# Tagged Questions

{math-operators} is about operators in math mode. These include sums, integrals and similar, text operators like sin, cos, etc.

3k views

### Using < > symbols inside algorithmic [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why do the less than symbol (<) and the greater than symbol (>) appear wrong as upside down exclamation or question mark? I have the following code \begin{algorithm} ...
190 views

### Creating a customizable n-ary operator?

I'd like to be able to create a customizable n-ary operator that behaves like \sum or \bigoplus but which takes an arbitrary symbol as an argument. The closest that I have been able to come to ...
373 views

### Automatic reduplication of equal sign in the beginning of broken formula

Suppose we have the following code \documentclass{article} \begin{document} $a=b=c=d=e=f=g=h=i=j=k=l=m=n=o=p=q=r=s=t=u=v=w=x=y=z$ \end{document} which produces the following result I want to have ...
450 views

### The font of operator names: the size

A while ago, I asked what was the correct way of changing the font used to set operator names. I stabilized at: \DeclareSymbolFont{sfoperators}{OT1}{cmss}{m}{n} \DeclareSymbolFontAlphabet{\mathsf}{...
2k views

### LaTeX notation for summation over all combinations of two variables?

Is there a notation that expresses a summation over all order-independent combinations of two variables? I have a single set of objects and want to show the summation of the joint probabilities of ...
5k views

### How to put your symbol explanation for the formula?

I have a formula written in LaTeX. What is the best way to explain what the symbols mean in the formula? For example I have this equation with a where: symbol definitions \sum_{i=0}^...
943 views

### Any way to change color of \not

I often use command \not just to cancel off symbols in my equations and i would need an advice on how to change the color of this command.
450 views

### Formula in displaystyle but operator limit in normal subscript position [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Show inline math as if it were display math I have a formula in an equation environmente i.e., in a display style modality. Moreover, since I have to enumerate an operator,...
2k views

### Enlarge the integral sign proportional to its content

In LaTeX you have a command like \left(\right) to enlarge the brackets proportional to the content between the brackets. for instance \left(a\right) will produce smaller brackets than \left(\...
14k views

### Getting the expectation symbol to behave like $\sum$ instead of $\Sigma$

How can I get an expectation symbol which behaves like $\sum$? Specifically, I want the underscore to be like that of a summation. At the moment I use $$\mathbb{E}_{x\in A}$$ However, I do not ...
285 views

### My limits are moved [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Writing a limit so that the subscript goes directly underneath I am not sure how to explain this, but my code doesn't behave $\lim_{(x,y)\to(0,0)} xy + y$ ...
48k views

### How do you write “times”? [duplicate]

I come from Norway, and here the formatting of maths are a little bit different than in the U.S. and the UK. If you want to factorize 25, you know that it is 5 times 5. How would you write this with ...
205 views

### Computing a simple maths calculation and use the result as page numbers in the Table of Contents

Following up this question here, I am looking for a way to compute a simple maths calculation inside the document and let the result of this calculation be the value that appears as page number in the ...
13k views

### How do I write $\sim$ approximately with the correct spacing?

I would like to use the symbol $\sim$ as "approximately". e.g: \documentclass{minimal} \begin{document} There are $\sim 10^{80}$ atoms in the universe. \end{document} I think that I need to declare ...
5k views

### Spacing between triple vertical lines

I would like to create a norm-like operator with 3 verticals bars instead of two. It has to look like $|||\cdot|||$. I would like to know how to decrease the spacing between the vertical bars such ...
286 views

### typesetting 2 line conditions over which is summed

I am trying to typeset the formula below in a way that m_j=m_i and z_j=z_i have the same scriptsize, the = are aligned, and j: is before both, larger and with vertical position between the lines. How ...
4k views

### How do I put a circle around an operator?

For example, I want to put a circle around \land, just like one can put a circle around + by writing \oplus. Is there a general method to do this?
337 views

### Math operator resizing in autosized brackets

I want to define a new command to format \mathbb{E} in the same way as \sum - same size in display/inline formulae, and same treatment of sub/superscripts. The following seems to work... \newcommand*{...
517 views

### How to put a hat on a binary operator and maintain spacing

This is maybe easy question. How is the right/good way to put a hat on a binary operator like \otimes? For example a\otimes b vs a\hat\otimes b In the second case it is not typeset as a binary ...
245 views

### Designing a new mathematical operator

We all know that \binom{n}{r} in math mode renders the binomial coefficient. For the purposes of a note, I am TeXing up, I am interested in designing a new math operator. Suppose I called that ...
7k views

### Why does lim_{n\to\infty} work in my LaTeX document?

lim_ is not a command in LaTeX because all commands begin with a back slash. However, why does lim_{n\to\infty} work in math mode? What is lim_ if it is not a command?
43k views

### What's the difference between \mathrm and \operatorname?

I apparently can't see the difference in a compilation (pdflatex) between \mathrm and \operatorname. So, as in the title the question is: is there a difference? Which one is preferable in what ...
936 views

### Using a math operator inside a 'cases' environment

When I do this: b_i = \begin{cases} arg \min_{\forall p \in B} d(a_i, p) & \text{if } d(a_i, b_i) < D_{max} \\ \text{undefined} & \text{otherwise} \end{cases} \end{...
2k views

### Times New Roman with LaTeX (mathptmx)

Is it possible to change the look of \infty when using mathptmx? It looks horribly small compared to the other characters.
1k views

### R-Integral symbol for my notes

I am typing up a set of notes for the Riemann Stieltjes integral. For reasons beyond the scope of the question, I would like to start with defining the Darboux's integral and then formulate Riemann's ...
617 views

### Defining a prefix operator with space before its argument

I want a particular spacing behavior for a custom operator. I can produce the desired spacing by setting math classes (\mathord and so forth), but I have to do it on a case-by-case basis since no ...
404 views

### Writing specific versions of an operator for display and inline modes

I'm busy answering a question by constructing a new math operator that uses the sum symbol and some TikZ placed on top. My answer as it stands can be found here. It looks (I think) pretty good in ...
1k views

I would like to know how I can obtain the 'modulo two sum' sign (unicode 2A0A i.e., the letter sigma with a circle in its middle). I know I can obtain it by using the unicode-math package. But does ...
320 views

### Customizing the Weak limit

Using the command \displaystyle \lim_{\Lambda \uparrow \mathbb{Z}^2} I can produce the limit that I desire. But I like to write the above limit as in the photo below. Could you help me? Thanked. Ps. ...
3k views

### “Greater than” sign shows up as inverted question mark [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why do the less than symbol (<) and the greater than symbol (>) appear wrong as upside down exclamation or question mark? My question is in the title. How can I ...
215 views

### How does one use math operators in xy-pic?

I am trying to format some large commutative diagrams (using the \xymatrix command) that involve colimits, and I would like to have the indexing information for the colimits appear underneath the word ...
6k views

### Lower and upper Riemann integrals?

How can I make an integral symbol with a bar above it or a bar below it?
78k views

### Dot notation for derivative of a vector [closed]

If I want to use the dot notation for the time derivative of a vector is better (more common) to put the dot over the vector, or the other way around \dot{\vec{v}} \vec{\dot{v}} The first says ...
5k views

### One more question regarding “function restriction”

This question is in connection with How to typeset function restrictions There, egreg gives a satisfactory answer (at least for me) The problem is that I'd like to do the same thing with \...
1k views

### The font of operator names

What is the correct way of having all operator names be set in, say, sans serif? Saying \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \makeatletter \def\operator@font{\sf} \makeatother \...
1k views

### Load integral sign from eulervm

I want to write a book for university and I want to have the "german" integral symbol in it. I tried using mathabx and wasysym but I don't like them. But I like the integral symbol in eulervm. How do ...
1k views

### negated double turnstile

I'm new to the turnstile package, and I'm trying to figure out how to get a negated double turnstile sign, like the one with the regular \nvDash, but that allows me to have arguments above and below ...
4k views

### Is there a “medium” \cap?

When displaying the intersection symbol in equations, e.g., $$Hom(A,B) \cap Hom(B,C)$$ I find that the "cap" is too small; its height is, in fact, subordinate to the surrounding content. On the ...
4k views

### Limits used as exponents — how to write under the limit symbol without using \displaymath?

If one needs to write a limit as an exponent, one might have this dilemma: if you use \displaymath, "x to infinity" will be nicely printed under the lim symbol, but your exponent will be using the ...
429 views

### Should there ever be a thin space between an operator and an opening delimiter?

For instance, is it correct to use $\sin\lvert x\rvert$, not $\sin|x|$, for the sine of the absolute value of $x$? I think that since the argument of $\sin$ is $|x|$, it makes more sense to have a ...
110 views

### How to type hyperbolic secant (sech)? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Define additional math operators to be typeset in roman I'm trying to type the sech (Hyperbolic Secant) in LaTeX, but when I do use \sech(z) it will be known as an "...
3k views

### renewcommand pendant for DefineMathOperator

I'd like to change the definition of one of the predefined math operators (\hom). Is there an equivalent to the \renewcommand statement for operators?
25k views

### How to represent the trace of a matrix [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Define additional math operators to be typeset in roman The trace of a matrix is often written as "Tr [matrix] ", but there does not seem to be a naive LaTeX symbol for ...
508 views

### How do you create .+?

I would like to display a = b .+ 1 But it is displayed as a = b. + 1 (moves . next to b).
2k views

### Correct spacing when using \sim as negation

When using \sim as a symbol for negation it gives incorrect spacing and this is clear if the spacing is compared to the spacing of \lnot: How can the spacing be corrected? \documentclass{article} ...
976 views

### Symbol for skeptical consequence that matches the turnstile package

This might be seen as a follow up to Symbol for skeptical consequence. From it I got answers so that I could write that B is a skeptical consequence of A such as which Peter Grill's code produces. ...
2k views

### How to write larger \natural symbol?

If we want to write big \sum symbol, we can write $\sum\limits_{i=1}^n x_i$. I want to do similar thing for \natural symbol which will be used to denote the boundary connected sum. How can I do this?...
540 views

### Math formula changes in tikz environment

I am trying to write a formula in a tikzpicture but it gets changed. The indices for the cumulative product is moved from under the \prod to after. See MWE: \documentclass{beamer} \usepackage{tikz} ...
I'm looking for a symbol for skeptical consequence so that I can write that something, B, is a skeptical consequence of something else, A. In a book I read it's written like $$A \vdash B$$ or \(A \...