{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

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28
votes
2answers
19k views

How can I increase the line spacing in a matrix?

I'm trying to create a pmatrix whose components are rather complicated fractions (Christoffel symbols), and the line spacing is too small making the whole thing a bit cramped and hard to read. Is ...
19
votes
3answers
26k views

Remove space after figure and before text

I have a figure in my paper (I am using IEEEtran package). After this figure there exists a space between the figure and the text. How can I reduce the size of this white space. To be specific the ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

PGFplot to occupy full \linewidth, and aligned y=axis across tikzpicture

How do I get the tikzpicture to occupy the full \linewidth, and also have the left and right axis aligned? I suspect that some \phantom spacing applied to the tick labels will do the trick, but don't ...
23
votes
4answers
7k views

Is there a way to control whitespace around a TikZ picture?

When I draw a tikzpicture that includes paths, I get quite a bit of extra whitespace added around the elements of the picture. Depending on the elements the figure contains, this can work out in some ...
26
votes
3answers
689 views

How to make a command completely empty / invisible / non-existent?

I have a command like \newcommand{\todo}[1]{#1} which I sometimes replace by: \newcommand{\todo}[1]{} In terms of spacing/whitespace, the behavior of the "empty" command is as follows: Test. ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I change the whitespace above and below math displays?

I'm looking to squeeze an article written in LaTeX with amsmath to a set number of pages. In the text, I have a number of numbered math displays which I refer to throughout. However, they take up ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Too much whitespace before lists when changing the \parskip length

I have the following in my preamble: \addtolength{\parskip}{\baselineskip} \setlength{\parindent}{0 pt} Now there is too much whitespace before an enumerate list environment, in the example I have ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is \parskip zero inside a minipage?

This question was originally entitled "inconsistent paragraph spacing with \parskip inside minipage" as the MWE below shows. But I found the answer at How to preserve the same parskip in minipage, ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change the interword spacing?

I'm trying to enlarge the interword spacing, because with ITC Kabel's default spacing it's sometimes hard to decide where is the space between two words. I read the manual of the microtype package, ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

abovedisplayskip vs abovedisplayshortskip

What is the difference between these two? http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/TeX/abovedisplayskip http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/TeX/abovedisplayshortskip I don't know why, but it seems to work unusually. ...
22
votes
2answers
6k views

How to modify spacing around quotation environment?

I am almost there in my quest to reproduce the rather compact layout of the book I'm translating... one thing to go, though: I successfully used the enumitem package to modify the vertical and ...
10
votes
3answers
694 views

How to extend the text under summation symbol without making extra space

I want to get the following: I tried the following \[ a(i,k) \leftarrow \min\Big\{0, r(k,k) + \sum_{i^{'} | i^{'}\notin \{i,k\}}\max\{0, r(i{'},k)\}\Big\} \] and got How can I make the ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Spurious space above align environment at top of page/minipage

It seems that the align environment adds additional vertical space if it starts at the top of a page or minipage. Below are two pages, and two minipages (on Page 1), where the first page/minipage has ...
4
votes
6answers
5k views

How can I auto adjust a equation to appear in the entire page? (Scale to equations, is this exist?)

If I have a document like this: \documentclass[landscape, 12pt]{report} \usepackage[landscape]{geometry} \usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage{amsmath, amssymb, ...
36
votes
1answer
3k views

When should I use intersentence spacing (`\@')?

I've got a sentence that ends on an acronym: blah blah WORD. Next sentence blah Running this through chktex, I'm informed that: Warning 13 in ./file.tex line 9: Intersentence spacing (`\@') ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Phantom spaces in listings (pdf)

I have a problem with SQL code in a PDF document. For code representation I'm using the listings package. Everything works perfect until I copy-paste that code from the created PDF document. I get ...
18
votes
4answers
11k views

Removing spaces between “words” in math mode

I'd like to set $1024 \times 768$ without any space between the three items. Is this possible? If so, how? E.g., what I get is: 1024 x 768 and what I want is: 1024x768
30
votes
2answers
875 views

Ensure minimal length of last line

This question led to a new feature in a package: impnattypo One rule in French typography is that the last line of a paragraph should not be shorter than the double of the indentation of the ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Multiple letters without spacing in Math [duplicate]

Is there something I can add to the preamble of my document such that multiple letters without spacing in a Math environment (such as $NP$) do not have extra spacing between them and are not ...
10
votes
1answer
7k views

How to put two minipages side-by-side, which use 100 % of the text width?

In draft-mode a black marker indicates that the reserved space is too low. This also appears in the following example, but it shouldn't. How can I put two minipages exactly side-by-side? ...
18
votes
3answers
673 views

How to replace all pictures by white rectangles?

I have a long document (800 pages) with lots of pictures (300 pictures). I have to produce a version of this document without the pictures (for copyright reasons). The solution I have found so far is ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

\intextsep gives doubled space

If a float (black box) follows my {example} environment (gray left line) the skip between them is too big. I guess it’s twice \baselineskip but it should be only one \baselineskip plus some glue. It ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Oversized \underbrace's label causes unwanted spacing

Consider this: \left( x-1 \right) \underbrace{ \left( ? \right) }_{ \text{what is this?} } The label is longer than the braced portion, which causes unwanted space between the parentheses. Is ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Increasing paragraph indentation in KOMA script

The default parindent in KOMA scrartcl is too small for me. I remember reading somewhere that just changing \parindent directly is not wise, since it also affects other things (like itemize etc). And ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

Extra space for numbered titles in table of contents

Background A manual with chapters, sections, subsections, and sub-subsections. Using KOMA Script v2. Problem The spacing between the heading title and its number is too close to the number in some ...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

A \boxed alternative with nicer spacing?

I like using \boxed to emphasize my answers in homework problem sets. However, whenever I use superscripts/exponents inside the box, the box becomes taller than it seems it should. This causes two ...
6
votes
1answer
585 views

Space length between the chapter number and the chapter title

How can I learn the horizontal distance between the chapter number and the chapter title both in ToC and the body text where I use \documentclass[12pt,reqno]{book}. Which keys hold these values?
4
votes
1answer
289 views

unnecessary white space in tikz picture after using \tkzInterLC[R]

After adding the last line of code to my tikzpicture I have a large white space between the text and the picture. I don't know what causes the problem. I've already looked at similar questions, but ...
80
votes
3answers
74k views

\vspace vs. \vskip

What is the difference between \vspace{-1em} and \vskip -1em, for example? I guess the first is LaTeX, and the latter is TeX. When is the proper time to use one and not the other, and why?
19
votes
3answers
3k views

Making a LaTeX document appear as though it were typeset in MS Word

I am typesetting a document in LaTeX for which I have been given exact specifications that are intended for an MS Word-processed document (single-sided, single-spaced, 0.75 inch margins, no more than ...
16
votes
4answers
25k views

Reduction of Space between two Sub-figures

I want to reduce the space between two subfigures and use that space to make those subfigures large. How to do that? My code is as follows: \begin{figure}[htp] \centering ...
21
votes
1answer
29k views

\hspace vs. \hspace*

After trying both commands, I noticed that \hspace* opposite to \hspace will insert a space over the end of the line. So I was wondering if someone could explain how that works and also when to use ...
18
votes
3answers
34k views

Reducing spacing after headings

I've searched many sites but I couldn't get any answer. Here is this mystical question: How can i reduce the spacing after headings? Here is my code. \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} ...
27
votes
4answers
4k views

How do I ask LaTeX to exactly fill up a page?

I understand that I can control interline spacing in LaTeX in a number of ways. The commands like \baselineskip, \baselinestretch, \linespread come in handy in controlling the interline spacing. Each ...
10
votes
2answers
27k views

Spacing before and after section titles

I know this subject has been mentioned before, but I'm still having a problem in creating a space under a section title. I used the titlesec package and then tried using the command ...
22
votes
2answers
6k views

Why should I put a ~ before \ref or \cite?

My question is in the title of this post, but extends to other referencing commands like \eqref, \citep, \citet (and the like) as well.
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I inject the proper amount of vertical space between captions and figures?

In my source document, I have an image and a code listing, separated by some text. When I generate PDF using pdflatex, the image is just above the listing, and it looks like the caption for the image ...
12
votes
3answers
15k views

Global setting of spacing between items in itemize environment for beamer

I'd like to modify the spacing between items in the itemize environment. This post shows how to modify a specific itemize environment (\addtolength{\itemsep}{0.5\baselineskip}). However, I'd like to ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Spacing between triple vertical lines

I would like to create a norm-like operator with 3 verticals bars instead of two. It has to look like $|||\cdot|||$. I would like to know how to decrease the spacing between the vertical bars such ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Reduce white space around TikZ picture?

Is there a simple way to reduce the amount of white space around the TikZ in the MWE pasted below (in particular in the x direction)? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \usepackage{tikz} ...
7
votes
3answers
391 views

Looking for an \ignorespacesandpars

Is there an analogue of \ignorespaces which will also ignore the following \pars?
19
votes
1answer
1k views

Different vertical spacing (parskip) between concurrent section titles and paragraphs

I'm trying to remove the spacing between section headings, but maintain the paragraph to section heading spacing. Even though I set titlespacing before and after to *0, there is still spacing - quite ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Get the size that a figure is being rendered

Suppose I have a figure in my LaTeX document: \begin{figure} \includegraphics[scale=0.5]{some_graphic} \end{figure} My question is pretty simple: Is there a way to get the size that some_graphic ...
5
votes
1answer
420 views

Color changes cell height in tabular

The following code shows that a \color{red} command increases the height of a tabular cell. I want to use a switch, not a command as \textcolor{red}{text}. \documentclass{article} ...
5
votes
3answers
978 views

Removing a backslash “\” when passing arguments to newcommand

Consider the following minimal example: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{glossaries} \makeglossaries \newcommand{\NewS}[4]{ % Q1: How can I use argument #1 without the backslash in the ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Exchange meaning of : and \colon

I usually use the colon symbol : to denote maps. For set syntax there is the braket package. So as the spacing of : is not appropriate, I want it to behave like \colon. I tried ...
9
votes
1answer
350 views

Spacing issue for newenvironment wrapper of equation environment

If I create a custom environment based on the equation environment, I get a spacing issue: the next line of text after my environment closes doesn't start on the left margin. Example code: ...
9
votes
1answer
7k views

Vertical space before and after align environment

I am wondering if it is possible in LaTeX to generally adjust the spacing before and after math in the align environment from amsmath. From the Mathmode-guide (by Herbert Voss) I gather that ...
5
votes
1answer
828 views

How do I eliminate the vertical realignment when using arrayrulecolor with cmidrule?

I'm using consecutive \cmidrule commands in conjunction with \arrayrulecolor to alternately hide and unhide horizontal rules in a table. However, when \arrayrulecolor is used with \cmidrule, some odd ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Shortcut for “vertical space” in LyX

Has someone got an idea what the shortcut is/where I can create one for the \medskip{} command (or any other command, that generates a vertical space in my document)? I looked in ...