{line-breaking} is about how (La)TeX breaks paragraphs into lines and how those breaks can be influenced.

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131
votes
1answer
35k views

Manual/automatic line breaks and text alignment in TikZ nodes

How can I insert a line break in a TikZ node? Simply putting \\ where I want the break doesn't work (see MWE). Is there a way to make lines break automatically at some specified width? And can I ...
95
votes
2answers
29k views

When to use \par and when \\

What is the difference between \par and \\ and when should I use \par instead of \\?
112
votes
11answers
60k views

Forcing linebreaks in \url

I wish to typeset some relatively long URLs in a piece of text, and when I use \url{..}, the resulting text does not respect the margin boundaries that govern the main text body, instead going all the ...
335
votes
16answers
274k views

How to add a forced line break inside a table cell

I have some text in a table and I want to add a forced line break. I want to insert a forced line break without having to specify the column width, i.e. something like the following: ...
114
votes
5answers
249k views

How can I split an equation over two lines

I am having the following equation: \begin{equation} Q(\lambda,\hat{\lambda}) = -\frac{1}{2} P(O \mid \lambda ) \sum_s \sum_m \sum_t \gamma_m^{(s)} (t) \left( n \log(2 \pi ) + \log \left| C_m^{(s)} ...
100
votes
3answers
56k views

What are underfull hboxes and vboxes and how can I get rid of them?

Often, TeX outputs underfull hbox and vbox warnings when running and in the generated log file. What are these and how can I get rid of them?
79
votes
6answers
35k views

How can I write multiple lines in a subscript?

Is there a way to force a line break inside a math mode text? My example: \[ \underbrace{....}_\text{Some long text that should be multiline} \] Trying \text{Some long text that\\ should be ...
63
votes
4answers
26k views

Allowing line break at ',' in inline math mode?

In the inline math mode ($...$), if the formula is too long, LaTeX will try to break it on operators, e.g. very long text followed by a very long equation like $a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+i+j+k+l$ etc may be ...
96
votes
2answers
53k views

What does “overfull hbox” mean?

I often see output from TeX with the warning overfull hbox, badness 10000. What does this message mean?
102
votes
5answers
253k views

How to break a long equation? [duplicate]

I have a long equation but long enough to occupy two lines. I want to break it to improve readability. How can I break it? \begin{equation} F = \{F_{x} \in F_{c} : (|S| > |C|) \cap (minPixels ...
34
votes
4answers
23k views

Verbatim environment that can break too long lines?

I want to generate a PDF of user-submitted text using LaTeX. To handle crazy user input, I first thought about using the verbatim package, but of course it doesn't break up too long lines. Is there ...
19
votes
5answers
2k views

Wrapping long lines that contain no spaces

I need to format extremely long strings of text. I would like to be able to specify their width, and have them wrap, with or without some special symbol to indicate that the line is wrapped. The ...
23
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the meaning of \fussy, \sloppy, \emergencystretch, \tolerance, \hbadness?

There are many way to influence line breaking, and avoiding overfulls on long unbreakable pieces of text. I'm puzzled. We are told that using \sloppy document-wide is not good , that an alternative ...
75
votes
6answers
33k views

Prevent LaTeX to break an inline math equation

I hope this question was not asked before. At least I haven't found it. I have an inline math equation and LaTeX is breaking it into two parts. In this case I'd prefer to have the whole and short ...
42
votes
4answers
26k views

How to get long \texttt sections to break

I often format path names with \texttt which can be very long. Usually Tex will not break this text. The line will just create a hbox overflow. It looks like this: ................ ...C:\documents ...
30
votes
2answers
16k views

Line breaking of URLs in bibliographies

I have a problem with the line break of an URL. The URL can´t break correct and extends into the border. I´ve tried some things. Amongst others I loaded the package breakurl, but without any success. ...
54
votes
5answers
77k views

How to break a line in a table [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to add a forced line break inside a table cell In a table I would like to have a line break in the text inside a cell. Is there an easy way to do so, or do I have to ...
18
votes
1answer
5k views

Verbatim environment and line-breaking

I've been wondering about how to display simple codes. I used verbatim and then found the fancyvrb package which added a lot of nice little features, but then I inserted some code with a long line and ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Rounded box around placeholder text that supports line breaking

I want to draw a rounded box around a piece of text like that: The left and right borders should be half circles and line breaking should be supported. This my code so far: \setuppapersize[A7] ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

“Allowing line break at ',' in inline math mode” breaks citations

In answering another question allowing line break at ',' in inline math mode, Stefan Kottwitz suggested two excellent ways to allow line breaks in inline math mode after ,. One way was to use the ...
88
votes
1answer
48k views

What is the difference between \newline and \\?

As far as I know, \\ and \newline both insert a new line. But they do not have an identical expansion and tracing shows they do not execute the same commands, so what is their difference?
25
votes
3answers
14k views

How to avoid using \sloppy document-wide to fix overfull \hbox problems?

How to avoid using \sloppy document-wide to fix overfull \hbox problems? This is my minimal working example. \documentclass[12pt]{report} \usepackage[english,ngerman]{babel} ...
30
votes
2answers
9k views

Why should I put a ~ before \ref or \cite?

My question is in the title of this post, but extends to other referencing commands like \eqref, \citep, \citet (and the like) as well.
16
votes
2answers
32k views

Phantom and line break

I want to make a cloze test using LaTeX. My Idea was to use the \phantom command to produce the space: Some text \underline{\phantom{some text to complete}} some more text. Now the problem is that ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

Best choice between using \\ or leaving space after each paragraph to end the paragraph

Here is the thing, I have always used a blank space between paragraphs in order to tell latex that there is a new paragraph. But there is someone I work with very often that keeps using \\ to break a ...
48
votes
2answers
18k views

Why does underlined text not get wrapped once it hits the end of a line ?

Sometimes I want to underline some text, and it extends past the end of a line. Why does \underline{} not automatically wrap my text for me ? Also, how can I underline text so that it will still ...
24
votes
6answers
5k views

Is it possible to skip the first line in a theorem environment?

I'm currently writing up some solutions, and I like to rewrite the problem before answering it. I've set exercise to be a theorem environment, and the code I'm using is \begin{exercise} ...
18
votes
2answers
20k views

How can I make my text never go over the right margin by always hyphenating or breaking on word-boundaries?

I've seen several different methods that can be used to make long words not go over the right margin, but all of them have been paragraph-based. I need a solution that can apply to the entire text ...
54
votes
5answers
20k views

When should I use non-breaking space?

DEK gained a reputation of painting red the draft dissertations of his students, taking particular note of incidents when they omitted a non-breaking space that should have been included. I have this ...
67
votes
5answers
5k views

Avoiding “rivers” in successive lines of type

This question led to a new feature in a package: impnattypo The following quote is from James Felici, The Complete Manual of Typography (2003), p. 161: Rivers occur when word spaces stack ...
33
votes
2answers
2k views

TeX assistance in writing hidden acrostics

Here's a fun challenge. Try to come up with (and code) techniques through which (La)TeX can help authors to incorporate acrostics in their writing. The definition from Wikipedia: An acrostic is a ...
23
votes
3answers
20k views

How to break long url in an item

I have an enumerate. In an item I have a long url. I use the package breakurl and it works fine outside the enumerate but not in the item. \usepackage[margin=3cm]{geometry} \usepackage{hyperref} ...
24
votes
2answers
9k views

\texttt overfull hbox problem

I asked a question earlier about \verb and overfull hbox : In-line \verb -- overfull hbox problem And regarding the solution there, changed many of my \verbs to \texttt{}s. I have come up with a new ...
30
votes
2answers
1k views

Ensure minimal length of last line

This question led to a new feature in a package: impnattypo One rule in French typography is that the last line of a paragraph should not be shorter than the double of the indentation of the ...
30
votes
6answers
14k views

How do I make LaTeX push long citations to a new line?

When I use the \cite command for my citations, often LaTeX will overflow the margins for my lines, and the text looks pretty bad. How can I make LaTeX push long citations to the next line ...
46
votes
7answers
15k views

Allow line break, but without inserting a dash

I have a sentence that contains a number of long dataset names. I would like to allow LaTeX to break these names at certain positions that I would like to specify somehow just like I can use \- to ...
22
votes
2answers
7k views

Reduce bibliography to one line

Quick question, hopefully with a quick answer. I'm writing a paper where I'm limited by length (2 pages) and I need references, but it doesn't have to look nice. I'd like LaTeX to compress my ...
20
votes
1answer
5k views

URL line breaks with biblatex

How do I allow long URLs to have line breaks at any point. This is in the bibliography not the main text. I am trying to save space so don't want extra spaces to be added to make it only break at ...
19
votes
7answers
8k views

LaTeX not hyphenating properly, text running off page

I'm having a problem with LaTeX not hyphenating $\beta$-galactosidase, and the word as a result running off the page. I have narrowed down the problem to a particular package, as a bare minumum LaTeX ...
23
votes
4answers
30k views

How to add line break to caption without using caption package

I wish to add a line break to a caption, but I would wish to avoid adding of caption package. Is it possible? \documentclass{article} \usepackage[format=plain, ...
6
votes
2answers
922 views

Line break in citation with organization as author

I have the following reference: @MISC{EX2012, author = {{S}ingle {A}uthor {O}rganization}, year = {2012}, title = {Example} } A citation for this is breaking after "Author", but extending ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Splitting very big numbers over several lines [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Wrapping long lines that contain no spaces I'm writing a report (in LaTeX) in cryptology and I have to work with very large numbers. I want those big numbers to be on ...
7
votes
1answer
647 views

Automatic camel case breaking

Based on my old question Push long words in a new line, I search for a possibility to allow linebreak before a capital character in camel case terms. For example the term ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Typesetting mathematical formulas in line breaking

When you typeset a mathematical formula is there a rule regarding the breaking of the formula in a new line, meaning if for instanse the formula breaks in a plus sign (+) or in a equal sign (=) then ...
25
votes
3answers
11k views

Quote environment with reference at the end right

I want to define a quote environment such that after the quote on the right occurs the author with page number. My solution is yet the redefinition of the quote environment \usepackage{amsthm} % ...
48
votes
3answers
2k views

Why no vertical-mode Knuth-Plass?

I have only basic knowledge of the TeX internals, so I hope what I am saying here is not complete nonsense. If I understand correctly, in TeX, horizontal positioning / line breaking is done using a ...
28
votes
4answers
16k views

Include a line break in algorithmic while maintaining indentation

I have this code: \DeclareCaptionFormat{algor}{% \hrulefill\par\offinterlineskip\vskip1pt% \textbf{#1#2}#3\offinterlineskip\hrulefill} ...
13
votes
3answers
957 views

Asterism and similar breaking / non-breaking options

What are the options that can be considered an alternative to the old asterism (⁂) symbol ? I would like to denote a small break in the flow of the text, I noticed that this days many people like to ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

Linebreak in Package algorithm2e

I'm using the algorithm2e package for pseudocode. I got some very long lines that needed to be wrapped. Is there a way to indent the following (breaked) lines and/or put a mark at the first line to ...
29
votes
4answers
62k views

Aligned equations in LaTeX

I have a long equation in LaTeX, which I need to break up into more lines. I've done this, although its not quite what I was looking for. Here is a MWE showing my problem: ...