{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

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31
votes
1answer
12k views

What is the difference between \vskip and \vspace?

I found myself writing: \vspace 1 \baselineskip and then when not compiling changing without thinking to: \vskip 1 \baselineskip but what is the difference? Perhaps knowing this will make me ...
13
votes
2answers
14k views

Remove vertical space at start of latex document

I have this test file which is supposed to put Hello there. near the top of the page but it does not work in so far as there is still tons of vertical space at top. How can I fix this? ...
27
votes
4answers
3k views

How do I ask LaTeX to exactly fill up a page?

I understand that I can control interline spacing in LaTeX in a number of ways. The commands like \baselineskip, \baselinestretch, \linespread come in handy in controlling the interline spacing. Each ...
15
votes
3answers
8k views

Define pretty sets in LaTeX; esp., how to do the condition-separator?

E.g., I have this set: \{ \alpha \in \Sigma^\omega | \exists^\omega n : \alpha [0,n] \notin \Sigma^* a_1 \Sigma^* a_2 \dotsb a_n \Sigma^* \} Here, I use | as the separator for the condition part. ...
27
votes
1answer
16k views

How can I modify vertical space between figure and caption?

\documentclass{article} \usepackage[draft]{graphicx} \begin{document} \begin{figure} \centering \setlength\fboxsep{124pt} \setlength\fboxrule{1pt} \fbox{\includegraphics{dummy}} \caption{Dummy ...
27
votes
1answer
9k views

Remove space around bullet points in itemized or enumerated list

How can I reduce the amount of space around items in an itemized or enumerated list? I would like to reduce the vertical space between items, the space to the left of the bullet, and the space ...
25
votes
2answers
450 views

Is there such thing as “visual-only whitespace”?

I want to write IBANs and noticed that if I write DE12\,1234\,5678\,9123\,4567\,89 I am getting the half space I would expect but when copy-pasting it, the white space vanishes (as mentioned in ...
24
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does vfill not work inside a beamer column?

I recently tried to set up a quartered page layout in beamer (separate question might follow) and \vfill failed in a column environment. Minimal example: \documentclass{beamer} \begin{document} ...
18
votes
2answers
763 views

What is the right way to use of non-breakable space before math expressions?

I have seen LaTeX code that puts a ~ between every math expression and the text preceding it, does not use ~ in this manner at all, and uses a ~ in this way if and only if the math expression ...
17
votes
4answers
7k views

What is the right way to use the `\!` spacing command?

I have noticed that I hardly ever use the \negthinspace command \!. This is because I don't know how to use it properly (I do use other spacing commands quite a bit, because I can better understand ...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference in citing/referencing with or without tilde?

I've seen examples referencing a table as follows: Table~\ref{table:overview} shows an overview of all the elements. What is the use of the tilde in front of \ref or \cite and when do you have to ...
25
votes
2answers
1k views

Two rules directly under each other

I'm trying to make two rules of different length (fatness) directly under each other, something like: -------------------- ==================== Where = is a fatter line than -. The vertical space ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

biblatex: Putting thin spaces between initials

This question led to a new feature in a package: biblatex Robert Bringhurst, The Elements of Typographic Style, rule 2.1.5 states "Add little or no space within strings of initials." If ...
13
votes
2answers
6k views

Too much space at the top of a beamer block when using multilined math environment

I would like to place two math lines in a beamer block, as two separately centered lines. I know that I could do this using two distinct equation environments, but it would be nicer to use a single ...
8
votes
1answer
6k views

How to put two minipages side-by-side, which use 100 % of the text width?

In draft-mode a black marker indicates that the reserved space is too low. This also appears in the following example, but it shouldn't. How can I put two minipages exactly side-by-side? ...
21
votes
2answers
398 views

When to use \, { } or ~ to prohibit gobbling of a space following a macro

There are various ways to ensure that a space after a macro is not gobbled and wondering how to decide which one to use. Are there cases where it matters which solution is used. ...
19
votes
3answers
20k views

Reduce spacing in bibliography using biblatex

How can you control (in my case reduce) the spacing of the bibliography in biblatex? I used to use \begin{spacing}{0.9} \bibliographystyle{plain} \bibliography{refs} \end{spacing} and ...
15
votes
3answers
10k views

Distance between chapter title and text

In my scrreprt I've changed distance between paragraphs with \setlength{\parskip}{9pt}. But \parskip changes also distance between chapter title and the paragraph. How can I change distance between ...
14
votes
2answers
10k views

How to get less spacing in math mode

LaTeX commands like this: Here again, four different simulations are run on networks of size $C^{G} = 25 \times\ 25 = 625$, $C^{G} = 50 \times\ 50 = 2500$, $C^{G} = 250 \times\ 250 = 62500$, and ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

\mathrel conflict with \left,\right,\middle

I refer to this question and particularly to this answer. I defined \set by \usepackage{mathtools} ... \DeclarePairedDelimiterX\set[2]{\{}{\}}{#1 \mathrel{\delimsize|} #2} where ...
18
votes
1answer
27k views

How to use the parskip package? (space in between paragraphs)

Sorry, because I think it's a many times asked topic. But I don't find an example which help me to understand how to create a white space between paragraphs. I think parskip is the package I need to ...
17
votes
4answers
586 views

Microtype and quote environment leads to different indent of first line

When the microtype package is loaded a quote environment which starts with punctuation marks is inconsistent "indented". The first line in the following minimal example is unaffected, i.e. at the same ...
13
votes
5answers
3k views

Best practice for typesetting quantifiers?

When I work with quantifiers I noted that are very close to the other symbols and the result does not look good, for example $\exists a\in\mathbb{R}\exists b\in\mathbb{R}\forall c\in\mathbb{R}\forall ...
13
votes
2answers
513 views

Avoid just nearly filled last lines

Old school typesetters never allowed the last line of a paragraph to be just nearly filled. Either it would be clearly shorter than the other lines or it would be stretched to align with the right ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Proper way of vertical spacing before/after environments

I am trying to typeset my thesis. I have to put predefined vertical space before and after some specific environments like equation and table. Since there are many instances of these environments I do ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Punctuation in equations

My document will contain a lot of equations, and as usual in that case I would like to use "punctuation" in the equations, like commas, colons, periods/full stops, semicolons, etc. Is there a special ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

List of figures: numbers overlap image caption

I have many images in a part of my document, now the list of figures numbers collide with its respective image caption as seen below. There would be enough space to move the text a bit more to the ...
4
votes
2answers
523 views

Reduce the space between a quotation and a title

When I use the quotation environment at the start of a section I get too much space between the title and the start of the quotation. How to modify spacing around quotation environment? has ways to ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Fixed-width interword space

I would like to typeset post--World War II with what Adobe InDesign calls a "quarter space". The en-dash is there to be wider than a normal space, to clarify the constituent structure ([post-[[World ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Abbreviations and spacing

I'm sure this is a pretty standard questions that's been asked (and answered!) a hundered times before, so apologies for boring people. In LaTeX, I'd like to write a macro for abbreviations, such as, ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

vspace before itemize in a Table cell, tabular vs longtable

In the following MWE, one sees the difference between tabular and longtable, with respect to the vertical space before an itemize, inside a cell : \documentclass[12pt]{article} ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

How to control the space allotted for a signature in letter documents?

I want to type my name in block capitals and in italics in the space highlighted in the blackbox, but I can't seem to be able to. Everything else is fine with the cover letter, I just need to type my ...
12
votes
3answers
7k views

How to increase the spacing between equations in “gather”?

Is there a way to consistently increase the vertical spacing between equation lines in a gather (or gather*) environment from amsmath? Specifically, I want to produce something like \begin{gather*} ...
10
votes
3answers
430 views

Adjust environments's behaviour when nested

I would like to define an environment which behaves differently when it is nested. This environment should ignore spaces at the begin and end of the environment. I have this working as I desire when ...
8
votes
2answers
498 views

How can I use color in a mathematical expression without losing horizontal spacing?

How can I use color in a mathematical expression without losing horizontal spacing? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \definecolor{red}{HTML}{dd0000} \begin{document} \[3+(-5)-2+3\] ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Brace and text in side margin

Within a text, I would like to emphasize one or two paragraphs by placing a curly brace in the left side margin, and next to it some short text vertically centred around the brace's centre. The ...
7
votes
1answer
183 views

How to remove the unwanted space on the left side of the following gather*?

\documentclass[preview,border=12pt,varwidth]{standalone} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \abovedisplayskip=0pt\relax \begin{gather*} 6x^2-30x+36=0\\ 6(x^2-5x+6)=0\\ 6(x-2)(x-3)=0\\ x-2=0 \quad ...
7
votes
1answer
203 views

How to automatically add \! in subscripts?

This code \documentclass{article} \usepackage{fouriernc} \begin{document} $a_1$ $a_{\!1}$ \end{document} produces this output: I like the spacing on the lower one much more. Is there a way to ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Problem copying text from pdf - spaces being stripped

I have the following minimal working example: \documentclass{book} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \begin{document} é canção \end{document} I need to use the utf8 argument ...
6
votes
1answer
254 views

How to circumvent a late \pagetotal reset to 0pt?

Below example demonstrates at the beginning of each paragraph how \pagetotal is not always reset to 0pt at the beginning of the page. This appears to interfere with my attempt to automatically clear a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to increase space between bibliography without using biblatex

Is there a way to increase space between bibliography without using biblatex?
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Mark portions of text without affecting spacing

I would like to mark portions of my text that requires special attention during the review process. This marking won't be in the final document, so would like to be able to add these marks without ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

A lot of unexpected spaces between paragraph after inserting colorbox

I have a problem as shown in the attached picture. I guest that it comes from colorbox inside minipage. My document is a thesis of more than 150 pages. When I test this piece of latex code ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

How to define different spaces below float and non float listing?

I am using listings from the listings-package. I'm having a problem with spaces below the listings. I use both, float- with h and non-float listings. The problem now is, that the spaces below the ...
20
votes
4answers
597 views

It doesn't hyphenate words ending with “—”

UPDATE Well. After a while, I decided to see again about this “problem”, and just discovered that in pdfLaTeX, using \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} and the — (the unicode —, not the ligature ---) it ...
14
votes
1answer
9k views

How to decrease spacing before chapter title?

I want to decrease the vertical space between the top of the page and the chapter heading. I have tried to follow the instructions for titlesec but I am not successful. I have tried the following two ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Tikzpicture with overlay takes up space

Consider this MWE: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tikz} \begin{document} \begin{tikzpicture}[remember picture,overlay] \node [circle, fill=red!90!black, minimum width=15em] at (current ...
14
votes
2answers
811 views

Is it possible to have a “real” \belowdisplayshortskip?

I think this is a tough one. Have you ever wondered why TeX sometimes produces vertical spacing around equations that is far from satisfactory? An example: \documentclass{article} ...
13
votes
1answer
6k views

Question about spacing \hspace and \vspace

I have been using \hspace and \vspace in my latex documents lately. I was surprised when \hspace{1em} didn't work and found out that I needed to use \hspace*{1em} to force latex to put the space ...
12
votes
1answer
5k views

displaystyle, dfrac, dcases

Am I correct in saying that the dcases environment replaces \frac with \dfrac? The replacement only occurs at the outer-most level of \frac, so if I have \documentclass{article} ...