{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

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15
votes
1answer
900 views

How to fix the math-spacing when a lot of \phantom, \mathrlap, etc. are used?

This question led to a new package: underoverlap Introduction Based on this question and then this question, I'm trying to perfect the \overunderbrace macro. Right now, I'm trying to get the ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Create empty box sized according to imaginary content

In LaTeX, is it possible to create an empty box that has exactly the dimensions of some content given? Example: \emptybox{abc} would insert an empty box of the size as if "abc" was printed there.
11
votes
5answers
8k views

Spacing around table and figure environments

I've got table and figure environments, some placed "here" with h and some arranged automatically. But all together I don't like the spacing above and below the figure and table environments. I ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

How do I write $\sim$ approximately with the correct spacing?

I would like to use the symbol $\sim$ as "approximately". e.g: \documentclass{minimal} \begin{document} There are $\sim 10^{80}$ atoms in the universe. \end{document} I think that I need to declare ...
17
votes
2answers
522 views

Non-invasive replacement for \fbox?

I am trying to create a macro that improves on \fbox by working correctly in all cases and by being minimally invasive with respect to padding. What I've got so far works fairly well, but I'm having ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I add a subtitle to a section title?

I'd like to do this for some of my sections but not all. I'd also like to maintain the current spacing; for example, if the vspacing is 1cm from section title to body text (at 100% zoom), then I'd ...
12
votes
2answers
416 views

Better automatic spacing of differential d?

This question was basically about whether the differential d should be upright or italicized, not about how to achieve that in tex. However, this useful answer did suggest something like the following ...
12
votes
1answer
6k views

Too much space after sections when I change parskip

I changed the parident and parskip of my document. But now there is a huge empty space after the sections. How can I reduce the space after a section? \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{scrartcl} ...
11
votes
3answers
20k views

Adjusting space between array rows and columns

\documentclass[english]{article} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[latin9]{inputenc} \usepackage{babel} \begin{document} % ... \[ \begin{array}{ccccc} x(1) & = & \frac{x(0)}{1} & = ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

how to reduce the distance between the picture caption and the picture?

I found that the distance between the picture caption and the picture is a little large, as we can see in the picture I use the code as follows, thus, how to reduce the distance between the caption ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Length between nested lists in beamer

How do I adjust the length between nested lists? For example, in the following, I would like to adjust the distance where it states "distance here" \begin{itemize} \item one %% distance here ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Change text color in table, preserve ability

I'm having difficulty creating a new command for \rowstyle that allows me to color the text of different rows in a table and preserve my ability to space out the columns and not induce space between ...
8
votes
4answers
672 views

How to make 4 equal paddings (left, right, top, bottom) in a table cell?

I want each cell in a tabular to have 4 equal paddings of exactly 15pt each. How to make 4 equal paddings (left, right, top, bottom) in a table cell? \documentclass{article} ...
7
votes
2answers
9k views

How to remove/change the vertical spacing before and after an \algorithm environment?

I saw a question that tells me how to change the spacing in an algorithm environment, but I don't know how to do remove/change the space before and after an algorithm environment like: % remove the ...
0
votes
1answer
547 views

Vertical space between headlines, tables, images and the following text too large

Is there a way to globally set a value (or minimum and maximum value) for the vertical space between, for instance, headlines, tables, images and the like and the following text. Right now I have ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between \mskip and \mkern

What are the differences between \mskip and \mkern? The TeXbook writes the following (ch. 18): You can insert math glue into any formula just by giving the command ‘\mskip⟨muglue⟩’. [...] ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Difference between control space and non-breaking space

In my answer to How can I get following layout? I've used non-breaking spaces ~ (ties) to align monospaced text. Actually I rather meant control spaces \ , but they're less convenient to type (and ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

How to add vertical space struts after hline?

I know the table trick of adding "struts" in the first line after and the last line before a \hline. I use it throughout my document, and it looks good that way. However, now I am working within a ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

\addvspace can't replace \vspace

I want to replace \vspace with \addvspace in a command. When so doing, I get obtuse "something's wrong--perhaps a missing \item." errors. I'd appreciate an explanation of why this happens and how ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Increase spacing in split environment

I'm writing long equations with the split environment: \begin{equation} \begin{split} ... \\ ... \\ ... \end{split} \end{equation} The problem is that the single lines are a bit high, and there is ...
10
votes
2answers
278 views

Math Spacing in the presence of a trailing/non-trailing comma

I thought I knew how to use a \hphantom{} but don't know of an easy way to handle this case due to the comma. I want to get the text aligned for the X row. I added the appropriate \hphantom{{}+1} ...
10
votes
1answer
374 views

Space between the two slashes in “http://” too big

I'm using a lot of links with http:// in my document, but the two slashes are too much separated, I'd like them to be more near each other. How do I do this, in a neat way? I'm using a sans-serif ...
10
votes
1answer
248 views

What's the right space to right the alignment of a right aligned align environment?

As Hilbert would have put it, had he lived in the TeX-era: No one shall expel us from the Paradise that AMS has created. and one aspect of that paradise is release from the tyranny of eqnarray ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

Vertical spacing before and after equation environment: empty line or not?

The vertical spacing in front of and behind the amsmath equation environment is different whether I insert a blank line or not (im using KOMA-Script with parskip=half if this is important). I'd like ...
9
votes
1answer
523 views

How does changing colour affect spacing?

In the following example, the space after the red equation is much larger than the space after the black one. \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{xcolor} \begin{document} \[ a = b \] The quick ...
8
votes
1answer
698 views

The line spacing in the list of algorithms

This is my code: \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{book} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[chapter]{algorithm} \renewcommand{\baselinestretch}{1.5} \begin{document} \begin{spacing}{1.2} ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

How to reduce the space between the author block and paper text? sig-alternate.cls

I am using the template sig-alternate.cls, but I find that the space between the author block and the paper text is too large, how can I reduce this space? Edit: I want to reduce the space between ...
8
votes
2answers
393 views

Custom ToC — Put vspace only below chapters that have sections in them

I’m using the titletoc package in the book class. Currently, my chapter entries are configured like this (I left out the unimportant parameters for simplicity): \titlecontents{chapter}[0pc] ...
8
votes
2answers
831 views

Apply \intextsep at top of page

In trying to provide an answer to this question: Two column trouble - positioning of figures and text, I realized that I need to shift the wrapfigure up to account for the extra spacing that the ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Different space between \align and \equation

Why produce the align and the equation environment different space between the text. And what can I do, that it have the same? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} Long ...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

Vertical spacing between numerator and division symbol in \dfrac

How can I fix the vertical spacing between the numerator and the division symbol when entering fractions. Eg. in the following code, the spacing between a and the division symbol is greater than one ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Spaces between rows and cols in a table - Better ways than mine?

I started using Latex recently and I put together 4 ways of changing the space in a table. Two general ways defining the general space between cols and rows as well as two ways of adding space between ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

\parskip inserts extra space after floats (and listings)

This question seems to be a duplicate of How to remove the skip after a listing when "\parskip" is increased with "\baselineskip"? but the answer given there doesn’t work although ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Grouping the list of listings by chapter

I am using the listings package. I want to print out a list of listings, which I can do. The thing is that in the other listings the typesetter "groups" figures/tables by chapter. Is it possible to ...
6
votes
1answer
205 views

fleqn document class option, long text lines, and hyperref package

When the fleqn option is used, the vertical spacing before an equation placed right after a "long" text line (exactly \linewidth I would say) is improperly set up. See below: From the mathmode user ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

How can I control the horizontal space between minipages?

I'm trying to place two mini pages next to each other, one with text, one with an image. But my code has them spaced really far apart. How can I bring them together horizontally. I've tried \hspace ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Different spacing around equation and align

In my document, I use align and equation, depending on the length of the equation. They are spaced differently, as you can see on the picture below. I read that comments in the empty lines would ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Too much space around wrap figure

I am using the wrapfig package to have my text around the figure but there is too much space around it as you can see below. Here is the code that I am using, I looked at the wikibook on LaTeX for ...
5
votes
2answers
12k views

center and \centering both add space above; \centerline does not

The nag package suggests I use the center environment in LaTeX, rather than the TeX \centerline command. When I do that, however, I find that the former inserts a blank line above the line (in my ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Remove additional space around \underbrace{…}

How do I remove the additional space that is added when using \underbrace{...}, to get the same width in both lines: \documentclass{scrreprt} \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Indentation in list environment

How can I specify explicitly both the indentation of the label and the actual item's text from the left margin in a list environment. I would like to achieve the following:
3
votes
1answer
553 views

What are the different kinds of vertical spacing and horizontal spacing commands available?

@egreg gave a very nice and thorough answer to What are the different kinds of boxes in (La)TeX?. It seems it would be nice to have a similarly thorough answer to controlling spacing. I'm not ...
3
votes
1answer
9k views

Increase height of fancyhdr header

How would one increase the height of the \fancyhead{} so that the text in the main body, doesn't collide with the title? I have the following MWE: \documentclass[a4paper,10pt,oneside]{article} ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

\colon for maps in opposite direction

Using \colon gives correct spacing for a map $F\colon C\to D$ in one direction. But writing $L\colon C\rightleftarrows D\colon R$ for a couple of maps in both directions (e.g. for an adjunction) gives ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How to remove top and bottom whitespace of longtable?

I am using longtable instead of tabular environment and noticed that it puts some additional whitespace at the top and at the bottom of the table. Is there some way to remove it (something less hacky ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Mixing math character classes (e.g. \mathord to the left and \mathrel to the right)

It is possible to have a symbol or group behave to the left as if it had one particular math character class and to the right as if it had another? One typical case where this comes up is when one ...
11
votes
1answer
5k views

Size of TikZ ellipse node

When I set the minimum size of an ellipse in a tikzpicture environment, it expands into a circle if the inner content does not grow as large as the ellipse shape itself. Is there any way around it? ...
10
votes
2answers
296 views

Compute remaining horizontal space in align environment

I use align* often and sometimes it is preferable to add text to the right hand side of an equation instead of using \intertext, or \shortintertext, which tends to interrupt the math flow. This is ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

parenthesis around underbrace too big

I have the problem that I want to have an equation with underbrace but the surrounding parenthesis shall not include the underbrace, i.e. should have the size as if the underbrace wasn't there. Here ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Best practices for spacing regarding fractions and roots?

My problem is that I am about to write a longer mathematical text, and it will be filled with integrals. Integrals tend to be filled with pesky fractions, square roots and what not. Personally I feel ...