{math-mode} is about typesetting mathematical content, e.g. tweaking the appearance of spacing and symbols in a formula, or producing specific mathematical constructs. For questions about "wrapper" environments like equation or align, consider the tag {equations}.

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51
votes
5answers
14k views

Should I \mathrm the d in my integrals?

When writing an integral, it seems like something should be done to separate the "d", as in \int f(x) dx, so as not to confuse it with a variable. I've seen it left as-is, bolded, and straightened. ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I create a new extensible symbol?

Given an arbitrary thin vertical symbol, can I create a new math delimiter from it (and if so, how)? Edit: Ideally, I would like to be able to create an extensible symbol, either built out an ...
28
votes
3answers
21k views

Math mode in tabular without having to use $…$ everywhere

\begin{tabular}{|l|l|l|} \hline Column A & Column B \\ \begin{math} x & y \\ \end{math} \end{tabular} This won't let me compile and gives a lot of errors, how do I enable math mode in a ...
26
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an easy way to add hover text to all incidents of math mode where the hover text would contain the LaTeX code?

Adding hover text (I believe the technical term is a tooltip) to any part of any LaTeX document can be accomplished using cooltooltips.sty, as I have recently learned. I would like to do something ...
22
votes
2answers
12k views

how to select math font in document

I want to show in one document different font examples of math fonts, for example Latin Modern, Times and Charter. I know the command \usefont{T1}{lmr}{m}{n}, but have no idea how to combine that ...
21
votes
2answers
8k views

\boxed{}, TikZ and colored equation background

I wonder if someone could provide me with a simple MWE for using TikZ together with \boxed to produce a colored equation background. If possible with rounded corners. I am using \boxed{} inside the ...
34
votes
3answers
9k views

Can I use \clap, \rlap and \llap in math mode?

The commands \clap, \llap and \rlap are useful "horizontal" analogues of \smash: they reduce the horizontal width of a box to zero, aligning the box with either the middle, left or right of the ...
24
votes
4answers
16k views

Bold italic vectors

I am trying to display vectors as bold and italic. The command \mathbf sets the letters non-italic. I also googled a bit and stumbled upon \mathbf{\em y} or \mathbfit{y}, which all didn't work. I ...
18
votes
4answers
12k views

Removing spaces between “words” in math mode

I'd like to set $1024 \times 768$ without any space between the three items. Is this possible? If so, how? E.g., what I get is: 1024 x 768 and what I want is: 1024x768
28
votes
3answers
6k views

German language: use of comma in numbers

In German the comma rather than the period is used as a decimal separator and the dot is used as a thousands separator: 12.345,67. The comma creates some unwanted space when used as in $12.345,67$. Is ...
26
votes
5answers
14k views

Equations in section heading/title

For reasons that are beyond me, the following MWE \documentclass{scrreprt} \usepackage{classicthesis-ldpkg} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \section{The values of $\beta$ for ...
16
votes
4answers
3k views

Draw a line through one column of a matrix

I'd like to "cancel" (draw a line through) a column of a matrix (using \begin{pmatrix}..\end{pmatrix}). How can I do this?
14
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I change the whitespace above and below math displays?

I'm looking to squeeze an article written in LaTeX with amsmath to a set number of pages. In the text, I have a number of numbered math displays which I refer to throughout. However, they take up ...
13
votes
1answer
7k views

How can I have a bigger integral (\int) delimiter?

I'm writing some integrals and I don't like the way the \int symbol is displayed when it is followed by a big delimiter. Here's the code: \[ \int_S\biggl(\nabla\times\bar B - \mu_0\bar J - ...
8
votes
1answer
642 views

Can I redefine the dollar

I want to capture the math mode through a redefinition of the $. I thought about something like \def$#1${here was a formula} % to test $x+y=z$ I would expect "here was a formula" as output. Is it ...
17
votes
5answers
11k views

Why can I only use some capital greek letters inside my equations?

For example: \begin{equation} \delta % ok \Delta % ok \epsilon % ok \Epsilon % error \end{equation}
10
votes
3answers
804 views

How to extend the text under summation symbol without making extra space

I want to get the following: I tried the following \[ a(i,k) \leftarrow \min\Big\{0, r(k,k) + \sum_{i^{'} | i^{'}\notin \{i,k\}}\max\{0, r(i{'},k)\}\Big\} \] and got How can I make the ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

siunitx uses math mode for symbols - workaround needed when using different fonts for math and text

This is a follow up question from Using old style fonts of palatino (mathpazo) in math mode. The original problem has been solved using siunitx instead of dcolumn. However, the problem is that I am ...
3
votes
1answer
857 views

problem compiling some 'math' using LuaLaTeX

Have a couple of documents with the following sort of construct: \begin{equation} y=\sqrt[n]{\prod_{i=1}^{n} x_{i}} \end{equation} Compiles/renders fine using 'standard' LaTeX, but fails miserably ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

\begin{equation}: “Display math should end with $$” error?

I'm pretty new to LaTeX, completely new actually, and there is one thing I can't quite understand. I get the error "Display math should end with $$" when writing an equation like this: ...
7
votes
2answers
681 views

Fractions with large elements

What is best practice for typesetting fractions with large objects in the numerator and denominator? For example, fractions with limits, integrals, summations, etc... cause the expressions to look ...
4
votes
1answer
604 views

Typesetting mathematical formulas in line breaking

When you typeset a mathematical formula is there a rule regarding the breaking of the formula in a new line, meaning if for instanse the formula breaks in a plus sign (+) or in a equal sign (=) then ...
4
votes
6answers
6k views

How can I auto adjust a equation to appear in the entire page? (Scale to equations, is this exist?)

If I have a document like this: \documentclass[landscape, 12pt]{report} \usepackage[landscape]{geometry} \usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage{amsmath, amssymb, ...
4
votes
2answers
961 views

Despite using backslash dollar sign, error persists

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article} \begin{document} \title{Kubuntu Setup} Don't forget your architecture is not i386, but x86_64. Better to use {\tt \$(uname -i)} instead of manually specifying ...
37
votes
2answers
33k views

\bm package versus \boldsymbol

I'm typing a bold vector small x with a tilde sign above it. Now when I want to write its derivative, I'm putting a dot on top of everything. This is giving me problems and I found one solution: ...
25
votes
6answers
3k views

Bad positioning of math accents for the beamer standard font

With a recent TeX distribution, the easy answer to this question is "load the sansmathaccent package" (which is Ariel's implementation of my answer). Actually, the corrected font should be loaded ...
34
votes
4answers
5k views

Should subscripts in math mode be upright?

In one-letter subscripts, like $x_i$, the subscript is usually typeset italic. Is this the typographically right thing to do? Consider this case: The Boltzmann constant is often written as $k_B$, ...
31
votes
6answers
1k views

Is it possible to write all mathematical formulas in a separate file and add them in main file on-demand?

Consider this scenario: I have a report to write and I want to write all mathematical formulas in a separate file and then add them in the main report file on demand (i.e. include/import/add/call a ...
21
votes
1answer
1k views

Which command should I use for textual subscripts in math mode?

Textual subscripts like in W_{total} should be typeset in an upright text font (so that code isn't good practice), as has been discussed in various questions here. Now there are several ways to ...
21
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I prevent LaTeX from breaking inline formulas globally?

I am using the acmsmall template and my inline formulas are being broken at equal signs and arrows; how can I prevent them from being typeset like that globally (i.e. without having to put tildes ...
18
votes
4answers
16k views

Evaluation of Differentiation and Integration

I was having some thought about what would be the syntax to make the end point evaluation of derivatives or integrals. Such as making the | with the two end points of evaluation on the top an bottom ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I get different colors for math and for text?

I want to include something in my LaTeX article that will make all mathematical formulae appear in black, while all text (including everything inside \text{}s in the middle of mathematical formulae) ...
15
votes
3answers
5k views

How to raise a subscript?

For some reason, I need to write a “minus” sign as a subscript on some symbols, but if I simply write $\Pi_{-}$ the result looks kind of odd. I've found that $\Pi{\scriptstyle -}$ looks reasonably ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Multiple letters without spacing in Math [duplicate]

Is there something I can add to the preamble of my document such that multiple letters without spacing in a Math environment (such as $NP$) do not have extra spacing between them and are not ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Arrow between parts of equation in LaTeX

I want to make an arrow under an equation pointing from one part of the equation to another. A bit like an underbrace, but with an arrow. How can I do this?
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Using \DeclareMathVersion

It is my understanding that \DeclareMathVersion can be used to switch between math font variants. I am wondering how this can be used in a document that leverages two fonts: Times Roman for body text ...
22
votes
3answers
14k views

How to put a brace on the right, not left, to group cases?

How can I get a brace on the right, not the left, to group cases, using cases? (I know actual cases look better with the brace on the left, but the items I need to group are not literally cases. They ...
16
votes
4answers
7k views

Calculator style base 10 notation in LaTeX

What is the best way to write something like 6.22E-21 in LaTeX, given that I don't want the numerals to be \tt, I do want the E to be small, and I may want the exponent to be negative (without the ...
16
votes
1answer
8k views

How to reference equations using letters and numbers

Sometimes it is convenient to refer to a group of equations by a letter and a number. For example: 2+1 (A1) 2+4 (A2) x^4 (B3) x^e (B4) Placing ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Oversized \underbrace's label causes unwanted spacing

Consider this: \left( x-1 \right) \underbrace{ \left( ? \right) }_{ \text{what is this?} } The label is longer than the braced portion, which causes unwanted space between the parentheses. Is ...
22
votes
2answers
15k views

\xRightarrow (text)

I know it's possible to have \xrightarrow (text), but if I try to do \xRightarrow (text) I get an error each time. Does anybody know if it's a syntax error or if there is a other way to produce the ...
20
votes
3answers
13k views

Footnote in math mode

How can I insert a footnote into math mode? I tried this (with required packages) \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{hyperref} \usepackage{ccaption} And i.e if I try \begin{eqnarray} foo && ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

Strikeout in math mode

How can I strikeout words in math mode (similar to \sout with \usepackage{ulem} in text mode)? I've tried \usepackage{cancel} and \(\cancel{1+1=2}\) but that draws a diagonal line.
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Decimal Long Division

Does anyone know of a package or macro that handles decimal long division? For example, I want to convert 3/8 to a decimal and show all of the steps. I found a macro for longdiv that works great for ...
15
votes
4answers
13k views

Diagonal dots spanning multiple lines/columns of a matrix

I'm filling in large sparse matrices, for example \begin{bmatrix} 0 & -2 & 1 & & -1 & 2 \\ 2 & \ddots & \ddots & \ddots & & -1 \\ ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

How to edit the linear programming in LaTeX?

How to edit a linear programming as the following: Max z = x1 + 12x2 s.t. 3x1 + x2 + 12x3 ≤ 5 x1 + x3 ≤ 16 15x1 + x2 = 14 xj ≥ 0, j=1,2,3. I want the format to be ...
10
votes
2answers
9k views

How to make math font huge

I would like to typeset a simple-to-medium-difficulty math formula on an A4/letter paper. It needs to be huge and preferably centered and portrait. I can take care of the paper size, the orientation ...
8
votes
3answers
944 views

Math letter's italic correction

Are there a way to display PS and TN and CD and so forth (product of two variables) more beautifully? The normal CM font puts a wide space between the left letter and right letter. If use the ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

How do you put multiple things under a limit?

I'm reading about inverse limits, and the notation sometimes requires some sort of index or set over which to take the inverse limit. It looks something like this: How would I correctly TeX that? I ...
13
votes
1answer
5k views

How can I position equation numbers always to the left side?

Equations and amsmath environments put equation numbers to the right side by default, the output of \begin{multline} some equation \end{multline} is: equation (number) How can I change it this ...