{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

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97
votes
4answers
109k views

\vspace vs. \vskip [duplicate]

What is the difference between \vspace{-1em} and \vskip -1em, for example? I guess the first is LaTeX, and the latter is TeX. When is the proper time to use one and not the other, and why?
22
votes
3answers
5k views

Making a LaTeX document appear as though it were typeset in MS Word

I am typesetting a document in LaTeX for which I have been given exact specifications that are intended for an MS Word-processed document (single-sided, single-spaced, 0.75 inch margins, no more than ...
38
votes
2answers
61k views

What is the difference between \hspace*{\fill} and \hfill?

In the memoir manual on page 183 ,this example is given: \begin{figure} \centering \hspace*{\fill} {ILLUSTRATION 1} \hfill {ILLUSTRATION 2} \hspace*{\fill} \caption{Example float with two ...
31
votes
2answers
28k views

How can I modify vertical space between figure and caption?

\documentclass{article} \usepackage[draft]{graphicx} \begin{document} \begin{figure} \centering \setlength\fboxsep{124pt} \setlength\fboxrule{1pt} \fbox{\includegraphics{dummy}} \caption{Dummy ...
21
votes
3answers
11k views

Define pretty sets in LaTeX; esp., how to do the condition-separator?

E.g., I have this set: \{ \alpha \in \Sigma^\omega | \exists^\omega n : \alpha [0,n] \notin \Sigma^* a_1 \Sigma^* a_2 \dotsb a_n \Sigma^* \} Here, I use | as the separator for the condition part. ...
38
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the difference in citing/referencing with or without tilde?

I've seen examples referencing a table as follows: Table~\ref{table:overview} shows an overview of all the elements. What is the use of the tilde in front of \ref or \cite and when do you have to ...
31
votes
2answers
6k views

Why does vfill not work inside a beamer column?

I recently tried to set up a quartered page layout in beamer (separate question might follow) and \vfill failed in a column environment. Minimal example: \documentclass{beamer} \begin{document} ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the right way to use of non-breakable space before math expressions?

I have seen LaTeX code that puts a ~ between every math expression and the text preceding it, does not use ~ in this manner at all, and uses a ~ in this way if and only if the math expression ...
25
votes
3answers
3k views

biblatex: Putting thin spaces between initials

This question led to a new feature in a package: biblatex Robert Bringhurst, The Elements of Typographic Style, rule 2.1.5 states "Add little or no space within strings of initials." If ...
22
votes
4answers
3k views

Fixed-width interword space

I would like to typeset post--World War II with what Adobe InDesign calls a "quarter space". The en-dash is there to be wider than a normal space, to clarify the constituent structure ([post-[[World ...
19
votes
4answers
664 views

Microtype and quote environment leads to different indent of first line

When the microtype package is loaded a quote environment which starts with punctuation marks is inconsistent "indented". The first line in the following minimal example is unaffected, i.e. at the same ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the typographically correct way to typeset name initials?

Sometimes I found that writing just "J. Doe" may lead, in a justified line with few words, to a big space between the initial and the surname. Using J.\,Doe looks ok but I would like to know if there ...
13
votes
3answers
7k views

How to change dot spacing in \dotfill?

I'm using the \dotfill command in a nomenclature to add units at the end of each line. Here is the code I'm using: \usepackage[refpage]{nomencl} \newcommand{\nomunit}[1]{% ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

Get the size that a figure is being rendered

Suppose I have a figure in my LaTeX document: \begin{figure} \includegraphics[scale=0.5]{some_graphic} \end{figure} My question is pretty simple: Is there a way to get the size that some_graphic ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

Spacing between triple vertical lines

I would like to create a norm-like operator with 3 verticals bars instead of two. It has to look like $|||\cdot|||$. I would like to know how to decrease the spacing between the vertical bars such ...
13
votes
1answer
370 views

What's the right space to right the alignment of a right aligned align environment?

As Hilbert would have put it, had he lived in the TeX-era: No one shall expel us from the Paradise that AMS has created. and one aspect of that paradise is release from the tyranny of eqnarray ...
12
votes
2answers
626 views

Better automatic spacing of differential d?

This question was basically about whether the differential d should be upright or italicized, not about how to achieve that in tex. However, this useful answer did suggest something like the following ...
12
votes
2answers
10k views

Proper way of vertical spacing before/after environments

I am trying to typeset my thesis. I have to put predefined vertical space before and after some specific environments like equation and table. Since there are many instances of these environments I do ...
11
votes
1answer
6k views

Vertical spacing before and after equation environment: empty line or not?

The vertical spacing in front of and behind the amsmath equation environment is different whether I insert a blank line or not (im using KOMA-Script with parskip=half if this is important). I'd like ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

Punctuation in equations

My document will contain a lot of equations, and as usual in that case I would like to use "punctuation" in the equations, like commas, colons, periods/full stops, semicolons, etc. Is there a special ...
7
votes
3answers
513 views

Looking for an \ignorespacesandpars

Is there an analogue of \ignorespaces which will also ignore the following \pars?
4
votes
2answers
650 views

Reduce the space between a quotation and a title

When I use the quotation environment at the start of a section I get too much space between the title and the start of the quotation. How to modify spacing around quotation environment? has ways to ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

Different vertical spacing (parskip) between concurrent section titles and paragraphs

I'm trying to remove the spacing between section headings, but maintain the paragraph to section heading spacing. Even though I set titlespacing before and after to *0, there is still spacing - quite ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Brace and text in side margin

Within a text, I would like to emphasize one or two paragraphs by placing a curly brace in the left side margin, and next to it some short text vertically centred around the brace's centre. The ...
7
votes
2answers
232 views

Artificially improving default TeX algo results for balancing interword spacing

I'm trying to build rectangular paragraphs. That is, paragraphs which are both left as well as right aligned. For large paragraphs I can tell TeX I'd like a rectangular end result. Consider the below ...
7
votes
1answer
306 views

fleqn document class option, long text lines, and hyperref package

When the fleqn option is used, the vertical spacing before an equation placed right after a "long" text line (exactly \linewidth I would say) is improperly set up. See below: From the mathmode user ...
7
votes
1answer
537 views

Color changes cell height in tabular

The following code shows that a \color{red} command increases the height of a tabular cell. I want to use a switch, not a command as \textcolor{red}{text}. \documentclass{article} ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Removing a backslash “\” when passing arguments to newcommand

Consider the following minimal example: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{glossaries} \makeglossaries \newcommand{\NewS}[4]{ % Q1: How can I use argument #1 without the backslash in the ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Shortcut for “vertical space” in LyX

Has someone got an idea what the shortcut is/where I can create one for the \medskip{} command (or any other command, that generates a vertical space in my document)? I looked in ...
11
votes
1answer
10k views

Vertical space before and after align environment

I am wondering if it is possible in LaTeX to generally adjust the spacing before and after math in the align environment from amsmath. From the Mathmode-guide (by Herbert Voss) I gather that ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Remove spacing between per-chapter figures in LoF

When I'm generating a List of Figures in my project, all figures are grouped by chapter. I would like to have the whole list without any additional new lines between different chapters. How it looks ...
9
votes
4answers
316 views

Configurable spacing after \dots

LaTeX adds some space after the ellipsis \textellipsis. This is enhanced by ellipsis package, which only adds space before certain characters (and also gives the option to configure “easily” the ...
9
votes
1answer
448 views

Spacing issue for newenvironment wrapper of equation environment

If I create a custom environment based on the equation environment, I get a spacing issue: the next line of text after my environment closes doesn't start on the left margin. Example code: ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

Simple list of abbreviations manually

I have written my whole document without using any packages like nomencl or acronym because it wasn't necessary in my case, that means I only have a few abbreviations which should fit on one page ...
13
votes
1answer
531 views

Tabs vs spaces in listings: what's the difference and should I care?

This is a follow-up question to Problem with Listings package concerning line breaking and wrong alignment. Why do I experience problems when I copy and paste code inside the lstlisting environment? ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Extra line of vertical separator using itemize in tabular

I'm creating a resume based off of the example tutorial HERE. It's fairly simple, actually -- just a two columned table with dates on the left and job on the right. I prefer bullets vs. a paragraph ...
2
votes
1answer
895 views

unwanted vertical spacing

On some pages of my document LaTeX introduces a lot of spacing between my headline/paragraphs (around 5 times more than usual). What is the reason for this and how can I avoid it? It seems it is ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

How to put subcaptions below subtables, and increase gap between subtables with 'subfigure'?

Using 'subfigure', how can I create subtables within a table, such that a) subcaptions are underneath each subtable, and b) there's a reasonable horizontal gap between the subtables? So far I've only ...
59
votes
2answers
30k views

Large negative spaces

I know about \! which creates a thin negative space but is there any native command for large negative spaces (like quad or qquad for positive spaces) ?
34
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the proper use of \@ (i.e., backslash-at)?

In this answer, \@ is used after a period and before an \xspace, presumably to indicate that the preceding period (in "etc.") was not sentence-final. In these tips, \@ is used before a period and ...
41
votes
7answers
57k views

Inserting a small vertical space in a table

Is there a way that I can insert a small space in a table? When I use a superscript, the number touches the \hline. \documentclass[9pt,letterpaper]{article} \usepackage{helvet} ...
17
votes
3answers
32k views

Remove vertical space at start of latex document

I have this test file which is supposed to put Hello there. near the top of the page but it does not work in so far as there is still tons of vertical space at top. How can I fix this? ...
33
votes
1answer
24k views

difference between \vspace and \vspace* for negative arguments

Is there ever a difference between \vspace{...} and \vspace*{...} if a negative argument is supplied? Most importantly, does the choice of which macro to use have an influence on page breaking ...
23
votes
2answers
185k views

Adding tabs or creating my own command

I have a problem adding tabs and I can't use a tabular environments (like tabular or tabbing) because I can't mix it with enumerate environments. Is there a way to add a simgle tab like in any text ...
30
votes
1answer
12k views

Remove space around bullet points in itemized or enumerated list

How can I reduce the amount of space around items in an itemized or enumerated list? I would like to reduce the vertical space between items, the space to the left of the bullet, and the space ...
23
votes
5answers
21k views

How to shorten/shrink spaces between words?

My objective is to fit more words within one line. In order to show what I mean, I will exaggerate the word spacing here: Pretend this is a normal line in the document: Lorem ipsum dolor sit ...
23
votes
4answers
12k views

What is the right way to use the `\!` spacing command?

I have noticed that I hardly ever use the \negthinspace command \!. This is because I don't know how to use it properly (I do use other spacing commands quite a bit, because I can better understand ...
29
votes
3answers
33k views

Reduce spacing in bibliography using biblatex

How can you control (in my case reduce) the spacing of the bibliography in biblatex? I used to use \begin{spacing}{0.9} \bibliographystyle{plain} \bibliography{refs} \end{spacing} and ...
25
votes
2answers
552 views

Is there such thing as “visual-only whitespace”?

I want to write IBANs and noticed that if I write DE12\,1234\,5678\,9123\,4567\,89 I am getting the half space I would expect but when copy-pasting it, the white space vanishes (as mentioned in ...
17
votes
2answers
10k views

Too much space at the top of a beamer block when using multilined math environment

I would like to place two math lines in a beamer block, as two separately centered lines. I know that I could do this using two distinct equation environments, but it would be nicer to use a single ...