{math-operators} is about operators in math mode. These include sums, integrals and similar, text operators like sin, cos, etc.

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151
votes
8answers
69k views

What's the proper way to typeset a differential operator?

I can't seem to find any consensus on the right way to typeset a differential operator, whether it is: in a standalone context: as part of a derivative: as part of an integral: In all of these ...
109
votes
7answers
137k views

Command for argmin or argmax?

How can you get the argmin or argmax in Latex? Two solutions I found are: \underset{x}{\operatorname{argmax}} \DeclareMathOperator*{\argmin}{arg\,min} Any other ideas? [1] http://www.breakthru....
108
votes
3answers
42k views

What's the difference between \mathrm and \operatorname?

I apparently can't see the difference in a compilation (pdflatex) between \mathrm and \operatorname. So, as in the title the question is: is there a difference? Which one is preferable in what ...
95
votes
4answers
7k views

Spacing around \left and \right

Why does the addition of a \left and \right introduces an extra space around the formula? Specifically, why do $\cos(\theta)$ and $\cos\left(\theta\right)$ render differently? Is there a way to use ...
72
votes
3answers
28k views

newcommand vs. DeclareMathOperator

As far as I understand, whatever can be done using DeclareMathOperator can also be achieved using newcommand, but not the other way around. If this is the case, what are the circumstances where ...
71
votes
3answers
18k views

What is the difference of \mathop, \operatorname and \DeclareMathOperator?

One sees all kind of versions in source files for defining something like a limit etc. So my question is which one serves what purpose. Is there any "best practice" in chosing one over the other?
63
votes
6answers
19k views

Define additional math operators to be typeset in roman

Mathematical operators, such as function names, should be set in roman type, not italics. Latex already has commands for some operators, including \max, \min, and \log. How can I define additional ...
55
votes
3answers
91k views

How to add text under symbol in equation ?

I was trying to make something like this (something similar to \substack in \sum) in equation. How to do this ?
39
votes
8answers
2k views

How can I specify a long list of math operators?

The preambles of my LaTeX documents often include many many lines of \DeclareMathOperator instructions, e.g. \DeclareMathOperator{\Rep}{Rep} \DeclareMathOperator{\Tet}{Tet} \DeclareMathOperator{\Maps}...
35
votes
5answers
12k views

How to present a vertical multiplication/addition

How do I present vertical (columnar) multiplication and addition in LaTeX. Like this: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LongMultiplication.html 3 8 4 x 5 6 --------- 2 3 0 4 1 9 2 0 --------- 2 ...
35
votes
3answers
3k views

How are big operators defined?

I would like to create a new "big operator", by which I mean something like the Σ character used for summations. I know about the \DeclareMathOperator* command, which creates an operator whose ...
32
votes
3answers
101k views

How to do the 'curvy L' for Lagrangian or Laplace Transforms?

I am new to TeX, working on it for about 2 months. Have not yet figured out how to script the 'curvy L' for Lagrangian and/or for Laplace Transforms. As of now I am using the 'L' - which is not good! ...
30
votes
1answer
39k views

Expression under summation on multiple lines [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Separate long math text under sum symbol into different lines? I want to write expression \sum_{i=0}^n i with i\neq 4 under the summation symbol. How can I write this?
29
votes
6answers
827 views

How could LaTeX replace the tokens <= by the command \leq?

How could LaTeX replace the tokens <= by the command \leq efficiently? Example 1: I have this code: \[ 2x <= 4x - 2 \] And I want to get after the compilation this: Example 2: \[ ...
27
votes
3answers
885 views

How can I write something above and below the signs?

I have a relation called Likelihood Ratio Test which has a special format. As you see in the picture, there are two non-equality signs and also somethings above and below them. How can I write these ...
23
votes
2answers
24k views

double perpendicular symbol (for independence)

I found from http://jblevins.org/notes/latex that I could use the independence symbol: \newcommand\independent{\protect\mathpalette{\protect\independenT}{\perp}} \def\independenT#1#2{\mathrel{\...
22
votes
2answers
989 views

how can I create the negation of mathcal letters

I know that the negation of < is got by \not <. The same with many symbols. But this doesn't work with mathcal letters for example, like \not \mathcal{R} or \mathcal{\not R}.
22
votes
2answers
666 views

Typeset assigments +=, -= etc nicely?

Could someone please show me how to get LaTeX to properly typeset the -=, += assignment operators. I have tried $a -= 1$ $a\texttt{-=}1$ $a\verb!-=!1$ but they all look really ugly. I have been ...
22
votes
1answer
74k views

LaTeX adjusting \sum limits

is there a way to show \sum limits partially in inline mode and partially in display mode? i.e., I want to write \begin{equation} \sum_{n=-\infty}^{+\infty} [...] \end{equation} but this way the ...
21
votes
6answers
881 views

How to change color of operators (lim, log, etc.)?

How can I change the color of operators like "log", "lim" or the root symbol of \sqrt command?
21
votes
5answers
4k views

How to create my own math operator with limits?

How can i write my own math operator with limits? I want it to look like: \sum\limits_{e=1}^{m} but with a capital A (if possible bigger than the normal text) instead of the sum. Thanks for the help!...
20
votes
5answers
825 views

Brackets around a sum that has no top limit

MWE: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \thispagestyle{empty} \[ \mathcal{F} \left\{ \sum_j e^{-2i\pi\nu_j t} \right\} \] \end{document} Result: The sum only ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

Lower and upper Riemann integrals?

How can I make an integral symbol with a bar above it or a bar below it?
20
votes
2answers
1k views

is there a way to write −= as one symbol in formulas

In programming -=, += and other similar operators are quite popular. But I am unable to write such operator nicely in Latex equations. For example when I use x += \frac{\partial C}{\partial x} I get ...
20
votes
2answers
315 views

Defining arithmetic operators that insert brackets according to usual precedence rules

I have a program that generates bits of Tex code like these: $\product{a}{\add{b}{c}}\leftrightarrow \add{\product{a}{b}}{\product{a}{c}}$ $\add{a}{\add{b}{c}}\leftrightarrow \add{\add{a}{b}}{c}$ $\...
19
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I do a one-shot MathOperator?

The amsmath packages helpfully define a macro \DeclareMathOperator which does what it says on the tin: it declares a mathematical operator such as \sin or \Null or whatever and typesets it all nice ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Swap definition of starred and non-starred command

I don't like the fact that I am required to use \abs* when I want the vertical line of the absolute value to automatically re-size. I pretty much always want it to re-size, so would like to swap the ...
18
votes
2answers
13k views

Getting the expectation symbol to behave like $\sum$ instead of $\Sigma$

How can I get an expectation symbol which behaves like $\sum$? Specifically, I want the underscore to be like that of a summation. At the moment I use $$\mathbb{E}_{x\in A}$$ However, I do not ...
18
votes
7answers
14k views

Average integral symbol

Is there in LaTeX a symbol or a macro for the average integral with a horizontal slash? I know about \strokedint, but I'd prefer the dash to be horizontal.
18
votes
2answers
10k views

Limits under multiple \sum

I would like to place a lower limit under two consecutive \sums, somewhere in between. So I have \sum_{j=1}^{\infty}\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} and would like to place j>k in the lower limit between the ...
18
votes
1answer
3k views

How to redefine a command using \DeclareMathOperator

I'd like to declare some new operators using \DeclareMathOperator and some of the names are already taken by other commands (that I do not want to use). Is there an equivalent to the \renewcommand ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

Load integral sign from eulervm

I want to write a book for university and I want to have the "german" integral symbol in it. I tried using mathabx and wasysym but I don't like them. But I like the integral symbol in eulervm. How do ...
17
votes
2answers
501 views

How do I make customized $\sum$ operator?

How can I create the following symbols? \circlearrowleft or \circlearrowright centered in \sum operator. EDITED: So, In \usepackage{esint} package, \ointclockwise and \ointctrclockwise; how to ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

Spacing between triple vertical lines

I would like to create a norm-like operator with 3 verticals bars instead of two. It has to look like $|||\cdot|||$. I would like to know how to decrease the spacing between the vertical bars such ...
17
votes
2answers
507 views

How do you create .+?

I would like to display a = b .+ 1 But it is displayed as a = b. + 1 (moves . next to b).
17
votes
4answers
46k views

How do you write “times”? [duplicate]

I come from Norway, and here the formatting of maths are a little bit different than in the U.S. and the UK. If you want to factorize 25, you know that it is 5 times 5. How would you write this with ...
17
votes
3answers
27k views

Supremum of the infimum

Consider the following snippet: $$\text{d}_{H}(A,B) = \max\left\{ \sup_{a\in A} \inf_{b\in B} \text{d}(a,b),\sup_{b\in B} \inf_{a\in A}\text{d}(a,b)\right\}$$ In the output, the text under the ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Making a unary operator out of a binary operator or relation symbol

Often in physics, the symbol \sim is used as a unary operator to mean "approximately." For example, one might say "the energy of these processes is $\sim 4$ eV." However, this looks awkward because \...
16
votes
2answers
428 views

Replace all instances of * with \cdot only in mathmode

As i understand the most accepted form to write the multiplication symbol in LaTeX in \cdot. However i have a rather large document already with * as the multiplication operator. I would like to ...
16
votes
2answers
3k views

Phantom width of binary operator

Using beamer. Let's say I want to write A+B but with the plus invisible in one slide and visible in the next one. I think I read somewhere that more space is left normally around the + for being a ...
16
votes
2answers
18k views

\int with \limits or without?

I read that I can use \int_a^b or \int\limits_a^b. With \limits, the equation looks more compact horizontally, but a little bigger vertically. Is there some design rule to it, or just personal ...
16
votes
1answer
965 views

Customized summation symbol

I am interested in defining some customized math symbols out of existing ones. For example I would like to distinguish between different types of sums, so beside the usual symbol I would like to ...
16
votes
1answer
296 views

Operators with subscripts, superscripts, and accents

In mathematics, the tensor product between two vector spaces U and V is often notated U ⊗K V, if the scalar field is called K. This is usually typed in TeX like U\otimes_K V. I wonder if this is ...
15
votes
5answers
3k views

How do I put a circle around an operator?

For example, I want to put a circle around \land, just like one can put a circle around + by writing \oplus. Is there a general method to do this?
15
votes
3answers
260 views

Printing the first N terms from a telescoping series

I would like to produce a LaTeX document that generates the first N terms of the telescoping series sum(1/k-1/(1+k)) where k=1,2,3...,N, such that it displays at least the first 10 terms. I want the ...
15
votes
3answers
528 views

Typesetting the square of a mathematical operator

Assume I want to typeset the square of some mathematical operator A. Using \operatorname (amsmath package), there are basically two ways to do that: \(\operatorname{A^{2}}\) (i.e., the exponent is ...
15
votes
2answers
77k views

Dot notation for derivative of a vector [closed]

If I want to use the dot notation for the time derivative of a vector is better (more common) to put the dot over the vector, or the other way around \dot{\vec{v}} \vec{\dot{v}} The first says ...
15
votes
2answers
36k views

Fourier Transform (super-fancy) “f”?

What's a "fancy" f I can use to denote a Fourier transform? (I mean something fancier than what \mathcal{F} provides.)
15
votes
2answers
247 views

How do I make a $\sigma$ the same size as an uppercase $\sum$ with a symbol or letter in the center of the hole of the $\sigma$?

I am a bit too new to figure out how to simultaneously make something that looks like this: \sum_a^b but instead is a lowercase \sigma that has been enlarged so that I can write a little letter ...
15
votes
1answer
249 views

How can I use German umlauts in DeclareMathOperator?

I would like to define a math operator Homöo, but when I try \DeclareMathOperator{\Homoo}{Homöo} \DeclareMathOperator{\Homoo}{Hom\"oo} I get Homo. How can I use German umlauts in ...