{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

6
votes
1answer
1k views

How to avoid \parskip being applied to \listoffigures etc.?

Follow-up question of Why are \listof{}{} and \listoffigures styled differently?... With the issue mentioned above I finally managed to design my \listof{}{} and \listoffigures as desired but one ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

Moving an enumerate up

I am trying to emulate a table with nested enumerate lists. From my reading, using a table is impossible - lets assume that is true. I am generating the latex from javascript. What I am trying to do ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Relation spacing error using =& in aligned equations

The middle equation in the following example seems to have wrong spacing around the = sign. The only difference is that I used =& for aligning around the = sign rather than &=. This worries ...
6
votes
1answer
820 views

Nested enumerate (enumitem) interferes with suppressing vertical space after theorem heads.

In the post How to suppress vertical space between theorem heads and enumitem environments? David Carlisle suggested a piece of code that helps suppressing vertical space between theorem heads and an ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Spacing between figures and texts

I'm having some issues dealing with figures. It happens that when I have a page with some text and then it comes a figure, with H property, who doesn't fits into the same page as the text, the text ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

`\hfill`-like spacing in math mode without using `align`

In question 83509, a way of getting \hfill-like behaviour in the align environment is described, but for my purposes, I need one that works in the equation environment. (I want to display some ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Make an invisible vbox

I'm placing a PDF meta information in a \vbox in a plain XeTeX document, and I would like it to behave as if there were no box at all (so any additional \vskip after the \vbox will appear). Right now, ...
4
votes
1answer
747 views

A horizontal line with the same space-filling behaviour as /hfill?

Is there a command or package which would allow me to draw a line in the largest available space in the way that \hfill fills up the remaining space in a line? i.e., a command to draw a line from the ...
14
votes
5answers
25k views

How can I force a \hspace at the beginning of a line?

My code is this: \setlength{\parindent}{0ex} \texttt{ x\hspace{1ex}\hspace{1ex}\hspace{1ex}y \newline \hspace{1ex}\hspace{1ex}\hspace{1ex}\hspace{1ex}y } What I'd like to see is: x y y ...
14
votes
2answers
577 views

Is there way to put hard space after defined words?

In Polish typography, one should avoid putting prepositions at the end of the line. Example: Nie wiedziałem, że nie umieszcza się przyimków na końcu strony. - bad Nie wiedziałem, że nie umieszcza się ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

Distance between footnote and the line above it

How can I edit the distance between footnote and the line above it?
12
votes
5answers
3k views

Ellipsis with a period/fullstop

While quoting how ellipsis should be used if few sentences are omitted in between. (ommissions are not clauses or words or phrases, but sentences). For example if there is a passage like: This is a ...
11
votes
4answers
7k views

Redefining \maketitle to put a maximum of information in a page

I'm currently writing LaTeX articles containing all of my lessons content in order to have it on a very few pages instead of the heavy thing the teacher gives us with exercises, demonstrations and so ...
8
votes
2answers
499 views

Using a negative space \! to differentiate between functions and products

In Physics, I often have functions like f(x), but also multiplications like y(-x). I would like my math to be easy to understand, so I am looking for a way to suggest function calls and ...
7
votes
1answer
197 views

Undesired spacing before \sqrt[n]{x}, proper way to fix?

This code \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \[ J(\sqrt[n]{x}) \] \end{document} compiles into this: The spacing after the opening parentheses is ugly. What's the ...
6
votes
3answers
597 views

Uneven vertical spacing displaymath

I would like to ask you why we have uneven vertical skips between the first two and last two vectors, coming from the source: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \[(a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h)\] \[(a,b,c,d,...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

table of contents: adding a vertical space

In a table of contents that has been generated with LaTeX's \tableofcontents command, I would like to add a vertical space before a Chapter item in the table of contents. One way that I have in my ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

booktabs and tiny horizontal space

In a regular table, I'm trying to remove the small horizontal space before the first column and after the last one as achieved with package booktabs with the option @{}. How can I do that? Please ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Align (center) header row in table

I use @{\hskip 50pt} to separate columns in my table. The problem which arises is that I add this extra space after a multicolumn. This also moves the header row so that it is no longer centred. Is ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Length parameter for vertical skip space in a math environment?

I learned here that I can use \\[<len>] to explicitly set the vertical skip space between lines, e.g., <len> set to 3ex. I'd like to set <len> to, say, 2-times the normal length in ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Tune space around section headings

I am using \Huge centered section headings but the space generated around the heading is too big currently: I would like to reduce the space around the heading (The "Créé à son image" text) to make ...
2
votes
1answer
491 views

Vertical spacing for two consecutive figure environments

I think I'm not going to solve my problem with the Floats and positioning of figures. I have 4 diagramms and I need to place them on two pages and at the end of the second page the caption for all 4 ...
60
votes
3answers
67k views

Removing vertical space inside \maketitle

In \documentclass{article}, the \maketitle command results in a lot of wasted vertical space. Is there any way for me to remove it? In other words, I'd like the author to appear directly below the ...
28
votes
2answers
38k views

How can I reduce padding after figure?

\documentclass{mwrep} \usepackage[draft]{graphicx} \usepackage{hyperref} \usepackage[all]{hypcap} \makeatletter \g@addto@macro\@floatboxreset\centering \makeatother I use figures with captions. \...
18
votes
3answers
33k views

Remove vertical space at start of latex document

I have this test file which is supposed to put Hello there. near the top of the page but it does not work in so far as there is still tons of vertical space at top. How can I fix this? \documentclass{...
37
votes
1answer
26k views

Condense the space between bibliographic entries

In order to save space, I would like to condense the bibliography, specifically, reduce the amount of vertical space between entries. Currently, it seems there is double-space between consecutive ...
37
votes
2answers
7k views

How can I put more space between bibliography entries (biblatex)

My bibliography (made with biblatex) has all items close to each other. I would like to introduce some space between them, e.g. half a line. How can I do this?
31
votes
1answer
511 views

Obtain \badness or glue adjustment for each line

This might be interesting for perfectionists and/or fastidious typesetters who would like to improve the document even further (beyond the beyond the magnificence of a book with zero bad boxes). We ...
22
votes
3answers
19k views

Creating a new environment with one optional argument

I want to create a new environment with one optional argument in LaTeX. Here is what I used: \newenvironment{argument}[1][]{% \par \noindent \textbf{Argument#1:} \noindent} {} When there is no ...
21
votes
3answers
3k views

When should we use a blank line?

I only know that we have to make at least one blank line between two adjacent paragraphs. My question is: What is the proper way to make use of a blank line ? For example: Is it recommended to ...
54
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does \vspace, after section heading, sometimes jump/snap in discrete steps?

Well, this is one question that I've had for a long time, and one that always gets me extremely irritated. However, this time I'm even somewhat happy - that I can ask the question at all; and that is ...
33
votes
1answer
5k views

What, if anything, is the advantage of \bigskip and friends over \vspace?

What are the advantages to using \bigskip, \medskip, and \smallskip instead of just using \vspace{somelength}?
26
votes
3answers
1k views

Mathematical description of TeX's infinite numbers?

TeX has things like infinitely stretchable spaces and infinitely bad penalties. Since Knuth is Knuth, I assume these are a carefully thought-out implementation of some well defined non-Archimedean ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Italic Correction for Linux Libertine Font

I was looking for a new font for the manuals of my LaTeX packages and found the Linux Libertine most pleasing. However it seems that it doesn't support italic correction (yet). I assume that a font ...
29
votes
3answers
34k views

Reduce spacing in bibliography using biblatex

How can you control (in my case reduce) the spacing of the bibliography in biblatex? I used to use \begin{spacing}{0.9} \bibliographystyle{plain} \bibliography{refs} \end{spacing} and \setlength{\...
28
votes
3answers
3k views

Canonical way to typeset spacing in abbreviations

In a comment to When one should use spacing line \quad or \, Herbert claims that e.\,g. is the canonical way to typeset spacing in abbreviations (this is not about spacing before or after ...
19
votes
4answers
37k views

No spacing between enumerated items with \usepackage{enumerate}

I use this code now: \documentclass[11pt]{article} \usepackage{enumerate} \begin{document} \begin{enumerate} \item a \item b \item c \end{enumerate} \end{document} I want to decrease the line ...
15
votes
1answer
8k views

Obtaining the default section spacing into the \titlespacing* parameters

I'm using the book class. I want to modify the spacing before and after my sections using the \titlespacing* command. However, before I do that, I want to let its parameters be such that they ...
45
votes
2answers
35k views

How to remove the whitespace BEFORE itemize/enumerate?

I'm somewhat of a LaTeX noob, and this is driving me completely nuts. When I type \documentclass{article} \usepackage{enumitem} \begin{document} Some text \begin{itemize}[noitemsep] ...
31
votes
1answer
19k views

Setting the column gap in a twocolumn (or multicol) document

I have a document that uses twocolumn with scrbook. How can I set the width of the space between the two columns?
28
votes
2answers
36k views

Change whitespace above and below a section heading

I want to change the spacing around a section heading so that there is less of a gap between it and the paragraph that follows. I found the following commands \usepackage[compact]{titlesec} \...
19
votes
4answers
40k views

Adjusting space between array rows and columns

\documentclass[english]{article} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[latin9]{inputenc} \usepackage{babel} \begin{document} % ... \[ \begin{array}{ccccc} x(1) & = & \frac{x(0)}{1} & = &...
17
votes
1answer
368 views

Is there a method just write `---` to get an em-dash, putting thinspace both before and after it?

Is there a method just write --- to get an em-dash, putting a thinspace both before and after it? The situation about break is similar with the original ---.
16
votes
1answer
1k views

How to fix the math-spacing when a lot of \phantom, \mathrlap, etc. are used?

This question led to a new package: underoverlap Introduction Based on this question and then this question, I'm trying to perfect the \overunderbrace macro. Right now, I'm trying to get the ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does \vspace*{0pt} add vertical space?

I'm trying to format the title of the table of contents using the tocloft package. It inserts code that looks like the following. \par \vspace*{\cftbeforetoctitleskip}% % code to typeset \...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

What does 'missing \@ before…' error mean in vim?

I get this strange behavior when I have capitals before a period, like so 1 \documentclass{article} 2 \begin{document} >> 3 Another possible protein blah blah blah from GRIP/ABP. Blah ...
11
votes
5answers
15k views

Spacing around table and figure environments

I've got table and figure environments, some placed "here" with h and some arranged automatically. But all together I don't like the spacing above and below the figure and table environments. I ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does \xspace behave differently for parenthesis vs. braces/brackets?

Consider: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{xspace} \begin{document} (something\xspace) [something\xspace] \{something\xspace\} \end{document} Or more to the point: \documentclass{article} \...
13
votes
2answers
6k views

Create empty box sized according to imaginary content

In LaTeX, is it possible to create an empty box that has exactly the dimensions of some content given? Example: \emptybox{abc} would insert an empty box of the size as if "abc" was printed there.
13
votes
3answers
19k views

Spaces between rows and cols in a table - Better ways than mine?

I started using Latex recently and I put together 4 ways of changing the space in a table. Two general ways defining the general space between cols and rows as well as two ways of adding space between ...