{multline} is a math environment provided by the [tag:amsmath] package for single equations that span several lines.

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39
votes
3answers
40k views

Tikz: Multi-line text in the node description [duplicate]

I use tikz to create pictures in latex. My picture consists of set of nodes. Every node has its own text inside the node, for example, "This node is valuable": \node (mynode) [mystyle,right=of ...
24
votes
1answer
5k views

Flexible equation, align, multline environment

I'm looking for a command (say \foo{}) or pair of commands (say \foos, \fooe) that behave like: equation environment if there is no \\ nor & multline if there is a single \\ align if there are ...
22
votes
1answer
12k views

About big parenthesis larger than Bigg

Do any one know how to type a very big parenthesis in LaTeX. Since the formula is very big, I used multline environment, in one line, there are many pair of parenthesis by using \left and \right which ...
19
votes
6answers
7k views

Multiline equation with LHS alone on first line?

I would like my multiline equations to look like this: Left-hand-side of my equation = right-hand-side number 1 = right-hand-side number 2 = etc. I know there is a simple way to do this,...
15
votes
2answers
6k views

Split-like environment inside cases environment

I'd like to have a cases environment with some cases that are too long to fit on one line. I tried this: \begin{cases} \begin{split} long expression \\ second line of long expression \end{...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I obtain multline-type alignment within a group of equations?

I want to achieve something like the following (for now achieved using Microsoft Paint): That is, I want to group a number of multi-line equations within a single equation-type environment (i.e. ...
10
votes
2answers
357 views

multline inside an item

Is there a way to use a multline inside an \item element of enumerate WITHOUT a new line between the index of list and the formula? \begin{enumerate}[i.] \item $checkorder( (\lambda,\lambda,\...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

A vertically centered equation number on a multline environment

The multline environment does exactly what I want in splitting a long formula between lines by utilizing the horizontal space to the fullest. (I don't want the alignment features of the align ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Aligned multline

I want to show the derivation of a formula where I encounter long formulae. Unfortunately the derivation is very complex, so I have to show some intermediate steps. My problem is, that I want to mix ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

Spacing of \multline inside align (i.e. \multlined)

Related with How can I use multline within an align environment?. Consider this document: \documentclass{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath,mathtools} \begin{document} \begin{align*} & \left[k(k+\...
8
votes
1answer
402 views

Tombstone misplaced with `multline*` and `\qedhere`

It looks like the end-of-proof symbol is misaligned if multline* and \qedhere are used. Or am I just using them wrong? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsthm,amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

How to align a system of multiline equations?

I've got a system of equations, each of them doesn't fit the page width, so I'm searching the way to align them so that: the brace should appear to the left with no indentation the first line of ...
7
votes
2answers
798 views

right align in align environment

I use a align* environment and on one line I have a very long equation which does not contain into a line. Thus for this line I would like to have the same behavior as a multline environment, that is ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Multlined in align enviromnent: alignment of = and equation numbering

I'm using the multlined environment inside an align environment and want have the = aligned at the top and the equation numbering at the bottom. Is this possible? Here my MWE: \documentclass{article}...
6
votes
3answers
222 views

alignat inside align environment?

Why can't I nest an alignat environment in an align environment? \begin{equation} \label{eq:115} \left\{ \begin{aligned} \begin{alignat*}{2} &U(x,y,z,t)=\int\frac{x'-x}{r^3}[...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Break Large Equation Between Parenthesis Using Multline

I have a very large equation that I need to write in multiple lines, but multiline is not working between parenthesis. This is my LaTeX code: \begin{multline} e^{-y \lambda_n} \left( -\frac{...
6
votes
2answers
232 views

Punctuation after multiline math diagram

How to place the punctuation after multiline math diagram at the last line rather than the first line as the case showed in my following code. \documentclass{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \...
6
votes
2answers
110 views

How to set some lines right aligned in the align enviroments?

I have try some code like this: \begin{align*} Q(R)&=\bi(R,R)\\ &=\bi(R_I+R_{\Rico}+R_W,R_I+R_{\Rico}+R_W)\\ &=\bi(R_I,R_I)+2\bi(R_I,R_{\Rico})+2\bi(R_I,R_W)\\ &+\bi(R_{\...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between `split`, `multline`, `align`, `breqn` for breaking an equation into multiple lines?

Sorry if this question sounds a bit amateurish but I haven't been able to find a good summary about the differences between these four environments for multi-lining an equation. Where do they differ ...
5
votes
2answers
149 views

How may I align the equal signs of a multline equation and another equation that follows it?

\documentclass[11pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{blindtext} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{multline*} \epsilon(r_1,...,r_n)\\= sgn\prod_{\substack{1 \leq i<j \leq k}}(r_j-r_i)\...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

multlined breaks \substack?

I have some long equations to deal with that don't fit into one line, and love the multlined-environment from mathtools to fit them into (e.g.) an align-environment, particularly if I want to package ...
4
votes
4answers
531 views

Are there any way to align this equation?

I have a long equation. I used multline and tried \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{multline*} 144V^2=a^2a_1^2(b^2+b_1^...
4
votes
2answers
450 views

amsmath's multline and fleqn

As a fleqn fanatic, I run across this problem once every week: when splitting a long formula using amsmath's multline, the middle lines are flushed left: \documentclass[fleqn]{article} \usepackage{...
4
votes
3answers
175 views

error with multline, but not equation

I am working with the first of 3 very long equations and am trying to get it where it will be relatively easy to read. However I get the following error ! Missing } inserted. <inserted text> ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Defining multicolum by macro with optional argument

I try to define macro for shortcut form \multiline{1}{<pcolumn type>}{\textbf{text}}: \documentclass[12pt,border=1mm,preview]{standalone} \newcommand\mcbf[2]{\multicolumn{1}{#1}{\textbf{#2}}} ...
4
votes
1answer
349 views

multiline equation inside \newglossaryentry

I want a multiline equation (preferably even centered w.r.t. the appropriate column, since single line equations I already have using [ and ] or $$ $$ aren't centered) in part of the description of \...
4
votes
2answers
490 views

Error in multline

This is related to my early question, but with some changes: \documentclass[11pt,twoside,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{enumerate} \begin{document} \begin{multline} E(y_{i})= ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Align equations which already have aligned answers (alignment-ception)

I'm trying to align equations with already aligned case by case answers in them What I am currently getting is: and what I need is to align all the equals signs throughout the function The ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Error with pmatrix inside multline* inside minipage inside tabular

The following is a minimal example of code that gives me an Argument of \multline* has an extra } error. \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{tabular}{c} \begin{...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Aligning a optimization equation

I was trying to write a optimization formula which has two part as objective and 2 constraints. But, the objective function is a little bigger and i want to see it in multiline not in single line. But ...
3
votes
2answers
89 views

Closing bracket and parenthesis in multline

Where is an issue in my MWE with brackets when I split equation into two lines? \documentclass[12pt, a4paper]{book} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \begin{...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Multiline equation and text

I would really like to get a multiline equation with text explaining each step. I've got close with \begin{equation*} \begin{split} A \simeq & B \mbox{[Lemma 8.35(iii)]} \\ \simeq &...
3
votes
3answers
131 views

Arrange long multiple equations with texts between them

I have aligned the equations in the following way but using multiple \qquad. I don't think it is a good practice to do so. Moreover the equations should fit within the width of the document. What I ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Equation number at the right of first line with multline

This is very similar to A vertically centered equation number on a multline environment, but the answers won't apply to my case it seems. I have \begin{multline} X = \\ ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Can split and array work together?

I have the following problem. I need an equation which contains arrays and which should be on different lines because too long for one line. This is the code: \begin{equation} \begin{split} -\frac{...
3
votes
1answer
464 views

Get both advantage of multline ( spacing) AND equation/multlined (numbering)

I like the spacing of multline but not the numbering (on the last line). I tought for a moment that equation+multlined will do the trick but that is not the case right now. The numbering is OK, but ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Problem with using multline and align

I am LaTeX begginer and when I run this equation, I am getting the error: ! Argument \align* has an extra {. Here is the equation. \begin{multline} \begin{align*} C_s & = \displaystyle \max_{...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

How can I adjust the position of multiple \vdots after multiple \begin{cases}?

Here's a MWE: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsfonts, amsthm, amsmath, amssymb} %===== \begin{document} \begin{multline*} \\ % \text{Text} \begin{cases} AAA\\ AAA \end{cases}\\ % \...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

Vertically aligned equation number with underbrace

I would like to vertically aling an equation number for the following MWE: \documentclass{scrartcl} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{mathtools} \begin{document} \begin{align} \begin{aligned} a &=...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Stairs-like multline

The multline environment alignes the first line to the left, the last one to the right, while all the lines in between are simply centered. The result sometimes looks not satisfying, for example, when ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Bracket problems when splitting multiline equations

Basically, I have the following latex code: \begin{align*} + \left( \left[ \sum_i y_i x_i(r) - \frac{1}{n}\sum_i y_i \sum_i x_i(r) \right] \left[ \sum_i x_i^2(r) - \frac{1}{n} \left( \sum_i x_i(...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Multline A group of equations

I have two equations. I use gather (or align) environment. one of the equations are too long and I want to multline them in that environment. How can I do it? and, How I can leftside these equations ?...
2
votes
4answers
284 views

How to align one equation with another multline equation

I have two equations: The first equation needs to be broken up over two lines (e.g., with multline) so that the rest of the equation is right aligned on the second line. I would like to have the ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

Any way to check with a macro if an equation is too long to fit into a single line?

I have some very long equations which span a few lines. I'd like to Break lines automatically. Pagebreak. Have an equals sign both at the end of the first line and at the beginning of the second ...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

How can I use multline within an align environment?

I've been looking around and I know that there are possibilities to mimic the multline environment within the gather or align environments, or by using multlined but not in a way that I like, I think. ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Handling long equations with multline

So I'm writing a report for my final year engineering project. I've got some very long equations that I'm having to handle and I'm fairly new to LaTeX. The equation I'm trying to split is: \begin{...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Split the equation into three lines because it is too long

How can I split the following equation that goes beyond the margin? \begin{align} f_4(s)=\\ \sum_{i=0}^{\Delta_1-1}{\frac{1}{i!}[(-s)^i \frac{\delta^i}{\delta(s)^i}(\exp(-s^{\frac{2}{\alpha}} \...
2
votes
3answers
137 views

How can I obtain brackets with proper size on multiple lines using the {multline} environment?

My code is of the form \begin{multline} \left[ \frac{foo}{bar} \\ foo \right] \end{multline} This code gives an error for missing \right. etc. To remedy this, I used this code \begin{multline} \...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Aligning long broken equation (with brackets also split over multiple lines)

I have long equation $F=\left\{ abcdef \right\}$ which needed to break line at halfway. To do it I use \begin{multline}. \begin{multline} F = \left\{ abc \right.\nonumber\\ \left. {} + def \...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How to flush left centered part in multline environment?

I would like to use multline environment, but in that way that centered part be left aligned. With multline centered part is centered, and I would like if we can somehow to aligned it to the left (but ...