{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

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12
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I add a subtitle to a section title?

I'd like to do this for some of my sections but not all. I'd also like to maintain the current spacing; for example, if the vspacing is 1cm from section title to body text (at 100% zoom), then I'd ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

\addvspace can't replace \vspace

I want to replace \vspace with \addvspace in a command. When so doing, I get obtuse "something's wrong--perhaps a missing \item." errors. I'd appreciate an explanation of why this happens and how ...
11
votes
3answers
5k views

How to increase the spacing between equations in “gather”?

Is there a way to consistently increase the vertical spacing between equation lines in a gather (or gather*) environment from amsmath? Specifically, I want to produce something like \begin{gather*} ...
10
votes
2answers
196 views

Math Spacing in the presence of a trailing/non-trailing comma

I thought I knew how to use a \hphantom{} but don't know of an easy way to handle this case due to the comma. I want to get the text aligned for the X row. I added the appropriate \hphantom{{}+1} ...
10
votes
1answer
292 views

Space between the two slashes in “http://” too big

I'm using a lot of links with http:// in my document, but the two slashes are too much separated, I'd like them to be more near each other. How do I do this, in a neat way? I'm using a sans-serif ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

How to get less spacing in math mode

LaTeX commands like this: Here again, four different simulations are run on networks of size $C^{G} = 25 \times\ 25 = 625$, $C^{G} = 50 \times\ 50 = 2500$, $C^{G} = 250 \times\ 250 = 62500$, and ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Vertical spacing before and after equation environment: empty line or not?

The vertical spacing in front of and behind the amsmath equation environment is different whether I insert a blank line or not (im using KOMA-Script with parskip=half if this is important). I'd like ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

how to reduce the distance between the picture caption and the picture?

I found that the distance between the picture caption and the picture is a little large, as we can see in the picture I use the code as follows, thus, how to reduce the distance between the caption ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Length between nested lists in beamer

How do I adjust the length between nested lists? For example, in the following, I would like to adjust the distance where it states "distance here" \begin{itemize} \item one %% distance here ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Create empty box sized according to imaginary content

In LaTeX, is it possible to create an empty box that has exactly the dimensions of some content given? Example: \emptybox{abc} would insert an empty box of the size as if "abc" was printed there.
8
votes
2answers
230 views

How can I use color in a mathematical expression without losing horizontal spacing?

How can I use color in a mathematical expression without losing horizontal spacing? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \definecolor{red}{HTML}{dd0000} \begin{document} \[3+(-5)-2+3\] ...
8
votes
1answer
466 views

The line spacing in the list of algorithms

This is my code: \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{book} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[chapter]{algorithm} \renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{1.5} \begin{document} \begin{spacing}{1.2} ...
8
votes
1answer
188 views

What's the right space to right the alignment of a right aligned align environment?

As Hilbert would have put it, had he lived in the TeX-era: No one shall expel us from the Paradise that AMS has created. and one aspect of that paradise is release from the tyranny of eqnarray ...
8
votes
2answers
331 views

Custom ToC — Put vspace only below chapters that have sections in them

I’m using the titletoc package in the book class. Currently, my chapter entries are configured like this (I left out the unimportant parameters for simplicity): \titlecontents{chapter}[0pc] ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

\parskip inserts extra space after floats (and listings)

This question seems to be a duplicate of How to remove the skip after a listing when "\parskip" is increased with "\baselineskip"? but the answer given there doesn’t work although ...
7
votes
1answer
445 views

What does 'missing \@ before…' error mean in vim?

I get this strange behavior when I have capitals before a period, like so 1 \documentclass{article} 2 \begin{document} >> 3 Another possible protein blah blah blah from GRIP/ABP. Blah ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Problem copying text from pdf - spaces being stripped

I have the following minimal working example: \documentclass{book} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \begin{document} é canção \end{document} I need to use the utf8 argument ...
7
votes
2answers
997 views

Grouping the list of listings by chapter

I am using the listings package. I want to print out a list of listings, which I can do. The thing is that in the other listings the typesetter "groups" figures/tables by chapter. Is it possible to ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I write $\sim$ approximately with the correct spacing?

I would like to use the symbol $\sim$ as "approximately". e.g: \documentclass{minimal} \begin{document} There are $\sim 10^{80}$ atoms in the universe. \end{document} I think that I need to declare ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

Spacing around table and figure environments

I've got table and figure environments, some placed "here" with h and some arranged automatically. But all together I don't like the spacing above and below the figure and table environments. I ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

How to remove/change the vertical spacing before and after an \algorithm environment?

I saw a question that tells me how to change the spacing in an algorithm environment, but I don't know how to do remove/change the space before and after an algorithm environment like: % remove the ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

center and \centering both add space above; \centerline does not

The nag package suggests I use the center environment in LaTeX, rather than the TeX \centerline command. When I do that, however, I find that the former inserts a blank line above the line (in my ...
5
votes
2answers
723 views

Remove additional space around \underbrace{…}

How do I remove the additional space that is added when using \underbrace{...}, to get the same width in both lines: \documentclass{scrreprt} \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} ...
4
votes
2answers
797 views

Indentation in list environment

How can I specify explicitly both the indentation of the label and the actual item's text from the left margin in a list environment. I would like to achieve the following:
0
votes
1answer
477 views

Vertical space between headlines, tables, images and the following text too large

Is there a way to globally set a value (or minimum and maximum value) for the vertical space between, for instance, headlines, tables, images and the like and the following text. Right now I have ...
18
votes
1answer
8k views

Setting the column gap in a twocolumn (or multicol) document

I have a document that uses twocolumn with scrbook. How can I set the width of the space between the two columns?
13
votes
1answer
954 views

\colon for maps in opposite direction

Using \colon gives correct spacing for a map $F\colon C\to D$ in one direction. But writing $L\colon C\rightleftarrows D\colon R$ for a couple of maps in both directions (e.g. for an adjunction) gives ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

How to remove top and bottom whitespace of longtable?

I am using longtable instead of tabular environment and noticed that it puts some additional whitespace at the top and at the bottom of the table. Is there some way to remove it (something less hacky ...
10
votes
3answers
358 views

Adjust environments's behaviour when nested

I would like to define an environment which behaves differently when it is nested. This environment should ignore spaces at the begin and end of the environment. I have this working as I desire when ...
10
votes
1answer
18k views

underfull \hbox (badness 10000) in paragraph

Why do I get the message: Underfull \hbox (badness 10000) in paragraph at lines 107--108 I want a blank line between the problem name and the table, but if I use \\ or \newline along with a ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Displaying pinyin over Chinese characters, without impacting word spacing

I want to display pinyin (romanized form) over Chinese characters. However, the two methods I know (using stackrel or tabular both change the spacing between characters. This demonstrates the problem: ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Increase spacing in split environment

I'm writing long equations with the split environment: \begin{equation} \begin{split} ... \\ ... \\ ... \end{split} \end{equation} The problem is that the single lines are a bit high, and there is ...
9
votes
1answer
235 views

Spacing issue for newenvironment wrapper of equation environment

If I create a custom environment based on the equation environment, I get a spacing issue: the next line of text after my environment closes doesn't start on the left margin. Example code: ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How to add vertical space struts after hline?

I know the table trick of adding "struts" in the first line after and the last line before a \hline. I use it throughout my document, and it looks good that way. However, now I am working within a ...
9
votes
3answers
655 views

Space on the right hand side of a unary math operator

I know that \mathop{...} is used to give some space on the both sides of the binary operator. Could anyone tell what to use to give some space only on the right hand side of an unary math operator? ...
8
votes
2answers
873 views

Extra page at beginning of appendix containing big figures

I have an appendix that contains two full-page figures. The first page of the appendix is always blank except for the title -- I suspect this is a common problem with appendices of full page figures. ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Condense the space between bibliographic entries

In order to save space, I would like to condense the bibliography, specifically, reduce the amount of vertical space between entries. Currently, it seems there is double-space between consecutive ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

displaystyle, dfrac, dcases

Am I correct in saying that the dcases environment replaces \frac with \dfrac? The replacement only occurs at the outer-most level of \frac, so if I have \documentclass{article} ...
8
votes
2answers
629 views

Apply \intextsep at top of page

In trying to provide an answer to this question: Two column trouble - positioning of figures and text, I realized that I need to shift the wrapfigure up to account for the extra spacing that the ...
8
votes
2answers
827 views

Horizontal Spacing: double \hspace removal?

\addvspace can be used to create commands which can be stacked together without creating unnecessary padding. This is useful for creating commands which start and end with \addvspace so that they can ...
7
votes
1answer
738 views

Different space between \align and \equation

Why produce the align and the equation environment different space between the text. And what can I do, that it have the same? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} Long ...
7
votes
5answers
985 views

Best practice for typesetting quantifiers?

When I work with quantifiers I noted that are very close to the other symbols and the result does not look good, for example $\exists a\in\mathbb{R}\exists b\in\mathbb{R}\forall c\in\mathbb{R}\forall ...
7
votes
3answers
341 views

How to extend the text under summation symbol without making extra space

I want to get the following: I tried the following \[ a(i,k) \leftarrow \min\Big\{0, r(k,k) + \sum_{i^{'} | i^{'}\notin \{i,k\}}\max\{0, r(i{'},k)\}\Big\} \] and got How can I make the ...
7
votes
2answers
543 views

Excess vertical space in mdframed ending with display math environment

When the mdframed environment ends with an align there is excess vertical spacing at the bottom. I would like to adjust the MyBoxedEnvironment environment such that the vertical space at the bottom ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

Moving an enumerate up

I am trying to emulate a table with nested enumerate lists. From my reading, using a table is impossible - lets assume that is true. I am generating the latex from javascript. What I am trying to do ...
6
votes
3answers
420 views

Putting a coloured background behind text without adding whitespace

Consider this: I want to be able to highlight text like this without adding space around it -- so each word in the first line should line up with the corresponding word in the second line. (I know ...
6
votes
1answer
583 views

How to avoid \parskip being applied to \listoffigures etc.?

Follow-up question of Why are \listof{}{} and \listoffigures styled differently?... With the issue mentioned above I finally managed to design my \listof{}{} and \listoffigures as desired but one ...
6
votes
2answers
534 views

latex tabular issue

I am creating a tabular in LaTeX. I want one column to be as small as possible, with no inter column spacing, so that it's just enough to fit the text. I know the answer to this question: I need to ...
6
votes
2answers
601 views

Spacing between figures and texts

I'm having some issues dealing with figures. It happens that when I have a page with some text and then it comes a figure, with H property, who doesn't fits into the same page as the text, the text ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

LaTeX: how to change indentation of chapter and sections in report document class?

It seems like relative to the paragraph text, the chapter and section titles have a default indentation that I'd like to manually set. Is there a way to do this using \setlength{\...}{} ? I'd ...