{math-mode} is about typesetting mathematical content, e.g. tweaking the appearance of spacing and symbols in a formula, or producing specific mathematical constructs. For questions about "wrapper" environments like equation or align, consider the tag {equations}.

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Why are so many symbols restricted to math mode?

A common beginner's mistake is to forget \(...\)/$...$ around symbols that require math mode. Why doesn't (La)TeX let people use isolated symbols in text mode by default? I am sure there are at ...
25
votes
3answers
2k views

Getting a tikz picture to have an equation number

I make a lot of commutative diagrams and am trying to switch to Tikz from amcd,diagrams, etc. I often have to refer to these diagrams in the text and would rather have them as equations (i.e. with and ...
25
votes
1answer
33k views

Square brackets in math mode without the bracket symbols

Is there a way to typeset a square bracket without using the symbols [ and ]? What I am looking for is like \vert instead of |. Motivation is a need for a workaround in using LaTeX formulas inside ...
24
votes
3answers
886 views

Strange default exponent positioning?

Why is this red exponent so far away from the right parenthesis? To my eye it is too far away. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \begin{document} ...
24
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6answers
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Is it possible to use Linux Libertine as a mathematical font?

I recently heard that there is a package called unicode-math that makes it possible to use an ordinary TTF/OTF font for mathematic typesetting. To what degree is that possible with Linux Libertine? I ...
24
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3answers
24k views

Dot Derivative Discrepancy

I am trying to typeset some higher-order time derivatives using the dot notation, and I've noticed something strange. The expressions $\dot y + y = \cos(\dot y)$ $\ddot y + y = \cos(\dot y)$ give ...
24
votes
3answers
384k views

Not equal sign (≠) with a vertical bar

Is it possible to get a \neq but with a vertical bar instead of a slanted one? There are inequality operators like AMS's \gvertneqq that feature this kind of "not equal" but not without mixing it with ...
24
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3answers
8k views

Guidelines for typesetting fractions

I realize that this question is to some extent subjective. However, I suspect that there are some common standards regarding how fractions ought to be typeset in mathematics. The guide Mathematical ...
24
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3answers
6k views

\DeclareMathOperator won't take arguments

I'd like to define a family of math operators that have the same superscript, but different subscripts. My first attempt was: \DeclareMathOperator{\Upd}[1]{U^M_{#1}} But the log tells me that: l.3 ...
24
votes
3answers
608 views

How to capture the current math style?

\mathchoice helps to distinguish between math styles: \mathchoice {<something in \displaystyle>} {<something in \textstyle>} {<something in \scriptstyle>} {<something in ...
24
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3answers
23k views

1st, 2nd and i-th?

Assume I wish to refer to the i-th object, or the n-th function out of some set, where i and n are letters and not numbers (as in "Multiply the $j$th row with the $i$th column and store the result in ...
24
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1answer
2k views

Which command should I use for textual subscripts in math mode?

Textual subscripts like in W_{total} should be typeset in an upright text font (so that code isn't good practice), as has been discussed in various questions here. Now there are several ways to ...
23
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2answers
5k views

How can I prevent LaTeX from breaking inline formulas globally?

I am using the acmsmall template and my inline formulas are being broken at equal signs and arrows; how can I prevent them from being typeset like that globally (i.e. without having to put tildes ...
23
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3answers
715 views

Visually highlighting symbolic material

I have a diagram in which I need to indicate the difference between symbolic mathematics and English words (potentially to someone who doesn't know about it): Colour works beautifully for making ...
23
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2answers
21k views

Non italic math mode symbols?

I would like to insert a \mu command to form $\mu$ m (micro meters) i.e. as a unit, not a variable. This means I do not want \mu to be italic. However, LaTeX only accepts the \mu command in math-mode ...
23
votes
2answers
14k views

how to select math font in document

I want to show in one document different font examples of math fonts, for example Latin Modern, Times and Charter. I know the command \usefont{T1}{lmr}{m}{n}, but have no idea how to combine that ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

maths nested superscripts and subscripts displayed incorrectly inline

I am having a strange bug when using nested superscripts and subscripts in inline math (displaystyle works fine). This behaviour is the same independently of the font used or the compiler (orginally ...
23
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2answers
11k views

\overbrace with square bracket

I'm trying to put a nice square bracket over a complex text, it should look like an \overline but with ending like \ulcorner and \urcorner. The presence of \overrightarrow and \overleftarrow makes me ...
23
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2answers
5k views

Automatic thousands separators?

I want to typeset big numbers with a separator (e.g a space or a ",") between hundreds and thousands, etc... For example 1 Million = 1 000 000. I know the package siunitx which does it very well, but ...
23
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2answers
17k views

How do I use a circle as a math accent (larger than \mathring)?

To denote the interior of a set, I'd like to have a command \interior. Now, as one can learn from this post, one possibility is to use \mathring. This is a neat command, but it produces a circle that ...
23
votes
1answer
478 views

Sloppy \left and \right?

The \left and \right commands often produce improvidently large delimiters. It almost always looks better to use delimiters that are just slightly too small than delimiters that are too large. With ...
23
votes
2answers
5k views

mathtools vs amsmath

I read on http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/LaTeX/Mathematics: The mathtools package fixes some amsmath quirks and adds some useful settings, symbols, and environments to amsmath. It sounds like ...
23
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1answer
699 views

is there a “size-independent” method for overlaying two symbols to form a composite?

in this question a composite symbol "diamond plus" is requested for use with plain TeX. a good-looking version was provided, but it works in only one size. if the same symbol is needed for a title or ...
22
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3answers
24k views

Double superscript error

I'm a relative beginner with Lyx. When I type in this code I'm hoping for T' to be followed by superscripts and subscripts. Instead I get a "double superscript" error when I try to view the pdf \[ ...
22
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3answers
15k views

Footnote in math mode

How can I insert a footnote into math mode? I tried this (with required packages) \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{hyperref} \usepackage{ccaption} And i.e if I try \begin{eqnarray} foo && ...
22
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5answers
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Subscripts for primed variables

When I add a subscript to a primed variable, the subscript is rendered lower than when it is a subscript to an unprimed variable. For example, when I compile $l_x l'_x l_x l'_x l_x l'_x$ I get ...
22
votes
1answer
32k views

How to write crossed-out math in LaTeX? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Draw a diagonal arrow across an expression in a formula to show that it vanishes As you might know from my other questions, I am still a newbie at LaTeX, so please don't ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Percent sign in a box

Is it possible to make a symbol which is a % inside a square box? I would like to use it to represent the function f(n,m) = n-(n % m). As in n symbol m. Or... is there a better idea for this ...
22
votes
6answers
20k views

Typeset mathematical symbols also in sans serif font?

For creating the graphics for my thesis (function graphs, flow charts, line art sketches) I've chosen to use the sans serif font by \renewcommand\familydefault{\sfdefault} However when I use ...
22
votes
1answer
30k views

Expression under summation on multiple lines [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Separate long math text under sum symbol into different lines? I want to write expression \sum_{i=0}^n i with i\neq 4 under the summation symbol. How can I write this?
22
votes
2answers
3k views

The mysteries of \mathpalette

I would like to make a macro, \vfrac, which output would look like: $$\displaylines{ \displaystyle\raise.25ex\hbox{$\displaystyle1$}\!/\!\lower.5ex\hbox{$\displaystyle2$} \cr ...
22
votes
1answer
26k views

Mapsto vs. rightarrow

This is perhaps half a math question and half a typesetting one. In what circumstances do I use \mapsto and when \rightarrow? I feel like the standard seems to be: when you're specifying the operator ...
22
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2answers
2k views

Typesetting Right-to-Left math

UPDATE: I've managed to produce something that is aesthetically correct, however with a lot of "hardcoding" and trial and error to manually measure my spaces. Not to mention that I have to write my ...
22
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3answers
8k views

Is \mathrm really preferable to \text? [duplicate]

It seems to be the de facto standard to use \mathrm for upright letter notation in math mode as opposed to \text. Would it not be better to use \text in general? One particular problem I am thinking ...
22
votes
2answers
8k views

The right way to get sans-serif math?

I notice that beamer has everything in sans-serif by default, including math. In a regular article, simply using \sffamily doesn't cause math to be set in sans-serif. Using ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

Huge matrix in my document. Possible ways to make it look better?

The following is the source for a matrix I'm using in my document: \documentclass{scrartcl} \usepackage[english]{babel} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[latin1]{inputenc} \usepackage{amsmath} ...
21
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5answers
4k views

How do I write $\notin$ backwards?

I write $P \niton x$, but it does not work. How can I write the symbol $\notin$ backwards?
21
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2answers
26k views

Cursive, lowercase ell

What is the easiest way to make a cursive, lowercase ell in LaTeX math mode?
21
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3answers
43k views

making a big summation sign

how can I make a big summation sign ? ‎\begin{align}‎ ‎\cos x‎ ‎=‎ ‎‎\sum\limits‎_‎{n=0}^{‎\‎‎infty‎} ‎\frac{(ix)^2n‎}{(2n)!}‎‎ \end{align}‎ this is the code which I'm using for summation
21
votes
2answers
10k views

\boxed{}, TikZ and colored equation background

I wonder if someone could provide me with a simple MWE for using TikZ together with \boxed to produce a colored equation background. If possible with rounded corners. I am using \boxed{} inside the ...
21
votes
3answers
7k views

Why use the control sequences \bigl, \biggl, \bigr or \biggr, as I can always use \big or \bigg?

If my manuscript file has $$\biggl({\partial^2\over \partial x^2}+ {\partial^2 \over \partial y^2}\biggr)\bigl|\varphi(x+iy)\bigr|^2 = 0$$ or $$\bigg({\partial^2\over \partial x^2}+ ...
21
votes
4answers
14k views

How to typeset indices before a symbol?

I know how to write a usual index with the help of the underscore, but I seem to be unable to find out how to write an (upper/lower) index in front of a letter/text. These kind of indices are common ...
21
votes
3answers
15k views

How to stack limits for maths operators?

I have a question on how is it possible to create a \sum with two lower limits directly positioned right underneath each other. I have tried hard and cant seem to get anywhere with it.
21
votes
4answers
30k views

LaTeX symbol for “does not divide”

What is the correct way to make the "does not divide" symbol in plain LaTeX 2e? I'm talking about the symbol that is a vertical bar with a slash through it. I prefer not to install AMS or other ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

Giving an equation between \[ \]'s a number

I usually use \[ ... \] to typeset equations in latex and sometimes I come back and realize that I want to have an equation number and label. I have been coming back and editing it to \begin{equation} ...
21
votes
2answers
12k views

Difference between \langle and <

Is there any difference between \langle S \rangle and \left< S \right>? Or is \langle just an alias for < that by default works on one line without having to use \left?
21
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2answers
6k views

Period after math-mode equation

If I write If $x \rightarrow y$, then $y \rightarrow z$. it looks fine. But if the sentence is more involved and formulas longer, I tend to change $...$ to \[...\]. In many cases I think the result ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

Vertically asymmetric size variation for parentheses

One of the difficulties I have with writing formulas in LaTeX is that the standard sizing tools for the variable-size operators (parentheses, etc.) do not account for "high" symbols and "low" symbols ...
21
votes
5answers
40k views

Real number symbol (UTF-8: ℝ) in XeTeX

How can I get the 'real number' sign (something like \mathbb{R} with the amssymb package in LaTeX) in XeTeX?
21
votes
6answers
2k views

Is there a test for the different styles inside maths mode?

Is there a test for the different styles within maths mode? What I really want is to be able to save the current style to reinvoke it later on, but a \if along the lines of \ifmmode would work just ...