{floats} is about the floating environments figure, table and other, custom-defined floats, and concerns issues such as positioning, labelling, captioning, indexing and listing of said floats. For questions specifically about formatting a float caption, consider using {captions}.

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396
votes
2answers
193k views

How to influence the position of float environments like figure and table in LaTeX?

How to influence the position of float environments like figure and table in LaTeX? This is a general question and should collect useful answers for all users. I hope we can use this as a reference
222
votes
2answers
427k views

Force figure placement in text

I have a problem when a lot of figures are in question. Some figures tend to "fly around", that is, be a paragraph below, although I placed them before that paragraph. I use code: \begin{figure}[ht] ...
196
votes
2answers
67k views

Should I use center or centering for figures and tables?

What is the correct way to center figures and tables (figure, table)? \begin{center} ... \end{center} or \begin{centering} ... \end{centering}
183
votes
9answers
148k views

Keeping tables/figures close to where they are mentioned

Is there any package or a method to force LaTeX to keep floating environments like table and figure closer to where they are declared?
115
votes
4answers
437k views

LaTeX figures side by side [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Two figures side by side I want to place 2 images side by side in LaTeX. I have 2 .png files and I don't understand how to do it in LaTeX. I have tried many ways but could ...
114
votes
2answers
58k views

Continuous v. per-chapter/section numbering of figures, tables, and other document elements

Some document elements (e.g., figures in the book class) are numbered per chapter (figure 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, ...). How can I achieve continuous numbering (figure 1, 2, 3, ...)? And vice versa: Some ...
111
votes
11answers
92k views

Using \footnote in a figure's \caption

Maybe this is an easy one, but I struggled with this now too long :) I want to have a footnote in a caption of a figure, see the example. \begin{figure}[!ht] \caption{a figure ...
110
votes
3answers
38k views

How do I ensure that figures appear in the section they're associated with?

Often floats may land quite a bit later in the document than the point they are created, sometimes after a section break. Is there a way to force a new section to start on a new page, after any ...
102
votes
3answers
45k views

Center figure that is wider than \textwidth

I have a figure that is wider than the \textwidth of my document. (I don't want to change the \textwidth.) As a result, the leftmost part of the figure is flush with the left margin, while the ...
101
votes
3answers
36k views

subcaption vs. subfig: Best package for referencing a subfigure

On this question, a comment by Martin H says: that one should forget about the subfigure and subfig packages and use subcaption. As subfig replaces subfigure, no argument there. I am currently using ...
85
votes
1answer
7k views

How to include a picture over two pages, left part on left side, right on right (for books)?

When writing a long book (from 300 to over a 1000 pages), there is often need to include large pictures and one wishes to have them displayed over two pages, left half on the left page, right half on ...
83
votes
5answers
41k views

Why should a table caption be placed above the table?

In the papers I read the caption in figure floats is placed below the figure and in table floats the caption is placed above the table. I recognize that this is a common style that a lot of people ...
77
votes
2answers
118k views

Changing the font size in a table

What's the recommend way of changing the font size in a particular table? Is there a better way than enclosing all values with, for example, the \tiny function.
73
votes
7answers
65k views

Custom margin settings for figure in LaTeX [duplicate]

I have a fairly large figure in a LaTeX document. This figure is too large for the left and right margin of the document. This results in the figure being placed flush with the left margin, and way ...
67
votes
4answers
44k views

Too many unprocessed floats

I'm trying to a large number of figures. The code is \begin{figure} \includegraphics[scale=0.5]{m2T4.pdf} \caption{M2T, Problem Size 513} \end{figure} I'm not able to compile, I get the error ! ...
63
votes
4answers
56k views

Two figures side by side

How can I put two figures side-by-side? Not two sub-figures, but two actual figures with separate "Fig.: bla bla" captions. A figure is supposed to spread over the entire text width, but I have two ...
62
votes
1answer
86k views

Why is \newpage ignored sometimes ?

I have the following towards the end of an article. The bibliography is short (4 entries). What's happening is that on the very last page of document I get the chart and immediately afterwards the ...
62
votes
3answers
30k views

What is the correct way to center a \tikzpicture? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Should I use center or centering for figures and tables? What is the correct way to cause a \tikzpicture to be centered? By default it appears to be aligned with the ...
60
votes
3answers
99k views

What does [t] and [ht] mean?

I would appreciate if someone could tell me difference between [t] and [ht] in the following example? I don't see a difference in the output pdf file. \begin{figure}[ht] ... \end{figure} and ...
55
votes
2answers
22k views

Clearpage without pagebreak?

Is there a command which does the same like \clearpage (typesetting all floats which have not been typeset yet) but then does not insert a pagebreak but continues with the following text/graphics on ...
55
votes
3answers
63k views

Change caption name of figures

How can I modify the caption name of a figure? For example I have \caption{This is a figure.} and by default the caption appears as Figure 1: This is a figure. However I want Fig.1 - This ...
55
votes
6answers
48k views

How can I get the figures not to be pushed to the end of the document?

For some reason, my figures get pushed to the end of the document. I tried begin{figure}[t], [h] and other options, but none helped. Any ideas how to get the figures to appear much earlier in the ...
54
votes
1answer
23k views

Captions for figures in \listoffigures

When I use \listoftables and \listoffigures I get in the list long captions that appear next to the tables/figures. I would like to use short captions for this list which summarize these captions. Is ...
51
votes
3answers
149k views

How to use the placement options [t], [h] with figures? [duplicate]

I want to control the placement of figures. The paper that I am currently writing contains a lot of figures, resulting in some figures ending up in the bibliography section. Therefore I want to ...
49
votes
2answers
61k views

Table and figure side-by-side with independent captions

Looking to put a table and a figure side by side so that the table and figure have their own captions. A crude sketch ------------ ----------------- TABLE | a | b | ...
49
votes
1answer
2k views

Unusual graphics and caption placement

Here is a picture from an Oxford University Press publication, showing two images a small one at the left and a larger one at the right. The unusual part is that the caption of the right image is also ...
47
votes
4answers
123k views

Force LaTeX image to appear in the section in which it's declared [duplicate]

Possible Duplicates: How do I ensure that figures appear in the section they're associated with? Keeping tables/figures close to where they are mentioned How can I force an image in a ...
47
votes
1answer
44k views

How to change the spacing between figures/tables and text?

I was wondering if there is any way to lessen the spaces between figures and text. In my paper I have a lot of figures (graphics) and it is inconvenient for me to have default (large) spaces between ...
45
votes
1answer
42k views

`h' float specifier changed to `ht' warning when not attempting to specify a float

I'm new to LaTeX and trying to understand the reason why I'm getting the warning: `h' float specifier changed to `ht' I'm not attempting to change the float property of anything - the warning is ...
43
votes
2answers
31k views

How to make a figure span on two columns in a scientific paper?

If I just try to set the figure's size to 0.9\textwidth my figure will just end up on the right column, sized to be two-columns wide. Has anyone done this before?
40
votes
1answer
115k views

Displaying a wide figure in a two-column document [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to make a figure span on two columns in a scientific paper? It's my first time working with a two-column document (declared as an argument to \documentclass) and I ...
38
votes
2answers
121k views

How to fix table position

Table does not show up at the same position it was inserted in the TeX file. I got the understanding through bit of reading on this forum that they are floats and they pick the best place on the ...
37
votes
2answers
120k views

How to use figure inside a minipage?

I'm trying to include an image, and keep it centered, and prevent from wrapping from the next page. The following code works for that: \begin{minipage}{\textwidth} \begin{center} Caption ...
36
votes
2answers
28k views

multicol and figures

I have a two column document (using multicol) and want to insert figures so that they do NOT span columns. I have searched around and the only thing I can find says that only figure* is supported ...
35
votes
4answers
52k views

Reduce space between enumerated items

Background A book with lots of images. All of the images are set to "here definitely" (as they must come after the text that introduces them). Problem The list types (enumerated and bullet) have ...
35
votes
4answers
75k views

Placing figures inside a two-column document

I'm trying to get images in my document in two different ways: On top of the entire page, centered On top of a single column I tried it with both twocols and multicols. I ruled out twocols because ...
32
votes
4answers
599 views

Where do I place floats in the source?

I realize that this is an embarrassing simple question. Shall I put the floats, e.g. \begin{figure} . . \end{figure} in the source immediately after first reference? or wait until the end of the ...
32
votes
2answers
30k views

How to place a table on a new page with landscape orientation without clearing the current page?

I'd like to place a table on a new page with landscape orientation. To do so, I use \usepackage{pdflscape} ... \pagestyle{empty} \begin{landscape} \begin{table}[htbp] \begin{center} ...
30
votes
2answers
27k views

How can I modify vertical space between figure and caption?

\documentclass{article} \usepackage[draft]{graphicx} \begin{document} \begin{figure} \centering \setlength\fboxsep{124pt} \setlength\fboxrule{1pt} \fbox{\includegraphics{dummy}} \caption{Dummy ...
30
votes
2answers
102k views

Insert multiple figures in Latex

I need to insert 10 figures (in two columns- side by side) in LaTeX that will have one global caption, but also I need to name each figure (1a, 1b, 1c, ... ect.). So they will look like: 1a ...
29
votes
4answers
43k views

Remove space after figure and before text

I have a figure in my paper (I am using IEEEtran package). After this figure there exists a space between the figure and the text. How can I reduce the size of this white space. To be specific the ...
28
votes
2answers
18k views

Beamer Presentation: Figure has no number?

I am giving a presentation and therefore I am using the beamer class. I have included some figures and it works, but there is no number after "Figure". My code: \documentclass{beamer} ...
28
votes
3answers
5k views

Tables below footnotes, is this a good output routine algorithm or a bug?

Consider the minimal code below, which produces two different layouts depending on the table position marks. The first layout uses \begin{table} which results in the table ending below the ...
28
votes
2answers
46k views

How to force table caption on top?

I have a table which works ok...as per example below. But in the thesis, the right column is centered and caption forced to below table. Is there a way I can make it look like? ...
28
votes
2answers
267 views

Overlapping figures on underfull page

The following example gives me overlapping figures (figures overlapping themselves and figures overlapping the text) as can be seen in the image below. I can work around this if I change the ...
28
votes
3answers
16k views

Avoid page breaks in \lstlistings

I'm trying to avoid page breaks in my lstlisting (seen in section 0.0.2) I know I can remedy this by floating my lstlisting, but it adds some unwanted white space (seen in section 0.0.1). Is ...
28
votes
2answers
26k views

subfigure and subfig packages deprecated

I was using the subfigure package to align multiple small images in a document. However, WikiBooks states that "the subfigure and subfig packages are deprecated and shouldn't be used any more" ...
28
votes
2answers
12k views

What is the difference between \subfigure and \subfloat?

I've been just reading through this Latex wikibook and I spotted they advocate use of \subfloat in figures. I've always used \subfigure. What is the difference?
27
votes
2answers
35k views

How can I reduce padding after figure?

\documentclass{mwrep} \usepackage[draft]{graphicx} \usepackage{hyperref} \usepackage[all]{hypcap} \makeatletter \g@addto@macro\@floatboxreset\centering \makeatother I use figures with captions. ...
27
votes
3answers
38k views

Change figure numbering for appendix

I want to the figure counting in my document when the appendix starts, and follow a different pattern than 1, 2, 3... Specifically, I want figures in the appendix to start with A.1 onward, instead of ...