{math-mode} is about typesetting mathematical content, e.g. tweaking the appearance of spacing and symbols in a formula, or producing specific mathematical constructs. For questions about "wrapper" environments like equation or align, consider the tag {equations}.

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15
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3answers
2k views

How can I illustrate decimal to binary conversion?

As part of my homework for discrete math I need to convert different decimal values, both positive and negative, to 8-bit binary representations using signed magnitude, 1's complement, and 2's ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the correct way to do delimiters?

I've always used \left and \right with my delimiters, but Martin Heller's answer to another question indicates that this method gives incorrect spacing. The correction appears to be prepending ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

How to make a traditional division

How to make the traditional division? Like that: a |b_ r c
13
votes
2answers
15k views

A lateral brace to group a set of equations with labels

I have a set of equations that I'd like to display together (as an example, the Maxwell's equations). Requirement #1: I'd like to have them labelled like in an align environment \begin{align} ...
30
votes
4answers
20k views

How to typeset function restrictions

I wonder how to typeset the restriction of a function to some subdomain, a la $f|_A$ or $f\restriction_A$ , but with the vertical bar being as big as possible.
11
votes
1answer
629 views

Integral Sign $\int…$

does anybody know how to write integral signs in LaTex that are slanted to the left, and not the right. See here if you do not know what I mean: (From ...
24
votes
2answers
7k views

divides, not divides and cardinalities

In group theory it happens very often that you want to say: "The order of $H$ divides / does not divide the order of $G$." But the length of | is then always the same: $ |H| | |G| $ produces |H|||G| ...
24
votes
3answers
7k views

\DeclareMathOperator won't take arguments

I'd like to define a family of math operators that have the same superscript, but different subscripts. My first attempt was: \DeclareMathOperator{\Upd}[1]{U^M_{#1}} But the log tells me that: l.3 ...
18
votes
2answers
12k views

Force upright Greek letters with isomath

The isomath package makes it possible to typeset upright Greek letters via \mathrm and \mathbf. Is it it possible to force all Greek letters to be typeset upright unless specified otherwise, e.g. to ...
17
votes
4answers
7k views

Intertext vertical spacing

How do I reduce the vertical spacing of \intertext?
16
votes
1answer
10k views

Split expressions with parentheses in align environment

I am writing down a rather long expression, which has to be splitted in a align environment. The thing is that this expression has parentheses which have to be splitted too. I don't want to use ...
16
votes
2answers
17k views

Linebreak between \left and \right [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to make \left, \right pairs of delimiter work over multiple lines? I would like to type something like this: \begin{equation} \begin{split} \left( ba ba ba ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Draw Lewis structures like a book

I want to draw a Lewis structure as in the picture. I tried to do with chemfig but does not perform the separation of the points and a minus in the superscript.
11
votes
4answers
7k views

Coding an equation with description

I want to code this equation in LaTeX: I'd like to know how to code the equation and the description below it with a reference as well.
10
votes
1answer
1k views

How to organize labels when there are too many equations?

I'm writing a moderately long text using LaTeX, and it's great to be able to organize chapters, sections, appendices, and everything else almost automatically. One thing has been bothering me though. ...
20
votes
2answers
4k views

Multiset notation in LaTeX

Does anyone know how to make (nice looking) double bracket multiset notation in LaTeX. i.e something like (\binom{n}{k}) where there are two outer brackets instead of 1 as in binomial? You can see an ...
18
votes
2answers
10k views

Limits under multiple \sum

I would like to place a lower limit under two consecutive \sums, somewhere in between. So I have \sum_{j=1}^{\infty}\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} and would like to place j>k in the lower limit between the ...
18
votes
1answer
7k views

How To Change Math Font Only?

I'd like to keep my text in Helvetica as usual but would like to have my equations and formulas in Roman or MT Extra. So far, I've tried using different packages but that changes both the text and the ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I create the negated arrow on \xrightarrow?

Say I have $x\xrightarrow{\rm mb}y$ as in the first line below, but I want a negation symbol like the one defined in \nrightarrow, as in the second line, but extendable. Does anyone know how I can do ...
12
votes
2answers
991 views

Preventing \MakeUppercase from affecting mathematics

Is there a way to prevent \MakeUppercase from affecting in-text equations? In this example, abc should change to ABC, but n should be left as it is. \documentclass{article} \begin{document} ...
9
votes
4answers
5k views

Using LaTeX to render hypergeometric function notation

I decided to look if the solution Caramdir gave in this question would work as well for my attempts to use a new notation for hypergeometric functions. However, trying {}_3 ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

Punctuation in equations

My document will contain a lot of equations, and as usual in that case I would like to use "punctuation" in the equations, like commas, colons, periods/full stops, semicolons, etc. Is there a special ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Underbraces in Matrix Divided in Blocks

How to put underbraces, inside the parenthesis of a matrix, to name both sides of the blocks? \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{array} \begin{document} . . . \[ ...
16
votes
3answers
2k views

Overline thickness

Is there a way in latex to change the vertical thickness (height) of the line generated by the \overline command? \[ \overline{\overline{A \vee B}} = \overline{\overline{A} \wedge \overline{B}} \]
16
votes
7answers
2k views

Aligning polynomial terms

In LaTeX align, I'm struggling to align polynomial terms and assume there's an easy way to do it. But I cannot find the simple/elegant solution. What I would like is something like this: x1 + x2 ...
10
votes
1answer
568 views

Diagnosing the “too many math alphabets” error

I recently hit up against TeX's "too many math alphabets" error. I'm trying to diagnose what is using up my math alphabets, as I can't work out where they are going. Of course, I could just start ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Force line break inside a \lim argument in align environment

Inside an align environment I have a \lim with two variables which should be displayed in two lines: \begin{align} ... f & = \lim _ {a \rightarrow -\infty \linebreak b \rightarrow \infty} ... \\ ...
9
votes
1answer
732 views

Redefine the default depth of superscript and subscript document-wide

The behavior of subscript and supscript operator _ and ^ is like a blackbox to me, I am curious if I could redefine the behavior of them globally for a document. I searched the forum and found ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to number each equation of simultaneous equations grouped by a left curly brace? [duplicate]

Consider the following MWE. \documentclass[preview,border=12pt,varwidth]{standalone} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \abovedisplayskip=0pt\relax \begin{equation} \begin{cases} ax + by =c \\ px ...
23
votes
3answers
738 views

Visually highlighting symbolic material

I have a diagram in which I need to indicate the difference between symbolic mathematics and English words (potentially to someone who doesn't know about it): Colour works beautifully for making ...
21
votes
2answers
229 views

\( \) don't work with TOC?

If I write this line of code \subsection{Ranger \( n \) boules distinguables dans \( M \) boîtes} I obtain an error over the second \) (./Probabilité.toc ./Probabilité.toc:8: LaTeX Error: Bad ...
17
votes
3answers
10k views

How to put something at the top of the \longrightarrow?

I would like to put something at the top of the \longrightarrow, something like \longrightarrow^{k\rightarrow\infty}. However, instead of putting k\rightarrow\infty on the top right corner, I would ...
16
votes
2answers
450 views

Why does \widehat behave differently if I insert \hspace{0pt}?

I am getting some inexplicable behaviour from \widehat: \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{amsfonts} \begin{document} \[ \fbox{$\widehat{\mathcal{C}}$}, ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I make an overset symbol at the same size and height as \bar except with a different symbol?

Apologies for the cryptic title, but I was not sure how best to phrase the question in one sentence. I am essentially trying the create a vector symbol with \rightharpoonup as the top instead of the ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

What is \mathchoice?

Can someone give me a detailed starters' guide to \mathchoice? I was trying to define commands for underscript and overscript (which I have found out to exist and be called \underset and \overset), ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

How to write Stirling numbers of the second kind?

What is the best way to write a Stirling number of the second kind? Isn't there any standard command in LaTeX? For example, a command \binom is for binomial coefficients. In the wikipedia article on ...
8
votes
4answers
708 views

How to construct a long equation that is split in LHS and RHS to occupy a narrow column?

I have a homework document using 2-column article document class as follows. \documentclass[twocolumn]{article} \usepackage[a4paper,margin=1cm]{geometry} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} ...
8
votes
2answers
361 views

Automatic reduplication of equal sign in the beginning of broken formula

Suppose we have the following code \documentclass{article} \begin{document} $a=b=c=d=e=f=g=h=i=j=k=l=m=n=o=p=q=r=s=t=u=v=w=x=y=z$ \end{document} which produces the following result I want to have ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Coloured math in beamer

I have a question: Is there any way to have math (everything between $s) in different colour than text (for example, green) in beamer?
5
votes
1answer
377 views

\sqrt: The vinculum and the rest of the radical are misaligned

When the height of the radicand exceeds a certain threshold, LaTeX replaces the check-sign-like part of the root sign with a more vertical one. This behavior has a flaw: The vertical replacement part ...
13
votes
3answers
736 views

d with a little line through the top of it

In math mode one can do $\hbar$, which produces an h with a little line through the top of it. I want to do the same thing, except with the letter d instead. Is there a generalization of $\hbar$ that ...
13
votes
5answers
4k views

Define strange operators

I' looking for a symbol rendering the connected sum of $n$ topological spaces (or other quite strange topological operations) in a "product-like" manner... What For example in writing $$ ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Can I get $$…$$ to behave like \[…\]?

Is it possible to modify LaTeX so that good old $$...$$ behaves like \[...\] (and by this I mean that it should be synonymous to it). If yes: Dear LaTeX3 developer, please integrate this into LaTeX3! ...
6
votes
4answers
360 views

How to link two terms in math mode

I am trying to get something like this: which is different from \underbrace or \underbracket. It says that a.c=3. Is there already a command for that? I have not found it. Or should one define it? ...
4
votes
2answers
768 views

How I can typeset this equation with LaTeX?

I would like to typeset the enclosed equation but placing the last a_{i, j} in the same column as the above a_{i, j}+1 and a_{i, j}-1, and the b_i in the same column as the above b_i's and not as it ...
93
votes
4answers
109k views

Nice looking empty set?

I feel like the standard $\emptyset$ is ugly. By hand, my empty set symbol is a lot rounder, then this "slashed-zero"-type symbol. Two questions: Do people really use it (I mean people who have any ...
68
votes
5answers
156k views

How to add a matrix to a LaTeX document

How do we add a matrix to a LaTeX document?
14
votes
2answers
4k views

Selecting main math font in LuaTeX?

I’d to set some fairly simple maths in Minion Pro (and potentially other system fonts), using LuaTeX.  I’d hoped that something like the following should work: \documentclass{minimal} ...
37
votes
6answers
2k views

Microtypography on equations

Is there a way to make all three lines of math in the code below take up the same amount of length by use of font expansion? I know too little about microtype to even see if it could offer a solution. ...
70
votes
5answers
3k views

{(x+y)}^2 or (x+y)^2?

This expression is just an example, of course. My question is: should one always specify the quantity being exponentiated by surrounding it with braces, or is it acceptable to drop those braces? ...