{latex-kernel} is about the inner workings of the LaTeX kernel. Do not use this tag for general questions about LaTeX or {macros}.

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16
votes
4answers
935 views

Understanding a \@for loop

I'm having trouble with a \@for loop. I've got a macro that takes a comma delimited list and puts each element into a row of an array. When I do this using a \@for loop, I get an extra row that I ...
23
votes
1answer
2k views

Check if next char is {

Using \@ifnextchar one can detect if e.g. the next Character is a [, e.g.: \@ifnextchar[% { %% code to execute if [ scanned. }{ %% code to execute if [ scanned. } However, I can’t seem to ...
14
votes
1answer
614 views

What is a BANG float?

This question follows up on What is the exact purpose of \ftype@<TYPE>?. The LaTeX kernel source refers to a BANG float in the ltoutput.dtx, but there is no explanation for it. Anybody knows ...
17
votes
3answers
558 views

What is the exact purpose of \ftype@<TYPE>?

I currently working on some float related code an saw that the standard float environments figure and table define (beside others) the macros \def\ftype@figure{1} and \def\ftype@table{2}. The LaTeX ...
16
votes
3answers
545 views

What's the use of the @compatibility condition?

All of the standard LaTeX document classes (article, book and report) declare some basic functionality and parameters based on the condition @compatibility. Here's an extract from from article.cls ...
23
votes
1answer
807 views

What does \@let@token do?

In source2e.pdf I've seen \@let@token used in several places, for example in the definition of \@ifnextchar: \long\def\@ifnextchar#1#2#3{% \let\reserved@d=#1% \def\reserved@a{#2}% ...
23
votes
2answers
460 views

How can I detect if I'm inside or outside of a float environment?

I am trying to detect whether I am inside or outside a float. I know the way how caption works. It uses the internal \@captype. But in the example below you see that this test failed by using ...
16
votes
1answer
556 views

What exactly does \@doendpe do?

Quoting from the LaTeX2e sources: [\@endparenv, \@doendpe] To suppress the paragraph indentation in text immediately following a paragraph-making environment, \everypar is changed to remove ...
7
votes
2answers
690 views

Where can I find an online manual for low-level LaTeX commands?

Is there an online manual for low-level LaTeX commands I can download? I am looking for something which would have, for example: \newif\ifportrait \newif\ifcustomsize \newif\ifdebug \makeatletter ...
33
votes
4answers
2k views

What do \@firstoftwo and \@secondoftwo do?

The LaTeX kernel uses these two all over the place. For example, apparently the correct way of defining something like \ifeq{\macro 1}{\macro 2}{true}{false} is (note Martin's response: each case ...
10
votes
1answer
328 views

When is \if@nobreak set to \iftrue or \iffalse?

In my answer to a question on page breaking, I used a private switch that the user had to set by hand to prevent tables which start just after a section from breaking (at the first line). It seems ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the default \parskip in memoir?

Everywhere the usual word is that it is 0. But that is clearly wrong, it is 0 + some rubber length. But how is that rubber length defined? In my search I found the following definition in the memoir ...
19
votes
1answer
562 views

Why \( and \) were not defined as robust commands in the first place?

I am aware of the difference between using \(...\) and $...$ (in moving arguments, for example), and yes, I've read the answers to this question: Are \( and \) preferable to $?). I also know the ...
13
votes
2answers
583 views

Is there a list of general use LaTeX kernel macros?

Here are a few cases in which one could use such a list: Is there a "prepend" version of \g@addto@macro? A "local" version? What's the most efficient way of gobbling n characters? Can I use LaTeX's ...
41
votes
1answer
2k views

An explanation of LaTeX's output routine

Is there a good reference for LaTeX's output routine? The documented source is confused and confusing. The authors seem confused as to why parts are the way they are and wonder if maybe things should ...
7
votes
2answers
976 views

Equation environment definition

Where is the full definition of the equation environment? I cannot find it in the .cls files. Is this in latex.ltx? Or something?
25
votes
3answers
533 views

Saving a 100 tokens worth, is it worth it?

The LaTeX kernel defines a number of tokens that are used throughout the LaTeX source and the standard LaTeX classes. For example: \def\hb@xt@{\hbox to} This particular one is commented as: ...
18
votes
4answers
692 views

How exactly does \def\p@figure{Figure~} work?

I took this line from my thesis style and added it into my document (preceded by \makeatletter) and what it does that whenever I used \ref{figureid} instead of putting just the figure number, it puts ...
53
votes
2answers
3k views

Documentation reference for LaTeX internal commands?

This question led to a new package: macros2e Is there a place where I can find a reference of LaTeX internal commands? For example, just a few months ago I saw an answer using \@for and today I ...
15
votes
1answer
456 views

Are there guidelines on how to read commented sources of LaTeX packages?

I'm trying to read source2e.pdf (texdoc source2e on the command line), but I'm stumped. It seems a rather mysterious tome to me. As I understand from this answer about what arguments a command ...
27
votes
6answers
3k views

Where can I find help files or documentation for commands like \@startsection for LaTeX?

I can't find official documentation for the \@startsection command. I already looked in: LaTeX Wikibook LaTeX: Structured document for TEX, 2008 beginLatex — a book that comes with ProTeX in the ...