The {linguistics} tag can be used for questions about packages designed primarily for linguists or about typesetting of linguistics-specific material.

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31
votes
5answers
1k views

Using TikZ to depict intonation

I am looking into using TikZ to represent pitch patterns over a phrase or sentence (intonation). I've got it to produce some useful results, already, as in the attached MWE (although in 1.1 the ...
21
votes
3answers
2k views

Doing an interlinear text

I want to produce a three-line interlinear text with numbers and asterisks in the top line, Greek in the middle, and the vernacular (Portugese) in the bottom. An example is below: The challenge, as ...
21
votes
2answers
5k views

How to use phonetic IPA characters in LaTeX

I wish to write a paper about linguistics, so I thought about trying LaTeX. Sadly I couldn't figure out how to write the unique characters I need for my work, for example epsilon with a little tilde ...
16
votes
1answer
473 views

Creating new characters from existing ones

In a nutshell. Is there a relatively easy way of building characters out of parts of existing ones? Rationale. (La)TeX linguists’ need for a wide palette of characters—for example, ⟨ɳ⟩ (U+0273), ⟨ɲ⟩ ...
15
votes
4answers
912 views

Any nice packages for word alignment?

I want to visualize word alignments between sentence pairs, where the positions of aligned words may differ between the sentences, and a word in one sentence may be aligned to more than one word in ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does \usepackage[T2A]{fontenc} take over?

I want to produce a document with non-serif type. I also want to include Cyrillic characters. These two aims seem to be mutually exclusive. When I comment out \usepackage[T2A]{fontenc}, the document ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I draw arrows between words in linguistic examples?

This is what I'm after: I'd like to have the sentence 'John loves his mother.' displayed with an arrow running from 'his' to 'John'. I looked at gb4e, but I found the documentation confusing and I ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

TiKZ make lines connecting nodes have the same endpoints

Using the MWE below: \documentclass{standalone} \usepackage{tikz} \usepackage{tikz-qtree} \usepackage{tikz-qtree-compat} \usepackage{ textcomp } \begin{document} \begin{tikzpicture} \Tree [ .TP [ ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

How to draw syntactical trees with parallel leafs for a natural language?

I need to draw syntactical trees for a natural language. The problem is that I need all the leafs to be parallel. How the other nodes are sorted in relation to the other at the same depth is not ...
12
votes
3answers
286 views

Index that picks up on example numbers, not page numbers

I am producing some glossed linguistic texts in a Native American language. The sentences are labeled as, e.g., (2.3)—meaning “text 2, sentence 3”—and I’d like the index to pick up on these numbers, ...
11
votes
6answers
657 views

How to do centered interlinear text in LaTeX

How to do interlinear text like below? Especially, number over the word is centered in relation to this word. I tried with hbox and centering command but not works. ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Numbered examples in linguistics that I can refer back to

I do linguistics and I'm looking for a way to enumerate language examples that lets me reference to them in the text. (1) This is an example. Sentence \ref{...} provides a good example of ...
11
votes
6answers
3k views

Labeling linguistic examples with language information

I'm writing a linguistics paper that uses a large amount of linguistic examples from a wide variety of languages, using the gb4e package. I want to be able to label each example with information about ...
11
votes
2answers
464 views

Is it possible to typeset the Ge'ez alphabet in LaTeX?

Is there any package for typesetting Ge'ez (Ethiopic) in LaTeX?
11
votes
3answers
553 views

Smaller roofs for forest

I have the following tree. I want the roofs to be as wide as the text not wider. Is there a way to do this with forest? In particular it should be the width of the upper text. This is important in ...
11
votes
2answers
365 views

Two lines in a single node in Forest

I have recently switched from the tikz_qtree package to forest. Now I'm trying to change my trees to fit the forest coding. However, I can't find the way to let a single node contain two lines. I do ...
10
votes
6answers
535 views

Create association lines between characters

I intend to create "association lines" between characters, where the start of the line is one or more characters inside a word, and the end of the line is a single character. Something like this ...
10
votes
2answers
264 views

Drawing a tikz tree above a tikz-dependency tree with same leaves

I would like to achieve the following goal: I have two different kind of trees that I would like to merge : \documentclass{article} \usepackage{color,graphicx} \usepackage{tikz} ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Multiple diacritics on one character

As linguistics student, I have to put more than one thing on a character every now and then. For example, I need to type ā̆. I thought I could simply do that by typing \={\u{a}}, but then the macron ...
10
votes
1answer
495 views

ExPex no longer available

I have noticed that the excellent linguistic package ExPex is no longer available on the website of the maintainer. (This package is not in CTAN and was only maintained there.) Does anyone know why? ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Section based linguistic example numbering with brackets

I would like to have examples in my document look like this: Section 2 (2.1) This is an example. This is a reference to example (2.1). That is: the section number appears both next ...
10
votes
1answer
718 views

Bracketed Sentences

I am trying to achieve an effect similar to this book in diagramming sentences. Is there a package for achieving that? I can place all the brackets and subscripts manually, mixing math and text, but ...
10
votes
1answer
675 views

Movement arrow in gloss

Is it possible in gb4e to gloss an example AND have a movement arrow in the example. I'm currently using gb4e, and I want an arrow from 't' to 'een auto'. I already looked at other packages (xytree, ...
10
votes
2answers
247 views

Issues with leipzig and glossaries used together

I am preparing a document containing some interlinear glossing, the glossing conventions themselves appearing as a separate list. I use the leipzig package to typeset the glosses, the expex package to ...
9
votes
3answers
855 views

TikZ/PGF linguistics vowel chart

I'm including a vowel chart in a linguistics document of mine, similar to this, and while I'm aware that there are a couple of packages (TIPA, pst-vowel) that can do the job, I'm interested in trying ...
9
votes
5answers
497 views

Adding words centered above other words with TikZ

I'm writing a sentence, and I'd like to add labels to the elements of the sentence above those elements. In the example below, I'd like the label Verb to be centered above the verb constitutes and the ...
9
votes
4answers
607 views

Upside-down syntax trees for linguistics with horizontal lines

I know that syntax analysis can be done in Latex using using TikZ, but the tree-structure that produces isn't really used in my country. Here, we mostly use straight lines instead of hierarchy trees. ...
9
votes
2answers
557 views

Adjusting the gb4e {exe} environment locally

In my thesis I make extensive use of the exe environment of the gb4epackage and I love it. However, three of my approximately 100 examples need to have an alternative layout. Instead of the usual ...
9
votes
1answer
275 views

Formatting footnotes as a table (not footnotes for tables!)

Is there some way a person could format footnotes as a table? What I'm trying to do is put translations and transliterations from English to Japanese in footnotes on my pages in the form WORD ...
9
votes
1answer
169 views

Expex glosses get broken when unicode-math is loaded in XeLaTeX and LuaLaTeX

I'm trying to typeset multiline numbered examples with John Frampton's expex package (version 4.1). Since I'm using XeLaTeX (TeXLive 2012), I've picked unicode-math to typeset maths. The ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Positioning of numbers in gb4e.sty examples

I'm planning to use the following numbered examples in a document (see example below). I would like the number to be at the top of the example, but for the ones with diagrams it ends up in the middle. ...
8
votes
3answers
905 views

Combining lmodern and tipa

When I use tipa and lmodern in the same document, I always get a couple of font substitution warnings. The document looks fine, though. Is there any way around this? Minimal example: ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Printing interlinear translation: how to mix automatically two paragraphs, printing lines alternately

I am writing a document on a foreigh language, say French, and want to put some paragraphs in French with their translation in English. But I would like to print one line in French, the corresponding ...
8
votes
2answers
320 views

Extending a tree

I am trying to extend the following tree, so that it is as in the picture: \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{tikz-qtree} \usepackage{tikz-qtree-compat} ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

More efficient way to draw movement arrow to roof in tikz-qtree

When drawing syntactic representations in linguistics, one often uses a triangle to represent a unit whose internal structure is irrelevant. This can be accomplished with the tikz-qtree command ...
8
votes
2answers
536 views

Drawing a frame or box around parts of a syntactic tree using tikz-qtree

I'm trying to make boxes around parts of my tree, but I find no command to do so. I have tried the qtree package, which has the !qframesubtree that can do the job, but only for complete subtrees. What ...
8
votes
3answers
235 views

Oversized parentheses around tabular

I'm having the following problem. I'm using a tabular environment to create a phrase structure rule (linguistics stuff, don't care about it) and I need parentheses for those parts in the rule which ...
8
votes
1answer
808 views

Edged arrows with tikz-qtree

I've seen this nice little example tree drawn with LaTeX, afaik not tikz. Can I draw similar arrows with tikz-qtree by specifying start and end point only?
8
votes
1answer
167 views

Targeting proper parts of nodes in `forest`

I am using forest to construct trees. I have one (minor but persistent) issue: sometimes I would like to place a node at a point that is a proper part of (e.g.) a leaf, in particular so that I can ...
8
votes
2answers
631 views

Manchu and Mongolian script

I am trying to write a document including Manchu script on a Mac. Manchu is written with the Mongolian alphabet with the addition of some diacritics, but the extra diacritics are included in standard ...
8
votes
1answer
809 views

Typesetting phonetic symbols: Unicode or tipa?

On TeX.SX there are a lot of questions of the form "How do I typeset [some phonetic symbol]?" For example: Typesetting modifier letter U+02ED The near-close, near-front unrounded vowel symbol The ...
8
votes
1answer
187 views

Interlinear glosses with overlaps, line numbers, and speaker labels

I am trying to come up with a way to represent linguistic examples of naturally occurring dialog. I have not used LaTeX for linguistic glossing yet so I could need some help what package(s) would be ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

tikz-qtree: curved lines & multiple parent nodes

I am quite new to LaTeX, and I am stuck with a problem Google can't seem to help me with. Basically, I need some hand holding in doing something that is more complicated than my skills can handle at ...
8
votes
1answer
312 views

Active characters in linguistics

What are the pros and cons of using active characters instead of macros in text? Would it make sense to implement a “simplified markup” parser in Latex to make code more readable? Rationale ...
7
votes
3answers
850 views

Accessing IPA characters when using Charis SIL

When using Charis SIL, how do I access IPA characters? Are there handy macros, as with tipa.sty? If I have to set up my own encoding using unicode numbers, how is this best done? (Code from those ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Representing linguistic text annotations in LaTeX

I'm writing a document describing the semantics of opinion phrases in English, and in order to do so, I'm annotating particular spans of text as having particular semantic functions within the ...
7
votes
1answer
335 views

Good way to draw two perpendicular lines at midpoint of a TikZ path

What would be a good way to draw two perpendicular lines at the midpoint of a TikZ path, like in the following picture? Specifically, what would be a good way to draw such perpendicular lines at ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Draw curved arrows between nodes in tikz-qtree

Is there a "clever" way to draw curved lines between nodes without them to go all through the picture? Here is my MWE : \documentclass[11pt]{beamer} \usepackage{ulem} \usepackage{tikz-qtree} ...
7
votes
2answers
243 views

Documentclass `book': How to prevent numbered examples to start over each chapter

So, I am writing my thesis (in linguistics) using the book documentclass to do this. For my numbered examples I am using the linguex package. \documentclass[12pt, a4paper, oneside]{book} ...
7
votes
2answers
309 views

Using expex across pages

I am using the expex package to align two types of text, doing it as if it were a gloss, and it works fine. There is one problem, though: Many of the texts I'm working on are longer than a page, and ...