...
10
votes
2answers
672 views

Is there a command for large middle delimiters consistent with \bigl and \bigr?

After browsing through related threads, I am now of the understanding (please correct me if I am wrong) that the rule of thumb is to use the \bigl,\bigr pair with brackets, parentheses, etc. for ...
10
votes
4answers
561 views

Is there a package for warning about unbalanced delimiters?

I'm copy-editing a rather lengthy set theory book. One thing I'd like to check systematically is whether all left-right unambiguous delimiters (parentheses brackets curly, square and angle) are ...
10
votes
2answers
166 views

Maintainable typesetting of placeholders in code snippets

I'm looking for a maintainable way of typesetting placeholders in code snippets. In my listings, I would like that anything contained between the two delimiters @< and >@ be typeset in ...
10
votes
1answer
342 views

Macro delimiter

I'd like to have a macro to split up another macro content, with field separator being a space. So: \def\mytext{foo bar} \def\secondof#1 #2{#2} \secondof\mytext What? What do you mean: "runaway ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Easily change behavior of \DeclarePairedDelimiter

After seeing the answer to this question I realized that I preferred the way of working of Juan A. Navarro's answer: I.e., \DeclarePairedDelimiter{\parens}{\lparen}{\rparen} from mathtools is a ...
10
votes
1answer
84 views

Scan argument for parentheses

I'd like to define a macro which expands to (#1) if #1 does not contain any parentheses, but expands to \big(#1\big) if it does. I'd choose simplicity over generality: if a solution works in the most ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Cases with square brackets

How can I subdivide in cases with square brackets? I mean I want to write: ⌈ 2_i if ... rank (q, l) = | 2_i + 1 if ... ⌊ .... with square brackets, not ...
9
votes
2answers
185 views

Is it possible to use $ as a macro delimiter?

Experimenting with macro definitions that use strange delimiters (see e.g. this or this question), I thought it would be fun to have a macro that takes an argument of the form "a/b" and turns this ...
9
votes
2answers
324 views

Matching the delimiters \{ and \} in AUCTeX

I'm using AUCTeX and would like the delimiters \{ and \} to be matched. How can I (permanently) achieve matching of these delimiters? The link I provided indicates that I should edit a syntax table, ...
9
votes
1answer
167 views

Is there a package to differently color nested expressions in the output?

Say I have an expressions like $(\sin(x-3(z^{(x-2)^2}))+1)^2$ with many nested expressions. To better visualize this in the output (and to help finding missing delimiters when proof-reading) I'd like ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

In exponents, parenthesis too small, \big too big

When something big (a fraction, a sum, an integral...) appears within a pair of parenthesis, one can typically use \left(...\right) to get delimiters large enough to surround the contents. The ...
8
votes
3answers
382 views

How to make pipe to grow with both sides?

How to make pipe (vertical bar) symbol to grow like in Dirac product notation but without outer angle brackets?
8
votes
1answer
257 views

Expansion of macros and box contents

I don't understand the following behavior. Intro First, here is a simplified version of a macro I am using (which is itself a hacked version of a macro found in gloss.tex). If you have a string ...
8
votes
1answer
572 views

How does TeX decide how to size a middle delimiter?

How does TeX decide how to size a middle delimiter? When I want to show evaluation of limits of an integral, I would type $$\int_1^2 x\; dx=\frac{x^2}{2}|_1^2=4-\frac{1}{2}=\frac{7}{2}.$$ How do I ...
8
votes
3answers
790 views

How do I apply both \mathbf and \left to a \langle?

I want text surrounded by a bold-face \left\langle ... \right\rangle. But when I use \mathbf or \pmb, I get errors, and when I use \bm, it doesn't seem to do anything. Is there a command that does ...
8
votes
1answer
152 views

Adaptively sized delimiters that don't go beyond the size of \bigl and \bigr

I would like adaptively sized delimiters, but only up to \bigl/\bigr-size. That is, there is variation only between ordinary/normal size and one size higher. \documentclass{article} ...
8
votes
2answers
72 views

Creating bullet-list from string with delimiters

I want to create a bullet list from a string with delimiters in it. The delimiter in my example is | Example string: This is|A bullet|List from|A string I want to get that to become a bulletlist ...
8
votes
2answers
184 views

Delimitershortfall in align environment

Can you explain why the \delimitershortfall cannot be modified inside a align environment? This is a MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{equation} ...
8
votes
1answer
74 views

Splitting file into lines and lines into parts

I'm working on a song book using LaTeX. It's early in the project, and the songs aren't all picked out yet, but I thought I'd fix the inner workings of it in the meantime. Since many people will ...
8
votes
3answers
274 views

creating delimiters and inequality signs

I would like to have a delimiter whose upper half is the upper half of the delimiter [ and whose lower half is the lower half of the delimiter ( -- so that it be one continuous line, and also the ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How to typeset a matrix with MathJax?

I need to typeset a matrix with square brackets as delimiters for math.se (I believe they use MathJaX). How would I do that?