{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

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30
votes
1answer
7k views

How can I adjust the horizontal spacing between legend entries in PGFPlots?

I am using legend columns=-1 to make a horizontal legend. However, the distance between the individual legend entries is too small for my taste. Is there a straightforward way to increase the ...
27
votes
3answers
818 views

How to make a command completely empty / invisible / non-existent?

I have a command like \newcommand{\todo}[1]{#1} which I sometimes replace by: \newcommand{\todo}[1]{} In terms of spacing/whitespace, the behavior of the "empty" command is as follows: Test. ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Space after float with [h]

this is my first time here, and I have this question: I'm writing my thesis, that includes many tables and figures in a float environment, with the caption at the end of it. I defined the space ...
18
votes
2answers
5k views

How can I change the whitespace above and below math displays?

I'm looking to squeeze an article written in LaTeX with amsmath to a set number of pages. In the text, I have a number of numbered math displays which I refer to throughout. However, they take up ...
12
votes
4answers
8k views

abovedisplayskip vs abovedisplayshortskip

What is the difference between these two? http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/TeX/abovedisplayskip http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/TeX/abovedisplayshortskip I don't know why, but it seems to work unusually. ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Including an itemized list within a tabular column using the paralist package

The paralist package offers the option of typesetting an itemized list with a \topsep length of zero, and this is especially useful in a tabular setting. However, the following minimal example does ...
13
votes
1answer
7k views

Increasing paragraph indentation in KOMA script

The default parindent in KOMA scrartcl is too small for me. I remember reading somewhere that just changing \parindent directly is not wise, since it also affects other things (like itemize etc). And ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Blank lines in align environment

Is there a way to insert a blank line between two equations in align environment? From what I understand a blank line is interpreted as \par and \par is not allowed in align. Can I disable this ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

How to remove top and bottom whitespace of longtable?

I am using longtable instead of tabular environment and noticed that it puts some additional whitespace at the top and at the bottom of the table. Is there some way to remove it (something less hacky ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Enumerate/itemize without margins in table cell best practice

I want to use an itemize or enumerate list inside a table cell. For this there should be no margin around the list. My question is, what is best practice to do this? I found different solutions for ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to suppress vertical space between theorem heads and enumitem environments?

How can I suppress vertical space between a theorem head and an enumitem environment? I would like the output to look like version 3 below, but I hope there is an automatical solution without ~ and ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

A \boxed alternative with minimal spacing?

The following code comes from this post. The problem is that I would like a way to automate the size of the box so as to be very small with a few of spacing, but the following solution doesn't work ...
55
votes
1answer
57k views

How to add extra spaces between rows in tabular environment?

I couldn't find any option that lets me expand the vertical space between rows in tabular environment. For example, \begin{tabular}{c c} $f^{(n)}(x)$ & $f^{(n)}(0)$ \\ ...
34
votes
2answers
52k views

Vertical spacing of a table cell

I want to tabulate formulas, but I find that the lines of the table cells are too close together, and this is aesthetically unsatisfactory. Example (formulae copied from wikipedia): ...
43
votes
11answers
12k views

Double space between sentences.

I've been reading a question on spaces between sentences on a sister site. The answers there seem to imply that the days of double spacing between sentences are over, and that this was a relic of the ...
21
votes
2answers
14k views

How to get less spacing in math mode

LaTeX commands like this: Here again, four different simulations are run on networks of size $C^{G} = 25 \times\ 25 = 625$, $C^{G} = 50 \times\ 50 = 2500$, $C^{G} = 250 \times\ 250 = 62500$, and ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

PGFplot to occupy full \linewidth, and aligned y=axis across tikzpicture

How do I get the tikzpicture to occupy the full \linewidth, and also have the left and right axis aligned? I suspect that some \phantom spacing applied to the tick labels will do the trick, but don't ...
30
votes
2answers
1k views

Ensure minimal length of last line

This question led to a new feature in a package: impnattypo One rule in French typography is that the last line of a paragraph should not be shorter than the double of the indentation of the ...
20
votes
4answers
17k views

Removing spaces between “words” in math mode

I'd like to set $1024 \times 768$ without any space between the three items. Is this possible? If so, how? E.g., what I get is: 1024 x 768 and what I want is: 1024x768
19
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change the interword spacing?

I'm trying to enlarge the interword spacing, because with ITC Kabel's default spacing it's sometimes hard to decide where is the space between two words. I read the manual of the microtype package, ...
28
votes
2answers
47k views

How to use the parskip package? (space in between paragraphs)

Sorry, because I think it's a many times asked topic. But I don't find an example which help me to understand how to create a white space between paragraphs. I think parskip is the package I need to ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Too much whitespace before lists when changing the \parskip length

I have the following in my preamble: \addtolength{\parskip}{\baselineskip} \setlength{\parindent}{0 pt} Now there is too much whitespace before an enumerate list environment, in the example I have ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Reduce white space around TikZ picture?

Is there a simple way to reduce the amount of white space around the TikZ in the MWE pasted below (in particular in the x direction)? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \usepackage{tikz} ...
23
votes
2answers
9k views

How to modify spacing around quotation environment?

I am almost there in my quest to reproduce the rather compact layout of the book I'm translating... one thing to go, though: I successfully used the enumitem package to modify the vertical and ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Exchange meaning of : and \colon

I usually use the colon symbol : to denote maps. For set syntax there is the braket package. So as the spacing of : is not appropriate, I want it to behave like \colon. I tried ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

How to extend the text under summation symbol without making extra space

I want to get the following: I tried the following \[ a(i,k) \leftarrow \min\Big\{0, r(k,k) + \sum_{i^{'} | i^{'}\notin \{i,k\}}\max\{0, r(i{'},k)\}\Big\} \] and got How can I make the ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Spurious space above align environment at top of page/minipage

It seems that the align environment adds additional vertical space if it starts at the top of a page or minipage. Below are two pages, and two minipages (on Page 1), where the first page/minipage has ...
5
votes
1answer
436 views

unnecessary white space in tikz picture after using \tkzInterLC[R]

After adding the last line of code to my tikzpicture I have a large white space between the text and the picture. I don't know what causes the problem. I've already looked at similar questions, but ...
4
votes
6answers
10k views

How can I auto adjust a equation to appear in the entire page? (Scale to equations, is this exist?)

If I have a document like this: \documentclass[landscape, 12pt]{report} \usepackage[landscape]{geometry} \usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage{amsmath, amssymb, ...
20
votes
2answers
60k views

Spacing before and after section titles

I know this subject has been mentioned before, but I'm still having a problem in creating a space under a section title. I used the titlesec package and then tried using the command ...
44
votes
3answers
16k views

What is the difference between \vskip and \vspace?

I found myself writing: \vspace 1 \baselineskip and then when it's not compiling changing without thinking to: \vskip 1 \baselineskip but what is the difference? Perhaps knowing this will make ...
26
votes
1answer
58k views

\hspace vs. \hspace*

After trying both commands, I noticed that \hspace* opposite to \hspace will insert a space over the end of the line. So I was wondering if someone could explain how that works and also when to use ...
28
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I ask LaTeX to exactly fill up a page?

I understand that I can control interline spacing in LaTeX in a number of ways. The commands like \baselineskip, \baselinestretch, \linespread come in handy in controlling the interline spacing. Each ...
18
votes
3answers
5k views

Why doesn't lineno number a paragraph when it is followed by an “align” equation environment without a space?

lineno skips the line numbering in this case: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{lineno} \linenumbers \begin{document} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing ...
21
votes
3answers
5k views

Phantom spaces in listings (pdf)

I have a problem with SQL code in a PDF document. For code representation I'm using the listings package. Everything works perfect until I copy-paste that code from the created PDF document. I get ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I inject the proper amount of vertical space between captions and figures?

In my source document, I have an image and a code listing, separated by some text. When I generate PDF using pdflatex, the image is just above the listing, and it looks like the caption for the image ...
17
votes
5answers
23k views

Global setting of spacing between items in itemize environment for beamer

I'd like to modify the spacing between items in the itemize environment. This post shows how to modify a specific itemize environment (\addtolength{\itemsep}{0.5\baselineskip}). However, I'd like to ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Multiple letters without spacing in Math [duplicate]

Is there something I can add to the preamble of my document such that multiple letters without spacing in a Math environment (such as $NP$) do not have extra spacing between them and are not ...
15
votes
1answer
16k views

How to put two minipages side-by-side, which use 100 % of the text width?

In draft-mode a black marker indicates that the reserved space is too low. This also appears in the following example, but it shouldn't. How can I put two minipages exactly side-by-side? ...
18
votes
3answers
825 views

How to replace all pictures by white rectangles?

I have a long document (800 pages) with lots of pictures (300 pictures). I have to produce a version of this document without the pictures (for copyright reasons). The solution I have found so far is ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Oversized \underbrace's label causes unwanted spacing

Consider this: \left( x-1 \right) \underbrace{ \left( ? \right) }_{ \text{what is this?} } The label is longer than the braced portion, which causes unwanted space between the parentheses. Is ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

\intextsep gives doubled space

If a float (black box) follows my {example} environment (gray left line) the skip between them is too big. I guess it’s twice \baselineskip but it should be only one \baselineskip plus some glue. It ...
12
votes
1answer
863 views

How does changing colour affect spacing?

In the following example, the space after the red equation is much larger than the space after the black one. \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \begin{document} \[ a = b \] The quick ...
11
votes
2answers
6k views

Extra space for numbered titles in table of contents

Background A manual with chapters, sections, subsections, and sub-subsections. Using KOMA Script v2. Problem The spacing between the heading title and its number is too close to the number in some ...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

A \boxed alternative with nicer spacing?

I like using \boxed to emphasize my answers in homework problem sets. However, whenever I use superscripts/exponents inside the box, the box becomes taller than it seems it should. This causes two ...
23
votes
3answers
11k views

How to specify a fixed height for all rows in a table?

I have something like this: \newcolumntype{C}[1]{>{\centering\let\newline\\\arraybackslash\hspace{0pt}}m{#1}} \begin{tabular}{| c | C{3cm} | C{4cm} |} Short Text & Short Text & Short Text ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Indent Theorem like \hangindent, but for multiple paragraphs

I would like to create a theorem style which indents the theorem exactly like a \hangindent would do, expect that the indention should continue for all paragraphs of the theorem. For example: ...
7
votes
1answer
822 views

Space length between the chapter number and the chapter title

How can I learn the horizontal distance between the chapter number and the chapter title both in ToC and the body text where I use \documentclass[12pt,reqno]{book}. Which keys hold these values?
4
votes
2answers
903 views

Bibliography in LaTeX: Spaces between words

I'm writing the bibliography. LaTeX don't write it well. I don't know why. I have tried the two methods: \begin{the bibliography} and using BiBTeX. The result is the same. The result is longer spaces ...
97
votes
4answers
109k views

\vspace vs. \vskip [duplicate]

What is the difference between \vspace{-1em} and \vskip -1em, for example? I guess the first is LaTeX, and the latter is TeX. When is the proper time to use one and not the other, and why?