{languages} is about the specifics of using languages in (La)TeX documents, e.g. about switching {naming} and {hyphenation} patterns when typesetting multilingual documents. Popular packages are {babel} and {polyglossia}.

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92 views

Vowel Harmony and Reference Numbers

I am preparing a document in Turkish which is an agglutinative language with two dimensional vowel harmony. This means that there are a lot of suffixes and they change form depending on how the word ...
9
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1answer
925 views

Biblatex - using two languages in one reference entry

I'm trying to learn biblatex and have small problem. according of czech style for academic writings, some fields in bibliographic record, like volume, edition or issue, should be in language of source ...
8
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2answers
690 views

Can I write in “begin{}” something in greek?

I want to write in latex a text at which there are some lemmas. So we could use the command \begin{Lemma} ... \end{Lemma} right?? Could we write instead of "Lemma" something in greek?? When ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Printing interlinear translation: how to mix automatically two paragraphs, printing lines alternately

I am writing a document on a foreigh language, say French, and want to put some paragraphs in French with their translation in English. But I would like to print one line in French, the corresponding ...
8
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3answers
708 views

Korean characters scrambled [XeLaTeX; Noto Sans Korean]?

I was trying to find a font which has obsolete jamo and the right combining behaviour. Yesterday I found out about Noto Sans, which seems to have both of these. However, when I use it in XeTeX, I get ...
8
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2answers
111 views

Latin text not hyphenated at all with LuaLaTeX and polyglossia

I recently noticed that there are numerous under- and overfull hboxes in the document I'm working on. Further inspection revealed that such problems almost always arose when there was Latin text ...
8
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2answers
273 views

Polish, Russian and Greek in one file

Is there any way to use these three languages in one file? I've been trying to do this for several hours, and all I got are some cryptic errors. Could you provide me with a simplest possible working ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Problem with using quotations in German document [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Quotation with double quote and O results in Ö I want to write a document in German. For it I write in the preamble: \usepackage[german]{babel} ...
8
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2answers
574 views

Semantic TeX - where are we heading?

(Update: I learned that this kind of open question is not supposed to be asked here at tex.stackexchange.com, so I will refrain from furthering the discussion here and invite contributions instead via ...
8
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3answers
3k views

natbib in a different language?

I like using natbib for my author-year-style citations, but since I mainly write in swedish it would be nice if mine bibliography would be in swedish as well. Can natbib be persuaded to speak in ...
8
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1answer
3k views

Abstracts in different languages on the same page

How to place 3 abstracts (English, French and Arabic) on on the same page? I tried to put them in a single page, but it does not work : \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{report} ...
8
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1answer
333 views

Language-specific removal of diacritics from text and bibliography

I am using XeLaTeX and BibLateX to write papers in the humanities. I routinely use transcriptions of Chinese (pinyin), Korean (McCune-Reischauer), Japanese (Hepburn), Manchu (Norman) etc. In addition, ...
8
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1answer
2k views

IEEEtran bibliography — “germanify” it

For a paper at university we have to use the IEEE style -- which can be done using IEEEtran LaTeX file. What we also have to take care of, though, is that the bibliography is German as well. Using ...
8
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3answers
1k views

How to hyphenate Portuguese in plain TeX?

I'd like to use plain TeX in Portuguese, but I don't know how to hyphenate in this language, or in any other language than English. What do I have to do?
8
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2answers
478 views

Tajik language in LaTeX

My question is about adding a new language into LaTeX: the Tajik language. There is Russian language support in LaTeX and Russian is written using a modified version of the Cyrillic alphabet. Tajik ...
8
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1answer
1k views

What's the difference between \usepackage{ngerman} and \usepackage[ngerman]{babel}

Is there something additional that \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} does that a simple \usepackage{ngerman} won't be able to do?
8
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1answer
677 views

Changing the format of ordinal numbers (\the…) and related strings

I develop a package that improves LaTeX support for the Latvian language. One of the things I have here is different style used for things like Chapter 1, Theorem 1.1 etc. First, the phrase is written ...
8
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1answer
2k views

Effect of the definition of a language for \documentclass

What exactly does \documentclass[american]{article} do with the definition of a language and in what case is it useful to define a language? What is the difference to ...
8
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1answer
977 views

How to localize label using algorithm and algorithmic packages

I am writing a paper in Italian and I need to include pseudo code in my latex document so I am currently using the algorithm and algorithmic packages. At the top of every algorithm the label Algorithm ...
8
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3answers
918 views

Listing language for “screen session”

I am writing a set of tutorial documents on some command-line based tools. This tutorials need to show a "screen session". Something along the lines of: $ git status # on branch "master" I want to ...
8
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1answer
250 views

Bibtex link word “AND” with different translations in a single bibliography

In a thesis, I refer to english publications and some old publications written in french or german. So in my text I have that kind of references: [Billy and John], [Pierre and Paul], [Helmut and ...
8
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1answer
480 views

Malayalam package

Sorry if I am repeating, but I do not seem to see my post here. Does anybody know of a Malayalam language package. I am working on a Mac running Leopard.
7
votes
3answers
362 views

XeLaTeX: How to specify a different font family for Latin text within non-Latin text?

In a XeLaTeX document whose main language is non-Latin (in the sense of using non-Latin alphabet), I'd like the Latin text to be typeset with a different font family from that of the main text. How do ...
7
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3answers
520 views

TOC in double language

For my thesis, I have to write the table of contents in two different languages.. (don't ask me why...). Is there a way to do it?
7
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3answers
186 views

How can I display the possible hyphenation points for words in a language other than US English?

This is a follow-up to tohecz's question, which I'm asking at the suggestion of Mico. The original question asks how to discover the hyphenation points for particular words, and the answers explain ...
7
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2answers
311 views

Brazil Language problem in the TikZ diagram

I have a problem with TikZ diagram, I don't get to make the diagram with babel under the brazil language. I used the code with french and everything is OK! \documentclass[a4paper,12pt, ...
7
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1answer
513 views

Is there any support for Esperanto in LaTeX?

Is Esperanto supported by LaTeX? And, if so, are there any required packages?
7
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1answer
197 views

How can I retrieve (and conditionally act on) the language of my document?

I have a collection of documents that share a common style file that has all the functions and templating shared by this particular collection. The majority of these are all in the same language, but ...
7
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1answer
679 views

How to specify the caption names in bilingual captions without babel or polyglossia?

I use Axel Sommerfeldt's bicaption package to setup bilingual captions. bicaption needs babel's \selectlanguage to set the different caption names for different languages. However, I cannot use the ...
7
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2answers
204 views

TeX question: how to switch between languages?

I am using TeX, with the macro package AmS-TeX. I'd like to use it with the Italian language, so that words are hyphenated the right way (e.g. the Italian word 'distante' should be broken as ...
7
votes
1answer
210 views

translated from <language> by <translator> in biblatex

I could not find a biblatex style showing the language of a reference from which it is translated when the translator field is used even though the fields language and orilanguage are correctly ...
7
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2answers
3k views

\usepackage[turkish]{babel} and \includegraphics inconcistency

Here is my document : \documentclass[12pt]{book} % must-have packages \usepackage[turkish]{babel} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} % This package will support Turkish chars % must-have packages ...
7
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1answer
191 views

Print localization strings in biblatex

I want to print all the localization strings in biblatex for a language, so I can review them in an easier way than looking at the code. How can I achieve this?
7
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740 views

Using mathspec’s \setallmainfonts with Russian in polyglossia causes hang during compilation

I’ve just run into a problem with the combination of mathspec’s \setallmainfonts command and polyglossia with language set to Russian. I’m using MiKTeX 2.9 and compiling with XeLaTeX and when I use ...
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2answers
80 views

French equation numbering using bis, ter, etc

As a corollary to my other Question "French section numbering using bis, ter, etc", I am looking for a way to number equations by appending "bis," "ter," and other latin suffixes after the equation ...
7
votes
3answers
278 views

Non-English in-text citation

I have changed the language setting in my lyx document to Danish but my in-text citations still read e.g. (Jones and Jones, 2013) and not (Jones og Jones, 2013) which would be the Danish equivalent. ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Custom hyphenation for different languages in XeTeX

When I define custom hyphenation with \hyphenation in XeTeX, it seems to only work for the main body of the text, but not for the bits inside \text<language> (as in \textgerman) environments. I ...
7
votes
1answer
947 views

TeX capacity exceeded with multiple font encodings

I work in humanities, so please forgive my lack of competence and the weirdness of my computing needs. Is there a way to make this work? I need to use three (for starters) languages in the same ...
7
votes
1answer
931 views

Spanish Glossary

I want to create a glossary and to name it "Glosario" (Spanish), but despite my attempts it continues to print "Glossary". MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{hyperref} ...
7
votes
1answer
178 views

Combining mark over ligature (Devanagari)

I want to typeset the combination m̐llo in Devanagari with XeLaTeX. When I use the correct Unicode ल्ँलो, there is no ligature of the ls. When I place the candrabindu on the ligature the o is not ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Mixing latin and cyrillic characters

I have an idea of how to mix those, but failed to find out which fontenc encoding to use for Central European characters. \documentclass{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} ...
7
votes
2answers
630 views

Using the glossaries package in other languages.

I have just started using the glossaries package, and as I'm writing my documents in icelandic I run into a certain problem. The glossaries package assumes the words are in two forms, singular or ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

How to write Persian/Arabic text in a LaTeX document which is mainly written in English?

Actually, I want to add some sentences in Arabic script inside my PhD thesis. Will it be possible just by adding some \usepackage statement in the preamble or need more than this? This is a bit tricky ...
7
votes
1answer
156 views

Weird break before English language citation

I'm using LyX to write my thesis I've encountering this weird problem. When in-paragraph citations are formatted as English in my Danish document (which I do to get the spell checker working for ...
7
votes
0answers
414 views

Myanmar (Burmese) line breaking with XeLaTeX

I am having trouble getting Myanmar text to break at the end of lines properly. The previous question How do I wrap text that doesn't use SPACE character to segment word would appear to solve my ...
6
votes
3answers
548 views

Type several columns using right-to-left language

I want type Farsi (this language is right-to-left) in several columns. How do I start the contents from the first column to the right?
6
votes
4answers
650 views

How to prevent LaTeX from turning "a to an umlaut in German?

I want to input a string "a" in a LaTeX document using German (\documentclass[ngerman]{article}), but I do not want "a to be turned into ä; what can I do? (I know \verb works; are there any other ...
6
votes
4answers
614 views

Renewcommand labelitem doesn't work with multiple languages

I'm having troubles with the bullets for itemize. I need to have one part of my document in English and one part in French. Therefore I use: \usepackage[english,french]{babel} then in my document I ...
6
votes
2answers
254 views

IfLanguageName versus iflanguage

The babel package recommends using the command IfLanguageName of the iflang package to test for a language. It is explained that the command iflanguage is too coarse, because it is only based on the ...
6
votes
1answer
419 views

Latex in Turkish

I wish to create an article in Turkish in Latex. I want chapters, table of contents etc to appear in Turkish. For example when I write this, \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article} \begin{document} ...