{equations} is about the various environments to typeset displaystyle mathematics, e.g. equation and {align}. For general questions about mathematical typesetting use {math-mode}. Both tags are possible on the same question.

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15
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1answer
11k views

Change font size of an align environment

In a document, I'd like to change the font size of a single align environment (not globally throughout the document). What is the proper way to do this? I've been using Preceding paragraph. {\tiny ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Can I insert an image into an equation?

I would like to use a small image in an equation, where a symbol like \alpha might otherwise be. Is there a nice way to do this?
15
votes
1answer
2k views

How to vertically align underbraces

I am trying to balance underbraces in the equation below, how can I ensure that both underbraces at the same depth? \begin{equation} y = \underbrace{ \left [ x^2 + r^2 (a^2+\frac{a^{0.3}}{b}) ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Align Equations Over Multiple Tabular Rows

I'm trying to set up a table with some equations in it, however I would like the equations on multiple rows to be aligned properly. So far I have \begin{tabular}{cc} \hline \multicolumn{1}{l}{Header ...
15
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2answers
20k views

Using “cases” inside “equation” gives error[with “amsmath” loaded]

I'm trying to use the cases environment inside an equation environment. The sample code is quite simple: \begin{equation*} X(\omega) = \begin{cases} 1 \text{se $\omega ...
15
votes
2answers
8k views

Too much space at the top of a beamer block when using multilined math environment

I would like to place two math lines in a beamer block, as two separately centered lines. I know that I could do this using two distinct equation environments, but it would be nicer to use a single ...
15
votes
3answers
7k views

Aligning across 'aligned' equation blocks

I'd like to format two groups of equations such that all their equal signs line up and such that I can put a big brace to the right of each block to annotate that block. The last part is easily ...
14
votes
9answers
841 views

Looking for a more appropriate version of \cases

Often-times I find myself wanting to write something like, That is, a vertical brace followed by a table consisting of three columns, the first and the last are math, aligned where-ever I like, and ...
14
votes
5answers
681 views

How to split a long formula and make it beautiful?

My method: \documentclass[UTF8]{ctexart} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{epstopdf} \usepackage{inputenc} \begin{document} \begin{equation} \begin{split} ...
14
votes
5answers
4k views

Typesetting math: an optimisation problem (cost & constraints)

I really struggle to align a system of equation for an optimisation problem. It was all ok at the beginning until I started adding the constraint. I've got this code so far: \documentclass{article} ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

How to Make Theorems and Equations Share Numbering

How do I make theorems and equations share numbering? The default numbering system goes like this: Theorem 1. Blah blah blah... 1=0+1 (1) Theorem 2. More blahs... Theorem 3. No more ...
14
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2answers
3k views

inserting sentences between subequations

My apologies for asking so many questions here. I want to introduce a sentence in between 2 subequations which is not in math mode. Here is the code that I am using: ...
14
votes
1answer
20k views

Change the type of equation numbering in document class article [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Continuous v. per-chapter/section numbering of figures, tables, and other document elements I have written my thesis in document class 'article' (don't ask me why). Now ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Image next to Equation

I am trying to make my first LaTeX file and have been reading syntax for a bit and have not been able to figure one thing out yet and don't seem to find anything about it online so I thought I might ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I show the equation formula again instead of its number of ref?

I have an equation: \begin{equation}\label{eq:equation} f(x)=x \end{equation} I would like to refer to this equation and show the whole formula again, and not only its number. In other words, I ...
14
votes
2answers
6k views

How can I center text/math inside a list environment?

When using math (display) mode in conjunction with a list environment, the displayed material is not truly centered on the page; it is only centered with respect to the indentation of the item. ...
14
votes
2answers
900 views

Is it possible to have a “real” \belowdisplayshortskip?

I think this is a tough one. Have you ever wondered why TeX sometimes produces vertical spacing around equations that is far from satisfactory? An example: \documentclass{article} ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

What does ampersand equals mean?

On the wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LaTeX, the first example is \begin{align} E &= mc^2 \\ m &= \frac{m_0}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^2}{c^2}}} \end{align} ...
13
votes
2answers
11k views

Linebreak between \left and \right [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to make \left, \right pairs of delimiter work over multiple lines? I would like to type something like this: \begin{equation} \begin{split} \left( ba ba ba ...
13
votes
3answers
12k views

How to provide a definition for symbols in a LaTeX math equation?

Say I have an equation: x = R + E What's the best way to provide a definition for R and E? Is there a way to include a line under the equation saying what the variables mean (i.e. a "where" ...
13
votes
3answers
350 views

Question about the use of cleveref's \Crefrangeformat

I am trying to use the package cleveref to reference to a range of equations. I'd like to have the following result in the text: Eqs. (1)-(5) I want to be able to define the format once, using ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

\mathrm{} or \mbox{}? What is the convention when writing a equation?

When writing a equation, sometimes we need write letters non-italic. For example, let A be a matrix and its transpose should be A^{\mathrm{T}} instead of A^T. In addition, if a letter does not ...
13
votes
2answers
15k views

Use of \small in the equation environment

My equations are a little too large for the normal eqnarray environment, so I've been using the \small delimiters around the \begin{eqnarray} ... \end{eqnarray}. Unfortunately, this causes the the ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I obtain multline-type alignment within a group of equations?

I want to achieve something like the following (for now achieved using Microsoft Paint): That is, I want to group a number of multi-line equations within a single equation-type environment (i.e. ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

How to move the equation numbers to bottom lines?

\documentclass[preview,border=12pt,varwidth]{standalone} \usepackage[a4paper,margin=1cm]{geometry} \usepackage{mathtools} \begin{document} \abovedisplayskip=0pt\relax \begin{align} ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

Using braces to label parts of an equation

Given an equation, say Bayes' rule, $P(X \mid O) \propto P(X)P(O \mid X)$ how do I label the different parts of the equation using curly braces?
13
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2answers
2k views

Displaystyle fractions in a system of equations

I'm trying to define an environment to use with equations' systems. So far, the best solution was \newenironment{eqsys}{\begin{equation}\begin{cases}}{\end{cases}\end{equation}} but I noticed that ...
13
votes
1answer
6k views

How can I position equation numbers always to the left side?

Equations and amsmath environments put equation numbers to the right side by default, the output of \begin{multline} some equation \end{multline} is: equation (number) How can I change it this ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Two-Headed Arrow Over Formula

I have a quantified formula. I want to show what happens when the order of quantifiers is reversed. To do this, I like to use a two-headed arrow over the formula, like this: Is it possible? I don't ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Custom pagebreak in align equation

I got the following problem: Right now I am checking my equations, which are usually written in align. This looks great in most of the cases, but sometimes the pagebreaks are weird, ie there is a lot ...
13
votes
1answer
319 views

Equations with comment bubbles

Is it possible to have write equations accompanied with explanatory bubbles and comments? I am familiar with underbracket, overbracket, underbrace and overbrace but I have terms close together and I ...
13
votes
1answer
7k views

How can I have a bigger integral (\int) delimiter?

I'm writing some integrals and I don't like the way the \int symbol is displayed when it is followed by a big delimiter. Here's the code: \[ \int_S\biggl(\nabla\times\bar B - \mu_0\bar J - ...
13
votes
1answer
146 views

How can we detect that we are right after display math mode? (for vertical spacing)

I need a "\smartmedskip" feature/macro in plain TeX which is in usual identical to \medskip, however, if we are right after display math mode, then it should be just "disabled", i.e. it should then ...
13
votes
2answers
13k views

Multiple subequation labels in one \ref

I'm trying to write a macro that puts subequations' labels in parentheses in a compact form. For example, if I have \begin{subequations} \begin{align} y - ax &= b \label{subeq1}\\ x^2 + ...
13
votes
2answers
466 views

Which packages/practices are relevant for writing Structured Derivations? (similar to Dijkstra's calculational style of proofs)

Does anyone know of any packages that support this style of writing proofs? The only things that I've found are: tex-ewd, a bunch of plain TeX macros on CTAN written specifically with Dijkstra in ...
13
votes
1answer
917 views

Center over-long equations between both margins

I understand the reasoning behind the fairly narrow textwidth in a default LaTeX article. 60-80 characters per line and all that. However, I am preparing a document that features many lengthy ...
13
votes
1answer
782 views

Put equation numbers in the sidemargin with Tufte-Latex class

In Tufte-Latex all captions etc. are in the side margin. I want to put the equation numbers there as well. Is it possible to do this?
12
votes
3answers
19k views

Make equations large

I'm including some equations in my document, but want them to appear very large. I have them in display mode, as opposed to inline mode, but can't seem to find any way to make them larger. I've tried ...
12
votes
3answers
21k views

Two sets of aligned equations in two columns?

Say I have a set of equations: (1) \begin{align} wx&=u\\ wy&=v\\ w&=10 \end{align} (2) \begin{align} x&=u/w\\ y&=v/w\\ \end{align} How can I do the following: put (1) and ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Help me to write Long LaTeX equations fast with colours and possibly with other aids

I am too slow LaTeX-typist, for example with the equations below I cannot find where I am missing some bracket. Could someone offer me some computational method? I use Vim but I am happy with any ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Why doesn't lineno number a paragraph when it is followed by an “align” equation environment without a space?

lineno skips the line numbering in this case: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{lineno} \linenumbers \begin{document} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing ...
12
votes
2answers
746 views

How to draw a double-ended arrow between the numerator and denominator in a frac inside a sqrt, and an arrow labeled by an otimes pointing to that?

Here's what I have, and I've hand drawn what I seeking: I'm after (a) a double-ended arrow with the two ends pointing to the numerator and denominator of a fraction under a square root, and (b) an ...
12
votes
3answers
11k views

Curly brace behind equations

I have the following question: I like to have a big curly brace behind the equations to show that they belong together and have only one equation number. An example without the brace would be ...
12
votes
2answers
385 views

diagonal text in math mode w/ vertical equality

The goal is a code where one can label elements in math mode in the following way: without having to manually position each letter of each word as a node in tikz. Preferably, other than the stacks ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Aligning plain `align` and `cases`?

The cases environment works very well for enumerating cases within a large left bracket. I'd like to be able to combine it with the align environment so that equals-signs and conditions also line up: ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I produce Theorems and equations which are numbered by hand?

I'd like to be able to write a LaTex document with numbered theorems and equations, but I would like not to have them numbered automatically, but rather put in by hand. Ideally, I'd like to be able ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

How to draw the calculation of a determinant?

I'm trying to reproduce the following calculation of a determinant in latex: Any ideas? I thought of using the tabular environment but unfortunately I'm not able to align the "=" correctly.
12
votes
3answers
5k views

Big forward slash in math

I have a equation in from of a=VERYBIGSTUFF / VERYBIGSTUFF And I would like to have a "verybig" forward slash in the middle of them. I dont like \frac mode, as I would like to have them ...
12
votes
3answers
829 views

Replace the `$$ … $$` macro with the `\[ … \]` macros? - Prefer the way LaTeX lays it out, but `$` are faster to write

Is there a way to replace the $$ ... $$ macro with the \[ ... \] macros? (and replace inline mathmode as well) I realised the only way I can write the \sum_{i=1}^{10} t_i is between the \[ ... \] ...
12
votes
2answers
320 views

TikZ figure inside equation?

I was wondering if it is possible to have a TikZ graphic inside an equation, to produce something similar to